Census Bureau

Table 3: Labor Force Participation Patterns: Results from Selected Studies

Author(s) Time Period Percent Worked
During
Pregnancy1
Returned to Work
After Childbirth
Within: Percent
Garrett, et. al 1986 54.0 6 months
1 year
60.0
73.0
Glass and Riley 1991/92 100.0 6 months
1 year
83.2
84.2
O'Connell 1961-65
 
1981-84
44.4
 
64.5
6 months
1 year
6 months
1 year
21.4
25.8
59.3
69.7
Waldfogel, 1997 1980
1990
58.0
63.0
1 year
1 year
53.0
54.0

1Percent of all women in the respective study who worked during their pregnancy.
Glass' study includes only women who were working at conception.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division,
Fertility & Family Statistics Branch

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Last Revised: October 31, 2011 at 10:03:05 PM