Census Bureau

Table 5: Determinants of Whether Women Return to Work After Childbirth

Author(s) More Likely to
Return to Work ...
Less Likely to
Return to Work ...
Garrett et. al Worked during pregnancy
Black

Married
Higher income
Other adults in household
Mother's relative income
Left labor force
     while pregant
Additonal child
O'Connell Worked during pregnancy
Employer provided maternity leave
Black
Teenage birth
Left labor force
     early in pregnancy
Leibowitz and
Klerman1
Older
Higher education
Black
Mother's relative income
Young children
Men's higher earnings
Higher unemployment rates

1Study includes married mothers with children under three years old, who may not have worked prior to pregnancy.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division,
Fertility & Family Statistics Branch

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Last Revised: October 31, 2011 at 10:03:05 PM