U.S. Census Bureau
Table 22. Nativity of the Population for Urban Places Ever Among the 50 Largest Urban Places Since 1870: 1850 to 1990
  Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census
Internet Release date: March 9, 1999

(See text for sources, definitions, and explanations)

State, urban place
and year (rank in
total population)
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
ALABAMA        
Birmingham        
   1990* (60) 265,852 262,671 3,181 1.2
   1980* (50) 284,413 281,182 3,231 1.1
   1970* (48) 300,559 298,440 2,119 0.7
   1960* (36) 340,887 338,260 2,627 0.8
   1950* (34) 325,745 321,925 3,820 1.2
   1940 (35) 267,583 263,127 4,456 1.7
   1930 (34) 259,678 253,764 5,914 2.3
   1920 (36) 178,806 172,666 6,140 3.4
   1910 (36) 132,685 126,955 5,730 4.3
   1900 (99) 38,415 36,639 1,776 4.6
   1890 (-) 26,178 24,526 1,652 6.3
Mobile        
   1990* (79) 196,278 192,165 4,113 2.1
   1980* (72) 200,396 196,621 3,775 1.9
   1970* (68) 190,122 188,825 1,297 0.7
   1960* (58) 202,779 200,792 1,987 1.0
   1950* (78) 129,030 127,050 1,980 1.5
   1940 (-) 78,720 77,164 1,556 2.0
   1930 (-) 68,202 66,062 2,140 3.1
   1920 (-) 60,777 58,620 2,157 3.5
   1910 (-) 51,521 49,216 2,305 4.5
   1900 (98) 38,469 36,358 2,111 5.5
   1890 (97) 31,076 28,921 2,155 6.9
   1880 (68) 29,132 26,195 2,937 10.1
   1870 (39) 32,034 27,795 4,239 13.2
   1860 (27) 29,258 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (32) 20,515 16,429 4,086 19.9
ARIZONA        
Phoenix        
   1990* (9) 983,403 898,731 84,672 8.6
   1980* (9) 789,704 745,042 44,662 5.7
   1970* (20) 581,466 559,810 21,656 3.7
   1960* (29) 439,170 419,732 19,438 4.4
   1950* (99) 106,310 98,895 7,415 7.0
   1940 (-) 65,414 61,092 4,322 6.6
   1930 (-) 48,118 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1920 (-) 29,053 24,907 4,146 14.3
   1910 (-) 11,134 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1900 (-) 5,544 4,609 935 16.9
   1890 (-) 3,152 2,079 1,073 34.0
Tucson        
   1990* (33) 405,390 361,993 43,397 10.7
   1980* (45) 330,537 304,331 26,206 7.9
   1970* (53) 262,933 246,662 16,271 6.2
   1960* (54) 212,892 199,200 13,692 6.4
   1950 (-) 45,454 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (-) 36,818 32,365 4,453 12.1
   1930 (-) 32,506 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1920 (-) 20,292 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1910 (-) 13,193 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1900 (-) 7,531 5,179 2,352 31.2
   1890 (-) 5,150 2,685 2,465 47.9
   1880 (-) 7,007 3,065 3,942 56.3
   1870 (-) 3,224 1,026 2,198 68.2
CALIFORNIA        
Fresno        
   1990* (47) 354,202 293,467 60,735 17.1
   1980* (65) 218,202 200,147 18,055 8.3
   1970* (83) 165,972 155,912 10,060 6.1
   1960* (91) 133,929 123,216 10,713 8.0
   1950 (-) 91,669 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (-) 60,685 51,768 8,917 14.7
   1930 (-) 52,513 42,245 10,268 19.6
   1920 (-) 45,086 35,371 9,715 21.5
   1910 (-) 24,892 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1900 (-) 12,470 9,171 3,299 26.5
   1890 (-) 10,818 7,678 3,140 29.0
Long Beach        
   1990* (32) 429,433 325,283 104,150 24.3
   1980* (37) 361,334 309,923 51,411 14.2
   1970* (40) 358,622 334,370 24,252 6.8
   1960* (35) 344,153 322,700 21,453 6.2
   1950* (40) 250,135 233,875 16,260 6.5
   1940 (53) 164,271 151,542 12,729 7.7
   1930 (57) 142,032 127,640 14,392 10.1
   1920 (-) 55,593 48,493 7,100 12.8
Los Angeles        
   1990* (2) 3,485,398 2,148,733 1,336,665 38.4
   1980* (3) 2,966,850 2,162,032 804,818 27.1
   1970* (3) 2,815,998 2,405,128 410,870 14.6
   1960* (3) 2,481,456 2,169,779 311,677 12.6
   1950* (4) 1,965,150 1,702,210 262,940 13.4
   1940 (5) 1,504,277 1,277,240 227,037 15.1
   1930 (5) 1,238,048 990,913 247,135 20.0
   1920 (10) 576,673 454,542 122,131 21.2
   1910 (17) 319,198 253,065 66,133 20.7
   1900 (36) 102,479 82,515 19,964 19.5
   1890 (57) 50,395 37,643 12,752 25.3
   1880 (-) 11,183 7,979 3,204 28.7
   1870 (-) 5,728 3,724 2,004 35.0
Oakland        
   1990* (39) 372,242 298,718 73,524 19.8
   1980* (43) 339,337 296,758 42,579 12.5
   1970* (38) 361,607 329,368 32,239 8.9
   1960* (33) 367,548 332,369 35,179 9.6
   1950* (27) 383,200 342,455 40,745 10.6
   1940 (29) 302,163 257,622 44,541 14.7
   1930 (30) 284,063 230,032 54,031 19.0
   1920 (31) 216,261 166,366 49,895 23.1
   1910 (32) 150,174 109,328 40,846 27.2
   1900 (56) 66,960 49,704 17,256 25.8
   1890 (60) 48,682 34,145 14,537 29.9
   1880 (51) 34,555 23,534 11,021 31.9
   1870 (-) 1/ 10,500 (NA) (NA) (NA)
Sacramento        
   1990* (41) 369,365 318,796 50,569 13.7
   1980* (52) 275,741 248,033 27,708 10.0
   1970* (55) 254,417 236,928 17,489 6.9
   1960* (63) 191,667 175,016 16,651 8.7
   1950* (67) 137,675 123,465 14,210 10.3
   1940 (85) 105,958 92,238 13,720 12.9
   1930 (96) 93,750 76,482 17,268 18.4
   1920 (-) 65,908 52,920 12,988 19.7
   1910 (-) 44,696 33,651 11,045 24.7
   1900 (-) 29,282 22,559 6,723 23.0
   1890 (-) 26,386 18,712 7,674 29.1
   1880 (90) 21,420 14,372 7,048 32.9
   1870 (89) 16,283 10,081 6,202 38.1
San Diego        
   1990* (6) 1,110,549 878,411 232,138 20.9
   1980* (8) 875,538 744,632 130,906 15.0
   1970* (14) 696,474 643,497 52,977 7.6
   1960* (18) 573,224 532,797 40,427 7.1
   1950* (31) 333,865 308,605 25,260 7.6
   1940 (43) 203,341 183,228 20,113 9.9
   1930 (53) 147,995 126,409 21,586 14.6
   1920 (93) 74,361 60,327 14,034 18.9
   1910 (-) 39,578 31,749 7,829 19.8
   1900 (-) 17,700 13,932 3,768 21.3
   1890 (-) 16,159 12,060 4,099 25.4
San Francisco 2/        
   1990* (14) 723,959 477,925 246,034 34.0
   1980* (13) 678,974 486,770 192,204 28.3
   1970* (13) 715,673 561,166 154,507 21.6
   1960* (12) 740,316 597,785 142,531 19.3
   1950* (11) 775,075 638,065 137,010 17.7
   1940 (12) 634,536 494,513 140,023 22.1
   1930 (11) 634,394 462,753 171,641 27.1
   1920 (12) 506,676 357,481 149,195 29.4
   1910 (11) 416,912 274,614 142,298 34.1
   1900 (9) 342,782 225,897 116,885 34.1
   1890 (8) 298,997 172,186 126,811 42.4
   1880 (9) 233,959 129,715 104,244 44.6
   1870 (10) 149,473 75,754 73,719 49.3
   1860 (15) 56,802 28,348 28,454 50.1
San Jose        
   1990* (11) 782,225 575,184 207,041 26.5
   1980* (17) 629,442 538,528 90,914 14.4
   1970* (31) 447,025 413,063 33,962 7.6
   1960* (57) 204,196 186,766 17,430 8.5
   1950 (-) 95,280 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (-) 68,457 59,182 9,275 13.5
   1930 (-) 57,651 47,266 10,385 18.0
   1920 (-) 39,642 31,368 8,274 20.9
   1910 (-) 28,946 22,524 6,422 22.2
   1900 (-) 21,500 16,923 4,577 21.3
   1890 (-) 18,060 13,308 4,752 26.3
   1880 (-) 12,567 8,733 3,834 30.5
   1870 (-) 9,089 5,334 3,755 41.3
COLORADO        
Denver        
   1990* (26) 467,610 432,895 34,715 7.4
   1980* (24) 492,365 461,653 30,712 6.2
   1970* (25) 514,678 493,752 20,926 4.1
   1960* (23) 493,887 470,134 23,753 4.8
   1950* (24) 415,760 392,650 23,110 5.6
   1940 (24) 322,412 297,430 24,982 7.7
   1930 (29) 287,861 255,004 32,857 11.4
   1920 (25) 256,491 218,261 38,230 14.9
   1910 (27) 213,381 173,632 39,749 18.6
   1900 (25) 133,859 108,558 25,301 18.9
   1890 (26) 106,713 81,249 25,464 23.9
   1880 (50) 35,629 26,924 8,705 24.4
   1870 (-) 4,759 3,621 1,138 23.9
CONNECTICUT        
Bridgeport        
   1990* (-) 141,686 120,955 20,731 14.6
   1980* (-) 142,546 123,408 19,138 13.4
   1970* (88) 156,542 136,542 20,000 12.8
   1960* (80) 156,748 133,941 22,807 14.6
   1950* (63) 157,710 128,460 29,250 18.5
   1940 (59) 147,121 113,453 33,668 22.9
   1930 (54) 146,716 105,654 41,062 28.0
   1920 (44) 143,555 96,773 46,782 32.6
   1910 (49) 102,054 65,790 36,264 35.5
   1900 (54) 70,996 48,715 22,281 31.4
   1890 (59) 48,866 34,677 14,189 29.0
   1880 (71) 27,643 20,204 7,439 26.9
   1870 (76) 18,969 13,585 5,384 28.4
Hartford        
   1990* (-) 139,739 118,297 21,442 15.3
   1980* (-) 136,392 112,496 23,896 17.5
   1970* (86) 158,017 133,347 24,670 15.6
   1960* (78) 162,178 133,540 28,638 17.7
   1950* (54) 177,050 144,275 32,775 18.5
   1940 (51) 166,267 129,572 36,695 22.1
   1930 (47) 164,072 119,416 44,656 27.2
   1920 (46) 138,036 97,124 40,912 29.6
   1910 (51) 98,915 67,561 31,354 31.7
   1900 (49) 79,850 56,092 23,758 29.8
   1890 (54) 53,230 38,774 14,456 27.2
   1880 (43) 42,015 31,420 10,595 25.2
   1870 (34) 37,180 26,363 10,817 29.1
   1860 (31) 26,917 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (53) 13,555 10,640 2,915 21.5
New Haven        
   1990* (-) 130,474 119,841 10,633 8.1
   1980* (-) 126,109 115,179 10,930 8.7
   1970* (-) 137,721 123,937 13,784 10.0
   1960* (82) 152,048 132,002 20,046 13.2
   1950* (59) 164,225 138,900 25,325 15.4
   1940 (54) 160,605 127,882 32,723 20.4
   1930 (49) 162,655 122,111 40,544 24.9
   1920 (39) 162,537 116,413 46,124 28.4
   1910 (35) 133,605 90,616 42,989 32.2
   1900 (31) 108,027 77,225 30,802 28.5
   1890 (32) 81,298 58,304 22,994 28.3
   1880 (26) 62,882 47,214 15,668 24.9
   1870 (25) 50,840 36,484 14,356 28.2
   1860 (23) 39,267 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (33) 20,345 16,648 3,697 18.2
DELAWARE        
Wilmington        
   1990* (-) 71,529 69,054 2,475 3.5
   1980* (-) 70,195 67,511 2,684 3.8
   1970* (-) 80,381 76,422 3,959 4.9
   1960* (-) 95,827 89,920 5,907 6.2
   1950* (95) 109,755 101,860 7,895 7.2
   1940 (75) 112,504 101,969 10,535 9.4
   1930 (80) 106,597 93,911 12,686 11.9
   1920 (62) 110,168 93,831 16,337 14.8
   1910 (61) 87,411 73,698 13,713 15.7
   1900 (51) 76,508 66,030 10,478 13.7
   1890 (44) 61,431 52,332 9,099 14.8
   1880 (42) 42,478 36,804 5,674 13.4
   1870 (43) 30,841 25,689 5,152 16.7
   1860 (43) 21,258 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (51) 13,979 12,216 1,763 12.6
DISTRICT OF
  COLUMBIA
       
Washington        
   1990* (19) 606,900 548,013 58,887 9.7
   1980* (15) 638,333 597,774 40,559 6.4
   1970* (9) 756,492 722,930 33,562 4.4
   1960* (9) 763,956 724,985 38,971 5.1
   1950* (9) 800,830 758,090 42,740 5.3
   1940 (11) 663,091 628,175 34,916 5.3
   1930 (14) 486,869 456,136 30,733 6.3
   1920 (14) 437,571 408,206 29,365 6.7
   1910 (16) 331,069 306,167 24,902 7.5
   1900 (15) 278,718 258,599 20,119 7.2
   1890 (14) 230,392 211,622 18,770 8.1
   1880 (14) 147,293 133,051 14,242 9.7
   1870 (12) 109,199 95,442 13,757 12.6
   1860 (14) 61,122 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (18) 40,001 35,719 4,282 10.7
FLORIDA        
Jacksonville        
   1990* (15) 635,230 613,467 21,763 3.4
   1980* (22) 540,920 525,436 15,484 2.9
   1970* (23) 528,865 519,169 9,696 1.8
   1960* (61) 201,030 197,594 3,436 1.7
   1950* (49) 204,275 199,995 4,280 2.1
   1940 (47) 173,065 168,970 4,095 2.4
   1930 (63) 129,549 124,987 4,562 3.5
   1920 (79) 91,558 87,414 4,144 4.5
   1910 (95) 57,699 55,011 2,688 4.7
   1900 (-) 28,429 27,263 1,166 4.1
   1890 (-) 17,201 16,137 1,064 6.2
   1880 (-) 7,650 6,920 730 9.5
   1870 (-) 6,912 6,485 427 6.2
Miami        
   1990* (46) 358,548 144,420 214,128 59.7
   1980* (41) 346,865 160,585 186,280 53.7
   1970* (42) 335,062 194,855 140,207 41.8
   1960* (44) 291,688 242,442 49,246 16.9
   1950* (42) 248,970 218,850 30,120 12.1
   1940 (48) 172,172 155,547 16,625 9.7
   1930 (78) 110,637 96,866 13,771 12.4
   1920 (-) 29,571 22,173 7,398 25.0
Tampa        
   1990* (55) 280,015 257,724 22,291 8.0
   1980* (53) 271,523 252,863 18,660 6.9
   1970* (50) 277,748 261,381 16,367 5.9
   1960* (48) 274,970 258,986 15,984 5.8
   1950* (85) 124,645 113,745 10,900 8.7
   1940 (84) 108,391 96,990 11,401 10.5
   1930 (91) 101,161 85,994 15,167 15.0
   1920 (-) 51,608 40,256 11,352 22.0
   1910 (-) 37,782 26,979 10,803 28.6
   1900 (-) 15,839 10,754 5,085 32.1
   1890 (-) 5,532 3,748 1,784 32.2
GEORGIA        
Atlanta        
   1990* (36) 394,017 380,663 13,354 3.4
   1980* (29) 425,022 415,245 9,777 2.3
   1970* (27) 497,046 491,194 5,852 1.2
   1960* (24) 487,275 482,680 4,595 0.9
   1950* (32) 331,210 327,015 4,195 1.3
   1940 (28) 302,288 297,934 4,354 1.4
   1930 (32) 270,366 265,574 4,792 1.8
   1920 (33) 200,616 195,827 4,789 2.4
   1910 (31) 154,839 150,338 4,501 2.9
   1900 (43) 89,872 87,341 2,531 2.8
   1890 (42) 65,533 63,662 1,871 2.9
   1880 (49) 37,409 35,993 1,416 3.8
   1870 (61) 21,789 20,699 1,090 5.0
Savannah        
   1990* (-) 137,557 134,881 2,676 1.9
   1980* (-) 141,378 138,329 3,049 2.2
   1970* (-) 118,344 116,996 1,348 1.1
   1960* (83) 149,245 147,112 2,133 1.4
   1950* (88) 119,365 117,640 1,725 1.4
   1940 (99) 95,996 94,095 1,901 2.0
   1930 (-) 85,024 82,493 2,531 3.0
   1920 (85) 83,252 79,916 3,336 4.0
   1910 (86) 65,064 61,616 3,448 5.3
   1900 (69) 54,244 50,810 3,434 6.3
   1890 (69) 43,189 39,781 3,408 7.9
   1880 (62) 30,709 27,715 2,994 9.7
   1870 (48) 28,235 24,564 3,671 13.0
   1860 (41) 22,292 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (44) 15,312 12,878 2,434 15.9
HAWAII        
Honolulu 3/        
   1990* (44) 365,272 286,957 78,315 21.4
   1980* (36) 365,048 297,010 68,038 18.6
   1970* (44) 324,869 289,644 35,225 10.8
   1960* (43) 294,194 263,216 30,978 10.5
ILLINOIS        
Chicago        
   1990* (3) 2,783,726 2,314,539 469,187 16.9
   1980* (2) 3,005,078 2,569,846 435,232 14.5
   1970* (2) 3,362,947 2,989,028 373,919 11.1
   1960* (2) 3,550,404 3,112,012 438,392 12.3
   1950* (2) 3,611,580 3,078,610 532,970 14.8
   1940 (2) 3,396,808 2,721,661 675,147 19.9
   1930 (2) 3,376,438 2,517,029 859,409 25.5
   1920 (2) 2,701,705 1,893,147 808,558 29.9
   1910 (2) 2,185,283 1,401,855 783,428 35.9
   1900 (2) 1,698,575 1,111,463 587,112 34.6
   1890 (2) 1,099,850 649,184 450,666 41.0
   1880 (4) 503,185 298,326 204,859 40.7
   1870 (5) 298,977 154,420 144,557 48.4
   1860 (9) 109,260 54,636 54,624 50.0
   1850 (24) 29,963 14,281 15,682 52.3
INDIANA        
Indianapolis        
   1990* (13) 731,321 717,358 13,963 1.9
   1980* (12) 700,719 687,294 13,425 1.9
   1970* (11) 744,768 733,895 10,873 1.5
   1960* (26) 476,258 467,642 8,616 1.8
   1950* (23) 426,945 418,015 8,930 2.1
   1940 (20) 386,972 376,344 10,628 2.7
   1930 (21) 364,161 350,307 13,854 3.8
   1920 (21) 314,194 297,098 17,096 5.4
   1910 (22) 233,650 213,808 19,842 8.5
   1900 (21) 169,164 152,042 17,122 10.1
   1890 (27) 105,436 90,949 14,487 13.7
   1880 (24) 75,056 62,446 12,610 16.8
   1870 (27) 48,244 37,587 10,657 22.1
KENTUCKY        
Louisville        
   1990* (58) 269,157 265,110 4,047 1.5
   1980* (49) 298,455 294,293 4,162 1.4
   1970* (39) 361,496 358,058 3,438 1.0
   1960* (31) 390,639 386,683 3,956 1.0
   1950* (29) 367,375 362,485 4,890 1.3
   1940 (25) 319,077 312,832 6,245 2.0
   1930 (24) 307,745 298,714 9,031 2.9
   1920 (29) 234,891 223,224 11,667 5.0
   1910 (24) 223,928 206,455 17,473 7.8
   1900 (18) 204,731 183,304 21,427 10.5
   1890 (20) 161,129 137,619 23,510 14.6
   1880 (16) 123,758 100,602 23,156 18.7
   1870 (14) 100,753 75,085 25,668 25.5
   1860 (12) 68,033 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (14) 43,194 30,733 12,461 28.8
LOUISIANA        
New Orleans        
   1990* (24) 496,938 476,154 20,784 4.2
   1980* (21) 557,515 535,806 21,709 3.9
   1970* (19) 593,467 575,358 18,109 3.1
   1960* (15) 627,525 612,945 14,580 2.3
   1950* (16) 568,680 553,335 15,345 2.7
   1940 (15) 494,537 479,334 15,203 3.1
   1930 (16) 458,762 437,716 21,046 4.6
   1920 (17) 387,219 359,854 27,365 7.1
   1910 (15) 339,075 310,742 28,333 8.4
   1900 (12) 287,104 256,779 30,325 10.6
   1890 (12) 242,039 207,670 34,369 14.2
   1880 (10) 216,090 174,933 41,157 19.0
   1870 (9) 191,418 142,943 48,475 25.3
   1860 (6) 168,675 104,054 64,621 38.3
   1850 (5) 116,375 67,774 48,601 41.8

State, urban place
and year (rank in
total population)
Total Native Foreign born
Number Percent
MAINE        
Portland        
   1990* (-) 64,358 61,065 3,293 5.1
   1980* (-) 61,572 58,794 2,778 4.5
   1970* (-) 65,116 61,877 3,239 5.0
   1960* (-) 72,566 67,023 5,543 7.6
   1950 (-) 77,634 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (-) 73,643 63,732 9,911 13.5
   1930 (-) 70,810 59,064 11,746 16.6
   1920 (-) 69,272 55,926 13,346 19.3
   1910 (91) 58,571 46,420 12,151 20.7
   1900 (78) 50,145 39,710 10,435 20.8
   1890 (83) 36,425 28,600 7,825 21.5
   1880 (53) 33,810 26,908 6,902 20.4
   1870 (41) 31,413 24,401 7,012 22.3
   1860 (32) 26,341 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (31) 20,815 17,303 3,512 16.9
MARYLAND        
Baltimore        
   1990* (12) 736,014 712,547 23,467 3.2
   1980* (10) 786,775 762,108 24,667 3.1
   1970* (7) 905,757 877,047 28,710 3.2
   1960* (6) 939,024 899,337 39,687 4.2
   1950* (6) 945,940 893,295 52,645 5.6
   1940 (7) 859,100 797,402 61,698 7.2
   1930 (8) 804,874 729,426 75,448 9.4
   1920 (8) 733,826 649,017 84,809 11.6
   1910 (7) 558,485 480,823 77,662 13.9
   1900 (6) 508,957 440,357 68,600 13.5
   1890 (7) 434,439 365,436 69,003 15.9
   1880 (7) 332,313 276,177 56,136 16.9
   1870 (6) 267,354 210,870 56,484 21.1
   1860 (4) 212,418 159,921 52,497 24.7
   1850 (2) 169,054 133,562 35,492 21.0
MASSACHUSETTS        
Boston        
   1990* (20) 574,283 459,686 114,597 20.0
   1980* (20) 562,994 475,938 87,056 15.5
   1970* (16) 641,056 557,068 83,988 13.1
   1960* (13) 697,938 587,974 109,964 15.8
   1950* (10) 800,590 651,590 149,000 18.6
   1940 (9) 770,816 586,736 184,080 23.9
   1930 (9) 781,188 547,501 233,687 29.9
   1920 (7) 748,060 505,441 242,619 32.4
   1910 (5) 670,585 427,220 243,365 36.3
   1900 (5) 560,892 363,763 197,129 35.1
   1890 (6) 448,477 290,305 158,172 35.3
   1880 (5) 362,839 248,043 114,796 31.6
   1870 (7) 250,526 162,540 87,986 35.1
   1860 (5) 177,841 114,050 63,791 35.9
   1850 (3) 136,881 90,204 46,677 34.1
Cambridge        
   1990* (-) 95,802 74,452 21,350 22.3
   1980* (-) 95,322 77,759 17,563 18.4
   1970* (-) 100,417 84,943 15,474 15.4
   1960* (-) 107,716 91,305 16,411 15.2
   1950* (87) 120,320 98,950 21,370 17.8
   1940 (78) 110,879 85,313 25,566 23.1
   1930 (74) 113,643 80,050 33,593 29.6
   1920 (63) 109,694 76,398 33,296 30.4
   1910 (47) 104,839 69,511 35,328 33.7
   1900 (41) 91,886 61,420 30,466 33.2
   1890 (41) 70,028 46,177 23,851 34.1
   1880 (31) 52,669 37,001 15,668 29.7
   1870 (33) 39,634 27,579 12,055 30.4
Charlestown 4/        
   1870 (47) 28,323 21,399 6,924 24.4
Fall River        
   1990* (-) 92,703 73,496 19,207 20.7
   1980* (-) 92,574 72,199 20,375 22.0
   1970* (-) 96,976 81,417 15,559 16.0
   1960* (-) 99,942 86,398 13,544 13.6
   1950* (93) 111,765 93,495 18,270 16.3
   1940 (73) 115,428 90,725 24,703 21.4
   1930 (71) 115,274 83,056 32,218 27.9
   1920 (54) 120,485 78,064 42,421 35.2
   1910 (42) 119,295 68,337 50,958 42.7
   1900 (33) 104,863 54,821 50,042 47.7
   1890 (40) 74,398 36,664 37,734 50.7
   1880 (37) 48,961 25,386 23,575 48.2
   1870 (50) 26,766 15,288 11,478 42.9
Lawrence        
   1990* (-) 70,207 55,534 14,673 20.9
   1980* (-) 63,175 53,823 9,352 14.8
   1970* (-) 66,915 57,218 9,697 14.5
   1960* (-) 70,933 59,548 11,385 16.1
   1950 (-) 80,536 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (-) 84,323 61,342 22,981 27.3
   1930 (-) 85,068 56,382 28,686 33.7
   1920 (73) 94,270 55,069 39,201 41.6
   1910 (63) 85,892 44,421 41,471 48.3
   1900 (57) 62,559 33,982 28,577 45.7
   1890 (64) 44,654 24,136 20,518 45.9
   1880 (46) 39,151 21,885 17,266 44.1
   1870 (45) 28,921 16,204 12,717 44.0
Lowell        
   1990* (-) 103,439 86,441 16,998 16.4
   1980* (-) 92,418 83,946 8,472 9.2
   1970* (-) 94,280 86,053 8,227 8.7
   1960* (-) 92,107 82,904 9,203 10.0
   1950 (-) 97,249 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (88) 101,389 81,937 19,452 19.2
   1930 (93) 100,234 74,059 26,175 26.1
   1920 (61) 112,759 74,643 38,116 33.8
   1910 (46) 106,294 62,800 43,494 40.9
   1900 (39) 94,969 53,995 40,974 43.1
   1890 (37) 77,696 43,095 34,601 44.5
   1880 (27) 59,475 36,421 23,054 38.8
   1870 (31) 40,928 26,493 14,435 35.3
Lynn        
   1990* (-) 81,245 70,008 11,237 13.8
   1980* (-) 78,471 71,257 7,214 9.2
   1970* (-) 90,289 81,081 9,208 10.2
   1960* (-) 94,478 82,382 12,096 12.8
   1950 (-) 99,738 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (95) 98,123 76,967 21,156 21.6
   1930 (87) 102,320 75,039 27,281 26.7
   1920 (69) 99,148 71,010 28,138 28.4
   1910 (59) 89,336 61,731 27,605 30.9
   1900 (55) 68,513 50,771 17,742 25.9
   1890 (51) 55,727 41,762 13,965 25.1
   1880 (48) 38,274 31,234 7,040 18.4
   1870 (49) 28,233 23,298 4,935 17.5
Worcester        
   1990* (-) 169,759 154,687 15,072 8.9
   1980* (92) 161,799 148,040 13,759 8.5
   1970* (73) 176,617 159,359 17,258 9.8
   1960* (66) 186,587 161,911 24,676 13.2
   1950* (50) 202,940 168,925 34,015 16.8
   1940 (44) 193,694 153,634 40,060 20.7
   1930 (42) 195,311 144,150 51,161 26.2
   1920 (35) 179,754 126,227 53,527 29.8
   1910 (33) 145,986 97,389 48,597 33.3
   1900 (29) 118,421 80,769 37,652 31.8
   1890 (33) 84,655 57,952 26,703 31.5
   1880 (28) 58,291 42,667 15,624 26.8
   1870 (30) 41,105 29,159 11,946 29.1
MICHIGAN        
Detroit        
   1990* (7) 1,027,974 993,484 34,490 3.4
   1980* (6) 1,203,339 1,135,036 68,303 5.7
   1970* (5) 1,511,322 1,391,975 119,347 7.9
   1960* (5) 1,670,144 1,468,431 201,713 12.1
   1950* (5) 1,846,660 1,568,400 278,260 15.1
   1940 (4) 1,623,452 1,300,764 322,688 19.9
   1930 (4) 1,568,662 1,162,780 405,882 25.9
   1920 (4) 993,678 702,794 290,884 29.3
   1910 (9) 465,766 308,232 157,534 33.8
   1900 (13) 285,704 189,201 96,503 33.8
   1890 (15) 205,876 124,167 81,709 39.7
   1880 (18) 116,340 70,695 45,645 39.2
   1870 (18) 79,577 44,196 35,381 44.5
   1860 (19) 45,619 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (30) 21,019 11,092 9,927 47.2
Flint        
   1990* (-) 140,761 138,475 2,286 1.6
   1980* (96) 159,611 155,343 4,268 2.7
   1970* (67) 193,379 186,254 7,125 3.7
   1960* (62) 196,940 186,302 10,638 5.4
   1950* (60) 162,350 150,125 12,225 7.5
   1940 (56) 151,543 135,627 15,916 10.5
   1930 (50) 156,492 135,028 21,464 13.7
   1920 (78) 91,599 76,386 15,213 16.6
   1910 (-) 38,550 31,820 6,730 17.5
   1900 (-) 13,103 10,938 2,165 16.5
   1890 (-) 9,803 7,916 1,887 19.2
   1880 (-) 8,409 6,654 1,755 20.9
   1870 (-) 5,386 4,194 1,192 22.1
Grand Rapids        
   1990* (83) 189,126 181,670 7,456 3.9
   1980* (75) 181,843 173,103 8,740 4.8
   1970* (65) 197,461 187,605 9,856 5.0
   1960* (71) 177,313 163,094 14,219 8.0
   1950* (55) 175,980 159,520 16,460 9.4
   1940 (52) 164,292 143,918 20,374 12.4
   1930 (46) 168,592 141,243 27,349 16.2
   1920 (48) 137,634 109,207 28,427 20.7
   1910 (44) 112,571 84,184 28,387 25.2
   1900 (44) 87,565 63,669 23,896 27.3
   1890 (47) 60,278 40,874 19,404 32.2
   1880 (58) 32,016 22,016 10,000 31.2
   1870 (88) 16,507 10,782 5,725 34.7
MINNESOTA        
Minneapolis        
   1990* (42) 368,383 345,759 22,624 6.1
   1980* (34) 370,951 352,691 18,260 4.9
   1970* (32) 434,408 413,533 20,875 4.8
   1960* (25) 482,872 448,424 34,448 7.1
   1950* (17) 519,245 470,455 48,790 9.4
   1940 (16) 492,370 428,006 64,364 13.1
   1930 (15) 464,356 383,233 81,123 17.5
   1920 (18) 380,582 292,334 88,248 23.2
   1910 (18) 301,408 215,309 86,099 28.6
   1900 (19) 202,718 141,697 61,021 30.1
   1890 (18) 164,738 104,180 60,558 36.8
   1880 (38) 46,887 31,874 15,013 32.0
   1870 (-) 13,066 8,613 4,453 34.1
St. Paul        
   1990* (57) 272,235 252,342 19,893 7.3
   1980* (54) 270,230 257,095 13,135 4.9
   1970* (46) 310,004 297,966 12,038 3.9
   1960* (40) 313,411 295,997 17,414 5.6
   1950* (35) 310,220 285,755 24,465 7.9
   1940 (33) 287,736 254,020 33,716 11.7
   1930 (31) 271,606 226,954 44,652 16.4
   1920 (30) 234,698 182,976 51,722 22.0
   1910 (26) 214,744 158,087 56,657 26.4
   1900 (23) 163,065 116,246 46,819 28.7
   1890 (23) 133,156 79,979 53,177 39.9
   1880 (45) 41,473 26,398 15,075 36.3
   1870 (71) 20,030 11,343 8,687 43.4
MISSOURI        
Kansas City        
   1990* (31) 435,141 422,754 12,387 2.8
   1980* (27) 448,154 435,415 12,739 2.8
   1970* (26) 507,247 496,995 10,252 2.0
   1960* (27) 476,500 463,329 13,171 2.8
   1950* (20) 456,710 440,660 16,050 3.5
   1940 (19) 399,178 379,758 19,420 4.9
   1930 (19) 399,746 373,548 26,198 6.6
   1920 (19) 324,410 296,827 27,583 8.5
   1910 (20) 248,381 222,915 25,466 10.3
   1900 (22) 163,752 145,342 18,410 11.2
   1890 (24) 132,716 111,858 20,858 15.7
   1880 (30) 55,785 46,484 9,301 16.7
   1870 (38) 32,260 24,581 7,679 23.8
St. Joseph        
   1990* (-) 71,852 71,291 561 0.8
   1980* (-) 76,691 75,699 992 1.3
   1970* (-) 72,932 71,848 1,084 1.5
   1960* (-) 79,673 78,227 1,446 1.8
   1950 (-) 78,588 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (-) 75,711 72,951 2,760 3.6
   1930 (-) 80,935 76,827 4,108 5.1
   1920 (87) 77,939 71,501 6,438 8.3
   1910 (70) 77,403 69,272 8,131 10.5
   1900 (34) 102,979 94,555 8,424 8.2
   1890 (55) 52,324 45,251 7,073 13.5
   1880 (57) 32,431 26,775 5,656 17.4
   1870 (73) 19,565 14,339 5,226 26.7
St. Louis        
   1990* (34) 396,685 386,651 10,034 2.5
   1980* (26) 453,085 441,207 11,878 2.6
   1970* (18) 622,234 605,974 16,260 2.6
   1960* (10) 750,026 723,547 26,479 3.5
   1950* (8) 853,490 811,435 42,055 4.9
   1940 (8) 816,048 756,401 59,647 7.3
   1930 (7) 821,960 740,614 81,346 9.9
   1920 (6) 772,897 669,271 103,626 13.4
   1910 (4) 687,029 560,806 126,223 18.4
   1900 (4) 575,238 463,882 111,356 19.4
   1890 (5) 451,770 336,894 114,876 25.4
   1880 (6) 350,518 245,505 105,013 30.0
   1870 (4) 310,864 198,615 112,249 36.1
   1860 (8) 160,773 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (8) 77,860 39,463 38,397 49.3
NEBRASKA        
Omaha        
   1990* (48) 335,795 326,393 9,402 2.8
   1980* (48) 314,267 304,103 10,164 3.2
   1970* (41) 347,790 337,053 10,737 3.1
   1960* (42) 301,598 287,215 14,383 4.8
   1950* (41) 249,740 232,210 17,530 7.0
   1940 (39) 223,844 201,455 22,389 10.0
   1930 (39) 214,006 184,480 29,526 13.8
   1920 (34) 191,601 155,956 35,645 18.6
   1910 (41) 124,096 96,917 27,179 21.9
   1900 (35) 102,555 79,003 23,552 23.0
   1890 (21) 140,452 105,413 35,039 24.9
   1880 (63) 30,518 20,588 9,930 32.5
   1870 (91) 16,083 9,763 6,320 39.3
NEW JERSEY        
Camden        
   1990* (-) 87,492 84,056 3,436 3.9
   1980* (-) 84,910 82,267 2,643 3.1
   1970* (-) 102,551 98,201 4,350 4.2
   1960* (-) 117,159 108,817 8,342 7.1
   1950* (86) 123,955 111,595 12,360 10.0
   1940 (71) 117,536 102,471 15,065 12.8
   1930 (68) 118,700 99,984 18,716 15.8
   1920 (58) 116,309 95,955 20,354 17.5
   1910 (56) 94,538 78,765 15,773 16.7
   1900 (52) 75,935 65,838 10,097 13.3
   1890 (49) 58,313 50,580 7,733 13.3
   1880 (44) 41,659 37,164 4,495 10.8
   1870 (69) 20,045 17,462 2,583 12.9
Jersey City        
   1990* (67) 228,537 172,211 56,326 24.6
   1980* (61) 223,532 187,180 36,352 16.3
   1970* (54) 260,549 233,914 26,635 10.2
   1960* (47) 276,101 245,128 30,973 11.2
   1950* (37) 299,130 257,740 41,390 13.8
   1940 (30) 301,173 247,797 53,376 17.7
   1930 (23) 316,715 246,027 70,688 22.3
   1920 (22) 298,103 221,809 76,294 25.6
   1910 (19) 267,779 189,792 77,987 29.1
   1900 (17) 206,433 148,009 58,424 28.3
   1890 (19) 163,003 109,645 53,358 32.7
   1880 (17) 120,722 81,464 39,258 32.5
   1870 (17) 82,546 50,711 31,835 38.6
Newark        
   1990* (56) 275,221 223,798 51,423 18.7
   1980* (46) 329,248 281,509 47,739 14.5
   1970* (35) 382,374 342,270 40,104 10.5
   1960* (30) 405,220 355,261 49,959 12.3
   1950* (21) 437,540 365,730 71,810 16.4
   1940 (18) 429,760 338,889 90,871 21.1
   1930 (18) 442,337 326,202 116,135 26.3
   1920 (15) 414,524 296,975 117,549 28.4
   1910 (14) 347,469 236,462 111,007 31.9
   1900 (16) 246,070 174,707 71,363 29.0
   1890 (17) 181,830 126,259 55,571 30.6
   1880 (15) 136,508 96,178 40,330 29.5
   1870 (13) 105,059 69,175 35,884 34.2
   1860 (11) 71,941 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (19) 38,894 26,572 12,322 31.7
Paterson        
   1990* (-) 140,891 105,536 35,355 25.1
   1980* (-) 137,970 112,433 25,537 18.5
   1970* (95) 144,835 123,834 21,001 14.5
   1960* (86) 143,663 120,188 23,475 16.3
   1950* (66) 139,135 111,025 28,110 20.2
   1940 (64) 139,656 105,463 34,193 24.5
   1930 (60) 138,513 95,748 42,765 30.9
   1920 (49) 135,875 90,633 45,242 33.3
   1910 (40) 125,600 80,115 45,485 36.2
   1900 (32) 105,171 66,380 38,791 36.9
   1890 (36) 78,347 47,185 31,162 39.8
   1880 (34) 51,031 32,329 18,702 36.6
   1870 (37) 33,579 20,711 12,868 38.3
Trenton        
   1990* (-) 88,675 81,980 6,695 7.6
   1980* (-) 92,124 85,981 6,143 6.7
   1970* (-) 104,521 96,498 8,023 7.7
   1960* (-) 114,167 101,040 13,127 11.5
   1950* (80) 127,875 109,835 18,040 14.1
   1940 (67) 124,697 102,790 21,907 17.6
   1930 (65) 123,356 96,479 26,877 21.8
   1920 (55) 119,289 89,121 30,168 25.3
   1910 (52) 96,815 70,439 26,376 27.2
   1900 (53) 73,307 56,514 16,793 22.9
   1890 (50) 57,458 43,410 14,048 24.4
   1880 (64) 29,910 24,191 5,719 19.1
   1870 (58) 22,874 17,855 5,019 21.9
NEW MEXICO        
Albuquerque        
   1990* (38) 384,736 363,426 21,310 5.5
   1980* (44) 331,767 316,711 15,056 4.5
   1970* (58) 243,751 238,734 5,017 2.1
   1960* (60) 201,189 196,686 4,503 2.2
   1950 (-) 96,815 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (-) 35,449 33,909 1,540 4.3
   1930 (-) 26,570 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1920 (-) 15,157 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1910 (-) 11,020 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1900 (-) 6,238 5,282 956 15.3
   1890 (-) 3,785 3,084 701 18.5
NEW YORK        
Albany        
   1990* (-) 101,082 93,297 7,785 7.7
   1980* (-) 101,727 94,625 7,102 7.0
   1970* (-) 115,875 108,067 7,808 6.7
   1960* (94) 129,726 119,548 10,178 7.8
   1950* (69) 134,325 122,120 12,205 9.1
   1940 (65) 130,577 115,334 15,243 11.7
   1930 (64) 127,412 109,388 18,024 14.1
   1920 (60) 113,344 95,649 17,695 15.6
   1910 (50) 100,253 82,035 18,218 18.2
   1900 (40) 94,151 76,433 17,718 18.8
   1890 (29) 94,923 72,630 22,293 23.5
   1880 (21) 90,758 66,993 23,765 26.2
   1870 (20) 69,422 47,215 22,207 32.0
   1860 (13) 62,367 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (10) 50,763 34,172 16,591 32.7
Brooklyn 5/        
   1890 (4) 806,343 544,643 261,700 32.5
   1880 (3) 566,663 388,969 177,694 31.4
   1870 (3) 396,099 251,381 144,718 36.5
Buffalo        
   1990* (50) 328,123 313,382 14,741 4.5
   1980* (39) 357,870 335,845 22,025 6.2
   1970* (28) 462,781 427,529 35,252 7.6
   1960* (20) 532,759 477,739 55,020 10.3
   1950* (15) 577,825 507,320 70,505 12.2
   1940 (14) 575,901 483,500 92,401 16.0
   1930 (13) 573,076 454,135 118,941 20.8
   1920 (11) 506,775 384,951 121,824 24.0
   1910 (10) 423,715 305,026 118,689 28.0
   1900 (8) 352,387 248,135 104,252 29.6
   1890 (11) 255,664 166,179 89,485 35.0
   1880 (13) 155,134 103,866 51,268 33.0
   1870 (11) 117,714 71,477 46,237 39.3
New York 6/        
   1990* (1) 7,322,564 5,239,633 2,082,931 28.4
   1980* (1) 7,071,639 5,401,440 1,670,199 23.6
   1970* (1) 7,894,798 6,457,740 1,437,058 18.2
   1960* (1) 7,783,314 6,224,624 1,558,690 20.0
   1950* (1) 7,887,380 6,026,450 1,860,930 23.6
   1940 (1) 7,454,995 5,316,338 2,138,657 28.7
   1930 (1) 6,930,446 4,571,760 2,358,686 34.0
   1920 (1) 5,620,048 3,591,888 2,028,160 36.1
   1910 (1) 4,766,883 2,822,526 1,944,357 40.8
   1900 (1) 3,437,202 2,167,122 1,270,080 37.0
   1890 (1) 1,515,301 875,358 639,943 42.2
   1880 (1) 1,206,299 727,629 478,670 39.7
   1870 (1) 942,292 523,198 419,094 44.5
   1860 (1) 813,669 429,952 383,717 47.2
   1850 (1) 515,547 279,814 235,733 45.7
Bronx borough 6/        
   1990* (X) 1,203,789 928,996 274,793 22.8
   1980* (X) 1,168,972 953,659 215,313 18.4
   1970* (X) 1,471,686 1,242,476 229,210 15.6
   1960* (X) 1,424,814 1,118,222 306,592 21.5
   1950 (X) 1,451,277 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (X) 1,394,711 931,258 463,453 33.2
   1930 (X) 1,265,258 785,807 479,451 37.9
   1920 (X) 732,016 464,274 267,742 36.6
   1910 (X) 430,980 281,553 149,427 34.7
   1900 (X) 200,507 138,965 61,542 30.7
Brooklyn borough 6/        
   1990* (X) 2,300,664 1,628,095 672,569 29.2
   1980* (X) 2,230,936 1,699,963 530,973 23.8
   1970* (X) 2,601,974 2,145,338 456,636 17.5
   1960* (X) 2,628,230 2,111,881 516,349 19.6
   1950 (X) 2,738,175 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (X) 2,698,285 1,920,231 778,054 28.8
   1930 (X) 2,560,401 1,678,830 881,571 34.4
   1920 (X) 2,018,356 1,352,168 666,188 33.0
   1910 (X) 1,634,351 1,059,621 574,730 35.2
   1900 (X) 1,166,582 810,885 355,697 30.5
Manhattan borough 6/        
   1990* (X) 1,487,536 1,103,670 383,866 25.8
   1980* (X) 1,428,285 1,079,704 348,581 24.4
   1970* (X) 1,539,225 1,231,595 307,630 20.0
   1960* (X) 1,698,285 1,323,587 374,698 22.1
   1950 (X) 1,960,101 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (X) 1,889,924 1,307,029 582,895 30.8
   1930 (X) 1,867,312 1,177,806 689,506 36.9
   1920 (X) 2,284,103 1,333,839 950,264 41.6
   1910 (X) 2,331,542 1,215,065 1,116,477 47.9
   1900 (X) 1,850,093 1,060,751 789,342 42.7
Queens borough 6/        
   1990* (X) 1,951,598 1,244,445 707,153 36.2
   1980* (X) 1,891,325 1,350,507 540,818 28.6
   1970* (X) 1,986,470 1,569,583 416,887 21.0
   1960* (X) 1,809,994 1,474,371 335,623 18.5
   1950 (X) 1,550,849 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (X) 1,297,634 1,018,697 278,937 21.5
   1930 (X) 1,079,129 810,770 268,359 24.9
   1920 (X) 469,042 356,871 112,171 23.9
   1910 (X) 284,041 204,712 79,329 27.9
   1900 (X) 152,999 108,187 44,812 29.3
Staten Island
  borough 6/
       
   1990* (X) 378,977 334,427 44,550 11.8
   1980* (X) 352,121 317,607 34,514 9.8
   1970* (X) 295,443 268,748 26,695 9.0
   1960* (X) 221,991 196,563 25,428 11.5
   1950 (X) 191,555 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (X) 174,441 139,123 35,318 20.2
   1930 (X) 158,346 118,547 39,799 25.1
   1920 (X) 116,531 84,736 31,795 27.3
   1910 (X) 85,969 61,575 24,394 28.4
   1900 (X) 67,021 48,334 18,687 27.9
Rochester        
   1990* (66) 231,636 217,213 14,423 6.2
   1980* (57) 241,741 221,466 20,275 8.4
   1970* (49) 296,233 265,003 31,230 10.5
   1960* (38) 318,611 276,567 42,044 13.2
   1950* (33) 330,990 281,945 49,045 14.8
   1940 (23) 324,975 264,737 60,238 18.5
   1930 (22) 328,132 253,293 74,839 22.8
   1920 (23) 295,750 224,339 71,411 24.1
   1910 (25) 218,149 159,073 59,076 27.1
   1900 (24) 162,608 121,860 40,748 25.1
   1890 (22) 133,896 94,121 39,775 29.7
   1880 (22) 89,366 62,744 26,622 29.8
   1870 (22) 62,386 41,202 21,184 34.0
Syracuse        
   1990* (-) 163,860 153,284 10,576 6.5
   1980* (86) 170,105 157,079 13,026 7.7
   1970* (66) 197,332 181,625 15,707 8.0
   1960* (53) 216,038 194,842 21,196 9.8
   1950* (47) 218,830 195,335 23,495 10.7
   1940 (41) 205,967 178,335 27,632 13.4
   1930 (40) 209,326 174,176 35,150 16.8
   1920 (37) 171,717 139,334 32,383 18.9
   1910 (34) 137,249 106,401 30,848 22.5
   1900 (30) 108,374 84,617 23,757 21.9
   1890 (31) 88,143 65,801 22,342 25.3
   1880 (32) 51,792 38,774 13,018 25.1
   1870 (29) 43,051 29,061 13,990 32.5
Troy        
   1990* (-) 54,269 50,897 3,372 6.2
   1980* (-) 56,638 53,314 3,324 5.9
   1970* (-) 62,907 59,397 3,510 5.6
   1960* (-) 67,492 63,189 4,303 6.4
   1950 (-) 72,311 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (-) 70,304 62,739 7,565 10.8
   1930 (-) 72,763 62,516 10,247 14.1
   1920 (98) 72,013 60,488 11,525 16.0
   1910 (72) 76,813 61,365 15,448 20.1
   1900 (62) 60,651 46,267 14,384 23.7
   1890 (46) 60,956 43,691 17,265 28.3
   1880 (29) 56,747 39,809 16,938 29.8
   1870 (28) 46,465 30,246 16,219 34.9
Utica        
   1990* (-) 68,637 64,919 3,718 5.4
   1980* (-) 75,632 70,744 4,888 6.5
   1970* (-) 91,727 84,245 7,482 8.2
   1960* (-) 100,410 89,006 11,404 11.4
   1950* (-) 101,040 86,570 14,470 14.3
   1940 (92) 100,518 83,166 17,352 17.3
   1930 (89) 101,740 80,413 21,327 21.0
   1920 (74) 94,156 70,865 23,291 24.7
   1910 (73) 74,419 53,103 21,316 28.6
   1900 (66) 56,383 42,913 13,470 23.9
   1890 (67) 44,007 32,238 11,769 26.7
   1880 (52) 33,914 24,581 9,333 27.5
   1870 (46) 28,804 18,955 9,849 34.2
NORTH CAROLINA        
Charlotte        
   1990* (35) 396,003 380,884 15,119 3.8
   1980* (47) 314,447 305,705 8,742 2.8
   1970* (60) 241,130 238,093 3,037 1.3
   1960* (59) 201,564 199,767 1,797 0.9
   1950* (70) 133,800 132,555 1,245 0.9
   1940 (91) 100,899 99,991 908 0.9
   1930 (-) 82,675 81,759 916 1.1
   1920 (-) 46,338 45,816 522 1.1
   1910 (-) 34,014 33,534 480 1.4
   1900 (-) 18,091 17,804 287 1.6
   1890 (-) 11,557 11,371 186 1.6
   1880 (-) 7,094 6,901 193 2.7
   1870 (-) 4,473 4,305 168 3.8
OHIO        
Akron        
   1990* (71) 223,019 216,208 6,811 3.1
   1980* (59) 237,177 228,476 8,701 3.7
   1970* (52) 275,420 263,173 12,247 4.4
   1960* (45) 290,351 272,988 17,363 6.0
   1950* (39) 273,710 252,855 20,855 7.6
   1940 (38) 244,791 219,313 25,478 10.4
   1930 (35) 255,040 223,346 31,694 12.4
   1920 (32) 208,435 170,414 38,021 18.2
   1910 (81) 69,067 55,818 13,249 19.2
   1900 (87) 42,728 35,601 7,127 16.7
   1890 (-) 27,601 21,608 5,993 21.7
   1880 (-) 16,512 12,901 3,611 21.9
   1870 (-) 10,006 7,402 2,604 26.0
Cincinnati        
   1990* (45) 364,040 353,995 10,045 2.8
   1980* (32) 385,457 374,833 10,624 2.8
   1970* (29) 452,376 440,039 12,337 2.7
   1960* (21) 502,550 485,950 16,600 3.3
   1950* (18) 502,010 481,485 20,525 4.1
   1940 (17) 455,610 429,712 25,898 5.7
   1930 (17) 451,160 416,174 34,986 7.8
   1920 (16) 401,247 358,326 42,921 10.7
   1910 (13) 363,591 306,732 56,859 15.6
   1900 (10) 325,902 267,941 57,961 17.8
   1890 (9) 296,908 225,500 71,408 24.1
   1880 (8) 255,139 183,480 71,659 28.1
   1870 (8) 216,239 136,627 79,612 36.8
   1860 (7) 161,044 87,430 73,614 45.7
   1850 (6) 115,435 60,894 54,541 47.2
Cleveland        
   1990* (23) 505,616 484,641 20,975 4.1
   1980* (18) 573,822 540,475 33,347 5.8
   1970* (10) 750,932 694,532 56,400 7.5
   1960* (8) 876,050 779,466 96,584 11.0
   1950* (7) 912,840 779,960 132,880 14.6
   1940 (6) 878,336 698,552 179,784 20.5
   1930 (6) 900,429 669,483 230,946 25.6
   1920 (5) 796,841 556,668 240,173 30.1
   1910 (6) 560,663 364,493 196,170 35.0
   1900 (7) 381,768 257,137 124,631 32.6
   1890 (10) 261,353 164,258 97,095 37.2
   1880 (11) 160,146 100,737 59,409 37.1
   1870 (15) 92,829 54,014 38,815 41.8
Columbus        
   1990* (16) 632,958 609,487 23,471 3.7
   1980* (19) 564,866 548,411 16,455 2.9
   1970* (21) 539,469 528,275 11,194 2.1
   1960* (28) 471,316 460,264 11,052 2.3
   1950* (30) 362,205 351,740 10,465 2.9
   1940 (26) 306,087 294,035 12,052 3.9
   1930 (28) 290,564 275,122 15,442 5.3
   1920 (28) 237,031 220,844 16,187 6.8
   1910 (29) 181,511 165,148 16,363 9.0
   1900 (28) 125,560 113,232 12,328 9.8
   1890 (30) 88,150 75,662 12,488 14.2
   1880 (33) 51,647 42,576 9,071 17.6
   1870 (42) 31,274 23,663 7,611 24.3
Dayton        
   1990* (89) 182,044 179,438 2,606 1.4
   1980* (70) 203,371 199,230 4,141 2.0
   1970* (59) 243,405 239,206 4,199 1.7
   1960* (49) 262,332 256,234 6,098 2.3
   1950* (44) 243,050 234,985 8,065 3.3
   1940 (40) 210,718 201,357 9,361 4.4
   1930 (41) 200,982 188,888 12,094 6.0
   1920 (43) 152,559 139,394 13,165 8.6
   1910 (43) 116,577 102,685 13,892 11.9
   1900 (45) 85,333 75,280 10,053 11.8
   1890 (45) 61,220 51,633 9,587 15.7
   1880 (47) 38,678 31,432 7,246 18.7
   1870 (44) 30,473 23,050 7,423 24.4
Toledo        
   1990* (49) 332,943 323,680 9,263 2.8
   1980* (40) 354,635 343,625 11,010 3.1
   1970* (34) 384,067 371,601 12,466 3.2
   1960* (39) 318,003 302,620 15,383 4.8
   1950* (36) 303,725 283,650 20,075 6.6
   1940 (34) 282,349 257,493 24,856 8.8
   1930 (27) 290,718 256,717 34,001 11.7
   1920 (26) 243,164 204,868 38,296 15.7
   1910 (30) 168,497 136,353 32,144 19.1
   1900 (26) 131,822 104,000 27,822 21.1
   1890 (34) 81,434 59,245 22,189 27.2
   1880 (35) 50,137 35,788 14,349 28.6
   1870 (40) 31,584 20,485 11,099 35.1
Youngstown        
   1990* (-) 95,732 92,853 2,879 3.0
   1980* (-) 115,435 109,878 5,557 4.8
   1970* (98) 139,720 130,680 9,040 6.5
   1960* (75) 166,689 149,838 16,851 10.1
   1950* (57) 168,065 146,530 21,535 12.8
   1940 (49) 167,720 141,002 26,718 15.9
   1930 (45) 170,002 136,771 33,231 19.5
   1920 (50) 132,358 98,413 33,945 25.6
   1910 (67) 79,066 54,170 24,896 31.5
   1900 (84) 44,885 32,678 12,207 27.2
   1890 (91) 33,220 22,684 10,536 31.7
   1880 (-) 15,435 10,678 4,757 30.8
   1870 (-) 8,075 5,258 2,817 34.9
OKLAHOMA        
Oklahoma City        
   1990* (29) 444,730 425,998 18,732 4.2
   1980* (31) 403,243 391,791 11,452 2.8
   1970* (37) 366,756 362,877 3,879 1.1
   1960* (37) 324,253 320,757 3,496 1.1
   1950* (45) 242,085 239,380 2,705 1.1
   1940 (42) 204,424 201,573 2,851 1.4
   1930 (43) 185,389 181,667 3,722 2.0
   1920 (80) 91,295 87,730 3,565 3.9
   1910 (87) 64,205 60,868 3,337 5.2
   1900 (-) 10,037 9,466 571 5.7
   1890 (-) 4,151 3,808 343 8.3
Tulsa        
   1990* (43) 367,193 356,183 11,010 3.0
   1980* (38) 360,919 351,570 9,349 2.6
   1970* (43) 331,768 328,269 3,499 1.1
   1960* (50) 261,685 258,738 2,947 1.1
   1950* (51) 182,705 180,485 2,220 1.2
   1940 (62) 142,157 139,963 2,194 1.5
   1930 (58) 141,258 138,420 2,838 2.0
   1920 (97) 72,075 70,009 2,066 2.9
OREGON        
Portland        
   1990* (30) 437,398 403,797 33,601 7.7
   1980* (35) 366,423 340,440 25,983 7.1
   1970* (36) 381,927 360,847 21,080 5.5
   1960* (32) 372,664 345,238 27,426 7.4
   1950* (28) 373,105 338,185 34,920 9.4
   1940 (27) 305,394 265,389 40,005 13.1
   1930 (25) 301,815 251,587 50,228 16.6
   1920 (24) 258,288 208,510 49,778 19.3
   1910 (28) 207,214 156,902 50,312 24.3
   1900 (42) 90,426 64,550 25,876 28.6
   1890 (61) 46,385 29,062 17,323 37.3
   1880 (-) 17,577 11,265 6,312 35.9
   1870 (-) 8,293 5,715 2,578 31.1
PENNSYLVANIA        
Allegheny 7/        
   1900 (27) 129,896 99,680 30,216 23.3
   1890 (28) 105,287 79,152 26,135 24.8
   1880 (23) 78,682 59,245 19,437 24.7
   1870 (23) 53,180 37,872 15,308 28.8
Philadelphia        
   1990* (5) 1,585,577 1,480,763 104,814 6.6
   1980* (4) 1,688,210 1,580,259 107,951 6.4
   1970* (4) 1,948,608 1,821,712 126,896 6.5
   1960* (4) 2,002,509 1,824,082 178,427 8.9
   1950* (3) 2,068,095 1,830,300 237,795 11.5
   1940 (3) 1,931,334 1,638,788 292,546 15.1
   1930 (3) 1,950,961 1,578,883 372,078 19.1
   1920 (3) 1,823,779 1,423,035 400,744 22.0
   1910 (3) 1,549,008 1,164,301 384,707 24.8
   1900 (3) 1,293,697 998,357 295,340 22.8
   1890 (3) 1,046,964 777,484 269,480 25.7
   1880 (2) 847,170 642,835 204,335 24.1
   1870 (2) 674,022 490,398 183,624 27.2
   1860 (2) 565,529 396,099 169,430 30.0
Pittsburgh        
   1990* (40) 369,879 352,933 16,946 4.6
   1980* (30) 423,938 401,743 22,195 5.2
   1970* (24) 520,146 488,871 31,275 6.0
   1960* (16) 604,332 559,079 45,253 7.5
   1950* (12) 675,465 609,895 65,570 9.7
   1940 (10) 671,659 586,756 84,903 12.6
   1930 (10) 669,817 560,132 109,685 16.4
   1920 (9) 588,343 467,551 120,792 20.5
   1910 (8) 533,905 392,981 140,924 26.4
   1900 (11) 321,616 236,738 84,878 26.4
   1890 (13) 238,617 165,328 73,289 30.7
   1880 (12) 156,389 111,784 44,605 28.5
   1870 (16) 86,076 58,254 27,822 32.3
Reading        
   1990* (-) 78,380 75,018 3,362 4.3
   1980* (-) 78,686 75,802 2,884 3.7
   1970* (-) 87,647 84,013 3,634 4.1
   1960* (-) 98,177 93,068 5,109 5.2
   1950* (96) 109,245 102,695 6,550 6.0
   1940 (79) 110,568 102,688 7,880 7.1
   1930 (76) 111,171 101,584 9,587 8.6
   1920 (64) 107,784 98,211 9,573 8.9
   1910 (55) 96,071 87,248 8,823 9.2
   1900 (50) 78,961 73,021 5,940 7.5
   1890 (48) 58,661 53,929 4,732 8.1
   1880 (41) 43,278 39,654 3,624 8.4
   1870 (36) 33,930 30,059 3,871 11.4
Scranton        
   1990* (-) 81,805 79,715 2,090 2.6
   1980* (-) 88,117 84,950 3,167 3.6
   1970* (-) 103,446 98,904 4,542 4.4
   1960* (-) 111,443 104,230 7,213 6.5
   1950* (83) 125,300 112,645 12,655 10.1
   1940 (63) 140,404 122,015 18,389 13.1
   1930 (55) 143,433 117,976 25,457 17.7
   1920 (47) 137,783 109,196 28,587 20.7
   1910 (38) 129,867 94,745 35,122 27.0
   1900 (38) 102,026 73,053 28,973 28.4
   1890 (39) 75,215 49,642 25,573 34.0
   1880 (39) 45,850 29,993 15,857 34.6
   1870 (35) 35,092 19,205 15,887 45.3
RHODE ISLAND        
Providence        
   1990* (-) 160,728 129,196 31,532 19.6
   1980* (100) 156,804 135,643 21,161 13.5
   1970* (71) 179,231 161,000 18,231 10.2
   1960* (56) 207,498 181,480 26,018 12.5
   1950* (43) 248,520 209,085 39,435 15.9
   1940 (37) 253,504 201,655 51,849 20.5
   1930 (37) 252,981 187,626 65,355 25.8
   1920 (27) 237,595 167,700 69,895 29.4
   1910 (23) 224,326 147,327 76,999 34.3
   1900 (20) 175,597 119,742 55,855 31.8
   1890 (25) 132,146 91,782 40,364 30.5
   1880 (20) 104,857 76,782 28,075 26.8
   1870 (21) 68,904 51,727 17,177 24.9
   1860 (16) 50,666 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (17) 41,513 31,834 9,679 23.3
SOUTH CAROLINA        
Charleston        
   1990* (-) 80,414 78,508 1,906 2.4
   1980* (-) 69,510 67,872 1,638 2.4
   1970* (-) 66,934 66,079 855 1.3
   1960* (-) 65,925 65,014 911 1.4
   1950 (-) 70,174 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1940 (-) 71,275 69,956 1,319 1.9
   1930 (-) 62,265 60,626 1,639 2.6
   1920 (-) 67,957 65,723 2,234 3.3
   1910 (90) 58,833 56,385 2,448 4.2
   1900 (68) 55,807 53,215 2,592 4.6
   1890 (53) 54,955 51,822 3,133 5.7
   1880 (36) 49,984 46,034 3,950 7.9
   1870 (26) 48,956 44,064 4,892 10.0
   1860 (22) 40,522 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (15) 42,985 38,342 4,643 10.8
TENNESSEE        
Memphis        
   1990* (18) 610,337 602,039 8,298 1.4
   1980* (14) 646,356 637,969 8,387 1.3
   1970* (17) 623,753 618,652 5,101 0.8
   1960* (22) 497,524 493,112 4,412 0.9
   1950* (26) 394,985 390,650 4,335 1.1
   1940 (32) 292,942 288,431 4,511 1.5
   1930 (36) 253,143 247,816 5,327 2.1
   1920 (40) 162,351 156,507 5,844 3.6
   1910 (37) 131,105 124,585 6,520 5.0
   1900 (37) 102,320 97,210 5,110 5.0
   1890 (43) 64,495 59,095 5,400 8.4
   1880 (54) 33,592 29,621 3,971 11.8
   1870 (32) 40,226 33,446 6,780 16.9
   1860 (38) 22,623 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (73) 8,841 7,440 1,401 15.8
Nashville        
   1990* (25) 488,518 476,347 12,171 2.5
   1980* (25) 455,663 448,000 7,663 1.7
   1970* (30) 448,003 444,315 3,688 0.8
   1960* (73) 170,874 169,497 1,377 0.8
   1950* (56) 173,580 172,205 1,375 0.8
   1940 (50) 167,402 165,846 1,556 0.9
   1930 (51) 153,866 152,055 1,811 1.2
   1920 (56) 118,342 115,930 2,412 2.0
   1910 (45) 110,364 107,347 3,017 2.7
   1900 (47) 80,865 77,828 3,037 3.8
   1890 (38) 76,168 72,374 3,794 5.0
   1880 (40) 43,350 40,325 3,025 7.0
   1870 (52) 25,865 23,056 2,809 10.9
   1860 (54) 16,988 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (63) 10,165 9,217 948 9.3
TEXAS        
Austin        
   1990* (27) 465,577 425,951 39,626 8.5
   1980* (42) 345,544 328,840 16,704 4.8
   1970* (56) 251,791 246,294 5,497 2.2
   1960* (67) 186,545 182,209 4,336 2.3
   1950* (73) 131,645 127,930 3,715 2.8
   1940 (-) 87,930 84,910 3,020 3.4
   1930 (-) 53,120 50,078 3,042 5.7
   1920 (-) 34,876 32,314 2,562 7.3
   1910 (-) 29,860 27,405 2,455 8.2
   1900 (-) 22,258 20,146 2,112 9.5
   1890 (-) 14,575 12,737 1,838 12.6
   1880 (-) 11,013 9,628 1,385 12.6
   1870 (-) 4,428 3,812 616 13.9
Dallas        
   1990* (8) 1,006,831 880,969 125,862 12.5
   1980* (7) 904,074 849,162 54,912 6.1
   1970* (8) 844,280 826,854 17,426 2.1
   1960* (14) 679,684 666,964 12,720 1.9
   1950* (22) 432,970 424,620 8,350 1.9
   1940 (31) 294,734 287,339 7,395 2.5
   1930 (33) 260,475 251,014 9,461 3.6
   1920 (42) 158,976 150,175 8,801 5.5
   1910 (58) 92,104 86,840 5,264 5.7
   1900 (88) 42,638 39,257 3,381 7.9
   1890 (77) 38,067 34,089 3,978 10.4
   1880 (-) 10,358 9,035 1,323 12.8
El Paso        
   1990* (22) 515,342 394,910 120,432 23.4
   1980* (28) 425,259 334,352 90,907 21.4
   1970* (45) 322,261 277,919 44,342 13.8
   1960* (46) 276,687 233,673 43,014 15.5
   1950* (76) 130,505 108,655 21,850 16.7
   1940 (98) 96,810 74,688 22,122 22.9
   1930 (86) 102,421 66,118 36,303 35.4
   1920 (89) 77,560 43,905 33,655 43.4
   1910 (-) 39,279 24,775 14,504 36.9
   1900 (-) 15,906 9,597 6,309 39.7
   1890 (-) 10,338 6,519 3,819 36.9
Fort Worth        
   1990* (28) 447,619 407,319 40,300 9.0
   1980* (33) 385,166 366,854 18,312 4.8
   1970* (33) 393,516 387,577 5,939 1.5
   1960* (34) 356,729 351,913 4,816 1.4
   1950* (38) 277,585 273,465 4,120 1.5
   1940 (46) 177,662 174,098 3,564 2.0
   1930 (48) 163,447 158,514 4,933 3.0
   1920 (65) 106,482 98,980 7,502 7.0
   1910 (75) 73,312 69,032 4,280 5.8
   1900 (-) 26,688 24,895 1,793 6.7
   1890 (-) 23,076 21,053 2,023 8.8
   1880 (-) 6,663 6,137 526 7.9
Houston        
   1990* (4) 1,630,672 1,340,298 290,374 17.8
   1980* (5) 1,595,167 1,439,590 155,577 9.8
   1970* (6) 1,231,572 1,194,071 37,501 3.0
   1960* (7) 938,219 913,920 24,299 2.6
   1950* (14) 594,585 577,030 17,555 3.0
   1940 (21) 384,514 369,050 15,464 4.0
   1930 (26) 292,352 274,415 17,937 6.1
   1920 (45) 138,276 126,188 12,088 8.7
   1910 (68) 78,800 72,392 6,408 8.1
   1900 (85) 44,633 40,228 4,405 9.9
   1890 (-) 27,557 24,442 3,115 11.3
   1880 (-) 16,513 14,240 2,273 13.8
   1870 (-) 9,382 7,811 1,571 16.7
San Antonio        
   1990* (10) 935,927 848,378 87,549 9.4
   1980* (11) 785,809 720,933 64,876 8.3
   1970* (15) 654,468 615,779 38,689 5.9
   1960* (17) 588,042 548,258 39,784 6.8
   1950* (25) 407,335 374,340 32,995 8.1
   1940 (36) 253,854 225,558 28,296 11.1
   1930 (38) 231,542 190,830 40,712 17.6
   1920 (41) 161,379 124,555 36,824 22.8
   1910 (54) 96,614 79,119 17,495 18.1
   1900 (71) 53,321 43,973 9,348 17.5
   1890 (81) 37,673 28,670 9,003 23.9
   1880 (96) 20,550 14,952 5,598 27.2
   1870 (-) 12,256 8,136 4,120 33.6
VIRGINIA        
Norfolk        
   1990* (62) 261,229 251,463 9,766 3.7
   1980* (55) 266,979 256,327 10,652 4.0
   1970* (47) 307,951 300,477 7,474 2.4
   1960* (41) 305,872 300,091 5,781 1.9
   1950* (48) 214,360 209,290 5,070 2.4
   1940 (60) 144,332 140,562 3,770 2.6
   1930 (62) 129,710 125,167 4,543 3.5
   1920 (59) 115,777 108,779 6,998 6.0
   1910 (82) 67,452 63,776 3,676 5.4
   1900 (80) 46,624 44,919 1,705 3.7
   1890 (88) 34,871 33,744 1,127 3.2
   1880 (83) 21,966 21,131 835 3.8
   1870 (75) 19,229 18,490 739 3.8
Richmond        
   1990* (76) 203,056 199,336 3,720 1.8
   1980* (64) 219,214 215,165 4,049 1.8
   1970* (57) 249,621 246,422 3,199 1.3
   1960* (52) 219,958 216,970 2,988 1.4
   1950* (46) 229,655 225,800 3,855 1.7
   1940 (45) 193,042 189,555 3,487 1.8
   1930 (44) 182,929 178,810 4,119 2.3
   1920 (38) 171,667 166,954 4,713 2.7
   1910 (39) 127,628 123,492 4,136 3.2
   1900 (46) 85,050 82,185 2,865 3.4
   1890 (35) 81,388 77,915 3,473 4.3
   1880 (25) 63,600 60,260 3,340 5.3
   1870 (24) 51,038 47,260 3,778 7.4
   1860 (25) 37,910 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (26) 27,570 25,468 2,102 7.6
Virginia Beach        
   1990* (37) 393,069 372,552 20,517 5.2
   1980* (56) 262,199 251,229 10,970 4.2
   1970* (79) 172,106 168,977 3,129 1.8
   1960* (-) 8,091 7,911 180 2.2
WASHINGTON        
Seattle        
   1990* (21) 516,259 448,523 67,736 13.1
   1980* (23) 493,846 438,230 55,616 11.3
   1970* (22) 530,860 482,437 48,423 9.1
   1960* (19) 557,087 497,367 59,720 10.7
   1950* (19) 466,110 406,845 59,265 12.7
   1940 (22) 368,302 304,832 63,470 17.2
   1930 (20) 365,583 287,241 78,342 21.4
   1920 (20) 315,312 234,336 80,976 25.7
   1910 (21) 237,194 169,738 67,456 28.4
   1900 (48) 80,671 58,668 22,003 27.3
   1890 (70) 42,837 29,181 13,656 31.9
   1880 (-) 3,533 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1870 (-) 1,107 828 279 25.2
Spokane        
   1990* (94) 177,196 170,199 6,997 3.9
   1980* (82) 171,300 163,679 7,621 4.4
   1970* (80) 170,516 164,008 6,508 3.8
   1960* (68) 181,608 171,550 10,058 5.5
   1950* (62) 161,160 148,785 12,375 7.7
   1940 (68) 122,001 109,046 12,955 10.6
   1930 (70) 115,514 99,021 16,493 14.3
   1920 (66) 104,437 87,341 17,096 16.4
   1910 (48) 104,402 82,582 21,820 20.9
   1900 (-) 36,848 29,015 7,833 21.3
   1890 (-) 19,922 14,299 5,623 28.2
WISCONSIN        
Milwaukee        
   1990* (17) 628,088 598,421 29,667 4.7
   1980* (16) 636,212 604,494 31,718 5.0
   1970* (12) 717,110 677,534 39,576 5.5
   1960* (11) 741,324 684,310 57,014 7.7
   1950* (13) 636,005 572,815 63,190 9.9
   1940 (13) 587,472 503,531 83,941 14.3
   1930 (12) 578,249 467,638 110,611 19.1
   1920 (13) 457,147 346,987 110,160 24.1
   1910 (12) 373,857 262,328 111,529 29.8
   1900 (14) 285,315 196,324 88,991 31.2
   1890 (16) 204,468 124,892 79,576 38.9
   1880 (19) 115,587 69,514 46,073 39.9
   1870 (19) 71,440 37,667 33,773 47.3
   1860 (20) 45,246 (NA) (NA) (NA)
   1850 (35) 20,061 7,279 12,782 63.7

* Indicates sample data.
(X) Not applicable. The boroughs are part of New York City.
(NA) Not available.
(-) Not among the 100 largest urban places in this year.
1/ Population of Oakland township in 1870: total, 11,104; native, 6,940; foreign-born, 4,164; percent foreign-born, 37.5.
2/ 1850 census results for San Francisco were destroyed by fire. The population of San Francisco according to the 1852 state census was 34,776. Population of San Francisco county in 1852: total, 36,154; native, 16,851; foreign-born, 19,303; percent foreign-born, 53.4 percent.
3/ Data for Honolulu not shown prior to statehood for Hawaii. See general text.
4/ Charlestown annexed by Boston in 1874.
5/ Brooklyn annexed by New York in 1898. For 1900-1990, see Brooklyn borough.
6/ Data are shown separately for each of the five boroughs of New York City from 1900 to 1990. The five boroughs were formed in 1898.
7/ Allegheny annexed by Pittsburgh in 1907.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
Authors: Campbell Gibson and Emily Lennon
Questions? / 1-866-758-1060
Last Revised: October 31, 2011 at 10:03:04 PM