U.S. Census Bureau
Table 13. Nativity of the Population, for Regions, Divisions, and States: 1850 to 1990
  Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census
Internet Release date: March 9, 1999

(See text for sources, definitions, and explanations)

Region, division, and
state
1990* 1980*
Total Native Foreign born Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent Number Percent
               United States 248,709,873 228,942,557 19,767,316 7.9 226,545,805 212,465,899 14,079,906 6.2
REGION AND DIVISION                
Northeast 50,809,229 45,578,205 5,231,024 10.3 49,135,283 44,629,360 4,505,923 9.2
     New England 13,206,943 12,163,706 1,043,237 7.9 12,348,493 11,390,346 958,147 7.8
     Middle Atlantic 37,602,286 33,414,499 4,187,787 11.1 36,786,790 33,239,014 3,547,776 9.6
Midwest 59,668,632 57,537,339 2,131,293 3.6 58,865,670 56,751,480 2,114,190 3.6
     East North Central 42,008,942 40,225,794 1,783,148 4.2 41,682,217 39,912,085 1,770,132 4.2
     West North Central 17,659,690 17,311,545 348,145 2.0 17,183,453 16,839,395 344,058 2.0
South 85,445,930 80,863,637 4,582,293 5.4 75,372,362 72,477,605 2,894,757 3.8
     South Atlantic 43,566,853 40,843,908 2,722,945 6.3 36,959,123 35,230,206 1,728,917 4.7
     East South Central 15,176,284 15,019,135 157,149 1.0 14,666,423 14,520,963 145,460 1.0
     West South Central 26,702,793 25,000,594 1,702,199 6.4 23,746,816 22,726,436 1,020,380 4.3
West 52,786,082 44,963,376 7,822,706 14.8 43,172,490 38,607,454 4,565,036 10.6
     Mountain 13,658,776 12,943,864 714,912 5.2 11,372,785 10,887,879 484,906 4.3
     Pacific 39,127,306 32,019,512 7,107,794 18.2 31,799,705 27,719,575 4,080,130 12.8
STATES                
New England                
     Maine 1,227,928 1,191,632 36,296 3.0 1,124,660 1,081,258 43,402 3.9
     New Hampshire 1,109,252 1,068,059 41,193 3.7 920,610 879,649 40,961 4.4
     Vermont 562,758 545,214 17,544 3.1 511,456 490,461 20,995 4.1
     Massachusetts 6,016,425 5,442,692 573,733 9.5 5,737,037 5,236,055 500,982 8.7
     Rhode Island 1,003,464 908,376 95,088 9.5 947,154 863,153 84,001 8.9
     Connecticut 3,287,116 3,007,733 279,383 8.5 3,107,576 2,839,770 267,806 8.6
Middle Atlantic                
     New York 17,990,455 15,138,594 2,851,861 15.9 17,558,072 15,169,134 2,388,938 13.6
     New Jersey 7,730,188 6,763,578 966,610 12.5 7,364,823 6,607,001 757,822 10.3
     Pennsylvania 11,881,643 11,512,327 369,316 3.1 11,863,895 11,462,879 401,016 3.4
East North Central                
     Ohio 10,847,115 10,587,442 259,673 2.4 10,797,630 10,495,445 302,185 2.8
     Indiana 5,544,159 5,449,896 94,263 1.7 5,490,224 5,388,422 101,802 1.9
     Illinois 11,430,602 10,478,330 952,272 8.3 11,426,518 10,602,822 823,696 7.2
     Michigan 9,295,297 8,939,904 355,393 3.8 9,262,078 8,844,926 417,152 4.5
     Wisconsin 4,891,769 4,770,222 121,547 2.5 4,705,767 4,580,470 125,297 2.7
West North Central                
     Minnesota 4,375,099 4,262,060 113,039 2.6 4,075,970 3,968,496 107,474 2.6
     Iowa 2,776,755 2,733,439 43,316 1.6 2,913,808 2,866,149 47,659 1.6
     Missouri 5,117,073 5,033,440 83,633 1.6 4,916,686 4,831,070 85,616 1.7
     North Dakota 638,800 629,412 9,388 1.5 652,717 637,899 14,818 2.3
     South Dakota 696,004 688,273 7,731 1.1 690,768 681,169 9,599 1.4
     Nebraska 1,578,385 1,550,187 28,198 1.8 1,569,825 1,538,824 31,001 2.0
     Kansas 2,477,574 2,414,734 62,840 2.5 2,363,679 2,315,788 47,891 2.0
South Atlantic                
     Delaware 666,168 643,893 22,275 3.3 594,338 575,509 18,829 3.2
     Maryland 4,781,468 4,467,974 313,494 6.6 4,216,975 4,021,394 195,581 4.6
     District of Columbia 606,900 548,013 58,887 9.7 638,333 597,774 40,559 6.4
     Virginia 6,187,358 5,875,549 311,809 5.0 5,346,818 5,169,500 177,318 3.3
     West Virginia 1,793,477 1,777,765 15,712 0.9 1,949,644 1,927,664 21,980 1.1
     North Carolina 6,628,637 6,513,560 115,077 1.7 5,881,766 5,803,408 78,358 1.3
     South Carolina 3,486,703 3,436,739 49,964 1.4 3,121,820 3,075,740 46,080 1.5
     Georgia 6,478,216 6,305,090 173,126 2.7 5,463,105 5,371,625 91,480 1.7
     Florida 12,937,926 11,275,325 1,662,601 12.9 9,746,324 8,687,592 1,058,732 10.9
East South Central                
     Kentucky 3,685,296 3,651,177 34,119 0.9 3,660,777 3,626,215 34,562 0.9
     Tennessee 4,877,185 4,818,071 59,114 1.2 4,591,120 4,542,751 48,369 1.1
     Alabama 4,040,587 3,997,054 43,533 1.1 3,893,888 3,854,886 39,002 1.0
     Mississippi 2,573,216 2,552,833 20,383 0.8 2,520,638 2,497,111 23,527 0.9
West South Central                
     Arkansas 2,350,725 2,325,858 24,867 1.1 2,286,435 2,264,064 22,371 1.0
     Louisiana 4,219,973 4,132,566 87,407 2.1 4,205,900 4,120,398 85,502 2.0
     Oklahoma 3,145,585 3,080,096 65,489 2.1 3,025,290 2,968,996 56,294 1.9
     Texas 16,986,510 15,462,074 1,524,436 9.0 14,229,191 13,372,978 856,213 6.0
Mountain                
     Montana 799,065 785,286 13,779 1.7 786,690 768,371 18,319 2.3
     Idaho 1,006,749 977,844 28,905 2.9 943,935 920,531 23,404 2.5
     Wyoming 453,588 445,941 7,647 1.7 469,557 459,950 9,607 2.0
     Colorado 3,294,394 3,151,960 142,434 4.3 2,889,964 2,775,834 114,130 3.9
     New Mexico 1,515,069 1,434,555 80,514 5.3 1,302,894 1,250,489 52,405 4.0
     Arizona 3,665,228 3,387,023 278,205 7.6 2,718,215 2,555,409 162,806 6.0
     Utah 1,722,850 1,664,250 58,600 3.4 1,461,037 1,410,586 50,451 3.5
     Nevada 1,201,833 1,097,005 104,828 8.7 800,493 746,709 53,784 6.7
Pacific                
     Washington 4,866,692 4,544,548 322,144 6.6 4,132,156 3,893,096 239,060 5.8
     Oregon 2,842,321 2,703,014 139,307 4.9 2,633,105 2,525,300 107,805 4.1
     California 29,760,021 23,301,196 6,458,825 21.7 23,667,902 20,087,869 3,580,033 15.1
     Alaska 550,043 525,229 24,814 4.5 401,851 385,635 16,216 4.0
     Hawaii 1,108,229 945,525 162,704 14.7 964,691 827,675 137,016 14.2

Region, division, and
state
1970* 1960*
Total Native Foreign born Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent Number Percent
               United States 203,210,158 193,590,856 9,619,302 4.7 179,325,671 169,587,528 9,738,143 5.4
REGION AND DIVISION                
Northeast 49,044,015 44,924,334 4,119,681 8.4 44,681,702 40,106,959 4,574,743 10.2
     New England 11,845,126 10,915,934 929,192 7.8 10,510,106 9,443,646 1,066,460 10.1
     Middle Atlantic 37,198,889 34,008,400 3,190,489 8.6 34,171,596 30,663,313 3,508,283 10.3
Midwest 56,564,917 54,691,356 1,873,561 3.3 51,623,773 49,346,814 2,276,959 4.4
     East North Central 40,246,817 38,663,247 1,583,570 3.9 36,228,690 34,351,633 1,877,057 5.2
     West North Central 16,318,100 16,028,109 289,991 1.8 15,395,083 14,995,181 399,902 2.6
South 62,792,882 61,476,677 1,316,205 2.1 54,963,470 54,000,550 962,920 1.8
     South Atlantic 30,671,188 29,792,434 878,754 2.9 25,960,258 25,409,832 550,426 2.1
     East South Central 12,803,421 12,743,731 59,690 0.5 12,050,126 11,994,440 55,686 0.5
     West South Central 19,318,273 18,940,512 377,761 2.0 16,953,086 16,596,278 356,808 2.1
West 34,808,344 32,498,489 2,309,855 6.6 28,056,726 26,133,205 1,923,521 6.9
     Mountain 8,281,553 8,035,215 246,338 3.0 6,855,038 6,602,314 252,724 3.7
     Pacific 26,526,791 24,463,274 2,063,517 7.8 21,201,688 19,530,891 1,670,797 7.9
STATES                
New England                
     Maine 993,663 950,649 43,014 4.3 969,265 908,862 60,403 6.2
     New Hampshire 737,681 700,633 37,048 5.0 606,921 562,149 44,772 7.4
     Vermont 444,330 425,848 18,482 4.2 389,881 366,545 23,336 6.0
     Massachusetts 5,688,903 5,194,243 494,660 8.7 5,149,317 4,572,865 576,452 11.2
     Rhode Island 948,844 874,470 74,374 7.8 859,488 773,514 85,974 10.0
     Connecticut 3,031,705 2,770,091 261,614 8.6 2,535,234 2,259,711 275,523 10.9
Middle Atlantic                
     New York 18,236,882 16,127,106 2,109,776 11.6 16,783,604 14,494,290 2,289,314 13.6
     New Jersey 7,168,143 6,533,325 634,818 8.9 6,067,412 5,451,933 615,479 10.1
     Pennsylvania 11,793,864 11,347,969 445,895 3.8 11,320,580 10,717,090 603,490 5.3
East North Central                
     Ohio 10,650,903 10,334,407 316,496 3.0 9,707,136 9,310,522 396,614 4.1
     Indiana 5,193,665 5,110,467 83,198 1.6 4,662,451 4,569,249 93,202 2.0
     Illinois 11,109,450 10,480,552 628,898 5.7 10,081,653 9,395,555 686,098 6.8
     Michigan 8,875,068 8,450,759 424,309 4.8 7,824,965 7,295,341 529,624 6.8
     Wisconsin 4,417,731 4,287,062 130,669 3.0 3,952,485 3,780,966 171,519 4.3
West North Central                
     Minnesota 3,804,971 3,706,915 98,056 2.6 3,413,864 3,269,986 143,878 4.2
     Iowa 2,824,376 2,784,159 40,217 1.4 2,757,537 2,701,259 56,278 2.0
     Missouri 4,676,495 4,610,751 65,744 1.4 4,320,774 4,243,018 77,756 1.8
     North Dakota 617,761 599,324 18,437 3.0 632,446 602,539 29,907 4.7
     South Dakota 665,507 654,608 10,899 1.6 680,514 661,937 18,577 2.7
     Nebraska 1,482,412 1,453,616 28,796 1.9 1,411,330 1,371,092 40,238 2.9
     Kansas 2,246,578 2,218,736 27,842 1.2 2,178,618 2,145,350 33,268 1.5
South Atlantic                
     Delaware 548,093 532,445 15,648 2.9 446,292 431,642 14,650 3.3
     Maryland 3,922,391 3,798,046 124,345 3.2 3,100,687 3,006,509 94,178 3.0
     District of Columbia 756,492 722,930 33,562 4.4 763,956 724,985 38,971 5.1
     Virginia 4,648,479 4,576,198 72,281 1.6 3,954,429 3,906,244 48,185 1.2
     West Virginia 1,744,236 1,727,574 16,662 1.0 1,860,421 1,836,558 23,863 1.3
     North Carolina 5,082,036 5,053,416 28,620 0.6 4,556,155 4,534,177 21,978 0.5
     South Carolina 2,590,509 2,576,145 14,364 0.6 2,382,594 2,371,454 11,140 0.5
     Georgia 4,589,569 4,556,581 32,988 0.7 3,942,936 3,917,636 25,300 0.6
     Florida 6,789,383 6,249,099 540,284 8.0 4,952,788 4,680,627 272,161 5.5
East South Central                
     Kentucky 3,218,697 3,202,144 16,553 0.5 3,038,156 3,021,326 16,830 0.6
     Tennessee 3,923,726 3,904,702 19,024 0.5 3,567,089 3,551,246 15,843 0.4
     Alabama 3,444,148 3,428,160 15,988 0.5 3,266,740 3,251,785 14,955 0.5
     Mississippi 2,216,850 2,208,725 8,125 0.4 2,178,141 2,170,083 8,058 0.4
West South Central                
     Arkansas 1,923,240 1,914,953 8,287 0.4 1,786,272 1,778,815 7,457 0.4
     Louisiana 3,640,442 3,600,900 39,542 1.1 3,257,022 3,226,465 30,557 0.9
     Oklahoma 2,559,175 2,539,015 20,160 0.8 2,328,284 2,308,281 20,003 0.9
     Texas 11,195,416 10,885,644 309,772 2.8 9,581,508 9,282,717 298,791 3.1
Mountain                
     Montana 694,409 674,775 19,634 2.8 674,767 644,121 30,646 4.5
     Idaho 712,567 699,995 12,572 1.8 667,191 651,649 15,542 2.3
     Wyoming 332,416 325,427 6,989 2.1 330,066 320,403 9,663 2.9
     Colorado 2,207,259 2,146,948 60,311 2.7 1,753,925 1,694,044 59,881 3.4
     New Mexico 1,015,998 993,488 22,510 2.2 951,023 929,615 21,408 2.3
     Arizona 1,770,893 1,694,323 76,570 4.3 1,302,161 1,231,843 70,318 5.4
     Utah 1,059,273 1,029,700 29,573 2.8 890,627 858,494 32,133 3.6
     Nevada 488,738 470,559 18,179 3.7 285,278 272,145 13,133 4.6
Pacific                
     Washington 3,409,161 3,253,141 156,020 4.6 2,853,214 2,674,556 178,658 6.3
     Oregon 2,091,385 2,025,236 66,149 3.2 1,768,675 1,697,361 71,314 4.0
     California 19,957,304 18,199,314 1,757,990 8.8 15,720,860 14,377,162 1,343,698 8.5
     Alaska 300,382 292,619 7,763 2.6 226,167 217,940 8,227 3.6
     Hawaii 768,559 692,964 75,595 9.8 632,772 563,872 68,900 10.9

Region, division, and
state
1950* 1940
Total Native Foreign born Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent Number Percent
               United States 150,216,110 139,868,715 10,347,395 6.9 131,669,275 120,074,379 11,594,896 8.8
REGION AND DIVISION                
Northeast 39,341,610 34,054,445 5,287,165 13.4 35,976,777 29,874,231 6,102,546 17.0
     New England 9,269,755 7,978,740 1,291,015 13.9 8,437,290 6,927,318 1,509,972 17.9
     Middle Atlantic 30,071,855 26,075,705 3,996,150 13.3 27,539,487 22,946,913 4,592,574 16.7
Midwest 44,281,175 41,573,785 2,707,390 6.1 40,143,332 36,784,366 3,358,966 8.4
     East North Central 30,269,515 28,122,685 2,146,830 7.1 26,626,342 24,046,979 2,579,363 9.7
     West North Central 14,011,660 13,451,100 560,560 4.0 13,516,990 12,737,387 779,603 5.8
South 47,085,880 46,318,560 767,320 1.6 41,665,901 41,026,113 639,788 1.5
     South Atlantic 21,130,905 20,750,510 380,395 1.8 17,823,151 17,521,183 301,968 1.7
     East South Central 11,456,570 11,404,600 51,970 0.5 10,778,225 10,732,377 45,848 0.4
     West South Central 14,498,405 14,163,450 334,955 2.3 13,064,525 12,772,553 291,972 2.2
West 19,507,445 17,921,925 1,585,520 8.1 13,883,265 12,389,669 1,493,596 10.8
     Mountain 5,058,470 4,814,730 243,740 4.8 4,150,003 3,881,844 268,159 6.5
     Pacific 14,448,975 13,107,195 1,341,780 9.3 9,733,262 8,507,825 1,225,437 12.6
STATES                
New England                
     Maine 908,850 834,375 74,475 8.2 847,226 763,233 83,993 9.9
     New Hampshire 529,330 471,855 57,475 10.9 491,524 423,131 68,393 13.9
     Vermont 375,335 346,935 28,400 7.6 359,231 327,478 31,753 8.8
     Massachusetts 4,672,020 3,950,790 721,230 15.4 4,316,721 3,459,063 857,658 19.9
     Rhode Island 788,170 674,775 113,395 14.4 713,346 574,468 138,878 19.5
     Connecticut 1,996,050 1,700,010 296,040 14.8 1,709,242 1,379,945 329,297 19.3
Middle Atlantic                
     New York 14,788,960 12,211,855 2,577,105 17.4 13,479,142 10,562,497 2,916,645 21.6
     New Jersey 4,816,435 4,181,355 635,080 13.2 4,160,165 3,460,809 699,356 16.8
     Pennsylvania 10,466,460 9,682,495 783,965 7.5 9,900,180 8,923,607 976,573 9.9
East North Central                
     Ohio 7,908,250 7,467,775 440,475 5.6 6,907,612 6,386,839 520,773 7.5
     Indiana 3,917,640 3,818,365 99,275 2.5 3,427,796 3,316,804 110,992 3.2
     Illinois 8,680,600 7,894,310 786,290 9.1 7,897,241 6,924,846 972,395 12.3
     Michigan 6,342,590 5,738,765 603,825 9.5 5,256,106 4,569,921 686,185 13.1
     Wisconsin 3,420,435 3,203,470 216,965 6.3 3,137,587 2,848,569 289,018 9.2
West North Central                
     Minnesota 2,972,150 2,761,580 210,570 7.1 2,792,300 2,496,927 295,373 10.6
     Iowa 2,611,540 2,527,570 83,970 3.2 2,538,268 2,420,903 117,365 4.6
     Missouri 3,943,310 3,851,890 91,420 2.3 3,784,664 3,670,131 114,533 3.0
     North Dakota 617,705 569,500 48,205 7.8 641,935 567,458 74,477 11.6
     South Dakota 649,710 619,000 30,710 4.7 642,961 598,837 44,124 6.9
     Nebraska 1,319,015 1,261,415 57,600 4.4 1,315,834 1,233,733 82,101 6.2
     Kansas 1,898,230 1,860,145 38,085 2.0 1,801,028 1,749,398 51,630 2.9
South Atlantic                
     Delaware 315,735 302,680 13,055 4.1 266,505 251,592 14,913 5.6
     Maryland 2,333,245 2,248,080 85,165 3.7 1,821,244 1,738,653 82,591 4.5
     District of Columbia 800,830 758,090 42,740 5.3 663,091 628,175 34,916 5.3
     Virginia 3,312,565 3,276,875 35,690 1.1 2,677,773 2,654,335 23,438 0.9
     West Virginia 1,999,835 1,965,925 33,910 1.7 1,901,974 1,860,075 41,899 2.2
     North Carolina 4,052,795 4,037,545 15,250 0.4 3,571,623 3,562,411 9,212 0.3
     South Carolina 2,114,355 2,107,235 7,120 0.3 1,899,804 1,894,825 4,979 0.3
     Georgia 3,438,680 3,422,280 16,400 0.5 3,123,723 3,111,542 12,181 0.4
     Florida 2,762,865 2,631,800 131,065 4.7 1,897,414 1,819,575 77,839 4.1
East South Central                
     Kentucky 2,936,630 2,921,105 15,525 0.5 2,845,627 2,829,883 15,744 0.6
     Tennessee 3,286,285 3,271,980 14,305 0.4 2,915,841 2,904,373 11,468 0.4
     Alabama 3,056,210 3,042,805 13,405 0.4 2,832,961 2,820,797 12,164 0.4
     Mississippi 2,177,445 2,168,710 8,735 0.4 2,183,796 2,177,324 6,472 0.3
West South Central                
     Arkansas 1,905,705 1,896,210 9,495 0.5 1,949,387 1,941,461 7,926 0.4
     Louisiana 2,677,370 2,647,695 29,675 1.1 2,363,880 2,335,907 27,973 1.2
     Oklahoma 2,229,665 2,211,395 18,270 0.8 2,336,434 2,315,889 20,545 0.9
     Texas 7,685,665 7,408,150 277,515 3.6 6,414,824 6,179,296 235,528 3.7
Mountain                
     Montana 587,940 544,555 43,385 7.4 559,456 503,092 56,364 10.1
     Idaho 587,440 567,595 19,845 3.4 524,873 500,161 24,712 4.7
     Wyoming 289,315 275,925 13,390 4.6 250,742 233,635 17,107 6.8
     Colorado 1,320,905 1,260,340 60,565 4.6 1,123,296 1,051,732 71,564 6.4
     New Mexico 679,425 661,990 17,435 2.6 531,818 516,416 15,402 2.9
     Arizona 746,655 699,280 47,375 6.3 499,261 460,568 38,693 7.8
     Utah 687,400 656,375 31,025 4.5 550,310 517,034 33,276 6.0
     Nevada 159,390 148,670 10,720 6.7 110,247 99,206 11,041 10.0
Pacific                
     Washington 2,373,870 2,177,340 196,530 8.3 1,736,191 1,525,812 210,379 12.1
     Oregon 1,516,180 1,431,305 84,875 5.6 1,089,684 999,491 90,193 8.3
     California 10,558,925 9,498,550 1,060,375 10.0 6,907,387 5,982,522 924,865 13.4
     Alaska (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
     Hawaii (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)

Region, division, and
state
1930 1920
Total Native Foreign born Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent Number Percent
               United States 122,775,046 108,570,897 14,204,149 11.6 105,710,620 91,789,928 13,920,692 13.2
REGION AND DIVISION                
Northeast 34,427,091 27,225,417 7,201,674 20.9 29,662,053 22,815,690 6,846,363 23.1
     New England 8,166,341 6,317,398 1,848,943 22.6 7,400,909 5,514,964 1,885,945 25.5
     Middle Atlantic 26,260,750 20,908,019 5,352,731 20.4 22,261,144 17,300,726 4,960,418 22.3
Midwest 38,594,100 34,234,224 4,359,876 11.3 34,019,792 29,411,998 4,607,794 13.5
     East North Central 25,297,185 22,021,462 3,275,723 12.9 21,475,543 18,243,402 3,232,141 15.1
     West North Central 13,296,915 12,212,762 1,084,153 8.2 12,544,249 11,168,596 1,375,653 11.0
South 37,857,633 37,039,019 818,614 2.2 33,125,803 32,257,449 868,354 2.6
     South Atlantic 15,793,589 15,474,892 318,697 2.0 13,990,272 13,659,735 330,537 2.4
     East South Central 9,887,214 9,827,850 59,364 0.6 8,893,307 8,820,318 72,989 0.8
     West South Central 12,176,830 11,736,277 440,553 3.6 10,242,224 9,777,396 464,828 4.5
West 11,896,222 10,072,237 1,823,985 15.3 8,902,972 7,304,791 1,598,181 18.0
     Mountain 3,701,789 3,317,466 384,323 10.4 3,336,101 2,868,481 467,620 14.0
     Pacific 8,194,433 6,754,771 1,439,662 17.6 5,566,871 4,436,310 1,130,561 20.3
STATES                
New England                
     Maine 797,423 696,695 100,728 12.6 768,014 660,200 107,814 14.0
     New Hampshire 465,293 382,364 82,929 17.8 443,083 351,686 91,397 20.6
     Vermont 359,611 316,510 43,101 12.0 352,428 307,870 44,558 12.6
     Massachusetts 4,249,614 3,183,994 1,065,620 25.1 3,852,356 2,763,808 1,088,548 28.3
     Rhode Island 687,497 515,568 171,929 25.0 604,397 429,208 175,189 29.0
     Connecticut 1,606,903 1,222,267 384,636 23.9 1,380,631 1,002,192 378,439 27.4
Middle Atlantic                
     New York 12,588,066 9,325,788 3,262,278 25.9 10,385,227 7,559,852 2,825,375 27.2
     New Jersey 4,041,334 3,191,296 850,038 21.0 3,155,900 2,413,414 742,486 23.5
     Pennsylvania 9,631,350 8,390,935 1,240,415 12.9 8,720,017 7,327,460 1,392,557 16.0
East North Central                
     Ohio 6,646,697 5,997,477 649,220 9.8 5,759,394 5,078,942 680,452 11.8
     Indiana 3,238,503 3,095,504 142,999 4.4 2,930,390 2,779,062 151,328 5.2
     Illinois 7,630,654 6,388,207 1,242,447 16.3 6,485,280 5,274,696 1,210,584 18.7
     Michigan 4,842,325 3,989,567 852,758 17.6 3,668,412 2,939,120 729,292 19.9
     Wisconsin 2,939,006 2,550,707 388,299 13.2 2,632,067 2,171,582 460,485 17.5
West North Central                
     Minnesota 2,563,953 2,173,163 390,790 15.2 2,387,125 1,900,330 486,795 20.4
     Iowa 2,470,939 2,302,689 168,250 6.8 2,404,021 2,178,027 225,994 9.4
     Missouri 3,629,367 3,476,282 153,085 4.2 3,404,055 3,217,220 186,835 5.5
     North Dakota 680,845 574,974 105,871 15.5 646,872 515,009 131,863 20.4
     South Dakota 692,849 626,788 66,061 9.5 636,547 554,013 82,534 13.0
     Nebraska 1,377,963 1,258,764 119,199 8.7 1,296,372 1,145,707 150,665 11.6
     Kansas 1,880,999 1,800,102 80,897 4.3 1,769,257 1,658,290 110,967 6.3
South Atlantic                
     Delaware 238,380 221,355 17,025 7.1 223,003 203,102 19,901 8.9
     Maryland 1,631,526 1,535,196 96,330 5.9 1,449,661 1,346,482 103,179 7.1
     District of Columbia 486,869 456,136 30,733 6.3 437,571 408,206 29,365 6.7
     Virginia 2,421,851 2,397,484 24,367 1.0 2,309,187 2,277,482 31,705 1.4
     West Virginia 1,729,205 1,677,340 51,865 3.0 1,463,701 1,401,596 62,105 4.2
     North Carolina 3,170,276 3,161,307 8,969 0.3 2,559,123 2,551,851 7,272 0.3
     South Carolina 1,738,765 1,733,407 5,358 0.3 1,683,724 1,677,142 6,582 0.4
     Georgia 2,908,506 2,894,203 14,303 0.5 2,895,832 2,879,268 16,564 0.6
     Florida 1,468,211 1,398,464 69,747 4.8 968,470 914,606 53,864 5.6
East South Central                
     Kentucky 2,614,589 2,592,582 22,007 0.8 2,416,630 2,385,724 30,906 1.3
     Tennessee 2,616,556 2,603,305 13,251 0.5 2,337,885 2,322,237 15,648 0.7
     Alabama 2,646,248 2,630,187 16,061 0.6 2,348,174 2,330,147 18,027 0.8
     Mississippi 2,009,821 2,001,776 8,045 0.4 1,790,618 1,782,210 8,408 0.5
West South Central                
     Arkansas 1,854,482 1,843,850 10,632 0.6 1,752,204 1,738,067 14,137 0.8
     Louisiana 2,101,593 2,064,517 37,076 1.8 1,798,509 1,752,082 46,427 2.6
     Oklahoma 2,396,040 2,365,482 30,558 1.3 2,028,283 1,987,851 40,432 2.0
     Texas 5,824,715 5,462,428 362,287 6.2 4,663,228 4,299,396 363,832 7.8
Mountain                
     Montana 537,606 461,703 75,903 14.1 548,889 453,298 95,591 17.4
     Idaho 445,032 412,748 32,284 7.3 431,866 391,119 40,747 9.4
     Wyoming 225,565 202,222 23,343 10.3 194,402 167,835 26,567 13.7
     Colorado 1,035,791 935,916 99,875 9.6 939,629 820,491 119,138 12.7
     New Mexico 423,317 399,265 24,052 5.7 360,350 330,542 29,808 8.3
     Arizona 435,573 369,817 65,756 15.1 334,162 253,596 80,566 24.1
     Utah 507,847 459,832 48,015 9.5 449,396 390,196 59,200 13.2
     Nevada 91,058 75,963 15,095 16.6 77,407 61,404 16,003 20.7
Pacific                
     Washington 1,563,396 1,308,138 255,258 16.3 1,356,621 1,091,329 265,292 19.6
     Oregon 953,786 843,346 110,440 11.6 783,389 675,745 107,644 13.7
     California 5,677,251 4,603,287 1,073,964 18.9 3,426,861 2,669,236 757,625 22.1
     Alaska (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
     Hawaii (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)

Region, division, and
state
1910 1900
Total Native Foreign born Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent Number Percent
               United States 91,972,266 78,456,380 13,515,886 14.7 75,994,575 65,653,299 10,341,276 13.6
REGION AND DIVISION                
Northeast 25,868,573 19,192,290 6,676,283 25.8 21,046,695 16,283,899 4,762,796 22.6
     New England 6,552,681 4,727,571 1,825,110 27.9 5,592,017 4,146,780 1,445,237 25.8
     Middle Atlantic 19,315,892 14,464,719 4,851,173 25.1 15,454,678 12,137,119 3,317,559 21.5
Midwest 29,888,542 25,198,081 4,690,461 15.7 26,333,004 22,174,530 4,158,474 15.8
     East North Central 18,250,621 15,176,855 3,073,766 16.8 15,985,581 13,360,355 2,625,226 16.4
     West North Central 11,637,921 10,021,226 1,616,695 13.9 10,347,423 8,814,175 1,533,248 14.8
South 29,389,330 28,649,319 740,011 2.5 24,523,527 23,949,842 573,685 2.3
     South Atlantic 12,194,895 11,894,901 299,994 2.5 10,443,480 10,227,450 216,030 2.1
     East South Central 8,409,901 8,322,076 87,825 1.0 7,547,757 7,457,189 90,568 1.2
     West South Central 8,784,534 8,432,342 352,192 4.0 6,532,290 6,265,203 267,087 4.1
West 6,825,821 5,416,690 1,409,131 20.6 4,091,349 3,245,028 846,321 20.7
     Mountain 2,633,517 2,180,195 453,322 17.2 1,674,657 1,372,688 301,969 18.0
     Pacific 4,192,304 3,236,495 955,809 22.8 2,416,692 1,872,340 544,352 22.5
STATES                
New England                
     Maine 742,371 631,809 110,562 14.9 694,466 601,136 93,330 13.4
     New Hampshire 430,572 333,905 96,667 22.5 411,588 323,481 88,107 21.4
     Vermont 355,956 306,035 49,921 14.0 343,641 298,894 44,747 13.0
     Massachusetts 3,366,416 2,307,171 1,059,245 31.5 2,805,346 1,959,022 846,324 30.2
     Rhode Island 542,610 363,469 179,141 33.0 428,556 294,037 134,519 31.4
     Connecticut 1,114,756 785,182 329,574 29.6 908,420 670,210 238,210 26.2
Middle Atlantic                
     New York 9,113,614 6,365,603 2,748,011 30.2 7,268,894 5,368,469 1,900,425 26.1
     New Jersey 2,537,167 1,876,379 660,788 26.0 1,883,669 1,451,785 431,884 22.9
     Pennsylvania 7,665,111 6,222,737 1,442,374 18.8 6,302,115 5,316,865 985,250 15.6
East North Central                
     Ohio 4,767,121 4,168,747 598,374 12.6 4,157,545 3,698,811 458,734 11.0
     Indiana 2,700,876 2,541,213 159,663 5.9 2,516,462 2,374,341 142,121 5.6
     Illinois 5,638,591 4,433,277 1,205,314 21.4 4,821,550 3,854,803 966,747 20.1
     Michigan 2,810,173 2,212,623 597,550 21.3 2,420,982 1,879,329 541,653 22.4
     Wisconsin 2,333,860 1,820,995 512,865 22.0 2,069,042 1,553,071 515,971 24.9
West North Central                
     Minnesota 2,075,708 1,532,113 543,595 26.2 1,751,394 1,246,076 505,318 28.9
     Iowa 2,224,771 1,951,006 273,765 12.3 2,231,853 1,925,933 305,920 13.7
     Missouri 3,293,335 3,063,556 229,779 7.0 3,106,665 2,890,286 216,379 7.0
     North Dakota 577,056 420,402 156,654 27.1 319,146 206,055 113,091 35.4
     South Dakota 583,888 483,098 100,790 17.3 401,570 313,062 88,508 22.0
     Nebraska 1,192,214 1,015,552 176,662 14.8 1,066,300 888,953 177,347 16.6
     Kansas 1,690,949 1,555,499 135,450 8.0 1,470,495 1,343,810 126,685 8.6
South Atlantic                
     Delaware 202,322 184,830 17,492 8.6 184,735 170,925 13,810 7.5
     Maryland 1,295,346 1,190,402 104,944 8.1 1,188,044 1,094,110 93,934 7.9
     District of Columbia 331,069 306,167 24,902 7.5 278,718 258,599 20,119 7.2
     Virginia 2,061,612 2,034,555 27,057 1.3 1,854,184 1,834,723 19,461 1.0
     West Virginia 1,221,119 1,163,901 57,218 4.7 958,800 936,349 22,451 2.3
     North Carolina 2,206,287 2,200,195 6,092 0.3 1,893,810 1,889,318 4,492 0.2
     South Carolina 1,515,400 1,509,221 6,179 0.4 1,340,316 1,334,788 5,528 0.4
     Georgia 2,609,121 2,593,644 15,477 0.6 2,216,331 2,203,928 12,403 0.6
     Florida 752,619 711,986 40,633 5.4 528,542 504,710 23,832 4.5
East South Central                
     Kentucky 2,289,905 2,249,743 40,162 1.8 2,147,174 2,096,925 50,249 2.3
     Tennessee 2,184,789 2,166,182 18,607 0.9 2,020,616 2,002,870 17,746 0.9
     Alabama 2,138,093 2,118,807 19,286 0.9 1,828,697 1,814,105 14,592 0.8
     Mississippi 1,797,114 1,787,344 9,770 0.5 1,551,270 1,543,289 7,981 0.5
West South Central                
     Arkansas 1,574,449 1,557,403 17,046 1.1 1,311,564 1,297,275 14,289 1.1
     Louisiana 1,656,388 1,603,622 52,766 3.2 1,381,625 1,328,722 52,903 3.8
     Oklahoma 1/ 1,657,155 1,616,713 40,442 2.4 790,391 769,853 20,538 2.6
     Texas 3,896,542 3,654,604 241,938 6.2 3,048,710 2,869,353 179,357 5.9
Mountain                
     Montana 376,053 281,340 94,713 25.2 243,329 176,262 67,067 27.6
     Idaho 325,594 283,016 42,578 13.1 161,772 137,168 24,604 15.2
     Wyoming 145,965 116,945 29,020 19.9 92,531 75,116 17,415 18.8
     Colorado 799,024 669,437 129,587 16.2 539,700 448,545 91,155 16.9
     New Mexico 327,301 304,155 23,146 7.1 195,310 181,685 13,625 7.0
     Arizona 204,354 155,589 48,765 23.9 122,931 98,698 24,233 19.7
     Utah 373,351 307,529 65,822 17.6 276,749 222,972 53,777 19.4
     Nevada 81,875 62,184 19,691 24.1 42,335 32,242 10,093 23.8
Pacific                
     Washington 1,141,990 885,749 256,241 22.4 518,103 406,739 111,364 21.5
     Oregon 672,765 559,629 113,136 16.8 413,536 347,788 65,748 15.9
     California 2,377,549 1,791,117 586,432 24.7 1,485,053 1,117,813 367,240 24.7
     Alaska (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
     Hawaii (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)

Region, division, and
state
1890 1880
Total Native Foreign born Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent Number Percent
               United States 62,622,250 53,372,703 9,249,547 14.8 50,155,783 43,475,840 6,679,943 13.3
REGION AND DIVISION                
Northeast 17,401,545 13,513,368 3,888,177 22.3 14,507,407 11,692,887 2,814,520 19.4
     New England 4,700,745 3,558,313 1,142,432 24.3 4,010,529 3,216,917 793,612 19.8
     Middle Atlantic 12,700,800 9,955,055 2,745,745 21.6 10,496,878 8,475,970 2,020,908 19.3
Midwest 22,362,279 18,302,165 4,060,114 18.2 17,364,111 14,447,282 2,916,829 16.8
     East North Central 13,471,840 10,960,916 2,510,924 18.6 11,206,668 9,290,038 1,916,630 17.1
     West North Central 8,890,439 7,341,249 1,549,190 17.4 6,157,443 5,157,244 1,000,199 16.2
South 19,830,813 19,300,467 530,346 2.7 16,516,568 16,068,036 448,532 2.7
     South Atlantic 8,857,920 8,649,395 208,525 2.4 7,597,197 7,422,939 174,258 2.3
     East South Central 6,428,770 6,326,656 102,114 1.6 5,585,151 5,489,989 95,162 1.7
     West South Central 4,544,123 4,324,416 219,707 4.8 3,334,220 3,155,108 179,112 5.4
West 3,027,613 2,256,703 770,910 25.5 1,767,697 1,267,635 500,062 28.3
     Mountain 1,156,326 899,047 257,279 22.2 653,119 492,237 160,882 24.6
     Pacific 1,871,287 1,357,656 513,631 27.4 1,114,578 775,398 339,180 30.4
STATES                
New England                
     Maine 661,086 582,125 78,961 11.9 648,936 590,053 58,883 9.1
     New Hampshire 376,530 304,190 72,340 19.2 346,991 300,697 46,294 13.3
     Vermont 332,422 288,334 44,088 13.3 332,286 291,327 40,959 12.3
     Massachusetts 2,238,943 1,581,806 657,137 29.4 1,783,085 1,339,594 443,491 24.9
     Rhode Island 345,506 239,201 106,305 30.8 276,531 202,538 73,993 26.8
     Connecticut 746,258 562,657 183,601 24.6 622,700 492,708 129,992 20.9
Middle Atlantic                
     New York 5,997,853 4,426,803 1,571,050 26.2 5,082,871 3,871,492 1,211,379 23.8
     New Jersey 1,444,933 1,115,958 328,975 22.8 1,131,116 909,416 221,700 19.6
     Pennsylvania 5,258,014 4,412,294 845,720 16.1 4,282,891 3,695,062 587,829 13.7
East North Central                
     Ohio 3,672,316 3,213,023 459,293 12.5 3,198,062 2,803,119 394,943 12.3
     Indiana 2,192,404 2,046,199 146,205 6.7 1,978,301 1,834,123 144,178 7.3
     Illinois 3,826,351 2,984,004 842,347 22.0 3,077,871 2,494,295 583,576 19.0
     Michigan 2,093,889 1,550,009 543,880 26.0 1,636,937 1,248,429 388,508 23.7
     Wisconsin 1,686,880 1,167,681 519,199 30.8 1,315,497 910,072 405,425 30.8
West North Central                
     Minnesota 1,301,826 834,470 467,356 35.9 780,773 513,097 267,676 34.3
     Iowa 1,911,896 1,587,827 324,069 17.0 1,624,615 1,362,965 261,650 16.1
     Missouri 2,679,184 2,444,315 234,869 8.8 2,168,380 1,956,802 211,578 9.8
     North Dakota 2/ 182,719 101,258 81,461 44.6 2/ 2/ 2/ 2/
     South Dakota 2/ 328,808 237,753 91,055 27.7 135,177 83,382 51,795 38.3
     Nebraska 1,058,910 856,368 202,542 19.1 452,402 354,988 97,414 21.5
     Kansas 1,427,096 1,279,258 147,838 10.4 996,096 886,010 110,086 11.1
South Atlantic                
     Delaware 168,493 155,332 13,161 7.8 146,608 137,140 9,468 6.5
     Maryland 1,042,390 948,094 94,296 9.0 934,943 852,137 82,806 8.9
     District of Columbia 230,392 211,622 18,770 8.1 177,624 160,502 17,122 9.6
     Virginia 1,655,980 1,637,606 18,374 1.1 1,512,565 1,497,869 14,696 1.0
     West Virginia 762,794 743,911 18,883 2.5 618,457 600,192 18,265 3.0
     North Carolina 1,617,947 1,614,245 3,702 0.2 1,399,750 1,396,008 3,742 0.3
     South Carolina 1,151,149 1,144,879 6,270 0.5 995,577 987,891 7,686 0.8
     Georgia 1,837,353 1,825,216 12,137 0.7 1,542,180 1,531,616 10,564 0.7
     Florida 391,422 368,490 22,932 5.9 269,493 259,584 9,909 3.7
East South Central                
     Kentucky 1,858,635 1,799,279 59,356 3.2 1,648,690 1,589,173 59,517 3.6
     Tennessee 1,767,518 1,747,489 20,029 1.1 1,542,359 1,525,657 16,702 1.1
     Alabama 1,513,017 1,498,240 14,777 1.0 1,262,505 1,252,771 9,734 0.8
     Mississippi 1,289,600 1,281,648 7,952 0.6 1,131,597 1,122,388 9,209 0.8
West South Central                
     Arkansas 1,128,179 1,113,915 14,264 1.3 802,525 792,175 10,350 1.3
     Louisiana 1,118,587 1,068,840 49,747 4.4 939,946 885,800 54,146 5.8
     Oklahoma 61,834 59,094 2,740 4.4 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Texas 2,235,523 2,082,567 152,956 6.8 1,591,749 1,477,133 114,616 7.2
Mountain                
     Montana 132,159 89,063 43,096 32.6 39,159 27,638 11,521 29.4
     Idaho 84,385 66,929 17,456 20.7 32,610 22,636 9,974 30.6
     Wyoming 60,705 45,792 14,913 24.6 20,789 14,939 5,850 28.1
     Colorado 412,198 328,208 83,990 20.4 194,327 154,537 39,790 20.5
     New Mexico 153,593 142,334 11,259 7.3 119,565 111,514 8,051 6.7
     Arizona 59,620 40,825 18,795 31.5 40,440 24,391 16,049 39.7
     Utah 207,905 154,841 53,064 25.5 143,963 99,969 43,994 30.6
     Nevada 45,761 31,055 14,706 32.1 62,266 36,613 25,653 41.2
Pacific                
     Washington 349,390 259,385 90,005 25.8 75,116 59,313 15,803 21.0
     Oregon 313,767 256,450 57,317 18.3 174,768 144,265 30,503 17.5
     California 1,208,130 841,821 366,309 30.3 864,694 571,820 292,874 33.9
     Alaska (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
     Hawaii (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)

Region, division, and
state
1870 1860
Total Native Foreign born Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent Number Percent
               United States 38,558,371 32,991,142 5,567,229 14.4 31,443,321 27,304,624 4,138,697 13.2
REGION AND DIVISION                
Northeast 12,298,730 9,778,124 2,520,606 20.5 10,594,268 8,570,363 2,023,905 19.1
     New England 3,487,924 2,839,923 648,001 18.6 3,135,283 2,665,953 469,330 15.0
     Middle Atlantic 8,810,806 6,938,201 1,872,605 21.3 7,458,985 5,904,410 1,554,575 20.8
Midwest 12,981,111 10,647,826 2,333,285 18.0 9,096,716 7,553,358 1,543,358 17.0
     East North Central 9,124,517 7,462,843 1,661,674 18.2 6,926,884 5,729,688 1,197,196 17.3
     West North Central 3,856,594 3,184,983 671,611 17.4 2,169,832 1,823,670 346,162 16.0
South 12,288,020 11,888,045 399,975 3.3 11,133,361 10,740,929 392,432 3.5
     South Atlantic 5,853,610 5,686,766 166,844 2.9 5,364,703 5,202,203 162,500 3.0
     East South Central 4,404,445 4,300,578 103,867 2.4 4,020,991 3,919,056 101,935 2.5
     West South Central 2,029,965 1,900,701 129,264 6.4 1,747,667 1,619,670 127,997 7.3
West 990,510 677,147 313,363 31.6 618,976 439,974 179,002 28.9
     Mountain 315,385 228,477 86,908 27.6 174,923 150,716 24,207 13.8
     Pacific 675,125 448,670 226,455 33.5 444,053 289,258 154,795 34.9
STATES                
New England                
     Maine 626,915 578,034 48,881 7.8 628,279 590,826 37,453 6.0
     New Hampshire 318,300 288,689 29,611 9.3 326,073 305,135 20,938 6.4
     Vermont 330,551 283,396 47,155 14.3 315,098 282,355 32,743 10.4
     Massachusetts 1,457,351 1,104,032 353,319 24.2 1,231,066 970,960 260,106 21.1
     Rhode Island 217,353 161,957 55,396 25.5 174,620 137,226 37,394 21.4
     Connecticut 537,454 423,815 113,639 21.1 460,147 379,451 80,696 17.5
Middle Atlantic                
     New York 4,382,759 3,244,406 1,138,353 26.0 3,880,735 2,879,455 1,001,280 25.8
     New Jersey 906,096 717,153 188,943 20.9 672,035 549,245 122,790 18.3
     Pennsylvania 3,521,951 2,976,642 545,309 15.5 2,906,215 2,475,710 430,505 14.8
East North Central                
     Ohio 2,665,260 2,292,767 372,493 14.0 2,339,511 2,011,262 328,249 14.0
     Indiana 1,680,637 1,539,163 141,474 8.4 1,350,428 1,232,144 118,284 8.8
     Illinois 2,539,891 2,024,693 515,198 20.3 1,711,951 1,387,308 324,643 19.0
     Michigan 1,184,059 916,049 268,010 22.6 749,113 600,020 149,093 19.9
     Wisconsin 1,054,670 690,171 364,499 34.6 775,881 498,954 276,927 35.7
West North Central                
     Minnesota 439,706 279,009 160,697 36.5 172,023 113,295 58,728 34.1
     Iowa 1,194,020 989,328 204,692 17.1 674,913 568,836 106,077 15.7
     Missouri 1,721,295 1,499,028 222,267 12.9 1,182,012 1,021,471 160,541 13.6
     North Dakota 2/ 2/ 2/ 2/ 2/ 2/ 2/ 2/ 2/
     South Dakota 2/ 14,181 9,366 4,815 34.0 4,837 3,063 1,774 36.7
     Nebraska 122,993 92,245 30,748 25.0 28,841 22,490 6,351 22.0
     Kansas 364,399 316,007 48,392 13.3 107,206 94,515 12,691 11.8
South Atlantic                
     Delaware 125,015 115,879 9,136 7.3 112,216 103,051 9,165 8.2
     Maryland 780,894 697,482 83,412 10.7 687,049 609,520 77,529 11.3
     District of Columbia 131,700 115,446 16,254 12.3 75,080 62,596 12,484 16.6
     Virginia 3/ 1,225,163 1,211,409 13,754 1.1 1,596,318 1,561,260 35,058 2.2
     West Virginia 3/ 442,014 424,923 17,091 3.9 3/ 3/ 3/ 3/
     North Carolina 1,071,361 1,068,332 3,029 0.3 992,622 989,324 3,298 0.3
     South Carolina 705,606 697,532 8,074 1.1 703,708 693,722 9,986 1.4
     Georgia 1,184,109 1,172,982 11,127 0.9 1,057,286 1,045,615 11,671 1.1
     Florida 187,748 182,781 4,967 2.6 140,424 137,115 3,309 2.4
East South Central                
     Kentucky 1,321,011 1,257,613 63,398 4.8 1,155,684 1,095,885 59,799 5.2
     Tennessee 1,258,520 1,239,204 19,316 1.5 1,109,801 1,088,575 21,226 1.9
     Alabama 996,992 987,030 9,962 1.0 964,201 951,849 12,352 1.3
     Mississippi 827,922 816,731 11,191 1.4 791,305 782,747 8,558 1.1
West South Central                
     Arkansas 484,471 479,445 5,026 1.0 435,450 431,850 3,600 0.8
     Louisiana 726,915 665,088 61,827 8.5 708,002 627,027 80,975 11.4
     Oklahoma (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Texas 818,579 756,168 62,411 7.6 604,215 560,793 43,422 7.2
Mountain                
     Montana 20,595 12,616 7,979 38.7 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Idaho 14,999 7,114 7,885 52.6 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Wyoming 9,118 5,605 3,513 38.5 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Colorado 39,864 33,265 6,599 16.6 34,277 31,611 2,666 7.8
     New Mexico 91,874 86,254 5,620 6.1 93,516 86,793 6,723 7.2
     Arizona 9,658 3,849 5,809 60.1 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Utah 86,786 56,084 30,702 35.4 40,273 27,519 12,754 31.7
     Nevada 42,491 23,690 18,801 44.2 6,857 4,793 2,064 30.1
Pacific                
     Washington 23,955 18,931 5,024 21.0 11,594 8,450 3,144 27.1
     Oregon 90,923 79,323 11,600 12.8 52,465 47,342 5,123 9.8
     California 560,247 350,416 209,831 37.5 379,994 233,466 146,528 38.6
     Alaska (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
     Hawaii (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)

Region, division, and
state
1850
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
               United States 23,191,876 20,947,274 2,244,602 9.7
REGION AND DIVISION        
Northeast 8,626,851 7,301,308 1,325,543 15.4
     New England 2,728,116 2,421,867 306,249 11.2
     Middle Atlantic 5,898,735 4,879,441 1,019,294 17.3
Midwest 5,403,595 4,753,220 650,375 12.0
     East North Central 4,523,260 3,972,423 550,837 12.2
     West North Central 880,335 780,797 99,538 11.3
South 8,982,612 8,740,947 241,665 2.7
     South Atlantic 4,679,090 4,574,180 104,910 2.2
     East South Central 3,363,271 3,313,901 49,370 1.5
     West South Central 940,251 852,866 87,385 9.3
West 178,818 151,799 27,019 15.1
     Mountain 72,927 68,732 4,195 5.8
     Pacific 105,891 83,067 22,824 21.6
STATES        
New England        
     Maine 583,169 551,344 31,825 5.5
     New Hampshire 317,976 303,711 14,265 4.5
     Vermont 314,120 280,405 33,715 10.7
     Massachusetts 994,514 830,490 164,024 16.5
     Rhode Island 147,545 123,643 23,902 16.2
     Connecticut 370,792 332,274 38,518 10.4
Middle Atlantic        
     New York 3,097,394 2,441,465 655,929 21.2
     New Jersey 489,555 429,607 59,948 12.2
     Pennsylvania 2,311,786 2,008,369 303,417 13.1
East North Central        
     Ohio 1,980,329 1,762,136 218,193 11.0
     Indiana 988,416 932,844 55,572 5.6
     Illinois 851,470 739,578 111,892 13.1
     Michigan 397,654 342,951 54,703 13.8
     Wisconsin 305,391 194,914 110,477 36.2
West North Central        
     Minnesota 6,077 4,100 1,977 32.5
     Iowa 192,214 171,245 20,969 10.9
     Missouri 682,044 605,452 76,592 11.2
     North Dakota (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     South Dakota (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Nebraska (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Kansas (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
South Atlantic        
     Delaware 91,532 86,279 5,253 5.7
     Maryland 583,034 531,825 51,209 8.8
     District of Columbia 51,687 46,769 4,918 9.5
     Virginia 3/ 1,421,661 1,398,676 22,985 1.6
     West Virginia 3/ 3/ 3/ 3/ 3/
     North Carolina 869,039 866,458 2,581 0.3
     South Carolina 668,507 659,800 8,707 1.3
     Georgia 906,185 899,697 6,488 0.7
     Florida 87,445 84,676 2,769 3.2
East South Central        
     Kentucky 982,405 950,985 31,420 3.2
     Tennessee 1,002,717 997,064 5,653 0.6
     Alabama 771,623 764,114 7,509 1.0
     Mississippi 606,526 601,738 4,788 0.8
West South Central        
     Arkansas 209,897 208,426 1,471 0.7
     Louisiana 517,762 449,529 68,233 13.2
     Oklahoma (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Texas 212,592 194,911 17,681 8.3
Mountain        
     Montana (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Idaho (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Wyoming (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Colorado (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     New Mexico 61,547 59,396 2,151 3.5
     Arizona (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Utah 11,380 9,336 2,044 18.0
     Nevada (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
Pacific        
     Washington (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
     Oregon 13,294 12,272 1,022 7.7
     California 92,597 70,795 21,802 23.5
     Alaska (X) (X) (X) (X)
     Hawaii (X) (X) (X) (X)

* Indicates sample data.
(X) Not applicable. Alaska and Hawaii prior to 1960 are in this category.
(NA) Not available. State or territory (prior to statehood) not enumerated. See text for Table 13.
1/ Data shown for 1900 for Oklahoma include Oklahoma Territory and the Indian Territory, which were merged and admitted as the state of Oklahoma in 1907. Population of Oklahoma Territory in 1900: total, 398,331; native, 382,651; foreign-born, 15,680; percent foreign-born, 3.9. Population of Indian Territory in 1900: total 392,060; native 387,202; foreign-born, 4,858; percent foreign-born, 1.2 (1900 census, Vol. 1, Part 1, Dubester # 252, Table 9, p. 482).
2/ Data shown for 1860 to 1880 for South Dakota are for the Dakota Territory and include North Dakota. South Dakota and North Dakota were formed from Dakota Territory and admitted as states in 1889.
3/ Data shown for 1850 and 1860 for Virginia include the present area of West Virginia, which was admitted as a separate state in 1863.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
Authors: Campbell Gibson and Emily Lennon
Questions? / 1-866-758-1060
Last Revised: October 31, 2011 at 10:03:05 PM