Americans Overseas in U.S. Censuses

By Karen M. Mills

U.S. Census Bureau
Washington, DC 20233-8800

Issued: November 1993

Technical Paper No. 62


Americans Overseas in U.S. Censuses

Karen M. Mills

This report documents the treatment of Americans living overseas in each of the decennial censuses, particularly those conducted in the 20th century. It presents a detailed, historical look at how such people have figured into the censuses--which components (if any) of the U.S. population living abroad were counted in the overseas population, how the data were collected, how (if at all) these people fit into the apportionment, and the instructions given to stateside census takers on how to handle people absent from a household who were living outside the United States.

[PDF] or PDF denotes a file in Adobe’s Portable Document Format. To view the file, you will need the Adobe® Reader® Off Site available free from Adobe.

The report has been divided into five PDF files (about 4.9 Mb total). The five file links correspond to the following sections in the report:

  1. Cover, Title Page, Introduction, and Overview

  2. Censuses Before 1900, 1900 Census, 1910 Census, and 1920 Census

  3. 1930 Census, 1940 Census, 1950 Census, and 1960 Census

  4. 1970 Census and 1980 Census

  5. 1990 Census, References, and List of Technical Papers

 

[PDF] or PDF denotes a file in Adobe’s Portable Document Format. To view the file, you will need the Adobe® Reader® Off Site available free from Adobe. This symbol Off Site indicates a link to a non-government web site. Our linking to these sites does not constitute an endorsement of any products, services or the information found on them. Once you link to another site you are subject to the policies of the new site.