U.S. Census Bureau
Table 8. Race and Hispanic Origin of the Population by Nativity: 1850 to 1990
  Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census
Internet Release date: March 9, 1999

(See text for sources, definitions, and explanations)

Year and nativity Total Race Hispanic
origin
(of any
race) 4/
White, not
of Hispanic
origin 4/
White Races other than White
Total Black American
Indian,
Eskimo,
and Aleut 1/
Asian and
Pacific
Islander 2/
Other
race 3/
1990*                  
        Total 248,709,873 199,827,064 48,882,809 29,930,524 2,015,143 7,226,986 9,710,156 21,900,089 188,424,773
Native 228,942,557 189,804,252 39,138,305 28,475,230 1,968,224 2,668,242 6,026,609 14,058,439 182,257,430
Foreign-born 19,767,316 10,022,812 9,744,504 1,455,294 46,919 4,558,744 3,683,547 7,841,650 6,167,343
    Percent 7.9 5.0 19.9 4.9 2.3 63.1 37.9 35.8 3.3
1980*                  
        Total 226,545,805 189,035,012 37,510,793 26,482,349 1,534,336 3,726,440 5,767,668 14,603,683 180,602,838
Native 212,465,899 179,711,066 32,754,833 25,666,629 1,496,146 1,543,801 4,048,257 10,430,832 173,648,776
Foreign-born 14,079,906 9,323,946 4,755,960 815,720 38,190 2,182,639 1,719,411 4,172,851 6,954,062
    Percent 6.2 4.9 12.7 3.1 2.5 58.6 29.8 28.6 3.9
1970*                  
        Total 203,210,158 178,119,221 25,090,937 22,539,362 760,572 1,526,401 264,602 9,072,602 169,653,095
Native 193,590,856 169,385,451 24,205,405 22,285,904 746,084 981,964 191,453 7,270,270 162,596,991
Foreign-born 9,619,302 8,733,770 885,532 253,458 14,488 544,437 73,149 1,802,332 7,056,104
    Percent 4.7 4.9 3.5 1.1 1.9 35.7 27.6 19.9 4.2
1960* 5/                  
        Total 179,325,671 158,837,671 20,488,000 18,848,619 546,228 890,868 202,281 (NA) (NA)
Native 169,587,528 149,543,638 20,043,890 18,723,297 (NA) 607,119 (NA) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 9,738,143 9,294,033 444,110 125,322 (NA) 283,749 (NA) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 5.4 5.9 2.2 0.7 (NA) 31.9 (NA) (NA) (NA)
1960* 5/                  
        Total 178,466,732 158,460,691 20,006,041 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
Native 168,805,716 149,181,384 19,624,332 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 9,661,016 9,279,307 381,709 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 5.4 5.9 1.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1950 6/                  
        Total 150,216,110 134,478,365 15,737,745 15,044,598 342,226 320,141 48,368 (NA) (NA)
Native 139,868,715 124,382,950 15,485,765 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 10,347,395 10,095,415 251,980 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 6.9 7.5 1.6 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1940                  
        Total 131,669,275 118,214,870 13,454,405 12,865,518 333,969 254,918 (X) 1,861,400 116,353,470
Native 120,074,379 106,795,732 13,278,647 12,781,577 329,478 167,592 (X) 1,433,040 105,362,692
Foreign-born 11,594,896 11,419,138 175,758 83,941 4,491 87,326 (X) 428,360 10,990,778
    Percent 8.8 9.7 1.3 0.7 1.3 34.3 (X) 23.0 9.4
1930                  
        Total 122,775,046 110,286,740 12,488,306 11,891,143 332,397 264,766 (X) (NA) (NA)
Native 108,570,897 96,303,335 12,267,562 11,792,523 328,845 146,194 (X) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 14,204,149 13,983,405 220,744 98,620 3,552 118,572 (X) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 11.6 12.7 1.8 0.8 1.1 44.8 (X) (NA) (NA)
1920                  
        Total 105,710,620 94,820,915 10,889,705 10,463,131 244,437 182,137 (X) (NA) (NA)
Native 91,789,928 81,108,161 10,681,767 10,389,328 238,138 54,301 (X) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 13,920,692 13,712,754 207,938 73,803 6,299 127,836 (X) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 13.2 14.5 1.9 0.7 2.6 70.2 (X) (NA) (NA)
1910                  
        Total 91,972,266 81,731,957 10,240,309 9,827,763 265,683 146,863 (X) (NA) (NA)
Native 78,456,380 68,386,412 10,069,968 9,787,424 262,930 19,614 (X) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 13,515,886 13,345,545 170,341 40,339 2,753 127,249 (X) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 14.7 16.3 1.7 0.4 1.0 86.6 (X) (NA) (NA)
1900                  
        Total 75,994,575 66,809,196 9,185,379 8,833,994 237,196 114,189 (X) (NA) (NA)
Native 65,653,299 56,595,379 9,057,920 8,813,658 234,983 9,279 (X) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 10,341,276 10,213,817 127,459 20,336 2,213 104,910 (X) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 13.6 15.3 1.4 0.2 0.9 91.9 (X) (NA) (NA)
1890* 7/                  
        Total 62,947,714 55,101,258 7,846,456 7,488,676 248,253 109,527 (X) (NA) (NA)
1890* 7/                  
        Total 62,622,250 54,983,890 7,638,360 7,470,040 58,806 109,514 (X) (NA) (NA)
Native 53,372,703 45,862,023 7,510,680 7,450,061 57,571 3,048 (X) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 9,249,547 9,121,867 127,680 19,979 1,235 106,466 (X) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 14.8 16.6 1.7 0.3 2.1 97.2 (X) (NA) (NA)
1880                  
        Total 50,155,783 43,402,970 6,752,813 6,580,793 66,407 105,613 (X) (NA) (NA)
Native 43,475,840 36,843,291 6,632,549 6,566,776 64,587 1,186 (X) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 6,679,943 6,559,679 120,264 14,017 1,820 104,427 (X) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 13.3 15.1 1.8 0.2 2.7 98.9 (X) (NA) (NA)
1870                  
        Total 38,558,371 33,589,377 4,968,994 4,880,009 25,731 63,254 (X) (NA) (NA)
Native 32,991,142 28,095,665 4,895,477 4,870,364 24,595 518 (X) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 5,567,229 5,493,712 73,517 9,645 1,136 62,736 (X) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 14.4 16.4 1.5 0.2 4.4 99.2 (X) (NA) (NA)
1860 8/                  
        Total 31,443,321 26,922,537 4,520,784 4,441,830 44,021 34,933 (X) (NA) (NA)
Native 27,304,624 22,825,784 4,478,840 4,434,819 (NA) (NA) (X) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 4,138,697 4,096,753 41,944 7,011 (NA) (NA) (X) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 13.2 15.2 0.9 0.2 (NA) (NA) (X) (NA) (NA)
1850 8/                  
        Total 23,191,876 19,553,068 3,638,808 3,638,808 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA)
Native 20,947,274 17,312,533 3,634,741 3,634,741 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA)
Foreign-born 2,244,602 2,240,535 4,067 4,067 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA)
    Percent 9.7 11.5 0.1 0.1 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA)

* Indicates sample data.
- Represents zero.
(X) Not applicable.
(NA) Not available.
1/ For 1950 to 1970, Eskimo and Aleut included with "Other race."
2/ For 1950 and 1960, Hawaiian included with "Other race."
3/ The 1950 census was the first census in which the race question included a separate category for "Other race." See text for Table 8.
4/ Estimates for 1940 of the Hispanic origin population and of the White, not of Hispanic origin population are based on 5-percent sample data on the White population with mother tongue of Spanish. See text for Table 8.
5/ The 1960 population of Alaska and Hawaii (858,940) is included In the first block of data for 1960 and is excluded in the second block of data for 1960. See text for Table 8 regarding minor inconsistencies in sample data by race for 1960.
6/ See text for Table 8 regarding minor inconsistencies in sample data by race for 1950.
7/ The 1890 population of the Indian Territory and on Indian Reservations (325,464), for which data on nativity are not available, is included in the first block of data for 1890 and excluded in the second block of data for 1890. See text for Table 8.
8/ Data by nativity for the total population in 1850 and 1860 assume, as was done in 1870 census reports, that the entire slave population in 1850 and 1860 was native, that the entire American Indian population in 1860 was native, and that the entire Asian population in 1860 was foreign born.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
Authors: Campbell Gibson and Emily Lennon
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Last Revised: October 31, 2011 at 10:03:05 PM