U.S. Census Bureau
Table 19. Nativity of the Population for the 50 Largest Urban Places: 1870 to 1990
  Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census
Internet Release date: March 9, 1999

(See text for sources, definitions, and explanations)

Rank Place 1990*
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 7,322,564 5,239,633 2,082,931 28.4
2 Los Angeles city, CA 3,485,398 2,148,733 1,336,665 38.4
3 Chicago city, IL 2,783,726 2,314,539 469,187 16.9
4 Houston city, TX 1,630,672 1,340,298 290,374 17.8
5 Philadelphia city, PA 1,585,577 1,480,763 104,814 6.6
6 San Diego city, CA 1,110,549 878,411 232,138 20.9
7 Detroit city, MI 1,027,974 993,484 34,490 3.4
8 Dallas city, TX 1,006,831 880,969 125,862 12.5
9 Phoenix city, AZ 983,403 898,731 84,672 8.6
10 San Antonio city, TX 935,927 848,378 87,549 9.4
11 San Jose city, CA 782,225 575,184 207,041 26.5
12 Baltimore city, MD 736,014 712,547 23,467 3.2
13 Indianapolis city, IN 731,321 717,358 13,963 1.9
14 San Francisco city, CA 723,959 477,925 246,034 34.0
15 Jacksonville city, FL 635,230 613,467 21,763 3.4
16 Columbus city, OH 632,958 609,487 23,471 3.7
17 Milwaukee city, WI 628,088 598,421 29,667 4.7
18 Memphis city, TN 610,337 602,039 8,298 1.4
19 Washington city, DC 606,900 548,013 58,887 9.7
20 Boston city, MA 574,283 459,686 114,597 20.0
21 Seattle city, WA 516,259 448,523 67,736 13.1
22 El Paso city, TX 515,342 394,910 120,432 23.4
23 Cleveland city, OH 505,616 484,641 20,975 4.1
24 New Orleans city, LA 496,938 476,154 20,784 4.2
25 Nashville-Davidson, TN 488,518 476,347 12,171 2.5
26 Denver city, CO 467,610 432,895 34,715 7.4
27 Austin city, TX 465,577 425,951 39,626 8.5
28 Fort Worth city, TX 447,619 407,319 40,300 9.0
29 Oklahoma City city, OK 444,730 425,998 18,732 4.2
30 Portland city, OR 437,398 403,797 33,601 7.7
31 Kansas City city, MO 435,141 422,754 12,387 2.8
32 Long Beach city, CA 429,433 325,283 104,150 24.3
33 Tucson city, AZ 405,390 361,993 43,397 10.7
34 St. Louis city, MO 396,685 386,651 10,034 2.5
35 Charlotte city, NC 396,003 380,884 15,119 3.8
36 Atlanta city, GA 394,017 380,663 13,354 3.4
37 Virginia Beach city, VA 393,069 372,552 20,517 5.2
38 Albuquerque city, NM 384,736 363,426 21,310 5.5
39 Oakland city, CA 372,242 298,718 73,524 19.8
40 Pittsburgh city, PA 369,879 352,933 16,946 4.6
41 Sacramento city, CA 369,365 318,796 50,569 13.7
42 Minneapolis city, MN 368,383 345,759 22,624 6.1
43 Tulsa city, OK 367,193 356,183 11,010 3.0
44 Honolulu CDP, HI 365,272 286,957 78,315 21.4
45 Cincinnati city, OH 364,040 353,995 10,045 2.8
46 Miami city, FL 358,548 144,420 214,128 59.7
47 Fresno city, CA 354,202 293,467 60,735 17.1
48 Omaha city, NE 335,795 326,393 9,402 2.8
49 Toledo city, OH 332,943 323,680 9,263 2.8
50 Buffalo city, NY 328,123 313,382 14,741 4.5

Rank Place 1980*
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 7,071,639 5,401,440 1,670,199 23.6
2 Chicago city, IL 3,005,078 2,569,846 435,232 14.5
3 Los Angeles city, CA 2,966,850 2,162,032 804,818 27.1
4 Philadelphia city, PA 1,688,210 1,580,259 107,951 6.4
5 Houston city, TX 1,595,167 1,439,590 155,577 9.8
6 Detroit city, MI 1,203,339 1,135,036 68,303 5.7
7 Dallas city, TX 904,074 849,162 54,912 6.1
8 San Diego city, CA 875,538 744,632 130,906 15.0
9 Phoenix city, AZ 789,704 745,042 44,662 5.7
10 Baltimore city, MD 786,775 762,108 24,667 3.1
11 San Antonio city, TX 785,809 720,933 64,876 8.3
12 Indianapolis city, IN 700,719 687,294 13,425 1.9
13 San Francisco city, CA 678,974 486,770 192,204 28.3
14 Memphis city, TN 646,356 637,969 8,387 1.3
15 Washington city, DC 638,333 597,774 40,559 6.4
16 Milwaukee city, WI 636,212 604,494 31,718 5.0
17 San Jose city, CA 629,442 538,528 90,914 14.4
18 Cleveland city, OH 573,822 540,475 33,347 5.8
19 Columbus city, OH 564,866 548,411 16,455 2.9
20 Boston city, MA 562,994 475,938 87,056 15.5
21 New Orleans city, LA 557,515 535,806 21,709 3.9
22 Jacksonville city, FL 540,920 525,436 15,484 2.9
23 Seattle city, WA 493,846 438,230 55,616 11.3
24 Denver city, CO 492,365 461,653 30,712 6.2
25 Nashville-Davidson, TN 455,663 448,000 7,663 1.7
26 St. Louis city, MO 453,085 441,207 11,878 2.6
27 Kansas City city, MO 448,154 435,415 12,739 2.8
28 El Paso city, TX 425,259 334,352 90,907 21.4
29 Atlanta city, GA 425,022 415,245 9,777 2.3
30 Pittsburgh city, PA 423,938 401,743 22,195 5.2
31 Oklahoma City city, OK 403,243 391,791 11,452 2.8
32 Cincinnati city, OH 385,457 374,833 10,624 2.8
33 Fort Worth city, TX 385,166 366,854 18,312 4.8
34 Minneapolis city, MN 370,951 352,691 18,260 4.9
35 Portland city, OR 366,423 340,440 25,983 7.1
36 Honolulu CDP, HI 365,048 297,010 68,038 18.6
37 Long Beach city, CA 361,334 309,923 51,411 14.2
38 Tulsa city, OK 360,919 351,570 9,349 2.6
39 Buffalo city, NY 357,870 335,845 22,025 6.2
40 Toledo city, OH 354,635 343,625 11,010 3.1
41 Miami city, FL 346,865 160,585 186,280 53.7
42 Austin city, TX 345,544 328,840 16,704 4.8
43 Oakland city, CA 339,337 296,758 42,579 12.5
44 Albuquerque city, NM 331,767 316,711 15,056 4.5
45 Tucson city, AZ 330,537 304,331 26,206 7.9
46 Newark city, NJ 329,248 281,509 47,739 14.5
47 Charlotte city, NC 314,447 305,705 8,742 2.8
48 Omaha city, NE 314,267 304,103 10,164 3.2
49 Louisville city, KY 298,455 294,293 4,162 1.4
50 Birmingham city, AL 284,413 281,182 3,231 1.1

Rank Place 1970*
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 7,894,798 6,457,740 1,437,058 18.2
2 Chicago city, IL 3,362,947 2,989,028 373,919 11.1
3 Los Angeles city, CA 2,815,998 2,405,128 410,870 14.6
4 Philadelphia city, PA 1,948,608 1,821,712 126,896 6.5
5 Detroit city, MI 1,511,322 1,391,975 119,347 7.9
6 Houston city, TX 1,231,572 1,194,071 37,501 3.0
7 Baltimore city, MD 905,757 877,047 28,710 3.2
8 Dallas city, TX 844,280 826,854 17,426 2.1
9 Washington city, DC 756,492 722,930 33,562 4.4
10 Cleveland city, OH 750,932 694,532 56,400 7.5
11 Indianapolis city, IN 744,768 733,895 10,873 1.5
12 Milwaukee city, WI 717,110 677,534 39,576 5.5
13 San Francisco city, CA 715,673 561,166 154,507 21.6
14 San Diego city, CA 696,474 643,497 52,977 7.6
15 San Antonio city, TX 654,468 615,779 38,689 5.9
16 Boston city, MA 641,056 557,068 83,988 13.1
17 Memphis city, TN 623,753 618,652 5,101 0.8
18 St. Louis city, MO 622,234 605,974 16,260 2.6
19 New Orleans city, LA 593,467 575,358 18,109 3.1
20 Phoenix city, AZ 581,466 559,810 21,656 3.7
21 Columbus city, OH 539,469 528,275 11,194 2.1
22 Seattle city, WA 530,860 482,437 48,423 9.1
23 Jacksonville city, FL 528,865 519,169 9,696 1.8
24 Pittsburgh city, PA 520,146 488,871 31,275 6.0
25 Denver city, CO 514,678 493,752 20,926 4.1
26 Kansas City city, MO 507,247 496,995 10,252 2.0
27 Atlanta city, GA 497,046 491,194 5,852 1.2
28 Buffalo city, NY 462,781 427,529 35,252 7.6
29 Cincinnati city, OH 452,376 440,039 12,337 2.7
30 Nashville-Davidson, TN 448,003 444,315 3,688 0.8
31 San Jose city, CA 447,025 413,063 33,962 7.6
32 Minneapolis city, MN 434,408 413,533 20,875 4.8
33 Fort Worth city, TX 393,516 387,577 5,939 1.5
34 Toledo city, OH 384,067 371,601 12,466 3.2
35 Newark city, NJ 382,374 342,270 40,104 10.5
36 Portland city, OR 381,927 360,847 21,080 5.5
37 Oklahoma City city, OK 366,756 362,877 3,879 1.1
38 Oakland city, CA 361,607 329,368 32,239 8.9
39 Louisville city, KY 361,496 358,058 3,438 1.0
40 Long Beach city, CA 358,622 334,370 24,252 6.8
41 Omaha city, NE 347,790 337,053 10,737 3.1
42 Miami city, FL 335,062 194,855 140,207 41.8
43 Tulsa city, OK 331,768 328,269 3,499 1.1
44 Honolulu CDP, HI 324,869 289,644 35,225 10.8
45 El Paso city, TX 322,261 277,919 44,342 13.8
46 St. Paul city, MN 310,004 297,966 12,038 3.9
47 Norfolk city, VA 307,951 300,477 7,474 2.4
48 Birmingham city, AL 300,559 298,440 2,119 0.7
49 Rochester city, NY 296,233 265,003 31,230 10.5
50 Tampa city, FL 277,748 261,381 16,367 5.9

Rank Place 1960*
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 7,783,314 6,224,624 1,558,690 20.0
2 Chicago city, IL 3,550,404 3,112,012 438,392 12.3
3 Los Angeles city, CA 2,481,456 2,169,779 311,677 12.6
4 Philadelphia city, PA 2,002,509 1,824,082 178,427 8.9
5 Detroit city, MI 1,670,144 1,468,431 201,713 12.1
6 Baltimore city, MD 939,024 899,337 39,687 4.2
7 Houston city, TX 938,219 913,920 24,299 2.6
8 Cleveland city, OH 876,050 779,466 96,584 11.0
9 Washington city, DC 763,956 724,985 38,971 5.1
10 St. Louis city, MO 750,026 723,547 26,479 3.5
11 Milwaukee city, WI 741,324 684,310 57,014 7.7
12 San Francisco city, CA 740,316 597,785 142,531 19.3
13 Boston city, MA 697,938 587,974 109,964 15.8
14 Dallas city, TX 679,684 666,964 12,720 1.9
15 New Orleans city, LA 627,525 612,945 14,580 2.3
16 Pittsburgh city, PA 604,332 559,079 45,253 7.5
17 San Antonio city, TX 588,042 548,258 39,784 6.8
18 San Diego city, CA 573,224 532,797 40,427 7.1
19 Seattle city, WA 557,087 497,367 59,720 10.7
20 Buffalo city, NY 532,759 477,739 55,020 10.3
21 Cincinnati city, OH 502,550 485,950 16,600 3.3
22 Memphis city, TN 497,524 493,112 4,412 0.9
23 Denver city, CO 493,887 470,134 23,753 4.8
24 Atlanta city, GA 487,275 482,680 4,595 0.9
25 Minneapolis city, MN 482,872 448,424 34,448 7.1
26 Indianapolis city, IN 476,258 467,642 8,616 1.8
27 Kansas City city, MO 476,500 463,329 13,171 2.8
28 Columbus city, OH 471,316 460,264 11,052 2.3
29 Phoenix city, AZ 439,170 419,732 19,438 4.4
30 Newark city, NJ 405,220 355,261 49,959 12.3
31 Louisville city, KY 390,639 386,683 3,956 1.0
32 Portland city, OR 372,664 345,238 27,426 7.4
33 Oakland city, CA 367,548 332,369 35,179 9.6
34 Fort Worth city, TX 356,729 351,913 4,816 1.4
35 Long Beach city, CA 344,153 322,700 21,453 6.2
36 Birmingham city, AL 340,887 338,260 2,627 0.8
37 Oklahoma City city, OK 324,253 320,757 3,496 1.1
38 Rochester city, NY 318,611 276,567 42,044 13.2
39 Toledo city, OH 318,003 302,620 15,383 4.8
40 St. Paul city, MN 313,411 295,997 17,414 5.6
41 Norfolk city, VA 305,872 300,091 5,781 1.9
42 Omaha city, NE 301,598 287,215 14,383 4.8
43 Honolulu CDP, HI 294,194 263,216 30,978 10.5
44 Miami city, FL 291,688 242,442 49,246 16.9
45 Akron city, OH 290,351 272,988 17,363 6.0
46 El Paso city, TX 276,687 233,673 43,014 15.5
47 Jersey City city, NJ 276,101 245,128 30,973 11.2
48 Tampa city, FL 274,970 258,986 15,984 5.8
49 Dayton city, OH 262,332 256,234 6,098 2.3
50 Tulsa city, OK 261,685 258,738 2,947 1.1

Rank Place 1950*
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 7,887,380 6,026,450 1,860,930 23.6
2 Chicago city, IL 3,611,580 3,078,610 532,970 14.8
3 Philadelphia city, PA 2,068,095 1,830,300 237,795 11.5
4 Los Angeles city, CA 1,965,150 1,702,210 262,940 13.4
5 Detroit city, MI 1,846,660 1,568,400 278,260 15.1
6 Baltimore city, MD 945,940 893,295 52,645 5.6
7 Cleveland city, OH 912,840 779,960 132,880 14.6
8 St. Louis city, MO 853,490 811,435 42,055 4.9
9 Washington city, DC 800,830 758,090 42,740 5.3
10 Boston city, MA 800,590 651,590 149,000 18.6
11 San Francisco city, CA 775,075 638,065 137,010 17.7
12 Pittsburgh city, PA 675,465 609,895 65,570 9.7
13 Milwaukee city, WI 636,005 572,815 63,190 9.9
14 Houston city, TX 594,585 577,030 17,555 3.0
15 Buffalo city, NY 577,825 507,320 70,505 12.2
16 New Orleans city, LA 568,680 553,335 15,345 2.7
17 Minneapolis city, MN 519,245 470,455 48,790 9.4
18 Cincinnati city, OH 502,010 481,485 20,525 4.1
19 Seattle city, WA 466,110 406,845 59,265 12.7
20 Kansas City city, MO 456,710 440,660 16,050 3.5
21 Newark city, NJ 437,540 365,730 71,810 16.4
22 Dallas city, TX 432,970 424,620 8,350 1.9
23 Indianapolis city, IN 426,945 418,015 8,930 2.1
24 Denver city, CO 415,760 392,650 23,110 5.6
25 San Antonio city, TX 407,335 374,340 32,995 8.1
26 Memphis city, TN 394,985 390,650 4,335 1.1
27 Oakland city, CA 383,200 342,455 40,745 10.6
28 Portland city, OR 373,105 338,185 34,920 9.4
29 Louisville city, KY 367,375 362,485 4,890 1.3
30 Columbus city, OH 362,205 351,740 10,465 2.9
31 San Diego city, CA 333,865 308,605 25,260 7.6
32 Atlanta city, GA 331,210 327,015 4,195 1.3
33 Rochester city, NY 330,990 281,945 49,045 14.8
34 Birmingham city, AL 325,745 321,925 3,820 1.2
35 St. Paul city, MN 310,220 285,755 24,465 7.9
36 Toledo city, OH 303,725 283,650 20,075 6.6
37 Jersey City city, NJ 299,130 257,740 41,390 13.8
38 Fort Worth city, TX 277,585 273,465 4,120 1.5
39 Akron city, OH 273,710 252,855 20,855 7.6
40 Long Beach city, CA 250,135 233,875 16,260 6.5
41 Omaha city, NE 249,740 232,210 17,530 7.0
42 Miami city, FL 248,970 218,850 30,120 12.1
43 Providence city, RI 248,520 209,085 39,435 15.9
44 Dayton city, OH 243,050 234,985 8,065 3.3
45 Oklahoma City city, OK 242,085 239,380 2,705 1.1
46 Richmond city, VA 229,655 225,800 3,855 1.7
47 Syracuse city, NY 218,830 195,335 23,495 10.7
48 Norfolk city, VA 214,360 209,290 5,070 2.4
49 Jacksonville city, FL 204,275 199,995 4,280 2.1
50 Worcester city, MA 202,940 168,925 34,015 16.8

Rank Place 1940
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 7,454,995 5,316,338 2,138,657 28.7
2 Chicago city, IL 3,396,808 2,721,661 675,147 19.9
3 Philadelphia city, PA 1,931,334 1,638,788 292,546 15.1
4 Detroit city, MI 1,623,452 1,300,764 322,688 19.9
5 Los Angeles city, CA 1,504,277 1,277,240 227,037 15.1
6 Cleveland city, OH 878,336 698,552 179,784 20.5
7 Baltimore city, MD 859,100 797,402 61,698 7.2
8 St. Louis city, MO 816,048 756,401 59,647 7.3
9 Boston city, MA 770,816 586,736 184,080 23.9
10 Pittsburgh city, PA 671,659 586,756 84,903 12.6
11 Washington city, DC 663,091 628,175 34,916 5.3
12 San Francisco city, CA 634,536 494,513 140,023 22.1
13 Milwaukee city, WI 587,472 503,531 83,941 14.3
14 Buffalo city, NY 575,901 483,500 92,401 16.0
15 New Orleans city, LA 494,537 479,334 15,203 3.1
16 Minneapolis city, MN 492,370 428,006 64,364 13.1
17 Cincinnati city, OH 455,610 429,712 25,898 5.7
18 Newark city, NJ 429,760 338,889 90,871 21.1
19 Kansas City city, MO 399,178 379,758 19,420 4.9
20 Indianapolis city, IN 386,972 376,344 10,628 2.7
21 Houston city, TX 384,514 369,050 15,464 4.0
22 Seattle city, WA 368,302 304,832 63,470 17.2
23 Rochester city, NY 324,975 264,737 60,238 18.5
24 Denver city, CO 322,412 297,430 24,982 7.7
25 Louisville city, KY 319,077 312,832 6,245 2.0
26 Columbus city, OH 306,087 294,035 12,052 3.9
27 Portland city, OR 305,394 265,389 40,005 13.1
28 Atlanta city, GA 302,288 297,934 4,354 1.4
29 Oakland city, CA 302,163 257,622 44,541 14.7
30 Jersey City city, NJ 301,173 247,797 53,376 17.7
31 Dallas city, TX 294,734 287,339 7,395 2.5
32 Memphis city, TN 292,942 288,431 4,511 1.5
33 St. Paul city, MN 287,736 254,020 33,716 11.7
34 Toledo city, OH 282,349 257,493 24,856 8.8
35 Birmingham city, AL 267,583 263,127 4,456 1.7
36 San Antonio city, TX 253,854 225,558 28,296 11.1
37 Providence city, RI 253,504 201,655 51,849 20.5
38 Akron city, OH 244,791 219,313 25,478 10.4
39 Omaha city, NE 223,844 201,455 22,389 10.0
40 Dayton city, OH 210,718 201,357 9,361 4.4
41 Syracuse city, NY 205,967 178,335 27,632 13.4
42 Oklahoma City city, OK 204,424 201,573 2,851 1.4
43 San Diego city, CA 203,341 183,228 20,113 9.9
44 Worcester city, MA 193,694 153,634 40,060 20.7
45 Richmond city, VA 193,042 189,555 3,487 1.8
46 Fort Worth city, TX 177,662 174,098 3,564 2.0
47 Jacksonville city, FL 173,065 168,970 4,095 2.4
48 Miami city, FL 172,172 155,547 16,625 9.7
49 Youngstown city, OH 167,720 141,002 26,718 15.9
50 Nashville city, TN 167,402 165,846 1,556 0.9

Rank Place 1930
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 6,930,446 4,571,760 2,358,686 34.0
2 Chicago city, IL 3,376,438 2,517,029 859,409 25.5
3 Philadelphia city, PA 1,950,961 1,578,883 372,078 19.1
4 Detroit city, MI 1,568,662 1,162,780 405,882 25.9
5 Los Angeles city, CA 1,238,048 990,913 247,135 20.0
6 Cleveland city, OH 900,429 669,483 230,946 25.6
7 St. Louis city, MO 821,960 740,614 81,346 9.9
8 Baltimore city, MD 804,874 729,426 75,448 9.4
9 Boston city, MA 781,188 547,501 233,687 29.9
10 Pittsburgh city, PA 669,817 560,132 109,685 16.4
11 San Francisco city, CA 634,394 462,753 171,641 27.1
12 Milwaukee city, WI 578,249 467,638 110,611 19.1
13 Buffalo city, NY 573,076 454,135 118,941 20.8
14 Washington city, DC 486,869 456,136 30,733 6.3
15 Minneapolis city, MN 464,356 383,233 81,123 17.5
16 New Orleans city, LA 458,762 437,716 21,046 4.6
17 Cincinnati city, OH 451,160 416,174 34,986 7.8
18 Newark city, NJ 442,337 326,202 116,135 26.3
19 Kansas City city, MO 399,746 373,548 26,198 6.6
20 Seattle city, WA 365,583 287,241 78,342 21.4
21 Indianapolis city, IN 364,161 350,307 13,854 3.8
22 Rochester city, NY 328,132 253,293 74,839 22.8
23 Jersey City city, NJ 316,715 246,027 70,688 22.3
24 Louisville city, KY 307,745 298,714 9,031 2.9
25 Portland city, OR 301,815 251,587 50,228 16.6
26 Houston city, TX 292,352 274,415 17,937 6.1
27 Toledo city, OH 290,718 256,717 34,001 11.7
28 Columbus city, OH 290,564 275,122 15,442 5.3
29 Denver city, CO 287,861 255,004 32,857 11.4
30 Oakland city, CA 284,063 230,032 54,031 19.0
31 St. Paul city, MN 271,606 226,954 44,652 16.4
32 Atlanta city, GA 270,366 265,574 4,792 1.8
33 Dallas city, TX 260,475 251,014 9,461 3.6
34 Birmingham city, AL 259,678 253,764 5,914 2.3
35 Akron city, OH 255,040 223,346 31,694 12.4
36 Memphis city, TN 253,143 247,816 5,327 2.1
37 Providence city, RI 252,981 187,626 65,355 25.8
38 San Antonio city, TX 231,542 190,830 40,712 17.6
39 Omaha city, NE 214,006 184,480 29,526 13.8
40 Syracuse city, NY 209,326 174,176 35,150 16.8
41 Dayton city, OH 200,982 188,888 12,094 6.0
42 Worcester city, MA 195,311 144,150 51,161 26.2
43 Oklahoma City city, OK 185,389 181,667 3,722 2.0
44 Richmond city, VA 182,929 178,810 4,119 2.3
45 Youngstown city, OH 170,002 136,771 33,231 19.5
46 Grand Rapids city, MI 168,592 141,243 27,349 16.2
47 Hartford city, CT 164,072 119,416 44,656 27.2
48 Fort Worth city, TX 163,447 158,514 4,933 3.0
49 New Haven city, CT 162,655 122,111 40,544 24.9
50 Flint city, MI 156,492 135,028 21,464 13.7

Rank Place 1920
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 5,620,048 3,591,888 2,028,160 36.1
2 Chicago city, IL 2,701,705 1,893,147 808,558 29.9
3 Philadelphia city, PA 1,823,779 1,423,035 400,744 22.0
4 Detroit city, MI 993,678 702,794 290,884 29.3
5 Cleveland city, OH 796,841 556,668 240,173 30.1
6 St. Louis city, MO 772,897 669,271 103,626 13.4
7 Boston city, MA 748,060 505,441 242,619 32.4
8 Baltimore city, MD 733,826 649,017 84,809 11.6
9 Pittsburgh city, PA 588,343 467,551 120,792 20.5
10 Los Angeles city, CA 576,673 454,542 122,131 21.2
11 Buffalo city, NY 506,775 384,951 121,824 24.0
12 San Francisco city, CA 506,676 357,481 149,195 29.4
13 Milwaukee city, WI 457,147 346,987 110,160 24.1
14 Washington city, DC 437,571 408,206 29,365 6.7
15 Newark city, NJ 414,524 296,975 117,549 28.4
16 Cincinnati city, OH 401,247 358,326 42,921 10.7
17 New Orleans city, LA 387,219 359,854 27,365 7.1
18 Minneapolis city, MN 380,582 292,334 88,248 23.2
19 Kansas City city, MO 324,410 296,827 27,583 8.5
20 Seattle city, WA 315,312 234,336 80,976 25.7
21 Indianapolis city, IN 314,194 297,098 17,096 5.4
22 Jersey City city, NJ 298,103 221,809 76,294 25.6
23 Rochester city, NY 295,750 224,339 71,411 24.1
24 Portland city, OR 258,288 208,510 49,778 19.3
25 Denver city, CO 256,491 218,261 38,230 14.9
26 Toledo city, OH 243,164 204,868 38,296 15.7
27 Providence city, RI 237,595 167,700 69,895 29.4
28 Columbus city, OH 237,031 220,844 16,187 6.8
29 Louisville city, KY 234,891 223,224 11,667 5.0
30 St. Paul city, MN 234,698 182,976 51,722 22.0
31 Oakland city, CA 216,261 166,366 49,895 23.1
32 Akron city, OH 208,435 170,414 38,021 18.2
33 Atlanta city, GA 200,616 195,827 4,789 2.4
34 Omaha city, NE 191,601 155,956 35,645 18.6
35 Worcester city, MA 179,754 126,227 53,527 29.8
36 Birmingham city, AL 178,806 172,666 6,140 3.4
37 Syracuse city, NY 171,717 139,334 32,383 18.9
38 Richmond city, VA 171,667 166,954 4,713 2.7
39 New Haven city, CT 162,537 116,413 46,124 28.4
40 Memphis city, TN 162,351 156,507 5,844 3.6
41 San Antonio city, TX 161,379 124,555 36,824 22.8
42 Dallas city, TX 158,976 150,175 8,801 5.5
43 Dayton city, OH 152,559 139,394 13,165 8.6
44 Bridgeport city, CT 143,555 96,773 46,782 32.6
45 Houston city, TX 138,276 126,188 12,088 8.7
46 Hartford city, CT 138,036 97,124 40,912 29.6
47 Scranton city, PA 137,783 109,196 28,587 20.7
48 Grand Rapids city, MI 137,634 109,207 28,427 20.7
49 Paterson city, NJ 135,875 90,633 45,242 33.3
50 Youngstown city, OH 132,358 98,413 33,945 25.6

Rank Place 1910
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 4,766,883 2,822,526 1,944,357 40.8
2 Chicago city, IL 2,185,283 1,401,855 783,428 35.9
3 Philadelphia city, PA 1,549,008 1,164,301 384,707 24.8
4 St. Louis city, MO 687,029 560,806 126,223 18.4
5 Boston city, MA 670,585 427,220 243,365 36.3
6 Cleveland city, OH 560,663 364,493 196,170 35.0
7 Baltimore city, MD 558,485 480,823 77,662 13.9
8 Pittsburgh city, PA 533,905 392,981 140,924 26.4
9 Detroit city, MI 465,766 308,232 157,534 33.8
10 Buffalo city, NY 423,715 305,026 118,689 28.0
11 San Francisco city, CA 416,912 274,614 142,298 34.1
12 Milwaukee city, WI 373,857 262,328 111,529 29.8
13 Cincinnati city, OH 363,591 306,732 56,859 15.6
14 Newark city, NJ 347,469 236,462 111,007 31.9
15 New Orleans city, LA 339,075 310,742 28,333 8.4
16 Washington city, DC 331,069 306,167 24,902 7.5
17 Los Angeles city, CA 319,198 253,065 66,133 20.7
18 Minneapolis city, MN 301,408 215,309 86,099 28.6
19 Jersey City city, NJ 267,779 189,792 77,987 29.1
20 Kansas City city, MO 248,381 222,915 25,466 10.3
21 Seattle city, WA 237,194 169,738 67,456 28.4
22 Indianapolis city, IN 233,650 213,808 19,842 8.5
23 Providence city, RI 224,326 147,327 76,999 34.3
24 Louisville city, KY 223,928 206,455 17,473 7.8
25 Rochester city, NY 218,149 159,073 59,076 27.1
26 St. Paul city, MN 214,744 158,087 56,657 26.4
27 Denver city, CO 213,381 173,632 39,749 18.6
28 Portland city, OR 207,214 156,902 50,312 24.3
29 Columbus city, OH 181,511 165,148 16,363 9.0
30 Toledo city, OH 168,497 136,353 32,144 19.1
31 Atlanta city, GA 154,839 150,338 4,501 2.9
32 Oakland city, CA 150,174 109,328 40,846 27.2
33 Worcester city, MA 145,986 97,389 48,597 33.3
33 Syracuse city, NY 137,249 106,401 30,848 22.5
34 New Haven city, CT 133,605 90,616 42,989 32.2
36 Birmingham city, AL 132,685 126,955 5,730 4.3
37 Memphis city, TN 131,105 124,585 6,520 5.0
38 Scranton city, PA 129,867 94,745 35,122 27.0
39 Richmond city, VA 127,628 123,492 4,136 3.2
40 Paterson city, NJ 125,600 80,115 45,485 36.2
41 Omaha city, NE 124,096 96,917 27,179 21.9
42 Fall River city, MA 119,295 68,337 50,958 42.7
43 Dayton city, OH 116,577 102,685 13,892 11.9
44 Grand Rapids city, MI 112,571 84,184 28,387 25.2
45 Nashville city, TN 110,364 107,347 3,017 2.7
46 Lowell city, MA 106,294 62,800 43,494 40.9
47 Cambridge city, MA 104,839 69,511 35,328 33.7
48 Spokane city, WA 104,402 82,582 21,820 20.9
49 Bridgeport city, CT 102,054 65,790 36,264 35.5
50 Albany city, NY 100,253 82,035 18,218 18.2

Rank Place 1900
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 3,437,202 2,167,122 1,270,080 37.0
2 Chicago city, IL 1,698,575 1,111,463 587,112 34.6
3 Philadelphia city, PA 1,293,697 998,357 295,340 22.8
4 St. Louis city, MO 575,238 463,882 111,356 19.4
5 Boston city, MA 560,892 363,763 197,129 35.1
6 Baltimore city, MD 508,957 440,357 68,600 13.5
7 Cleveland city, OH 381,768 257,137 124,631 32.6
8 Buffalo city, NY 352,387 248,135 104,252 29.6
9 San Francisco city, CA 342,782 225,897 116,885 34.1
10 Cincinnati city, OH 325,902 267,941 57,961 17.8
11 Pittsburgh city, PA 321,616 236,738 84,878 26.4
12 New Orleans city, LA 287,104 256,779 30,325 10.6
13 Detroit city, MI 285,704 189,201 96,503 33.8
14 Milwaukee city, WI 285,315 196,324 88,991 31.2
15 Washington city, DC 278,718 258,599 20,119 7.2
16 Newark city, NJ 246,070 174,707 71,363 29.0
17 Jersey City city, NJ 206,433 148,009 58,424 28.3
18 Louisville city, KY 204,731 183,304 21,427 10.5
19 Minneapolis city, MN 202,718 141,697 61,021 30.1
20 Providence city, RI 175,597 119,742 55,855 31.8
21 Indianapolis city, IN 169,164 152,042 17,122 10.1
22 Kansas City city, MO 163,752 145,342 18,410 11.2
23 St. Paul city, MN 163,065 116,246 46,819 28.7
24 Rochester city, NY 162,608 121,860 40,748 25.1
25 Denver city, CO 133,859 108,558 25,301 18.9
26 Toledo city, OH 131,822 104,000 27,822 21.1
27 Allegheny city, PA 129,896 99,680 30,216 23.3
28 Columbus city, OH 125,560 113,232 12,328 9.8
29 Worcester city, MA 118,421 80,769 37,652 31.8
30 Syracuse city, NY 108,374 84,617 23,757 21.9
31 New Haven city, CT 108,027 77,225 30,802 28.5
32 Paterson city, NJ 105,171 66,380 38,791 36.9
33 Fall River city, MA 104,863 54,821 50,042 47.7
34 St. Joseph city, MO 102,979 94,555 8,424 8.2
35 Omaha city, NE 102,555 79,003 23,552 23.0
36 Los Angeles city, CA 102,479 82,515 19,964 19.5
37 Memphis city, TN 102,320 97,210 5,110 5.0
38 Scranton city, PA 102,026 73,053 28,973 28.4
39 Lowell city, MA 94,969 53,995 40,974 43.1
40 Albany city, NY 94,151 76,433 17,718 18.8
41 Cambridge city, MA 91,886 61,420 30,466 33.2
42 Portland city, OR 90,426 64,550 25,876 28.6
43 Atlanta city, GA 89,872 87,341 2,531 2.8
44 Grand Rapids city, MI 87,565 63,669 23,896 27.3
45 Dayton city, OH 85,333 75,280 10,053 11.8
46 Richmond city, VA 85,050 82,185 2,865 3.4
47 Nashville city, TN 80,865 77,828 3,037 3.8
48 Seattle city, WA 80,671 58,668 22,003 27.3
49 Hartford city, CT 79,850 56,092 23,758 29.8
50 Reading city, PA 78,961 73,021 5,940 7.5

Rank Place 1890
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 1,515,301 875,358 639,943 42.2
2 Chicago city, IL 1,099,850 649,184 450,666 41.0
3 Philadelphia city, PA 1,046,964 777,484 269,480 25.7
4 Brooklyn city, NY 806,343 544,643 261,700 32.5
5 St. Louis city, MO 451,770 336,894 114,876 25.4
6 Boston city, MA 448,477 290,305 158,172 35.3
7 Baltimore city, MD 434,439 365,436 69,003 15.9
8 San Francisco city, CA 298,997 172,186 126,811 42.4
9 Cincinnati city, OH 296,908 225,500 71,408 24.1
10 Cleveland city, OH 261,353 164,258 97,095 37.2
11 Buffalo city, NY 255,664 166,179 89,485 35.0
12 New Orleans city, LA 242,039 207,670 34,369 14.2
13 Pittsburgh city, PA 238,617 165,328 73,289 30.7
14 Washington city, DC 230,392 211,622 18,770 8.1
15 Detroit city, MI 205,876 124,167 81,709 39.7
16 Milwaukee city, WI 204,468 124,892 79,576 38.9
17 Newark city, NJ 181,830 126,259 55,571 30.6
18 Minneapolis city, MN 164,738 104,180 60,558 36.8
19 Jersey City city, NJ 163,003 109,645 53,358 32.7
20 Louisville city, KY 161,129 137,619 23,510 14.6
21 Omaha city, NE 140,452 105,413 35,039 24.9
22 Rochester city, NY 133,896 94,121 39,775 29.7
23 St. Paul city, MN 133,156 79,979 53,177 39.9
24 Kansas City city, MO 132,716 111,858 20,858 15.7
25 Providence city, RI 132,146 91,782 40,364 30.5
26 Denver city, CO 106,713 81,249 25,464 23.9
27 Indianapolis city, IN 105,436 90,949 14,487 13.7
28 Allegheny city, PA 105,287 79,152 26,135 24.8
29 Albany city, NY 94,923 72,630 22,293 23.5
30 Columbus city, OH 88,150 75,662 12,488 14.2
31 Syracuse city, NY 88,143 65,801 22,342 25.3
32 New Haven city, CT 81,298 58,304 22,994 28.3
33 Worcester city, MA 84,655 57,952 26,703 31.5
34 Toledo city, OH 81,434 59,245 22,189 27.2
35 Richmond city, VA 81,388 77,915 3,473 4.3
36 Paterson city, NJ 78,347 47,185 31,162 39.8
37 Lowell city, MA 77,696 43,095 34,601 44.5
38 Nashville city, TN 76,168 72,374 3,794 5.0
39 Scranton city, PA 75,215 49,642 25,573 34.0
40 Fall River city, MA 74,398 36,664 37,734 50.7
41 Cambridge city, MA 70,028 46,177 23,851 34.1
42 Atlanta city, GA 65,533 63,662 1,871 2.9
43 Memphis city, TN 64,495 59,095 5,400 8.4
44 Wilmington city, DE 61,431 52,332 9,099 14.8
45 Dayton city, OH 61,220 51,633 9,587 15.7
46 Troy city, NY 60,956 43,691 17,265 28.3
47 Grand Rapids city, MI 60,278 40,874 19,404 32.2
48 Reading city, PA 58,661 53,929 4,732 8.1
49 Camden city, NJ 58,313 50,580 7,733 13.3
50 Trenton city, NJ 57,458 43,410 14,048 24.4

Rank Place 1880
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 1,206,299 727,629 478,670 39.7
2 Philadelphia city, PA 847,170 642,835 204,335 24.1
3 Brooklyn city, NY 566,663 388,969 177,694 31.4
4 Chicago city, IL 503,185 298,326 204,859 40.7
5 Boston city, MA 362,839 248,043 114,796 31.6
6 St. Louis city, MO 350,518 245,505 105,013 30.0
7 Baltimore city, MD 332,313 276,177 56,136 16.9
8 Cincinnati city, OH 255,139 183,480 71,659 28.1
9 San Francisco city, CA 233,959 129,715 104,244 44.6
10 New Orleans city, LA 216,090 174,933 41,157 19.0
11 Cleveland city, OH 160,146 100,737 59,409 37.1
12 Pittsburgh city, PA 156,389 111,784 44,605 28.5
13 Buffalo city, NY 155,134 103,866 51,268 33.0
14 Washington city, DC 147,293 133,051 14,242 9.7
15 Newark city, NJ 136,508 96,178 40,330 29.5
16 Louisville city, KY 123,758 100,602 23,156 18.7
17 Jersey City city, NJ 120,722 81,464 39,258 32.5
18 Detroit city, MI 116,340 70,695 45,645 39.2
19 Milwaukee city, WI 115,587 69,514 46,073 39.9
20 Providence city, RI 104,857 76,782 28,075 26.8
21 Albany city, NY 90,758 66,993 23,765 26.2
22 Rochester city, NY 89,366 62,744 26,622 29.8
23 Allegheny city, PA 78,682 59,245 19,437 24.7
24 Indianapolis city, IN 75,056 62,446 12,610 16.8
25 Richmond city, VA 63,600 60,260 3,340 5.3
26 New Haven city, CT 62,882 47,214 15,668 24.9
27 Lowell city, MA 59,475 36,421 23,054 38.8
28 Worcester city, MA 58,291 42,667 15,624 26.8
29 Troy city, NY 56,747 39,809 16,938 29.8
30 Kansas City city, MO 55,785 46,484 9,301 16.7
31 Cambridge city, MA 52,669 37,001 15,668 29.7
32 Syracuse city, NY 51,792 38,774 13,018 25.1
33 Columbus city, OH 51,647 42,576 9,071 17.6
34 Paterson city, NJ 51,031 32,329 18,702 36.6
35 Toledo city, OH 50,137 35,788 14,349 28.6
36 Charleston city, SC 49,984 46,034 3,950 7.9
37 Fall River city, MA 48,961 25,386 23,575 48.2
38 Minneapolis city, MN 46,887 31,874 15,013 32.0
39 Scranton city, PA 45,850 29,993 15,857 34.6
40 Nashville city, TN 43,350 40,325 3,025 7.0
41 Reading city, PA 43,278 39,654 3,624 8.4
42 Wilmington city, DE 42,478 36,804 5,674 13.4
43 Hartford city, CT 42,015 31,420 10,595 25.2
44 Camden city, NJ 41,659 37,164 4,495 10.8
45 St. Paul city, MN 41,473 26,398 15,075 36.3
46 Lawrence city, MA 39,151 21,885 17,266 44.1
47 Dayton city, OH 38,678 31,432 7,246 18.7
48 Lynn city, MA 38,274 31,234 7,040 18.4
49 Atlanta city, GA 37,409 35,993 1,416 3.8
50 Denver city, CO 35,629 26,924 8,705 24.4

Rank Place 1870
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
1 New York city, NY 942,292 523,198 419,094 44.5
2 Philadelphia city, PA 674,022 490,398 183,624 27.2
3 Brooklyn city, NY 396,099 251,381 144,718 36.5
4 St. Louis city, MO 310,864 198,615 112,249 36.1
5 Chicago city, IL 298,977 154,420 144,557 48.4
6 Baltimore city, MD 267,354 210,870 56,484 21.1
7 Boston city, MA 250,526 162,540 87,986 35.1
8 Cincinnati city, OH 216,239 136,627 79,612 36.8
9 New Orleans city, LA 191,418 142,943 48,475 25.3
10 San Francisco city, CA 149,473 75,754 73,719 49.3
11 Buffalo city, NY 117,714 71,477 46,237 39.3
12 Washington city, DC 109,199 95,442 13,757 12.6
13 Newark city, NJ 105,059 69,175 35,884 34.2
14 Louisville city, KY 100,753 75,085 25,668 25.5
15 Cleveland city, OH 92,829 54,014 38,815 41.8
16 Pittsburgh city, PA 86,076 58,254 27,822 32.3
17 Jersey City city, NJ 82,546 50,711 31,835 38.6
18 Detroit city, MI 79,577 44,196 35,381 44.5
19 Milwaukee city, WI 71,440 37,667 33,773 47.3
20 Albany city, NY 69,422 47,215 22,207 32.0
21 Providence city, RI 68,904 51,727 17,177 24.9
22 Rochester city, NY 62,386 41,202 21,184 34.0
23 Allegheny city, PA 53,180 37,872 15,308 28.8
24 Richmond city, VA 51,038 47,260 3,778 7.4
25 New Haven city, CT 50,840 36,484 14,356 28.2
26 Charleston city, SC 48,956 44,064 4,892 10.0
27 Indianapolis city, IN 48,244 37,587 10,657 22.1
28 Troy city, NY 46,465 30,246 16,219 34.9
29 Syracuse city, NY 43,051 29,061 13,990 32.5
30 Worcester city, MA 41,105 29,159 11,946 29.1
31 Lowell city, MA 40,928 26,493 14,435 35.3
32 Memphis city, TN 40,226 33,446 6,780 16.9
33 Cambridge city, MA 39,634 27,579 12,055 30.4
34 Hartford city, CT 37,180 26,363 10,817 29.1
35 Scranton city, PA 35,092 19,205 15,887 45.3
36 Reading city, PA 33,930 30,059 3,871 11.4
37 Paterson city, NJ 33,579 20,711 12,868 38.3
38 Kansas City city, MO 32,260 24,581 7,679 23.8
39 Mobile city, AL 32,034 27,795 4,239 13.2
40 Toledo city, OH 31,584 20,485 11,099 35.1
41 Portland city, ME 31,413 24,401 7,012 22.3
42 Columbus city, OH 31,274 23,663 7,611 24.3
43 Wilmington city, DE 30,841 25,689 5,152 16.7
44 Dayton city, OH 30,473 23,050 7,423 24.4
45 Lawrence city, MA 28,921 16,204 12,717 44.0
46 Utica city, NY 28,804 18,955 9,849 34.2
47 Charlestown city, MA 28,323 21,399 6,924 24.4
48 Savannah city, GA 28,235 24,564 3,671 13.0
49 Lynn city, MA 28,233 23,298 4,935 17.5
50 Fall River city, MA 26,766 15,288 11,478 42.9

*Indicates sample data.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
Authors: Campbell Gibson and Emily Lennon
Questions? / 1-866-758-1060
Last Revised: October 31, 2011 at 10:03:05 PM