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Current Population Survey, February 1997: Contingent Work Supplement

Current Population Survey, February 1997: Contingent Work Supplement [machine-readable data file] / conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. --Washington: Bureau of the Census [producer and distributor], 1997.

This file documentation consists of the following materials:

Attachment 1 - Abstract

Type of File:

Microdata; unit of observation is individuals within housing units.

Universe Description:

The universe consists of all persons in the civilian noninstitutional population of the United States living in households. The probability sample selected to represent the universe consists of approximately 59,000 households.

Subject-Matter Description:

Data are provided on labor force activity for the week prior to the survey. Comprehensive data are available on the employment status,occupation, and industry of persons 15 years old and over. Also shown are personal characteristics such as age, sex, race, marital status, veteran status, household relationship, educational background, and Hispanic origin.

The Contingent Work Supplement questions were asked of all applicable persons age 15 years and older. The file contains information on contingent or temporary work that a person does without expecting continuing employment from the particular employer they happen to be working for. Also included is information about each worker's expectation of continuing employment, satisfaction with their current employment arrangement, current job history, transition into the current employment arrangement, search for other employment, employee benefits, and earnings.

Geographic Coverage:

States, regions and divisions are identified in their entirety. Within confidentiality restrictions; indicators are provided for consolidated metropolitan statistical areas (CMSA), 173 selected metropolitan statistical areas (MSA), 69 selected primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSA), 217 counties, and 41 central cities in multi-central city metropolitan statistical areas or primary metropolitan statistical areas. Also within confidentiality restrictions, indicators are provided for metropolitan/nonmetropolitan, central city/balance metropolitan, MSA/CMSA size and MSA/PMSA size.

Technical Description:

File Structure: Rectangular.

File Size: 134,378 logical records; 1,257 character logical record length.

File Sort Sequence: State rank by CMSA/MSA rank by household identification number by line number.

Reference Materials:

Current Population Survey, February 1997: Contingent Work Supplement Technical Documentation. Documentation contains this abstract, including ordering information, overview, definitions, questionnaire facsimiles, code lists, and record layouts of the file. One copy accompanies each file order. Additional copies are available from Marketing Services Office, Customer Services Center, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233.

Bureau of the Census. The Current Population Survey Design and Methodology (Technical Paper 40) (out of print). Describes in detail the sample design and survey procedures used as well as accuracy of estimates and sampling errors. Reference copies should be available from most public libraries or Federal Depository Libraries. It also is available on microfiche and microfiche paperprints from Customer Services Center, Marketing Services Office, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233.

File Availability:

The file may be ordered from Customer Services at 1-800-923-8282 or 301-763-INFO (4636). It is available on 9-track tape reel (ASCII or EBCDIC, labeled or unlabeled, 6250 bpi). The file also can be made available on IBM 3480 compatible tape cartridge or CD-R (compact disc-recordable) in ASCII format.

Attachment 2 - Overview- Current Population Survey

Introduction

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is the source of the official government statistics on employment and unemployment. The CPS has been conducted monthly for over 50 years. Currently, we obtain interviews from about 48,000 households monthly, scientifically selected on the basis of area of residence to represent the nation as a whole, individual states, and other specified areas. Each household is interviewed once a month for four consecutive months one year, and again for the corresponding time period a year later. This technique enables us to obtain reliable month-to-month and year-to-year comparisons at a reasonable cost while minimizing the inconvenience to any one household.

Although the main purpose of the survey is to collect information on the employment situation, a very important secondary purpose is to collect information on demographic characteristics such as age, sex, race, marital status, educational attainment, family relationship, occupation, and industry. From time to time, additional questions are included on health, education, income, and previous work experience. The statistics resulting from these questions serve to update similar information collected once every 10 years through the decennial census, and are used by government policymakers and legislators as important indicators of our nation's economic situation and for planning and evaluating many government programs.

The CPS provides current estimates of the economic status and activities of the population of the United States. Because it is not possible to develop one or two overall figures (such as the number of unemployed) that would adequately describe the whole complex of labor market phenomena, the CPS is designed to provide a large amount of detailed and supplementary data. Such data are made available to meet a wide variety of needs on the part of users of labor market information.

Thus, the CPS is the only source of monthly estimates of total employment (both farm and nonfarm); nonfarm self-employed persons, domestics, and unpaid helpers in nonfarm family enterprises; wage and salaried employees; and, finally, estimates of total unemployment.

It provides the only available distribution of workers by the number of hours worked (as distinguished from aggregate or average hours for an industry), permitting separate analyses of part-time workers, workers on overtime, etc. The survey is also the only comprehensive current source of information on the occupation of workers and the industries in which they work. Information is available from the survey not only for persons currently in the labor force but also for those who are outside the labor force. The characteristics of such persons - whether married women with or without young children, disabled persons, students, older retired workers, etc., can be determined. Information on their current desire for work, their past work experience, and their intentions as to job seeking are also available.

For a more detailed discussion about the basic labor force data gathered on a monthly basis in the CPS survey, see "Revisions in the Current Population Survey Effective January 1994" in the February 1994 issue of Employment and Earnings published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

CPS Sample Design

The current CPS sample is selected based on 1990 census information. The first stage of the 1990 sample design created 2,007 geographic areas called primary sampling units (PSUs) in the entire United States. These PSUs were grouped into strata within each state. Some of these PSUs formed strata by themselves and were in sample with certainty, which is referred to as self-representing. Of the remaining nonself-representing PSUs, one PSU was selected from each stratum with the probability of selection proportional to the population of the PSU. A total of 754 PSUs were selected for sample containing 2,121 counties, minor civil divisions, and independent cities. The second stage of the sample design selected housing units within these PSUs.

Approximately 60,000 housing units are assigned for interview each month, of which about 50,500 are occupied and thus eligible for interview. The remainder are units found to be destroyed, vacant, converted to nonresidential use, containing persons whose usual place of residence is elsewhere, or ineligible for other reasons. Of the 50,500 occupied housing units, approximately 5 percent are not interviewed in a given month due to temporary absence (vacation, etc.), the residents are not found at home after repeated attempts, inability of persons contacted to respond, unavailability for other reasons, and refusals to cooperate. The interviewed households contain approximately 94,000 persons 15 years old and over, approximately 28,000 children 0-14 years old, and about 450 Armed Forces members living with civilians either on or off base within these households. A more precise explanation regarding the CPS sample design is provided in "Explanatory Notes and Estimates of Error: Household Data - Sampling" in any issue of Employment and Earnings.

Relationship of Current Population Survey Files to Publications

Each month, a significant amount of information about the labor force is published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the Employment and Earnings and Monthly Labor Review reports.

As mentioned previously, the CPS also serves as a vehicle for supplemental inquiries on subjects other than employment, which are periodically added to the questionnaire. From the basic and supplemental data, the Bureau of the Census issues three series of publications under the general title Current Population Reports:

P-20 Population Characteristics
P-23 Special Studies
P-60 Consumer Income

All Current Population Reports, including the other series for population estimates and projections and special censuses, may be obtained by subscription from the U.S. Government Printing Office at 202-783-3238. Subscriptions are available as follows: Population Characteristics, Special Studies, and Consumer Income series (P-20, P-23, P-60) combined, $101 per year (sold as a package only); Population Estimates and Projections, (P-25), $27 per year. Single issues may be ordered separately; ordering information and prices are provided in the Bureau of the Census Catalog and Guide, the Monthly Product Announcement (MPA), and in Census and You. Selected reports also may be accessed on the internet at http://www.census.gov/main/www/a2z/P.

Gegraphic Limitations

The CPS sample was selected so that specific reliability criteria were met nationally, for each of the 50 States and for the District of Columbia. Since 1985, these reliability criteria have been maintained through periodic additions and deletions in the State samples. Estimates formed for geographic areas identified on the microdata file which are smaller than states are not as reliable.

Weights

Under the estimating methods used in the CPS, all of the results for a given month become available simultaneously and are based on returns for the entire panel of respondents. The CPS estimation procedure involves weighting the data from each sample person. The base weight, which is the inverse of the probability of the person being in the sample, is a rough measure of the number of actual persons that the sample person represents. Almost all sample persons in the same state have the same base weight, but the weights across states are different. Selection probabilities may also differ for some sample areas due to field subsampling, which is done when areas selected for the sample contain many more households than expected. The base weights are then adjusted for noninterview, and the ratio estimation procedure is applied.

  1. Noninterview adjustment. The weights for all interviewed households are adjusted to the extent needed to account for occupied sample households for which no information was obtained because of absence, impassable roads, refusals, or unavailability of the respondent for other reasons. This noninterview adjustment is made separately for clusters of similar sample areas that are usually, but not necessarily, contained within a state. Similarity of sample areas is based on Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status and size. Within each cluster, there is a further breakdown by residence. Each MSA cluster is split by "central city" and "balance of the MSA". Each non-MSA cluster is split by "urban" and "rural" residence categories. The proportion of occupied sample households not interviewed fluctuates around 5 percent depending on weather, vacations, etc.
  2. Ratio estimates. The distribution of the population selected for the sample may differ somewhat, by chance, from that of the population as a whole in such characteristics as age, race, sex, and state of residence. Because these characteristics are closely correlated with labor force participation and other principal measurements made from the sample, the survey estimates can be substantially improved when weighted appropriately by the known distribution of these population characteristics. This is accomplished through two stages of ratio adjustment as follows:
    1. First-stage ratio estimate. The purpose of the first-stage ratio adjustment is to reduce the contribution to variance that results from selecting a sample of PSUs rather than drawing sample households from every PSU in the nation. This adjustment is made to the CPS weights in two race cells: black and nonblack; it is applied only to PSUs that are nonself-representing and for those states that have a substantial number of black households. The procedure corrects for differences that existed in each state cell at the time of the 1990 census between 1) the race distribution of the population in sample PSUs and 2) the race distribution of all PSUs (both 1 and 2 exclude self-representing PSUs).
    2. Second-stage ratio estimate. This procedure substantially reduces the variability of estimates and corrects, to some extent, for CPS undercoverage. The CPS sample weights are adjusted to ensure that sample-based estimates of population match independent population controls. Three sets of controls are used:
      1. 51 state controls of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and older
      2. national civilian noninstitutional population controls for 14 hispanic and 5 nonhispanic age-sex categories
      3. national civilian noninstitutional population controls for 66 white, 42 black, and 10 "other" age-sex categories

        The independent population controls are prepared by projecting forward the resident population as enumerated on April 1, 1990. The projections are derived by updating demographic census data with information from a variety of other data sources that account for births, deaths, and net migration. Estimated numbers of resident Armed Forces personnel and institutionalized persons reduce the resident population to the civilian noninstitutional population. Estimates of net census undercount, determined from the Post Enumeration Survey, are added to the population projections. Prior to January 1994, the projections were based on earlier censuses, and there was no correction for census undercount. A summary of the current procedures used to make population projections is given in "Revisions in the Current Population Survey Effective January 1994" in the February 1994 issue of Employment and Earnings.

Comparability of CPS From Microdata Files With Published Sources

Although total estimates of the population will equal publishedestimates, labor force estimates produced from a microdata file will not be directly comparable or identical with the published nonseasonally adjusted labor force data. The major reason for this is due to a final estimation procedure incorporated into the production of the published nonseasonally adjusted data. This procedure, known as a composite estimator, is a weighted average of two estimates for the current month for any particular item. The first estimate is the two-stage ratio estimate that includes all the estimation steps given above. The second estimate consists of the composite estimate for the preceding month to which has been added an estimate of the change from the preceding month, based on that part of the sample which is common to the two months (about 75 percent). This procedure is primarily used to increase the reliability of estimates of month-to-month change, although other reliability gains are also realized. As noted above, the composite estimation procedure does not affect estimates of the total population.

Another factor also inhibits microdata comparison with published labor force data. This is the seasonal adjustment that is applied to many published statistics. This adjustment is used to adjust for normal seasonal variations to help distinguish the underlying economic situation in month-to-month changes.

Shown below are data from January and July 1993 which demonstrate how estimates compiled using the final weights from the microdata file may differ from the published composited estimates, with and without seasonal adjustment. Note that the composite estimation procedure was not used for estimates published from January 1994 to May 1994. For a further description of both the composite estimator and seasonal adjustment, see "Explanatory Notes and Estimates of Error: Household Data - Estimating Methods (Composite Estimation Procedure)" and "Seasonal Adjustment" in any issue of Employment and Earnings.

Comparison of CPS Estimates from Microdata Files with Published Sources
  Civilian
Noninstitutional
Population
Civilian
Labor
Force
Employed Unemployed Not in
Labor
Force
January 1993 Data (000's)
Final Weights 192,644 126,115 116,113 10,002 66,529
Composited (Not Seasonally Adjusted) 192,644 126,034 116,123 9,911 66,610
Composited (Seasonally Adjusted) 192,644 127,083 118,071 9,013 65,561
July 1993 Data (000's)
Final Weights 193,633 130,399 121,450 8,949 63,234
Composited (Not Seasonally Adjusted) 193,633 130,324 121,323 9,002 63,309
Composited (Seasonally Adjusted) 193,633 128,070 119,301 8,769 65,563

Attachment 3 - Overview - February 1997 Contingent Work Supplement

General

Census Bureau staff conducted the February 1997 Contingent Work Survey as a supplement to that month's Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS is a monthly labor force survey conducted in approximately 59,000 households across the Nation. Attachment 7 contains a copy of the labor force questions asked each month as part of the basic CPS questions. Attachment 9 is a copy of the February 1997 Contingent Work questionnaire.

Attachment 2 comprises a description of the CPS entitled "Overview--Current Population Survey." A description of the February 1997 Contingent Work Survey follows.

Data Collection

Census Bureau staff conducted interviews during the period of February 16-22, 1997. This was a proxy-response supplement; that is, a single respondent could provide answers for all eligible household members, provided the respondent him/herself was a household member 15 years of age or older. We asked the supplement of each household member age 15 and older:

  • who had a job during reference week and worked for pay or profit, or
  • who did not have a job during reference week but looked for work during the last year and was available for work during reference week.

We did not ask the supplement of unpaid family workers and persons not looking for work (this includes persons not in the labor force and unemployed persons on layoff who are not looking for work).

Interviewers received a 3-hour self-study that contained exercises on the basic labor force questions, item-by-item instructions for the supplement, supplement exercises, and practice interviews.

Data Processing

The data processing involved a consistency edit of all supplement items. The consistency edit mainly ensured that the entries within an individual record followed the correct skip patterns; items with missing entries were assigned values, if appropriate.

The data processing also involved the full allocation, by demographic characteristics, of missing earnings data.

The values and universe for each variable are defined in the supplement record layout found in Attachment 8.

February 1997 CPS/Contingent Work Computer File

CPS Labor Force Data

The February 1997 CPS file contains 134,378 records. The first 814 characters contain the labor force data for each record. Attachment 7 contains the CPS Basic Items record layout, which includes the variable name, character size, location on the record, universe, and the possible values of each basic CPS variable included on the file.

The variable PRPERTYP (located in positions 161-162 on the CPS Basic Items Record Layout) determines the type of person as follows:

PRPERTYP

1 = Child household member (0-14 years old)
2 = Adult civilian household member (15+ years old)
3 = Adult Armed Forces household member (15+ years old)

The variable HRINTSTA (located in positions 57-58 on the CPS Basic Items Record Layout) determines the interview status of the household:

HRINTSTA

1 = Interview

2 = Type A Noninterview (These records represent households that were eligible for the February 1997 CPS interview, but were not interviewed because no one was home, household members were temporarily absent, etc.)

3 = Type B Noninterview (These records represent sample addresses determined to be ineligible for the CPS by virtue of being vacant, demolished, nonresidential, etc.)

4 = Type C Noninterview (See explanation for Type B above.)

By combining the values of PRPERTYP (1-3) and HRINTSTA (2-4), the number of records can be determined.

The values of PRPERTYP are: Unweighted Counts
1 = Child 27,688
2 = Adult civilian, 15+ 93,279
3 = Adult, Armed Forces 457
The values of HRINTSTA are: Unweighted Counts
2 = Type A Noninterview 3,722
3 = Type B Noninterview 8,853
4 = Type C Noninterview 379

February 1997 Contingent Work Supplement Data

The February supplement data are in locations 815-1257 (See Attachment 8.)

Tallying the February 1997 Contingent Work Supplement File

The February 1997 supplement universe consists of each household member age 15 and older:

  • who had a job during reference week and worked for pay or profit, or
  • who did not have a job during reference week but looked for work during the last year and was available for work during reference week.

The variable PRSUPTYP (located in positions 1244-1245 on the supplement record layout) determines the supplement interview status of each person:

PRSUPTYP

1 = Interview
2 = Noninterview

Weighting

Use the supplement weight (PWSUPWGT in location 1246-1255) for tallying individuals on the file.

Unweighted Counts

Attachment 14 is a tally listing of unweighted counts from selected supplement items. Use these totals to ensure that the file is being accessed properly.

Special Recodes

The major goal of the Contingent Work Supplement was to produce estimates of the number of workers in contingent jobs; that is, jobs which are structured to last only a limited period of time. The supplement also helped develop three alternative estimates to assess the impact of different assumptions about which factors constitute contingent employment. (See recodes PRCONDF1, PRCONDF2, and PRCONDF3 in Attachment 8).

The narrowest estimate (PRCONDF1) includes only wage and salary workers who had been in their jobs for 1 year or less and expected their jobs to last for an additional year or less. The middle estimate (PRCONDF2) added the self-employed and independent contractors who were in a similar situation. In the third and broadest estimate (PRCONDF3), the limitation on how long workers had held their jobs and expected to remain in them was dropped for wage and salary workers; thus, this estimate includes almost any worker who believed his or her job was temporary or not expected to continue.

The supplement also produced estimates of the number of workers in several alternative employment arrangements, including those working as independent contractors and on-call workers, as well as those working through temporary help agencies or contract companies. (See recodes PRIC, PRCALL, PRTMPAGC, and PRCNTRCT in Attachment 8).

Data Contact

For questions regarding the February 1997 Contingent Work data, call Tom Nardone at the Bureau of Labor Statistics on 202-606-6378.

Attachment 4 - Glossary

Age
Age classification is based on the age of the person at his/her last birthday. The adult universe (i.e., population of marriageable age) is comprised of persons 15 years and over for CPS labor force data.
Allocation Flag
Each edited item has a corresponding allocation flag indicating the nature of the edit. See the attachment on allocation flags for more information. The second character of the item name is always "X".
Armed Forces
Demographic information for Armed Forces members (enumerated in off-base housing or on-base with their families) is included on the CPS data files. No labor force information is collected of Armed Forces members in any month. In March, supplemental data on income are included for Armed Forces members. This is the only month that non-demographic information is included for Armed Forces members.
Civilian Labor Force
(See Labor Force.)
Class of Worker
This refers to the broad classification of the person's employer. These broad classifications for current jobs are:
  1. Federal government
  2. State government
  3. Local government
  4. Private industry (including self-employed, incorporated)
  5. Self-employed (not incorporated)
  6. Working without pay
Domain
The domain for an item is a list or range of its possible values. Note that all unedited items have possible values of -1 (blank), -2 (don't know), and -3 (refused). Since all items have these possible values, they are not shown as valid entries for each item.
Duration of Unemployment
Duration of unemployment represents the length of time (through the current survey week) during which persons classified as unemployed are continuously looking for work. For persons on layoff, duration of unemployment represents the number of full weeks since the termination of their most recent employment. A period of two weeks or more during which a person is employed or ceased looking for work is considered to break the continuity of the present period of seeking work.
Earners, Number of
The file includes all persons 15 years old and over in the household with $1 or more in wages and salaries, or $1 or more of a loss in net income from farm or nonfarm self-employment during the preceding year.
Edited item
An edited item is allocated or imputed by the processing system. In most cases this means allocating a value where the unedited item contains a value of blank, "don't know", or "refused". The second character of the item name is always "E".
An edited version of an item exists only if that item is processed through the edits. If the edits never deal with a particular item, then that item only has an unedited version.
Since the instrument enforces skip patterns and consistency between many items, the edits are left mainly with the job of allocating missing values. Also, since an interviewer is allowed to "back up" in the interview, there may be "off-path" items filled in the unedited data. The edits also blank these off-path items if an edited version of the items exists.
Education
(See Level of School Completed.)
Employed
(See Labor Force.)
Family
A family is a group of two persons or more (one of whom is the householder) residing together and related by birth, marriage, or adoption. All such persons (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family. Beginning with the 1980 CPS, unrelated subfamilies (referred to in the past as secondary families) are no longer included in the count of families, nor are the members of unrelated subfamilies included in the count of family members.
Family Household
A family household is a household maintained by a family (as defined above), and may include among the household members any unrelated persons (unrelated subfamily members and/or secondary individuals) who may be residing there. The number of family households is equal to the number of families. The count of family household members differs from the count of family members, however, in that the family household members include all persons living in the household, whereas family members include only the householder and his/her relatives. (See the definition of Family).
Family Weight
This weight is used only for tallying family characteristics. In March, the weight on the family record is the March supplement weight of the householder or reference person.
Final Weight
Used in tabulating labor force items in all months, including March. The final weight is controlled to independent estimates for:
  1. States
  2. Origin, Sex, and Age
  3. Age, Race, and Sex
This weight should not be used when tabulating March supplement data.
Full-Time Worker
Persons on full-time schedules include persons working 35 hours or more, persons who worked 1-34 hours for noneconomic reasons (e.g., illness) and usually work full-time, and persons "with a job but not at work" who usually work full-time.
Group Quarters
Group quarters are noninstitutional living arrangements for groups not living in conventional housing units or groups living in housing units containing nine or more persons unrelated to the person in charge.
Head Versus Householder
Beginning with the March 1980 CPS, the Bureau of the Census discontinued the use of the terms "head of household" and "head of family." Instead, the terms "householder" and "family householder" are used.
Highest Grade of School Attended
(See Level of School Completed.)
Hispanic Origin
Persons of Hispanic origin in this file are determined on the basis of a question that asked for self-identification of the person's origin or descent. Respondents are asked to select their origin (or the origin of some other household member) from a "flash card" listing ethnic origins. Persons of Hispanic origin, in particular, are those who indicated that their origin was Mexican-American, Chicano, Mexican, Mexicano, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Hispanic.
Hours of Work
Hours of work statistics relate to the actual number of hours worked during the survey week. For example, a person who normally works 40 hours a week but who is off on the Veterans Day holiday is reported as working 32 hours even though he is paid for the holiday.
For persons working in more than one job, the figures related to the number of hours worked in all jobs during the week. However, all the hours are credited to the major job.
Household
A household consists of all the persons who occupy a house, an apartment, or other group of rooms, or a room, which constitutes a housing unit. A group of rooms or a single room is regarded as a housing unit when it is occupied as separate living quarters; that is, when the occupants do not live and eat with any other person in the structure, and when there is direct access from the outside or through a common hall. The count of households excludes persons living in group quarters, such as rooming houses, military barracks, and institutions. Inmates of institutions (mental hospitals, rest homes, correctional institutions, etc.) are not included in the survey.
Household Weight
The household weight is used for tallying household characteristics. In March, the household weight is the March Supplement weight of the householder.
Householder
The householder refers to the person (or one of the persons) in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented (maintained) or, if there is no such person, any adult member, excluding roomers, boarders, or paid employees. If the house is owned or rented jointly by a married couple, the householder may be either the husband or the wife. The person designated as the householder is the "reference person" to whom the relationship of all other household members, if any, is recorded.
Householder With No Other Relatives in Household
A householder who has no relatives living in the household. This is the entry for a person living alone. Another example is the designated householder of an apartment shared by two or more unrelated individuals.
Householder With Other Relatives (Including Spouse) in Household
The person designated as householder if he/she has one or more relatives (including spouse) living in the household.
Industry, Occupation, and Class of Worker (I&O)
Current Job (basic data) For the employed, current job is the job held in the reference week (the week before the survey). Persons with two or more jobs are classified in the job at which they worked the most hours during the reference week. The unemployed are classified according to their latest full-time job lasting two or more weeks or by the job (either full-time or part-time). The I& O questions are also asked of persons not in the labor force who are in the fourth and eighth months in sample and who have worked in the last five years.
Job Seekers
All unemployed persons who made specific efforts to find a job sometime during the 4-week period preceding the survey week.
Longitudinal Weight
Used for gross flows analysis. Only found on adult records matched from month to month.
PEMLR (Major Labor Force Recode)
This classification is available for each civilian 15 years old and over according to his/her responses to the monthly (basic) labor force items.
Labor Force
Persons are classified as in the labor force if they are employed, unemployed, or in the Armed Forces during the survey week.
The "civilian labor force" includes all civilians classified as employed or unemployed. The file includes labor force data for civilians age 15 and over. However, the official definition of the civilian labor force is age 16 and over.
  1. Employed

    Employed persons comprise (1) all civilians who, during the survey week, do any work at all as paid employees or in their own business or profession, or on their own farm, or who work 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a farm in a business operated by a member of the family; and (2) all those who have jobs but who are not working because of illness, bad weather, vacation, or labor-management dispute, or because they are taking time off for personal reasons, whether or not they are seeking other jobs.

    These persons would have a Monthly Labor Force Recode (MLR) of 1 or 2 respectively in characters 180-181 of the person record which designates "at work" and "with a job, but not at work." Each employed person is counted only once. Those persons who held more than one job are counted in the job at which they worked the greatest number of hours during the survey week. If they worked an equal number of hours at more than one job, they are counted at the job they held the longest.

  2. Unemployed

    Unemployed persons are those civilians who, during the survey week, have no employment but are available for work, and (1) have engaged in any specific job seeking activity within the past 4 weeks such as registering at a public or private employment office, meeting with prospective employers, checking with friends or relatives, placing or answering advertisements, writing letters of application, or being on a union or professional register; (2) are waiting to be called back to a job from which they had been laid off; or (3) are waiting to report to a new wage or salary job within 30 days. These persons would have an MLR code of 3 or 4 in characters 180-181 of the person record. The unemployed includes job leavers, job losers, new job entrants, and job reentrants.

    • Job Leavers - Persons who quit or otherwise terminate their employment voluntarily and immediately begin looking for work.
    • Job Losers - Persons whose employment ends involuntarily, who immediately begin looking for work, and those persons who are already on layoff.
    • New Job Entrants - Persons who never worked at a full-time job lasting two weeks or longer.
    • Job Reentrants - Persons who previously worked at a full-time job lasting two weeks or longer but are out of the labor force prior to beginning to look for work.

    Finally, it should be noted that the unemployment rate represents the number of persons unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force 16 years old and over.

    This measure can also be computed for groups within the labor force classified by sex, age, marital status, race, etc. The job loser, job leaver, reentrant, and new entrant rates are each calculated as a percent of the civilian labor force 16 years old and over; the sum of the rates for the four groups thus equals the total unemployment rate.

  3. Not in Labor Force

    All civilians 15 years old and over who are not classified as employed or unemployed. These persons are further classified by major activity: retired, unable to work because of long-term physical or mental illness, and other. The "other" group includes, for the most part, students and persons keeping house. Persons who report doing unpaid work in a family farm or business for less than 15 hours are also classified as not in the labor force.

    For persons not in the labor force, data on previous work experience, intentions to seek work again, desire for a job at the time of interview, and reasons for not looking for work are asked only in those households that are in the fourth and eighth months of the sample, i.e., the "outgoing" groups, those which had been in the sample for three previous months and would not be in for the subsequent month.

    Persons classified as NILF have an MLR code of 5-7 in characters 180-181 of the person record.

Layoff
A person who is unemployed but expects to be called back to a specific job. If he/she expects to be called back within 30 days, it is considered a temporary layoff; otherwise, it is an indefinite layoff.
Level of School Completed/Degree Received
These data changed beginning with the January 1992 file. A new question, "What is the highest level of school ... has completed or the highest degree ... has received?" replaced the old "Highest grade attended" and "Year completed" questions. The new question provides more accurate data on the degree status of college students. Educational attainment applies only to progress in "regular" school. Such schools include graded public, private, and parochial elementary and high schools (both junior and senior high), colleges, universities, and professional schools, whether day schools or night schools. Thus, regular schooling is that which may advance a person toward an elementary school certificate or high school diploma, or a college, university, or professional school degree. Schooling in other than regular schools is counted only if the credits obtained are regarded as transferable to a school in the regular school system.
Looking for Work
A person who is trying to get work or trying to establish a business or profession.
Marital Status
The marital status classification identifies four major categories: single (never married), married, widowed, and divorced. These terms refer to the marital status at the time of enumeration.
The category "married" is further divided into "married, civilian spouse present," "married, Armed Force spouse present," "married, spouse absent," "married, Armed Force spouse absent," and "separated." A person is classified as "married, spouse present" if the husband or wife is reported as a member of the household even though he or she may be temporarily absent on business or on vacation, visiting, in a hospital, etc., at the time of the enumeration. Persons reported as "separated" included those with legal separations, those living apart with intentions of obtaining a divorce, and other persons permanently or temporarily estranged from their spouses because of marital discord.
For the purpose of this file, the group "other marital status" includes "widowed and divorced," "separated," and "other married, spouse absent."
Month-In-Sample
The term is defined as the number of times a unit is interviewed. Each unit is interviewed eight times during the life of the sample.
Never Worked
A person who has never held a full-time civilian job lasting two consecutive weeks or more.
Nonfamily Householder
A nonfamily householder (formerly called a primary individual) is a person maintaining a household while living alone or with nonrelatives only.
Nonworker
A person who does not do any work in the calendar year preceding the survey.
Nonrelative of Householder With No Own Relatives in Household
A nonrelative of the householder who has no relative(s) of his own in the household. This category includes such nonrelatives as a foster child, a ward, a lodger, a servant, or a hired hand, who has no relatives of his own living with him in the household.
Nonrelative of Householder With Own Relatives (Including Spouse)in Household
Any household member who is not related to the householder but has relatives of his own in the household; for example, a lodger, his spouse, and their son.
Other Relative of Householder
Any relative of the householder other than his spouse or child; for example, father, mother, grandson, daughter-in-law, etc.
Out Variable
An instrument-created item that stores the results of another item.
Own Child
A child related by birth, marriage, or adoption to the family householder.
Part-Time, Economic Reasons
The item includes slack work, material shortages, repairs to plant or equipment, start or termination of job during the week, and inability to find full-time work. (See also Full-Time Worker.)
Part-Time, Other Reasons
The item includes labor dispute, bad weather, own illness, vacation, demands of home housework, school, no desire for full-time work, and full-time worker only during peak season.
Part-Time Work
Persons who work between 1 and 34 hours are designated as working "part-time" in the current job held during the reference week. For the March supplement, a person is classified as having worked part-time during the preceding calendar year if he worked less than 35 hours per week in a majority of the weeks in which he worked during the year. Conversely, he is classified as having worked full-time if he worked 35 hours or more per week during a majority of the weeks in which he worked.
Part-Year Work
Part-year work is classified as less than 50 weeks' work.
Population Coverage
Population coverage includes the civilian population of the United States plus approximately 820,000 members of the Armed Forces in the United States living off post or with their families on post but excludes all other members of the Armed Forces. This file excludes inmates of institutions. The labor force and work experience data are not collected for Armed Forces members.
Processing Recode
An item calculated by the processing system from a combination of other items in the database. The second character of the item name is always "R".
Race
The population is divided into three groups on the basis of race: White, Black, and Other races. The last category includes Indians, Japanese, Chinese, and any other race except White and Black. In most of the published tables, "Other Races" are shown in total population.
Reentrants
Persons who previously worked at a full-time job lasting two weeks or longer but who are out of the labor force prior to beginning to look for work.
Related Children
Related children in a family include own children and all other children in the household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. For each type of family unit identified in the CPS, the count of own children under 18 years old is limited to single (never married) children; however, "own children under 25" and "own children of any age," include all children regardless of marital status. The totals include never-married children living away from home in college dormitories.
Related Subfamily
A related subfamily is a married couple with or without children, or one parent with one or more own single (never married) children under 18 years old, living in a household and related to, but not including, the householder or spouse. The most common example of a related subfamily is a young married couple sharing the home of the husband's or wife's parents. The number of related subfamilies is not included in the number of families.
School
A person who spent most of his time during the survey week attending any kind of public or private school, including trade or vocational schools in which students receive no compensation in money or kind.
Secondary Individual
A secondary individual is a person in a household or group quarters such as a guest, roomer, boarder, or resident employee (excluding nonfamily households and inmates of institutions) who is not related to any other person in the household or group quarters.
Self-Employed
Self-employed persons are those who work for profit or fees in their own business, profession or trade, or operate a farm.
Stretches of Unemployment
A continuous stretch is one that is not interrupted by the person getting a job or leaving the labor market to go to school, to keep house, etc. A period of two weeks or more during which a person is employed or ceased looking for work is considered to break the continuity of the period of seeking work.
Unable to Work
A person is classified as unable to work because of long-term physical or mental illness, lasting six months or longer.
Unedited item
An item that is produced by the CAPI instrument, either collected during the interview or created by the CAPI instrument. The second character of the item name is always "U".
Unemployed
(See Labor Force.)
Unpaid Family Workers
Unpaid family workers are persons working without pay for 15 hours a week or more on a farm or in a business operated by a member of the household to whom they are related by birth or marriage.
Unrelated Individuals
Unrelated individuals are persons of any age (other than inmates of institutions) who are not living with any relatives. An unrelated individual may be (1) a nonfamily householder living alone or with nonrelatives only, (2) a roomer, boarder, or resident employee with no relatives in the household, or (3) a group quarters member who has no relatives living with him/her. Thus, a widow who occupies her house alone or with one or more other persons not related to her, a roomer not related to anyone else in the housing unit, a maid living as a member of her employer's household but with no relatives in the household, and a resident staff member in a hospital living apart from any relatives are all examples of unrelated individuals.
Unrelated Subfamily
An unrelated subfamily is a family that does not include among its members the householder and relatives of the householder. Members of unrelated subfamilies may include persons such as guests, roomers, boarders, or resident employees and their relatives living in a household. The number of unrelated subfamily members is included in the number of household members but is not included in the count of family members.
Persons living with relatives in group quarters were formerly considered as members of families. However, the number of such unrelated subfamilies became so small (37,000 in 1967) that beginning with the data for 1968 (and beginning with the census data for 1960) the Bureau of the Census includes persons in these unrelated subfamilies in the count of secondary individuals.
Veteran Status
If a male served at any time during the four major wars of this century, the code for the most recent wartime service is entered. The following codes are used:
0 Children under 15
1 Vietnam era
2 Korean
3 WWI
4 WWII
5 Other Service
6 Nonveteran
Wage and Salary Workers
Wage and salary workers receive wages, salary, commission, tips, or pay in kind from a private employer or from a governmental unit. Also included are persons who are self-employed in an incorporated business.
Workers
(See Labor Force--Employed.)
Work Experience
Includes those persons who during the preceding calendar year did any work for pay or profit or worked without pay on a family-operated farm or business at any time during the year, on a part-time or full-time basis.
Year-Round Full-Time Worker
A year-round full-time worker is one who usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 weeks or more during the preceding calendar year.

Attachment 5 - How to Use the Record Layout

Data users familiar with the CPS data files in prior years will see many similarities between the format of this file and those files released before January 1994. As in the past, there are numeric locations on the file which correspond to each variable. There is only one record layout which contains the variables for children, adults, and armed forces members. In prior years, each type of person had a separate record layout.

Item Naming Conventions

==================
  • The first character of each variable name is one of the following:

    H - Household item
    G - Geography item
    *P - Person item (includes adult items, child items, and armed forces items)

    * There is no need to distinguish adult, child, and armed forces items in the variable names in the new system. The recode PRPERTYP (located in positions 161-162) tells you what category the person is in.

  • The second character of each variable name is one of the following:
    E - Edited item
    U - Unedited item
    X - Allocation flag (see Attachment 16 for more information)
    W - Weight
    R - Recode
  • The remaining characters describe the variable.

    For multiple entry items, the file contains a separate variable for each possible response. Each item has the same descriptive name but a number is added as the last digit. For example, Question 22A allows separate entries for up to 6 job search methods. The item names are PELKM1 (this item is edited), PULKM2, (this item is unedited), PULKM3, etc. These items are located in positions 296-307 of the record layout.

Attachment 6 - Changes to CPS Supplement Files Effective September 1995

Effective September 1995, a number of revisions were made to the CPS public use files. Most were related to the recent phase-in of a new sample based on the results of the 1990 Census. This phase-in was completed in June 1995. Part of this changeover was the use of new metropolitan area definitions based on the results of the 1990 Decennial Census in selecting the new sample. As such, beginning in September 1995, metropolitan area definitions effective June 30, 1993 will be identified subject to confidentiality restrictions on the CPS public use files. The new variables and their locations are given below.

Concurrent with this revision, several other changes were made to the CPS public use files. The most important of these was the creation of a new set of household identification numbers for the September forward files. Bureau of the Census confidentiality restrictions require that we preclude the possibility of matching any households from data files before and after the September 1995 date. In conjunction with this, the Bureau revised its sample household numbering scheme. These two considerations resulted in the creation of a 15 character household identification number. The location of this number is now in characters 1-15 (previously 1-12) of all non-March files and characters 344-358 (previously 320-331) on the March files.

Also, on non-March files, the following variables changed locations

Name Old Location New Location
HUINTTYP 12-14 16-17
HULENSEC 15-19 109-113

The other change involves the suppression of several 3-digit occupation codes. Specifically, Codes 003 and 016 (legislators and postmasters, respectively) are collapsed into Code 022, (managers and administrators, N.E.C.) Also, Code 179, (judges) was collapsed into Code 178, (lawyers). None of the changes affected any of the occupation recodes.

Geographic Variable NON-MARCH LOCATIONS MARCH LOCATIONS
Prior to September 1995 September 1995 and Forward Prior to September 1995 March 1996 and Forward
MSA/PMSA FIPS CODE 96-99 97-100 44-47 44-47
CODE CMSA FIPS CODE 94-95 95-96 53-54* 53-54
METROPOLITAN/NON-METROPOLITAN STATUS 107-108 105 57 57
CENTRAL CITY/BALANCE STATUS 111-112 104 58 58
MSA/PMSA SIZE N/A 107 56* 56
CMSA/MSA SIZE 103-104 108 55* 55
INDIVIDUAL CENTRAL CITY CODE 109-110 106 285 285
FIPS COUNTY CODE N/A 101-103 N/A 50-52

*NOT ON THE MARCH 1995 FILE

Attachment 7 - Basic CPS Record Layout

                                           
*******************************************
* STARTING SEPTEMBER 1995                 *
*******************************************

                                           
DATA      SIZE      BEGIN                  
                                           
*******************************************
*                                         *
*    All items, except those with one     *
*    character, also can                  *
*    have values of -1, -2, or -3         *
*    even if such values are not          *
*    listed in the documentation.         *
*    The meanings of these values         *
*    are as follows:                      *
*                                         *
*V        -1 .Blank or not in universe    *
*V        -2 .Don't know                  *
*V        -3 .Refused                     *
*                                         *
*   Most edited items (E or R) in the     *
*   second character of the item name     *
*   also can be blank.  This means        *
*   that the record was not in            *
*   universe for that item.               *
*******************************************
                                           
                                           
*******************************************
*    A1.  HOUSEHOLD INFORMATION           *
*******************************************
                                           
D HRHHID     15      1                     
     HOUSEHOLD IDENTIFIER                  
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
                                           
D HUINTTYP    2     16                     
     TYPE OF INTERVIEW                     
V          0 .Noninterview or              
V            .indeterminate                
V          1 .Personal                     
V          2 .Telephone                    
                                           
D FILLER      2     18                     
                                           
D HUPRSCNT    2     20                     
     NUMBER OF ACTUAL AND                  
     ATTEMPTED PERSONAL CONTACTS           
V          1 .Min Value                    
V          9 .Max Value                    
                                           
                                           
D HURESPLI    2     22                     
     LINE NUMBER OF THE                    
     CURRENT RESPONDENT                    
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D HUFINAL     3     24                     
     FINAL OUTCOME CODE                    
     Outcome Codes Between 001             
     And 200 Are For CATI.                 
     All Other Outcome Codes Are           
     For CAPI.                             
V        000 .New Interview - Not          
V            .Contacted                    
V        001 .Fully Complete CATI          
V            .Interview                    
V        002 .Partially Completed CATI     
V            .Interview                    
V        005 .Labor Force Complete,        
V            .Supplement Incomplete -      
V            .CATI                         
V        024 .HH Occupied Entirely By      
V            .Armed Forces Members         
V        115 .Partial Interview With       
V            .Callback Planned - CATI      
V        200 .New Interview -              
V            .Contacted                    
V        201 .CAPI Complete                
V        202 .Callback Needed              
V        203 .Sufficient Partial -         
V            .Precloseout                  
V        204 .Sufficient Partial - At      
V            .Closeout                     
V        205 .Labor Force Complete, -      
V            .Suppl. Incomplete - CAPI     
V        210 .CAPI Complete                
V            .Reinterview                  
V        216 .No One Home                  
V        217 .Temporarily Absent           
V        218 .Refused                      
V        219 .Other Occupied - Specify     
V        224 .Armed Forces Occupied Or     
V            .Under Age 14                 
V        225 .Temp. Occupied W/persons     
V            .With Ure                     
V        226 .Vacant Regular               
V        227 .Vacant - Storage Of Hhld     
V            .Furniture                    
V        228 .Unfit, To Be Demolished      
V        229 .Under Construction, Not      
V            .Ready                        
V        230 .Converted To Temp            
V            .Business Or Storage          
V        231 .Unoccupied Tent Or           
V            .Trailer Site                 
V        232 .Permit Granted -             
V            .Construction Not Started     
V        233 .Other - Specify              
V        240 .Demolished                   
V        241 .House Or Trailer Moved       
V        242 .Outside Segment              
V        243 .Converted To Perm.           
V            .Business Or Storage          
V        244 .Merged                       
V        245 .Condemned                    
V        246 .Built After April 1,         
V            .1980                         
V        247 .Unused Serial                
V            .No./listing Sheet Line       
V        248 .Other - Specify              
                                           
D HUSPNISH    2     27                     
     IS SPANISH THE ONLY LANGUAGE          
     SPOKEN BY ALL MEMBERS OF THIS         
     HOUSEHOLD WHO ARE 15 YEARS OF         
     AGE OR OLDER?                         
V          1 .Spanish Only Language        
V            .Spoken                       
                                           
D HETENURE    2     29                     
     ARE YOUR LIVING QUARTERS...           
     (READ ANSWER CATEGORIES)              
U HRINTSTA = 1 OR HUTYPB = 1-3             
V          1 .Owned Or Being Bought By     
V            .A HH Member                  
V          2 .Rented For Cash              
V          3 .Occupied Without Payment     
V            .Of Cash Rent                 
                                           
D HEHOUSUT    2     31                     
     TYPE OF HOUSING UNIT                  
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V          0 .Other Unit                   
V          1 .House, Apartment, Flat       
V          2 .Hu In Nontransient           
V            .Hotel, Motel, Etc.           
V          3 .Hu Permanent In              
V            .Transient Hotel, Motel       
V          4 .Hu In Rooming House          
V          5 .Mobile Home Or Trailer       
V            .W/no Perm. Room Added        
V          6 .Mobile Home Or Trailer       
V            .W/1 Or More Perm. Rooms      
V            .Added                        
V          7 .Hu Not Specified Above       
V          8 .Quarters Not Hu In           
V            .Rooming Or Brding Hs         
V          9 .Unit Not Perm. In            
V            .Transient Hotl, Motl         
V         10 .Unoccupied Tent Site Or      
V            .Trlr Site                    
V         11 .Student Quarters In          
V            .College Dorm                 
V         12 .Other Unit Not Specified     
V            .Above                        
                                           
D HETELHHD    2     33                     
     IS THERE A TELEPHONE IN               
     THIS HOUSE/APARTMENT?                 
U HRINTSTA = 1                             
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D HETELAVL    2     35                     
     IS THERE A TELEPHONE ELSEWHERE        
     ON WHICH PEOPLE IN THIS               
     HOUSEHOLD CAN BE CONTACTED?           
U HETELHHD = 2                             
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D HEPHONEO    2     37                     
     IS A TELEPHONE                        
     INTERVIEW ACCEPTABLE?                 
U HETELHHD = 1 OR HETELAVL = 1             
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D HUFAMINC    2     39                     
     FAMILY INCOME (COMBINED               
     INCOME OF ALL FAMILY MEMBERS          
     DURING THE LAST 12 MONTHS.            
     INCLUDES MONEY FROM JOBS, NET         
     INCOME FROM BUSINESS, FARM OR         
     RENT, PENSIONS, DIVIDENDS,            
     INTEREST, SOCIAL SECURITY             
     PAYMENTS AND ANY OTHER MONEY          
     INCOME RECEIVED BY FAMILY MEMBERS     
     WHO ARE 15 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER.)    
V          1 .Less Than $5,000             
V          2 .5,000 to 7,499               
V          3 .7,500 to 9,999               
V          4 .10,000 to 12,499             
V          5 .12,500 to 14,999             
V          6 .15,000 to 19,999             
V          7 .20,000 to 24,999             
V          8 .25,000 to 29,999             
V          9 .30,000 to 34,999             
V         10 .35,000 to 39,999            
V         11 .40,000 to 49,999            
V         12 .50,000 to 59,999            
V         13 .60,000 to 74,999            
V         14 .75,000 or More              
                                           
D HUTYPEA     2     41                     
     TYPE A NONINTERVIEW REASON            
V          1 .No One Home (Noh)            
V          2 .Temporarily Absent (Ta)      
V          3 .Refused (Ref)                
V          4 .Other Occupied - Specify     
                                           
D HUTYPB      2     43                     
     TYPE B NON-INTERVIEW REASON           
V          1 .Vacant Regular               
V          2 .Temporarily Occupied By      
V            .Persons W/ Ure               
V          3 .Vacant-storage Of Hhld       
V            .Furniture                    
V          4 .Unfit Or To Be               
V            .Demolished                   
V          5 .Under Construction, Not      
V            .Ready                        
V          6 .Converted To Temp            
V            .Business Or Storage          
V          7 .Unoccupied Tent Site Or      
V            .Trailer Site                 
V          8 .Permit Granted               
V            .Construction Not Started     
V          9 .Other Type B - Specify       
                                           
D HUTYPC      2     45                     
     TYPE C NON-INTERVIEW REASON           
V          1 .Demolished                   
V          2 .House Or Trailer Moved       
V          3 .Outside Segment              
V          4 .Converted To Perm.           
V            .Business Or Storage          
V          5 .Merged                       
V          6 .Condemned                    
V          8 .Unused Line Of Listing       
V            .Sheet                        
V          9 .Other - Specify              
                                           
D HWHHWGT    10     47                     
     HOUSEHOLD WEIGHT (4 IMPLIED           
     DECIMAL PLACES) USED FOR              
     TALLYING HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS    
U HRINTSTA = 1                             
                                           
D HRINTSTA    2     57                     
     INTERVIEW STATUS                      
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V          1 .Interview                    
V          2 .Type A Non-Interview         
V          3 .Type B Non-Interview         
V          4 .Type C Non-Interview         
                                           
D RNUMHOU     2     59                     
     TOTAL NUMBER OF PERSONS LIVING        
     IN THE HOUSEHOLD (HOUSEHOLD           
      MEMBERS).                            
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         16 .Max Value                   
                                           
D HRHTYPE     2     61                     
     HOUSEHOLD TYPE                        
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V          0 .Non-Interview Household      
V          1 .Husband/Wife Primary         
V            .Family (Neither AF)          
V          2 .Husb/Wife Prim. Family       
V            .(Either/Both AF)             
V          3 .Unmarried Civilian Male-     
V            .Prim. Fam Hhlder             
V          4 .Unmarried Civ. Female-       
V            .Prim Fam Hhlder              
V          5 .Primary Family Hhlder-Rp     
V            .In AF, Unmar.                
V          6 .Civilian Male Primary        
V            .Individual                   
V          7 .Civilian Female Primary      
V            .Individual                   
V          8 .Primary Individual Hhld-     
V            .Rp In AFV                    
V          9 .Group Quarters With          
V            .Family                       
V         10 .Group Quarters Without       
V            .Family                       
                                           
D HRMIS       2     63                     
     MONTH-IN-SAMPLE                       
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V          1 .Min Value                    
V          8 .Max Value                    
                                           
D HRMONTH     2     65                     
     MONTH OF INTERVIEW                    
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V         01 .Min Value                   
V         12 .Max Value                   
                                           
D HRYEAR      2     67                     
     YEAR OF INTERVIEW                     
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D HRLONGLK    2     69                     
     LONGITUDINAL LINK INDICATOR           
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V          0 .Mis 1 or Replacement HH      
V            .(No Link)                    
V          2 .Mis 2-4 or Mis 6-8           
V          3 .Mis 5                        
                                           
D HRSAMPLE    4     71                     
     SAMPLE IDENTIFIER                     
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V        A-Z .1st Digit                    
V    000-999 .Digits 2-4                   
                                           
D HRSERSUF    2     75                     
     SERIAL SUFFIX IDENTIFIES EXTRA UNITS  
U ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE                      
V        A-Z .                             
                                           
D HUHHNUM     2     77                     
     Household Number                      
     The Initial Household Receives        
     A Value Of 1, And Subsequent          
     Replacement Households Increase       
     The Value By 1.                       
V         01 .Min Value                   
V         08 .Max Value                   
                                           
D HUBUS       2     79                     
     DOES ANYONE IN THIS                   
     HOUSEHOLD HAVE A BUSINESS             
     OR A FARM?                            
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D HUBUSL1     2     81                     
     ENTER LINE NUMBER                     
     FOR HUBUS = 1                         
V         01 .Min Value                   
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D HUBUSL2     2     83                     
     See BUSL1                             
V          1 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D HUBUSL3     2     85                     
     See BUSL1                             
V          1 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D HUBUSL4     2     87                     
     See BUSL1                             
V          1 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
*******************************************
*         A2.  GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION     *
*******************************************
                                           
D GEREG       2     89                     
     REGION                                
                                           
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V          1 .Northeast                    
V          2 .Midwest                      
V            .(Formerly North Central)     
V          3 .South                        
V          4 .West                         
                                           
D GESTCEN     2     91                     
     CENSUS STATE CODE                     
                                           
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V         11 .ME                           
V         12 .NH                           
V         13 .VT                           
V         14 .MA                           
V         15 .RI                           
V         16 .CT                           
V         21 .NY                           
V         22 .NJ                           
V         23 .PA                           
V         31 .OH                           
V         32 .IN                           
V         33 .IL                           
V         34 .MI                           
V         35 .WI                           
V         41 .MN                           
V         42 .IA                           
V         43 .MO                           
V         44 .ND                           
V         45 .SD                           
V         46 .NEV                          
V         47 .KS                           
V         51 .DE                           
V         52 .MD                           
V         53 .DC                           
V         54 .VA                           
V         55 .WV                           
V         56 .NC                           
V         57 .SC                           
V         58 .GA                           
V         59 .FL                           
V         61 .KY                           
V         62 .TN                           
V         63 .AL                           
V         64 .MS                           
V         71 .AR                           
V         72 .LA                           
V         73 .OK                           
V         74 .TX                           
V         81 .MT                           
V         82 .ID                           
V         83 .WY                           
V         84 .CO                           
V         85 .NM                           
V         86 .AZ                           
V         87 .UT                           
V         88 .NV                           
V         91 .WA                           
V         92 .OR                           
V         93 .CA                           
V         94 .AK                           
V         95 .HI                           
                                           
D GESTFIPS    2     93                     
     FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING        
     STANDARDS (FIPS) STATE CODE           
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V         01 .AL                           
V         02 .AK                           
V         04 .AZ                           
V         05 .AR                           
V         06 .CA                           
V         08 .CO                           
V         09 .CT                           
V         10 .DE                           
V         11 .DC                           
V         12 .FL                           
V         13 .GA                           
V         15 .HI                           
V         16 .ID                           
V         17 .IL                           
V         18 .IN                           
V         19 .IA                           
V         20 .KS                           
V         21 .KY                           
V         22 .LA                           
V         23 .MEV                          
V         24 .MD                           
V         25 .MA                           
V         26 .MI                           
V         27 .MN                           
V         28 .MS                           
V         29 .MO                           
V         30 .MT                           
V         31 .NE                           
V         32 .NV                           
V         33 .NH                           
V         34 .NJ                           
V         35 .NM                           
V         36 .NY                           
V         37 .NC                           
V         38 .ND                           
V         39 .OH                           
V         40 .OK                           
V         41 .OR                           
V         42 .PA                           
V         44 .RI                           
V         45 .SC                           
V         46 .SD                           
V         47 .TN                           
V         48 .TX                           
V         49 .UT                           
V         50 .VT                           
V         51 .VA                           
V         53 .WA                           
V         54 .WV                           
V         55 .WI                           
V         56 .WY                           
                                           
                                           
D GECMSA      2     95                     
     CMSA FIPS CODE                        
U ALL HHLD's                               
  IN SAMPLE                                
V         00 .Not Identified Or            
V            .Nonmetropolitan              
V         07 .Min Value                    
V         97 .Max Value                    
                                           
                                           
*******************************************
* SPECIFIC CMSA CODE (SEE ATTACHMENT 13)  *
*******************************************
                                           
                                           
D GEMSA       4     97                     
     MSA/PMSA FIPS CODE                    
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V       0000 .Identified Or                
V            .Nonmetropolitan              
V       0080 .Min Value                    
V       9360 .Max Value                    
                                           
*******************************************
*    SPECIFIC MSA/PMSA                    *
*    CODE (SEE ATTACHMENT 13)             *
*******************************************
                                           
D GECO        3    101                     
     FIPS COUNTY CODE                      
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V        000 .Not Identified              
V    001-810 .Specific County Code        
V            .(See Attachment 13) Note:    
V            .This Code Must Be Used In    
V            .Combination With A State     
V            .Code (Gestfips or            
V            .Gestcen) In Order To         
V            .Uniquely Identify A          
V            .County.                      
                                           
D GEMSAST     1    104                     
     CENTRAL CITY/BALANCE STATUS           
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V          1 .Central City                 
V          2 .Balance                      
V          3 .Nonmetropolitan              
V          4 .Not Identified               
                                           
D GEMETSTA    1    105                     
     METROPOLITAN STATUS                   
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V          1 .Metropolitan                 
V          2 .Nonmetropolitan              
V          3 .Not Identified               
                                           
D GEINDVCC    1    106                     
     INDIVIDUAL CENTRAL CITY               
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                  
V          0 .Not Identified,              
V            .Nonmetropolitan, or          
V            .Not A Central City 1-4       
V            .Specific Central City        
V            .Code                         
V            .(See Attachment 13)          
V            .Note:  Whenever Possible     
V            .This Code Identifies         
V            .Specific Central Cities      
V             In An MSA/PMSA That          
V            .Have Multiple Central        
V            .Cities.  This Code Must      
V            .Be Used In Combination       
V            .With The MSA/PMSA Fips       
V            .Code (Gemsa) In Order To     
V            .Uniquely Identify A          
V            .Specific City.               
                                           
D GEMSASZ     1    107                     
     CMSA/PMSA SIZE                        
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V          0 .Not Identified Or            
V            .Nonmetropolitan              
V          2 .100,000 - 249,999            
V          3 .250,000 - 499,999            
V          4 .500,000 - 999,999            
V          5 .1,000,000 - 2,499,999        
V          6 .2,500,000 - 4,999,999        
V          7 .5,000,000+                   
                                           
D GECMSASZ    1    108                     
     CMSA/MSA SIZE                         
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V          0 .Not Identified Or            
V            .Nonmetropolitan              
V          2 .100,000 - 249,999            
V          3 .250,000 - 499,999            
V          4 .500,000 - 999,999            
V          5 .1,000,000 - 2,499,999        
V          6 .2,500,000 - 4,999,999        
V          7 .5,000,000+                   
                                           
D HULENSEC    5    109                     
     CUMULATIVE INTERVIEW                  
     TIME IN SECONDS                       
U ALL HHLD's IN SAMPLE                     
V      00000 .Min Value                
V      99999 .Max Value                
                                           
*******************************************
*    A3.  PERSONS INFORMATION             *
*         DEMOGRAPHIC ITEMS               *
*******************************************
                                           
D PROLDRRP    2    114                     
     RELATIONSHIP TO REFERENCE             
     PERSON (RECODE)                       
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, OR 3                    
V         01 .Ref Pers With Other          
V            .Relatives In HH              
V         02 .Ref Pers With No Other       
V            .Relatives In HH              
V         03 .Spouse                       
V         04 .Child                        
V         05 .Grandchild                   
V         06 .Parent                       
V         07 .Brother/Sister               
V         08 .Other Relative               
V         09 .Foster Child                 
V         10 .Non-Rel Of Ref Per W/Own     
V            .Rels In HH                   
V         11 .Partner/roommate             
V         12 .Non-Rel Of Ref Per W/No      
V            .Own Rels In HH               
                                           
*******************************************
*     SEE LOCATION 118 - 119 FOR AN       *
*     UNCOLLAPSED VERSION                 *
*******************************************
                                           
D PUPELIG     2    116                     
     INTERVIEW STATUS OF                   
     EACH PERSON IN THE HOUSEHOLD          
V          1 .Eligible For Interview       
V          2 .Labor Force Fully            
V            .Complete                     
V          3 .Missing Labor Force Data     
V            .For Person                   
V          4 .(Not Used)                   
V          5 .Assigned If Age Is Blank     
V          6 .Armed Forces Member          
V          7 .Under 15 Years Old           
V          8 .Not a HH Member              
V          9 .Deleted                      
V         10 .Deceased                     
V         11 .End Of List                  
V         12 .After End Of List            
                                           
D PERRP       2    118                     
     RELATIONSHIP TO                       
     REFERENCE PERSON                      
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, OR 3                    
  EXPANDED RELATIONSHIP CATEGORIES         
V         01 .Reference Person             
V            .W/Rels.                      
V         02 .Reference Person W/O         
V            .Rels.                        
V         03 .Spouse                       
V         04 .Child                        
V         05 .Grandchild                   
V         06 .Parent                       
V         07 .Brother/Sister               
V         08 .Other Rel. Or Ref.           
V            .Person                       
V         09 .Foster Child                 
V         10 .Nonrel. Of Ref. Person       
V            .W/Rels.                      
V         11 .Not Used                     
V         12 .Nonrel. Of Ref. Person       
V            .W/O Rels.                    
V         13 .Unmarried Partner            
V            .W/Rels.                      
V         14 .Unmarried Partner W/Out      
V            .Rels.                        
V         15 .Housemate/Roommate           
V            .W/Rels.                      
V         16 .Housemate/Roommate W/Out     
V            .Rels.                        
V         17 .Roomer/Boarder W/Rels.       
V         18 .Roomer/Boarder W/Out         
V            .Rels.                        
                                           
*******************************************
*     SEE LOCATION 114 - 115 FOR THE      *
*     COLLAPSED VERSION                   *
*******************************************
                                           
D PEPARENT    2    120                     
     LINE NUMBER OF PARENT                 
U EVERY PERSON                             
V         -1 .No Parent                    
V         01 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEAGE       2    122                     
     PERSONS AGE AS OF                     
     THE END OF SURVEY WEEK                
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         90 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PTAGE       1    124                     
     TOP CODE FOR AGE                      
V          0 .No Top Code                  
V          1 .Top Coded Value For Age      
                                           
*******************************************
* BEGINS IN APRIL 1996                    *
*******************************************
                                           
D PEMARITL    2    125                     
     MARITAL STATUS                        
U PEAGE >= 15                              
V          1 .Married - Spouse Present     
V          2 .Married - Spouse Absent      
V          3 .Widowed                      
V          4 .Divorced                     
V          5 .Separated                    
V          6 .Never Married                
                                           
D PESPOUSE    2    127                     
     LINE NUMBER OF SPOUSE                 
U PEMARITL = 1                             
V         -1 .No Spouse                    
V         01 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PESEX       2    129                     
     SEX                                   
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V          1 .Male                         
V          2 .Female                       
                                           
D PUAFEVER    2    131                     
     DID YOU EVER SERVE ON                 
     ACTIVE DUTY IN THE                    
     U.S. ARMED FORCES?                    
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEAFWHEN    2    133                     
     WHEN DID YOU SERVE?                   
U PRPERTYP = 2                             
V          1 .Vietnam Era (8/64-4/75)      
V          2 .Korean War (6/50-1/55)       
V          3 .World War II (9/40-7/47)     
V          4 .World War I (4/17-11/18)     
V          5 .Other Service (All Other     
V            .Periods)                     
V          6 .Nonveteran                   
                                           
D PEAFNOW     2    135                     
     ARE YOU NOW IN THE                    
     ARMED FORCES                          
U PRPERTYP = 2 0R 3                        
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEEDUCA     2    137                     
     HIGHEST LEVEL OF SCHOOL               
     COMPLETED OR DEGREE RECEIVED          
U PRPERTYP = 2 0R 3                        
V         31 .Less Than 1st Grade          
V         32 .1st, 2nd, 3rd Or 4th         
V            .Grade                        
V         33 .5th Or 6th Grade             
V         34 .7th Or 8th Grade             
V         35 .9th Grade                    
V         36 .10th Grade                   
V         37 .11th Grade                   
V         38 .12th Grade No Diploma        
V         39 .High School Grad-Diploma     
V            .Or Equiv (Ged)               
V         40 .Some College But No          
V            .Degree                       
V         41 .Associate Degree-            
V            .Occupational/Vocational      
V         42 .Associate Degree-            
V            .Academic Program             
V         43 .Bachelor's Degree (Ex:       
V            .BA, AB, BS)                  
V         44 .Master's Degree (Ex:         
V            .MA, MS, MENG, MED, MSW)      
V         45 .Professional School Deg      
V            .(Ex:  MD, DDS, DVM)          
V         46 .Doctorate Degree (Ex:        
V            .PHD, EDD)                    
                                           
D PERACE      2    139                     
     RACE                                  
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V          1 .White                        
V          2 .Black                        
V          3 .American Indian, Aleut,      
V            .Eskimo                       
V          4 .Asian Or Pacific             
V            .Islander                     
V          5 .Other - Specify (Deleted     
V            .January 1996)                
                                           
D PRORIGIN    2    141                     
     ORIGIN OR DESCENT                     
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V         01 .Mexican American            
V         02 .Chicano                     
V         03 .Mexican (Mexicano)          
V         04 .Puerto Rican                
V         05 .Cuban                       
V         06 .Central Or South            
V            .American                    
V         07 .Other Spanish               
V         08 .All Other                   
V         09 .Don't Know                  
V         10 .NA                          
                                           
D PUCHINHH    2    143                     
     CHANGE IN HOUSEHOLD                   
     COMPOSITION                           
V          1 .Person Added                 
V          2 .Person Added - Ure           
V          3 .Person Undeleted             
V          4 .Person Died                  
V          5 .Deleted For Reason Other     
V            .Than Death                   
V          6 .Person Joined Armed          
V            .Forces                       
V          7 .Person No Longer In AF       
V          9 .Change In Demographic        
V            .Information                  
                                           
D PURELFLG    2    145                     
     FLAG FOR RELATIONSHIP                 
     TO THE OWNER OF A BUSINESS.           
V          0 .Not Owner Or Related To      
V            .Owner                        
V          1 .Owner Of Bus Or Related      
V            .To Owner Of Bus              
                                           
D PULINENO    2    147                     
     PERSON'S LINE NUMBER                  
V         01 .Min Value                   
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D FILLER      2    149                     
                                           
D PRFAMNUM    2    151                     
     FAMILY NUMBER RECODE                  
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V         00 .Not A Family Member         
V         01 .Primary Family Member Only  
V         02 .Subfamily No. 2 Member      
V         03 .Subfamily No. 3 Member      
V         04 .Subfamily No. 4 Member      
V         05 .Subfamily No. 5 Member      
V         06 .Subfamily No. 6 Member      
V         07 .Subfamily No. 7 Member      
V         08 .Subfamily No. 8 Member      
V         09 .Subfamily No. 9 Member      
V         10 .Subfamily No. 10 Member     
V         11 .Subfamily No. 11 Member     
V         12 .Subfamily No. 12 Member     
V         13 .Subfamily No. 13 Member     
V         14 .Subfamily No. 14 Member     
V         15 .Subfamily No. 15 Member     
V         16 .Subfamily No. 16 Member     
V         17 .Subfamily No. 17 Member     
V         18 .Subfamily No. 18 Member     
V         19 .Subfamily No. 19 Member     
                                           
D PRFAMREL    2    153                     
     FAMILY RELATIONSHIP RECODE            
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V          0 .Not A Family Member          
V          1 .Reference Person             
V          2 .Spouse                       
V          3 .Child                        
V          4 .Other Relative               
V            .(Primary Family & Unrel)     
                                           
D PRFAMTYP    2    155                     
     FAMILY TYPE RECODE                    
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V          1 .Primary Family               
V          2 .Primary Individual           
V          3 .Related Subfamily            
V          4 .Unrelated Subfamily          
V          5 .Secondary Individual         
                                           
D PRHSPNON    2    157                     
     HISPANIC OR NON-HISPANIC              
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V          1 .Hispanic                     
V          2 .Non-Hipsanic                 
                                           
D PRMARSTA    2    159                     
     MARITAL STATUS BASED ON               
     ARMED FORCES PARTICIPATION            
U PRPERTYP = 2 0R 3                        
V          1 .Married, Civilian Spouse     
V            .Present                      
V          2 .Married, Armed Forces        
V            .Spouse Present               
V          3 .Married, Spouse Absent       
V            .(Exc. Separated)             
V          4 .Widowed                      
V          5 .Divorced                     
V          6 .Separated                    
V          7 .Never Married                
                                           
D PRPERTYP    2    161                     
     TYPE OF PERSON RECORD RECODE          
U ALL HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS                    
V          1 .Child Household Member       
V          2 .Adult Civilian Household     
V            .Member                       
V          3 .Adult Armed Forces           
V            .Household Member             
                                           
D PENATVTY    3    163                     
     COUNTRY OF BIRTH                      
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V        057 .United States                
V        072 .Puerto Rico                  
V        096 .U.S. Outlying Area           
V    100-554 .Foreign Country Or At        
V            .Sea                          
V        555 .Abroad, Country Not          
V            .Known                        
                                           
D PEMNTVTY    3    166                     
     MOTHER'S COUNTRY OF BIRTH             
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V        057 .United States                
V        072 .Puerto Rico                  
V        096 .U.S. Outlying Area * See     
V            .User Note 1                  
V    100-554 .Foreign Country Or At        
V            .Sea                          
V        555 .Abroad, Country Not          
V            .Known                        
                                           
D PEFNTVTY    3    169                     
     FATHER'S COUNTRY OF BIRTH             
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V        057 .United States                
V        072 .Puerto Rico                  
V        096 .U.S. Outlying Area           
V    100-554 .Foreign Country Or At        
V            .Sea                          
V        555 .Abroad, Country Not          
V            .Known                        
                                           
D PRCITSHP    2    172                     
     CITIZENSHIP STATUS                    
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R 3                    
V          1 .Native, Born In The          
V            .United States                
V          2 .Native, Born In Puerto       
V            .Rico or U.S. Outlying        
V            .Area                         
V          3 .Native, Born Abroad Of       
V            .American Parent Or           
V            .Parents                      
V          4 .Foreign Born, U.S.           
V            .Citizen By                   
V            .Naturalization               
V          5 .Foreign Born, Not A          
V            .Citizen Of The United        
V            .States                       
                                           
D PRCITFLG    2    174                     
     CITIZENSHIP ALLOCATION FLAG           
U PRPERTYP = 1, 2, 0R                      
  3 (See Allocation Flags                  
  attachment For Values Of                 
  Allocation Flags) Placed                 
  in this position because                 
  naming convention is different           
  from all other allocation flags.         
                                           
D PRINUSYR    2    176                     
     IMMIGRANT'S YEAR OF ENTRY             
U PRCITSHP = 2, 3, 4, OR 5                 
V         -1 .Not In Universe (Born In     
V            .U.S.)                        
V         00 .Not Foreign Born             
V         01 .Before 1950                  
V         02 .1950-1959                    
V         03 .1960-1964                    
V         04 .1965-1969                    
V         05 .1970-1974                    
V         06 .1975-1979                    
V         07 .1980-1981                    
V         08 .1982-1983                    
V         09 .1984-1985                    
V         10 .1986-1987                    
V         11 .1988-1989                    
V         12 .1990-1991                    
V         13 .1992-1995                    
                                           
*******************************************
* STARTING JANUARY 1996                    *
*******************************************
                                           
V         13 .1992-1993                    
V         14 .1994-1996                    
                                           
*******************************************
* STARTING JANUARY 1997                   *
*******************************************
                                           
V         14 .1994-1997
                                           
*******************************************
* STARTING JANUARY 1998                   *
*******************************************
                                           
V         14 .1994-1995                   
V         15 .1996-1998                   
                                           
*******************************************
*    A4.  PERSONS INFORMATION LABOR       *
*         FORCE ITEMS                     *
*******************************************
                                           
D PUSLFPRX    2    178                     
     LABOR FORCE INFORMATION COLLECTED     
     BY SELF OR PROXY RESPONSE             
V          1 .Self                         
V          2 .Proxy                        
V          3 .Both Self And Proxy          
                                           
D PEMLR       2    180                     
     MONTHLY LABOR FORCE RECODE            
U PRPERTYP = 2                             
V          1 .Employed-At Work             
V          2 .Employed-Absent              
V          3 .Unemployed-On Layoff         
V          4 .Unemployed-Looking           
V          5 .Not In Labor Force-          
V            .Retired                      
V          6 .Not In Labor Force-          
V            .Disabled                     
V          7 .Not In Labor Force-Other     
                                           
D PUWK        2    182                     
     LAST WEEK, DID YOU DO ANY             
     WORK FOR (EITHER) PAY (OR             
     PROFIT)?                              
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Retired                      
V          4 .Disabled                     
V          5 .Unable To Work               
                                           
D PUBUS1      2    184                     
     LAST WEEK, DID YOU DO ANY             
     UNPAID WORK IN THE FAMILY             
     BUSINESS OR FARM?                     
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUBUS2OT    2    186                     
     DO YOU RECEIVE ANY PAYMENTS           
     OR PROFITS FROM THE BUSINESS?         
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUBUSCK1    2    188                     
     CHECK ITEM 1                          
     Filter for questions on unpaid        
     work                                  
V          1 .Goto PUBUS1                  
V          2 .Goto PURETCK1                
                                           
D PUBUSCK2    2    190                     
     CHECK ITEM 2                          
     Skips owners of family                
     business who did not work last        
     week                                  
V          1 .Goto PUHRUSL1                
V          2 .Goto PUBUS2                  
D PUBUSCK3    2    192                     
     CHECK ITEM 3                          
V          1 .Goto PUABSRSN                
V          2 .Goto PULAY                   
                                           
D PUBUSCK4    2    194                     
     CHECK ITEM 4                          
V          1 .Goto PUHURSL1                
V          2 .Goto PUABSPD                 
                                           
D PURETOT     2    196                     
     RETIREMENT STATUS (LAST               
     MONTH YOU WERE REPORTED TO            
     BE RETIRED, ARE YOU STILL             
     RETIRED THIS MONTH?)                  
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Was Not Retired Last         
V            .Month                        
                                           
D PUDIS       2    198                     
     DISABILITY STATUS (LAST               
     MONTH YOU WERE REPORTED TO            
     HAVE A DISABILITY.)  DOES             
     YOUR DISABILITY CONTINUE TO           
     PREVENT YOU FROM DOING ANY            
     KIND OF WORK FOR THE NEXT             
     6 MONTHS?                             
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Did Not Have Disability      
V            .Last Month                   
                                           
D PERET1      2    200                     
     DO YOU CURRENTLY WANT A               
     JOB, EITHER FULL OR PART-TIME?        
U PEMLR = 5 AND                            
  (PURETOT = 1 OR (PUWK = 3 AND            
  PEAGE >= 50) OR (PUABS = 3 AND           
  PEAGE >= 50) OR (PULAY = 3 AND           
  PEAGE >= 50))                            
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Has A Job                    
                                           
D PUDIS1      2    202                     
     DOES YOUR DISABILITY                  
     PREVENT YOU FROM ACCEPTING            
     ANY KIND OF WORK DURING THE           
     NEXT SIX MONTHS?                      
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUDIS2      2    204                     
     DO YOU HAVE A DISABILITY              
     THAT PREVENTS YOU FROM ACCEPTING      
     ANY KIND OF WORK DURING THE           
     NEXT SIX MONTHS?                      
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUABSOT     2    206                     
     LAST WEEK DID YOU HAVE                
     A JOB EITHER FULL OR PART-TIME?       
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Retired                      
V          4 .Disabled                     
V          5 .Unable To Work               
                                           
D PULAY       2    208                     
     LAST WEEK, WERE YOU ON                
     LAYOFF FROM A JOB?                    
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Retired                      
V          4 .Disabled                     
V          5 .Unable To Work               
                                           
D PEABSRSN    2    210                     
     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON               
     YOU WERE ABSENT FROM                  
     WORK LAST WEEK?                       
U PEMLR = 2                                
V          1 .On Layoff                    
V          2 .Slack Work/Business          
V            .Conditions                   
V          3 .Waiting For A New Job To     
V            .Begin                        
V          4 .Vacation/Personal Days       
V          5 .Own Illness/Injury/          
V            .Medical Problems             
V          6 .Child Care Problems          
V          7 .Other Family/Personal        
V            .Obligation                   
V          8 .Maternity/Paternity          
V            .Leave                        
V          9 .Labor Dispute                
V         10 .Weather Affected Job         
V         11 .School/Training              
V         12 .Civic/Military Duty          
V         13 .Does Not Work In The         
V            .Business                     
V         14 .Other (Specify)              
                                           
D PEABSPDO    2    212                     
     ARE YOU BEING PAID BY                 
     YOUR EMPLOYER FOR ANY                 
     OF THE TIME OFF LAST WEEK?            
U PEABSRSN = 4-12, 14                      
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEMJOT      2    214                     
     DO YOU HAVE MORE THAN ONE JOB?        
U PEMLR = 1, 2                             
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEMJNUM     2    216                     
     ALTOGETHER, HOW MANY JOBS             
     DID YOU HAVE?                         
U PEMJOT = 1                               
V          2 .2 Jobs                       
V          3 .3 Jobs                       
V          4 .4 Or More Jobs               
                                           
D PEHRUSL1    2    218                     
     HOW MANY HOURS PER WEEK               
     DO YOU USUALLY WORK AT                
     YOUR MAIN JOB?                        
U PEMJOT = 1 OR 2                          
  AND PEMLR = 1 OR 2                       
V         -4 .Hours Vary                  
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEHRUSL2    2    220                     
     HOW MANY HOURS PER WEEK               
     DO YOU USUALLY WORK AT                
     YOUR OTHER (JOB/JOBS)?                
U PEMJOT = 1                               
  AND PEMLR = 1 OR 2                       
V         -4 .Hours Vary                   
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEHRFTPT    2    222                     
     DO YOU USUALLY WORK                   
     35 HOURS OR MORE PER WEEK?            
U PEHRUSL1 = -4                            
  OR PEHRUSL2 = -4                         
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Hours Vary                   
                                           
D PEHRUSLT    3    224                     
     SUM OF HRUSL1 AND HRUSL2.             
U PEMLR = 1 OR 2                           
V         -4 .Varies                       
V          0 .Min Value                    
V        198 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEHRWANT    2    227                     
     DO YOU WANT TO WORK A                 
     FULL-TIME WORKWEEK OF                 
     35 HOURS OR MORE PER WEEK?            
U PEHRUSLT = 0-34                          
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Regular Hours Are Full-      
V            .time                         
                                           
D PEHRRSN1    2    229                     
     WHAT IS YOUR MAIN REASON              
     FOR WORKING PART-TIME?                
U PEHRWANT = 1                             
  PEMLR = 1 AND PEHRUSLT < 35)             
V          1 .Slack Work/Business          
V            .Conditions                   
V          2 .Could Only Find Part-        
V            .Time Work                    
V          3 .Seasonal Work                
V          4 .Child Care Problems          
V          5 .Other Family/Personal        
V            .Obligations                  
V          6 .Health/Medical               
V            .Limitations                  
V          7 .School/Training              
V          8 .Retired/Social Security      
V            .Limit On Earnings            
V          9 .Full-Time Workweek Is        
V            .Less Than 35 Hrs             
V         10 .Other - Specify              
                                           
D PEHRRSN2    2    231                     
     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON               
     YOU DO NOT WANT TO WORK               
     FULL-TIME?                            
U PEHRWANT = 2 PEMLR = 1 AND               
  PEHRUSLT < 35)                           
V          1 .Child Care Problems          
V          2 .Other Family/Personal        
V            .Obligations                  
V          3 .Health/Medical               
V            .Limitations                  
V          4 .School/Training              
V          5 .Retired/Social Security      
V            .Limit On Earnings            
V          6 .Full-Time Workweek Less      
V            .Than 35 Hours                
V          7 .Other - Specify              
                                           
D PEHRRSN3    2    233                     
     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON YOU           
     WORKED LESS THAN                      
     35 HOURS LAST WEEK?                   
U PEHRACTT = 1-34                          
  AND PUHRCK7 NE 1, 2 (PEMLR = 1           
  AND PEHRUSLT = 35+)                      
V          1 .Slack Work/Business          
V            .Conditions                   
V          2 .Seasonal Work                
V          3 .Job Started Or Ended         
V            .During Week                  
V          4 .Vacation/Personal Day        
V          5 .Own Illness/Injury/          
V            .Medical Appointment          
V          6 .Holiday (Legal Or            
V            .Religious)                   
V          7 .Child Care Problems          
V          8 .Other Family/Personal        
V            .Obligations                  
V          9 .Labor Dispute                
V         10 .Weather Affected Job        
V         11 .School/Training             
V         12 .Civic/Military Duty         
V         13 .Other Reason                
                                           
D PUHROFF1    2    235                     
     LAST WEEK, DID YOU LOSE               
     OR TAKE OFF ANY HOURS FROM            
     YOUR JOB, FOR ANY REASON              
     SUCH AS ILLNESS, SLACK                
     WORK, VACATION, OR HOLIDAY?           
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUHROFF2    2    237                     
     HOW MANY HOURS DID                    
     YOU TAKE OFF?                         
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PUHROT1     2    239                     
     LAST WEEK, DID YOU WORK               
     ANY OVERTIME OR EXTRA                 
     HOURS (AT YOUR MAIN JOB)              
     THAT YOU DO NOT USUALLY WORK?         
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUHROT2     2    241                     
     HOW MANY ADDITIONAL HOURS             
     DID YOU WORK?                         
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEHRACT1    2    243                     
     LAST WEEK, HOW MANY HOURS             
     DID YOU ACTUALLY WORK AT              
     YOUR JOB?                             
U PEMLR = 1                                
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEHRACT2    2    245                     
     LAST WEEK, HOW MANY HOURS             
     DID YOU ACTUALLY WORK AT              
     YOUR OTHER (JOB/JOBS)                 
U PEMLR = 1                                
  AND PEMJOT = 1                           
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEHRACTT    3    247                     
     SUM OF PEHRACT1 AND PEHRACT2.         
U PEMLR = 1                                
V          0 .Min Value                    
V        198 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEHRAVL     2    250                     
     LAST WEEK, COULD YOU HAVE             
     WORKED FULL-TIME IF THE               
     HOURS HAD BEEN AVAILABLE?             
U PEHRACTT = 1-34                          
  (PEMLR = 1 AND PEHRUSLT < 35             
  AND PEHRRSN1 = 1, 2, 3)                  
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PULBHSEC    5    252                     
     TOTAL SECONDS TO COMPLETE             
     LABOR FORCE ITEMS.                    
V      00000 .Min Value                    
V      99999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PUHRCK1     2    257                     
     CHECK ITEM 1                          
V          1 .Goto PUHRUSL2                
V          2 .Goto PUHRUSLT                
                                           
D PUHRCK2     2    259                     
     CHECK ITEM 2                          
     SKIPS PERSONS RESPONDING              
     YES TO HRFTPT OUT OF PT SERIES        
V          1 .If entry of 1 in MJ and      
V            .entry of D, R OR V in        
V            .HRUSL1 and entry of D,       
V            .R, V or 0-34 in HRUSL2       
V            .goto HRFTPT                  
V          2 .If entry of 1 in MJ and      
V            .entry of D, R or V in        
V            .HRUSL2 and ntry of D, R      
V            .or 0-34 in RUSL1 goto        
V            .HRFTPT                       
V          3 .If entry of 2, D or R in     
V            .MJ and entry of D, R or      
V            .in HRUSL1 goto HRFTPT        
V          4 .If entry of 1 in BUS1        
V            .and entry of D, R or V       
V            .in HRUSL1 then goto          
V            .HRFTPT                       
V          5 .All others goto HRCK3-C      
                                           
D PUHRCK3     2    261                     
     CHECK ITEM 3                          
V          1 .If entry of 1 in Absot       
V            .or (entry or 2 in ABSOT      
V            .and entry of 1 in BUS        
V            .and CURRENT R_P EQUALS       
V            .BUSLST) then goto HRCK8      
V          2 .If entry of 3 in RET1        
V            .Goto HRCK8                   
V          3 .If entry in HRUSLT is 0-     
V            .34 hours goto HRCK4-C        
V          4 .If entry in HRUSLT is        
V            .35+ goto HROFF1              
V          5 .All others goto HRCK4-C      
V          6 .Goto PUHRCK4                 
                                           
D PUHRCK4     2    263                     
     CHECK ITEM 4                          
V          1 .If entry of 1, D, R or V     
V            .in HRFTPT then goto          
V            .HRACT1                       
V          2 .If entry of 2, D or R in     
V            .BUS2 then goto HROFF1        
V          3 .If HRUSLT is 0-34 then       
V            .goto HRWANT                  
V          4 .If entry of 2 in HRFTPT      
V            .then goto HRWANT             
V          5 .All others goto HRACT1       
                                           
D PUHRCK5     2    265                     
     CHECK ITEM 5                          
V          1 .If entry of 1 in MJOT        
V            .goto HRACT2                  
V          2 .All others goto HRCK6-C      
                                           
D PUHRCK6     2    267                     
     CHECK ITEM 6                          
V          1 .If HRACT1 and HRACT2 EQ      
V            .0 and entry of 2, D, R       
V            .in BUS2 then goto LK         
V          2 .If HRACT1 and HRACT2 EQ      
V            .0 then store 1 in ABSOT      
V            .and goto ABSRSN              
V          3 .All others goto HRACTT-C     
                                           
D PUHRCK7     2    269                     
     CHECK ITEM 7                          
V          1 .(If entry of 2, D or R       
V            .in BUS2) and (HRACT1         
V            .less then 15 or D) goto      
V            .HRCK8                        
V          2 .(If entry of 2, D or R       
V            .in BUS2) and (HRACT1 is      
V            .15+) goto HRCK8              
V          3 .(If HRUSLT is 35+ or if      
V            .entry of 1 in HRFTPT)        
V            .and (HRACTT < 35) and        
V            .entry in HRACT1 or           
V            .HRACT2 isn't D or R then     
V            .goto HRRSN3                  
V          4 .If entry of 1 in HRWANT      
V            .and HRACTT < 35 and          
V            .(entry of 1, 2, 3 in         
V            .HRRSN1) goto HRAVL           
V          5 .All others goto HRCK8        
                                           
D PUHRCK12    2    271                     
     CHECK ITEM 12                         
V          1 .If entry of 2, D or R in     
V            .BUS2 and HRACTT is less      
V            .than 15 or D goto LK         
V          2 .All others goto IOCK1        
                                           
                                           
D PULAYDTH    2    273                     
     AS YOUR EMPLOYER GIVEN YOU A          
     DATE TO RETURN TO WORK?               
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PULAY6M     2    275                     
     HAVE YOU BEEN GIVEN ANY               
     INDICATION THAT YOU WILL              
     BE RECALLED TO WORK WITHIN            
     THE NEXT 6 MONTHS?                    
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PELAYAVL    2    277                     
     COULD YOU HAVE RETURNED               
     TO WORK LAST WEEK IF YOU              
     HAD BEEN RECALLED?                    
U PEMLR = 3                                
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PULAYAVR    2    279                     
     WHY IS THAT?                          
V          1 .Own Temporary Illness        
V          2 .Going To School              
V          3 .Other                        
                                           
D PELAYLK     2    281                     
     EVEN THOUGH YOU ARE TO                
     BE CALLED BACK TO WORK,               
     HAVE YOU BEEN LOOKING FOR             
     WORK DURING THE LAST 4 WEEKS.         
U PELAYAVL= 1, 2                           
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PELAYDUR    3    283                     
     DURATION OF LAYOFF                    
U PELAYLK = 1, 2                           
V          1 .Min Value                    
V        260 .Max Value                  
                                           
D PELAYFTO    2    286                     
     FT/PT STATUS OF JOB FROM              
     WHICH SAMPLE PERSON WAS               
     ON LAYOFF FROM                        
U PELAYDUR = 0-120                         
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PULAYCK1    2    288                     
     CHECK ITEM 1                          
V          1 .Goto PULAYCK3                
V          2 .Goto PULAYFT                 
V          3 .Goto PULAYDR                 
                                           
D PULAYCK2    2    290                     
     CHECK ITEM 2                          
     Screen for dependent layoff           
V          1 .Goto PULAYDR3                
V          2 .Goto PULAYFT                 
                                           
D PULAYCK3    2    292                     
     Check item 3 filter for               
     dependent I & O                       
V          1 .MISCK = 5 goto IO1INT        
V          2 .I-ICR = 1 or I-OCR = 1,      
V            .goto IO1INT                  
V          3 .All others goto SCHCK        
                                           
D PULK        2    294                     
     HAVE YOU BEEN DOING                   
     ANYTHING TO FIND WORK                 
     DURING THE LAST 4 WEEKS?              
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Retired                      
V          4 .Disabled                     
V          5 .Unable To Work               
                                           
D PELKM1      2    296                     
     WHAT ARE ALL OF THE THINGS            
     YOU HAVE DONE TO FIND WORK            
     DURING THE LAST 4  WEEKS?             
     (FIRST ANSWER)                        
U PEMLR = 4                                
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked                      
V            .Union/Professional           
V            .Registers                    
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         12 .Nothing                      
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKM2      2    298                     
     ANYTHING ELSE?  (SECOND ANSWER)       
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKM3      2    300                     
     SAME AS PULKM2  ( THIRD ANSWER)       
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKM4      2    302                     
     SAME AS PULKM2  (FOURTH ANSWER)       
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKM5      2    304                     
     SAME AS PULKM2  (FIFTH ANSWER)        
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .university Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKM6      2    306                     
     SAME AS PULKM2  (SIXTH ANSWER)        
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Pulbic             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKDK1     2    308                     
     YOU SAID YOU HAVE BEEN                
     TRYING TO FIND WORK.                  
     HOW DID YOU GO ABOUT LOOKING?         
     (FIRST ANSWER)                        
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         12 .Nothing                      
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKDK2     2    310                     
     ANYTHING ELSE?  (SECOND ANSWER)       
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKDK3     2    312                     
     SAME AS PULKDK2  (THIRD ANSWER)       
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKDK4     2    314                     
     SAME AS PULKDK2  (FOURTH ANSWER)      
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads               
V         11 .Attended Job Training       
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive               
                                           
D PULKDK5     2    316                     
     SAME AS PULKDK2  ( FIFTH ANSWER)      
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKDK6     2    318                     
     SAME AS PULKDK2                       
     (SIXTH ANSWER)                        
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted                    
V            .School/University Empl       
V            .Center                       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKPS1     2    320                     
     CAN YOU TELL ME MORE ABOUT            
     WHAT YOU DID TO SEARCH                
     FOR WORK?  (FIRST ANSWER)             
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         12 .Nothing                      
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKPS2     2    322                     
     ANYTHING ELSE?  (SECOND ANSWER)       
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKPS3     2    324                     
     SAME AS PULKPS2  (THIRD ANSWER)       
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKPS4     2    326                     
     SAME AS PULKPS2  (FOURTH ANSWER)      
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKPS5     2    328                     
     SAME AS PULKPS2  (FIFTH ANSWER)       
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PULKPS6     2    330                     
     SAME AS PULKPS2  (SIXTH ANSWER)       
V          1 .Contacted Employer           
V            .Directly/Interview           
V          2 .Contacted Public             
V            .Employment Agency            
V          3 .Contacted Private            
V            .Employment Agency            
V          4 .Contacted Friends Or         
V            .Relatives                    
V          5 .Contacted School/            
V            .University Empl Center       
V          6 .Sent Out Resumes/Filled      
V            .Out Application              
V          7 .Checked Union/               
V            .Professional Registers       
V          8 .Placed Or Answered Ads       
V          9 .Other Active                 
V         10 .Looked At Ads                
V         11 .Attended Job Training        
V            .Programs/Courses             
V         13 .Other Passive                
                                           
D PELKAVL     2    332                     
     LAST WEEK, COULD YOU HAVE             
     STARTED A JOB IF ONE HAD BEEN         
     OFFERED?                              
U PELKM1 = 1 - 13                          
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PULKAVR     2    334                     
     WHY IS THAT?                          
V          1 .Waiting For New Job To       
V            .Begin                        
V          2 .Own Temporary Illness        
V          3 .Going To School              
V          4 .Other - Specify              
                                           
D PELKLL1O    2    336                     
     BEFORE YOU STARTED LOOKING            
     FOR WORK, WHAT WERE YOU DOING:        
     WORKING, GOING TO SCHOOL, OR          
     SOMETHING ELSE?                       
U PELKAVL = 1-2                            
V          1 .Working                      
V          2 .School                       
V          3 .Left Military Service        
V          4 .Something Else               
                                           
D PELKLL2O    2    338                     
     DID YOU LOSE OR QUIT THAT             
     JOB, OR WAS IT A TEMPORARY            
     JOB THAT ENDED?                       
U PELKLL1O = 1 OR 3                        
V          1 .Lost Job                     
V          2 .Quit Job                     
V          3 .Temporary Job Ended          
                                           
D PELKLWO     2    340                     
     WHEN LAST WORKED                      
U PELKLL1O = 1 - 4                         
V          1 .Within The Last 12           
V            .Months                       
V          2 .More Than 12 Months Ago      
V          3 .Never Worked                 
                                           
D PELKDUR     3    342                     
     DURATION OF JOB SEEKING               
U PELKLWO = 1 - 3                          
V          0 .Min Value                    
V        999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PELKFTO     2    345                     
     FT/PT STATUS OF JOBSEEKER             
U PELKDUR = 0-120                          
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Doesn't Matter               
                                           
D PEDWWNTO    2    347                     
     DO YOU CURRENTLY WANT A               
     JOB, EITHER FULL OR PART TIME?        
U PUDWCK1 = 3, 4, -1                       
V          1 .Yes, Or Maybe, It            
V            .Depends                      
V          2 .No                           
V          3 .Retired                      
V          4 .Disabled                     
V          5 .Unable                       
                                           
D PEDWRSN     2    349                     
     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON               
     YOU WERE NOT LOOKING FOR              
     WORK DURING THE LAST 4 WEEKS?         
U PUDWCK4 = 4, -1                          
V          1 .Believes No Work             
V            .Available In Area Of         
V            .Expertise                    
V          2 .Couldn't Find Any Work       
V          3 .Lacks Necessary              
V            .Schooling/Training           
V          4 .Employers Think Too          
V            .Young Or Too Old             
V          5 .Other Types Of               
V            .Discrimination               
V          6 .Can't Arrange Child Care     
V          7 .Family Responsibilities      
V          8 .In School Or Other           
V            .Training                     
V          9 .Ill-Health, Physical         
V            .Disability                   
V         10 .Transportation Problems      
V         11 .Other - Specify              
                                           
D PEDWLKO     2    351                     
     DID YOU LOOK FOR WORK AT              
     ANY TIME IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS        
U (PUDWCK4 = 1-3) or (PEDWRSN = 1-11)      
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEDWWK      2    353                     
     DID YOU ACTUALLY WORK AT              
     A JOB OR BUSINESS DURING THE          
     LAST 12 MONTHS?                       
U PEDWLKO = 1                              
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEDW4WK     2    355                     
     DID YOU DO ANY OF THIS WORK           
     DURING THE LAST 4 WEEKS?              
U PEDWWK = 1                               
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEDWLKWK    2    357                     
     SINCE YOU LEFT THAT JOB               
     OR BUSINESS HAVE YOU LOOKED           
     FOR WORK?                             
U PEDW4WK = 2                              
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEDWAVL     2    359                     
     LAST WEEK, COULD YOU HAVE             
     STARTED A JOB IF ONE HAD              
     BEEN OFFERED?                         
U (PEDWWK = 2) or (PEDWLKWK = 1)           
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEDWAVR     2    361                     
     WHY IS THAT?                          
U PEDWAVL = 2                              
V          1 .Own Temporary Illness        
V          2 .Going To School              
V          3 .Other                        
                                           
D PUDWCK1     2    363                     
     SCREEN FOR DISCOURAGED WORKERS        
V          1 .If Entry Of 2 In BUS2        
V            .Goto PUSCHCK                 
V          2 .If Entry Of 3 On ABSRSN      
V            .Goto PUNLFCK1                
V          3 .If Entry Of 1 In RDT1,       
V            .Store 1 In DWWNTO And        
V            .Goto PUDWCK4                 
V          4 .All Others Goto PUDWWNT      
                                           
D PUDWCK2     2    365                     
     SCREEN FOR DISABLED                   
V          1 .If Entry In DIS1 Or DIS2     
V            .Goto PUJHCK1-c               
V          2 .If Entry Of 4 In DWWNT       
V            .Goto PUDIS1                  
V          3 .If Entry Of 5 In DWWNT       
V            .Goto PUDIS2                  
V          4 .All Others Goto PUDWCK4      
                                           
D PUDWCK3     2    367                     
     FILTER FOR RETIRED                    
V          1 .If AGERNG Equals 1-4 Or      
V            .9 Goto PUDWCK4               
V          2 .All Others Goto PUNLFCK2     
                                           
D PUDWCK4     2    369                     
     FILTER FOR PASSIVE JOB SEEKERS        
V          1 .If entry of 10 and/or 11     
V            .and/or 13 only in LKM1-      
V            .LKM3 goto PUDWCK5            
V          2 .If entry of 10 and/or 11     
V            .and/or 13 only in LKDK1-     
V            .LKDK3 goto PUDWCK5           
V          3 .If entry of 10 and/or 11     
V            .and/or 13 only in LKPS1-     
V            .LKPS3 goto PUDWCK5           
V          4 .All others goto PUDWRSN      
                                           
D PUDWCK5     2    371                     
     FILTER FOR PASSIVE JOB SEEKERS        
V          1 .If entry of 1 in LK then     
V            .store 1 in DWLKO and         
V            .goto PUDWWK                  
V          2 .All others goto PUDWLK       
                                           
D PEJHWKO     2    373                     
     HAVE YOU WORKED AT A JOB OR           
     BUSINESS AT ANY TIME DURING           
     THE PAST 12 MONTHS?                   
U HRMIS = 4 or 8 AND PEMLR = 5, 6, AND 7   
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUJHDP1O    2    375                     
     DID YOU DO ANY OF THIS WORK           
     IN THE LAST 4 WEEKS?                  
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEJHRSN     2    377                     
     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON YOU           
     LEFT YOUR LAST JOB?                   
U PEJHWKO = 1                              
V          1 .Personal/Family              
V            .(Including Pregnancy)        
V          2 .Return To School             
V          3 .Health                       
V          4 .Retirement Or Old Age        
V          5 .Temp, Seasonal Or            
V            .Intermittent Job             
V            .Complete                     
V          6 .Slack Work/Business          
V            .Conditions                   
V          7 .Unsatisfactory Work          
V            .Arrangements (Hrs, Pay,      
V            .Etc.)                        
V          8 .Other - Specify              
                                           
D PEJHWANT    2    379                     
     DO YOU INTEND TO LOOK FOR             
     WORK DURING THE NEXT 12 MONTHS?       
U (PEJHWKO = 2) or (PEJHRSN = 1-8)         
V          1 .Yes, Or It Depends           
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUJHCK1     2    381                     
     FILTER FOR OUTGOING ROTATIONS         
V          1 .IF PURET1 = 1, -2, or -3     
V            .then goto NLFCK2             
V          2 .IF MISCK equals 4 or 8       
V            .then goto PUJHCK2            
V          3 .ll others goto PUNLFCK1      
                                           
D PUJHCK2     2    383                     
     FILTER FOR PERSONS GOING              
     THROUGH THE I AND O SERIES            
V          1 .If entry of 1 in DWWK        
V            .and I-MLR= 3, 4 Then         
V            .store 1 in JHWKO, store      
V            .DW4WK in JHDP1O and goto     
V            .PUJHRSN                      
V          2 .If entry of 2, D or R in     
V            .DWWK then store DWWK in      
V            .JHWKO and goto PUJHWANT      
V          3 .All others goto PUJHWK       
                                           
D PRABSREA    2    385                     
     REASON NOT AT WORK AND PAY            
     STATUS                                
U PEMLR = 2                                
V          1 .Ft Paid-Vacation             
V          2 .Ft Paid-Own Illness          
V          3 .Ft Paid-Child Care           
V            .Problems                     
V          4 .Ft Paid-Other                
V            .Family/Personal Oblig.       
V          5 .Ft Paid-                     
V            .Maternity/Paternity          
V            .Leave                        
V          6 .Ft Paid-Labor Dispute        
V          7 .Ft Paid-Weather Affected     
V            .Job                          
V          8 .Ft Paid-School/Training      
V          9 .Ft Paid-Civic/Military       
V            .Duty                         
V         10 .Ft Paid-Other                
V         11 .Ft Unpaid-Vacation           
V         12 .Ft Unpaid-Own Illness        
V         13 .Ft Unpaid-Child Care         
V            .Problems                     
V         14 .Ft Unpaid-Other              
V            .Fam/Personal Obligation      
V         15 .Ft Unpaid-                   
V            .Maternity/Paternity          
V            .Leave                        
V         16 .Ft Unpaid-Labor Dispute      
V         17 .Ft Unpaid-Weather            
V            .Affected Job                 
V         18 .Ft Unpaid-                   
V            .School/Training              
V         19 .Ft Unpaid-Civic/Military     
V            .Duty                         
V         20 .Ft Unpaid-Other              
V         22 .Pt Paid-Own Illness          
V         23 .Pt Paid-Child Care           
V            .Problems                     
V         24 .Pt Paid-Other Family/        
V            .Personal Oblig.              
V         25 .Pt Paid-Maternity/           
V            .Paternity Leave              
V         26 .Pt Paid-Labor Dispute        
V         27 .Pt Paid-Weather Affected     
V            .Job                          
V         28 .Pt Paid-School/Training      
V         29 .Pt Paid-Civic/Military       
V            .Duty                         
V         30 .Pt Paid-Other                
V         31 .Pt Unpaid-Vacation           
V         32 .Pt Unpaid-Own Illness        
V         33 .Pt Unpaid-Child Care         
V            .Problems                     
V         34 .Pt Unpaid-Other Fam/         
V            .Personal Obligation          
V         35 .Pt Unpaid-Maternity/         
V            .Paternity Leave              
V         36 .Pt Unpaid-Labor Dispute      
V         37 .Pt Unpaid-Weather            
V            .Affected Job                 
V         38 .Pt Unpaid-School/            
V            .Training                     
V         39 .Pt Unpaid-Civic/Military     
V            .Duty                         
V         40 .Pt Unpaid-Other              
                                           
D PRCIVLF     2    387                     
     CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                  
U PEMLR = 1-7                              
V         01 .In Civilian Labor Force      
V         02 .Not In Civilian Labor        
V            .Force                        
                                           
D PRDISC      2    389                     
     DISCOURAGED WORKER RECODE             
U PRJOBSEA = 1-4                           
V          1 .Discouraged Worker           
V          2 .Conditionally Interested     
V          3 .Not Available                
                                           
D PREMPHRS    2    391                     
     REASON NOT AT WORK OR HOURS AT        
     WORK                                  
U PEMLR = 1-7                              
V          0 .Unemployed And Nilf          
V          1 .W/Job, Not At Work-          
V            .Illnes                       
V          2 .W/Job, Not At Work-          
V            .Vacation                     
V          3 .W/Job, Not At Work-          
V            .Weather Affected Job         
V          4 .W/Job, Not At Work-Labor     
V            .Dispute                      
V          5 .W/Job, Not At Work-Child     
V            .Care Problems                
V          6 .W/Job, Not At Work-          
V            .Fam/Pers Obligation          
V          7 .W/Job, Not At Work-          
V            .Maternity/Paternity          
V          8 .W/Job, Not At Work-          
V            .School/Training              
V          9 .W/Job, Not At Work-          
V            .Civic/Military Duty          
V         10 .W/Job, Not At Work-Does      
V            .Not Work In Bus              
V         11 .W/Job, Not At Work-Other     
V         12 .At Work- 1-4 Hrs             
V         13 .At Work- 5-14 Hrs            
V         14 .At Work- 15-21 Hrs           
V         15 .At Work- 22-29 Hrs           
V         16 .At Work- 30-34 Hrs           
V         17 .At Work- 35-39 Hrs           
V         18 .At Work- 40 Hrs              
V         19 .At Work- 41-47 Hrs           
V         20 .At Work- 48 Hrs              
V         21 .At Work- 49-59 Hrs           
V         22 .At Work- 60 Hrs Or More      
                                           
D PREMPNOT    2    393                     
     MLR - EMPLOYED, UNEMPLOYED,           
     OR NILF                               
U PEMLR = 1-7                              
V          1 .Employed                     
V          2 .Unemployed                   
V          3 .Not In Labor Force           
V            .(Nilf)-Discouraged           
V          4 .Not In Labor Force           
V            .(Nilf)-Other                 
                                           
D PREXPLF     2    395                     
     EXPERIENCED LABOR FORCE               
     EMPLOYMENT                            
U PEMLR = 1-4 AND PELKLWO ne 3             
V          1 .Employed                     
V          2 .Unemployed                   
                                           
D PRFTLF      2    397                     
     FULL TIME LABOR FORCE                 
U PEMLR = 1-4                              
V          1 .Full Time Labor Force        
V          2 .Part Time Labor Force        
                                           
D PRHRUSL     2    399                     
     USUAL HOURS WORKED WEEKLY             
U PEMLR = 1-2                              
V          1 .0-20 Hrs                     
V          2 .21-34 Hrs                    
V          3 .35-39 Hrs                    
V          4 .40 Hrs                       
V          5 .41-49 Hrs                    
V          6 .50 Or More Hrs               
V          7 .Varies-Full Time             
V          8 .Varies-Part Time             
                                           
D PRJOBSEA    2    401                     
     JOB SEARCH RECODE                     
U PRWNTJOB = 1                             
V          1 .Looked Last 4 Weeks -        
V            .Not Worked                   
V          2 .Looked Last 4 Weeks -        
V            .Worked                       
V          3 .Looked Last 4 Weeks -        
V            .Layoff                       
V          4 .Unavailable Job Seekers      
V          5 .No Recent Job Search         
                                           
D PRPTHRS     2    403                     
     AT WORK 1-34 BY HOURS AT WORK         
U PEMLR = 1 AND PEHRACTT = 1-34            
V          0 .Usualy Ft, Pt For            
V            .Noneconomic Reasons          
V          1 .Usu.Ft, Pt Econ Reasons;     
V            .1-4 Hrs                      
V          2 .Usu.Ft, Pt Econ Reasons;     
V            .5-14 Hrs                     
V          3 .Usu.Ft, Pt Econ Reasons;     
V            .15-29 Hrs                    
V          4 .Usu.Ft, Pt Econ Reasons;     
V            .30-34 Hrs                    
V          5 .Usu.Pt, Econ Reasons;        
V            .1-4 Hrs                      
V          6 .Usu.Pt, Econ Reasons;        
V            .5-14 Hrs                     
V          7 .Usu.Pt, Econ Reasons;        
V            .15-29 Hrs                    
V          8 .Usu.Pt, Econ Reasons;        
V            .30-34 Hrs                    
V          9 .Usu.Pt, Non-Econ             
V            .Reasons; 1-4 Hrs             
V         10 .Usu.Pt, Non-Econ             
V            .Reasons; 5-14 Hrs            
V         11 .Usu.Pt, Non-Econ             
V            .Reasons; 15-29 Hrs           
V         12 .Usu.Pt, Non-Econ             
V            .Reasons; 30-34 Hrs           
                                           
D PRPTREA     2    405                     
     DETAILED REASON FOR PART-TIME         
U PEMLR = 1 AND (PEHRUSLT = 0-34 OR        
  PEHRACTT = 1-34)                         
V          1 .Usu. Ft-Slack                
V            .Work/Business Conditions     
V          2 .Usu. Ft-Seasonal Work        
V          3 .Usu. Ft-Job                  
V            .Started/Ended During         
V            .Week                         
V          4 .Usu. Ft-                     
V            .Vacation/Personal Day        
V          5 .Usu. Ft-Own                  
V            .Illness/Injury/Medical       
V            .Appointment                  
V          6 .Usu. Ft-Holiday              
V            .(Religious Or Legal)         
V          7 .Usu. Ft-Child Care           
V            .Problems                     
V          8 .Usu. Ft-Other Fam/Pers       
V            .Obligations                  
V          9 .Usu. Ft-Labor Dispute        
V         10 .Usu. Ft-Weather Affected     
V            .Job                          
V         11 .Usu. Ft-School/Training      
V         12 .Usu. Ft-Civic/Military       
V            .Duty                         
V         13 .Usu. Ft-Other Reason         
V         14 .Usu. Pt-Slack                
V            .Work/Business Conditions     
V         15 .Usu. Pt-Could Only Find      
V            .Pt Work                      
V         16 .Usu. Pt-Seasonal Work        
V         17 .Usu. Pt-Child Care           
V            .Problems                     
V         18 .Usu. Pt-Other Fam/Pers       
V            .Obligations                  
V         19 .Usu. Pt-Health/Medical       
V            .Limitations                  
V         20 .Usu. Pt-School/Training      
V         21 .Usu. Pt-Retired/S.S.         
V            .Limit On Earnings            
V         22 .Usu. Pt-Workweek <35         
V            .Hours                        
V         23 .Usu. Pt-Other Reason         
                                           
D PRUNEDUR    3    407                     
     DURATION OF UNEMPLOYMENT FOR          
     LAYOFF AND LOOKING RECORDS            
U PEMLR = 3-4                              
V          0 .Min Value                    
V        999 .Max Value                  
                                           
D PRUSFTPT    2    410                     
     USUAL FULLTIME/PARTTIME STATUS        
U PEMLR = 1-2                              
V          1 .Full Time                    
V          2 .Part Time                    
V          3 .Status Unknown               
                                           
D PRUNTYPE    2    412                     
     REASON FOR UNEMPLOYMENTU              
U PEMLR = 3-4                              
V          1 .Job Loser/On Layoff          
V          2 .Other Job Loser              
V          3 .Temporary Job Ended          
V          4 .Job Leaver                   
V          5 .Re-Entrant                   
V          6 .New-Entrant                  
                                           
D PRWKSCH     2    414                     
     LABOR FORCE BY TIME WORKED OR         
     LOST                                  
U PEMLR = 1 - 7                            
V          0 .Not In Labor Force           
V          1 .At Work                      
V          2 .With Job, Not At Work        
V          3 .Unemployed, Seeks Ft         
V          4 .Unemployed, Seeks Pt         
                                           
D PRWKSTAT    2    416                     
     FULL/PART-TIME WORK STATUS            
U PEMLR = 1-7                              
V          1 .Not In Labor Force           
V          2 .Ft Hours (35+),              
V            .Usually Ft                   
V          3 .Pt For Economic Reasons,     
V            .Usually Ft                   
V          4 .Pt For Non-Economic          
V            .Reasons, Usually Ft          
V          5 .Not At Work, Usually Ft      
V          6 .Pt Hrs, Usually Pt For       
V            .Economic Reasons             
V          7 .Pt Hrs, Usually Pt For       
V            .Non-Economic Reasons         
V          8 .Ft Hours, Usually Pt For     
V            .Economic Reasons             
V          9 .Ft Hours, Usually Pt For     
V            .Non-Economic                 
V         10 .Not At Work, Usually        
V            .Part-Time                    
V         11 .Unemployed Ft               
V         12 .Unemployed Pt               
                                           
D PRWNTJOB    2    418                     
     NILF RECODE - WANT A JOB OR           
     OTHER NILF                            
U PEMLR = 5-7                              
V          1 .Want A Job                   
V          2 .Other Not In Labor Force     
                                           
D PUJHCK3     2    420                     
     JOB HISTORY CHECK ITEM                
V          1 .If I-MLR EQ 3 or 4 then      
V            .goto PUJHDP1                 
V          2 .All others goto PUJHRSN      
                                           
D PUJHCK4     2    422                     
     SCREEN FOR DEPENDENT NILF             
V          1 .If entry of 2, D or R in     
V            .PUDW4WK or in PUJHDP1O       
V            .then goto PUJHCK5            
V          2 .If entry of 1 in PUDW4WK     
V            .or in PUJHDP10 then goto     
V            .PUIO1INT                     
V          3 .If I-MLR equals 1 or 2       
V            .and entry in PUJHRSN         
V            .then goto PUJHCK5            
V          4 .If entry in PUJHRSN then     
V            .goto PUIO1INT                
V          5 .All others goto PUNLFCK1     
                                           
D PUJHCK5     2    424                     
     SCREEN FOR DEPENDENT NILF             
V          1 .If I-IO1ICR equals 1 or      
V            .I-IO1OCR equals 1 then       
V            .goto PUIO1INT                
V          2 .All others goto PUIOCK5      
                                           
D PUIODP1     2    426                     
     LAST MONTH, IT WAS REPORTED           
     THAT YOU WORKED FOR (EMPLOYER'S       
     NAME).  DO STILL WORK FOR             
     (EMPLOYER'S NAME) (AT YOUR            
     MAIN JOB)?                            
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUIODP2     2    428                     
     HAVE THE USUAL ACTIVITIES AND         
     DUTIES OF YOUR JOB CHANGED            
     SINCE LAST MONTH?                     
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PUIODP3     2    430                     
     LAST MONTH YOU WERE REPORTED          
     AS (A/AN) (OCCUPATION) AND            
     YOUR USUAL ACTIVITIES WERE            
     (DESCRIPTION).  IS THIS AN            
     ACCURATE DESCRIPTION OF               
     YOUR CURRENT JOB?                     
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEIO1COW    2    432                     
     INDIVIDUAL CLASS OF WORKER            
     CODE ON FIRST JOB NOTE:  A            
     PEIO1COW CODE CAN BE ASSIGNED         
     EVEN IF AN INDIVIDUAL IS NOT          
     CURRENTLY EMPLOYED.                   
U (PEMLR = 1-3) OR (PEMLR = 4 AND          
  PELKLWO = 1-2) OR (PEMLR = 5 AND         
  (PENLFJH = 1 OR PEJHWKO = 1)             
  OR (PEMLR = 6 AND PENLFJH = 1)           
  OR (PEMLR = 7 AND PEJHWKO = 1)           
V          1 .Government - Federal         
V          2 .Government - State           
V          3 .Government - Local           
V          4 .Private, For Profit          
V          5 .Private, Nonprofit           
V          6 .Self-Employed,               
V            .Incorporated                 
V          7 .Self-Employed,               
V            .Unincorporated               
V          8 .Without Pay                  
                                           
D PUIO1MFG    2    434                     
     IS THIS BUSINESS OR                   
     ORGANIZATION MAINLY                   
     MANUFACTURING, RETAIL                 
     TRADE, WHOLESALE TRADE,               
     OR SOMETHING ELSE?                    
V          1 .Manufacturing                
V          2 .Retail Trade                 
V          3 .Wholesale Trade              
V          4 .Something Else               
                                           
D PEIO1ICD    3    436                     
     INDUSTRY CODE FOR PRIMARY JOB         
U (PEMLR = 1-3) OR (PEMLR = 4 AND          
  PELKLWO = 1-2) OR (PEMLR = 5 AND         
  (PENLFJH = 1 OR PEJHWKO = 1)) OR         
  (PEMLR = 6 AND PENLFJH = 1) OR           
  (PEMLR = 7 AND PEJHWKO=1)                
V          0 .Min Value                    
V        999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEIO1OCD    3    439                     
     OCCUPATION CODE FOR PRIMARY JOB.      
U (PEMLR = 1-3) OR (PEMLR = 4 AND          
  PELKLWO = 1-2) OR (PEMLR = 5 AND         
  (PENLFJH = 1 OR PEJHWKO = 1)) OR         
  (PEMLR = 6 AND PENLFJH = 1) OR           
  (PEMLR = 7 AND PEJHWKO = 1)              
V          0 .Min Value                    
V        999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEIO2COW    2    442                     
     INDIVIDUAL CLASS OF WORKER            
     ON SECOND JOB.                        
     NOTE:  FOR THOSE SELF-EMPLOYED        
     UNINCORPORATED ON THEIR FIRST         
     JOB, THIS SHOULD HAVE A RESPONSE      
     EVERY MONTH.  FOR ALL OTHERS,         
     THIS SHOULD ONLY HAVE A VALUE IN      
     OUT-GOING ROTATIONS.                  
U PEMJOT = 1 AND (HRMIS = 4,8 OR           
  PEIO1COW = 7,8)                          
V          1 .Government - Federal         
V          2 .Government - State           
V          3 .Government - Local           
V          4 .Private, For Profit          
V          5 .Private, Nonprofit           
V          6 .Self-Employed,               
V            .Incorporated                 
V          7 .Self-Employed,               
V            .Unincorporated               
V          8 .Without Pay                  
V          9 .Unknown                      
V         10 .Government, Level           
V            .Unknown                      
V         11 .Self-Employed, Incorp.      
V            .Status Unknown               
                                           
D PUIO2MFG    2    444                     
     IS THIS BUSINESS OR                   
     ORGANIZATION MAINLY                   
     MANUFACTURING, RETAIL TRADE,          
     WHOLESALE TRADE, OR SOMETHING         
     ELSE?                                 
V          1 .Manufacturing                
V          2 .Retail Trade                 
V          3 .Wholesale Trade              
V          4 .Something Else               
                                           
D PEIO2ICD    3    446                     
     INDUSTRY CODE FOR SECOND JOB.         
U PEMJOT = 1                               
  AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8                       
V          0 .Min Value                    
V        999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEIO2OCD    3    449                     
     OCCUPATION CODE FOR SECOND JOB.       
U PEMJOT = 1                               
  AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8                       
V          0 .Min Value                    
V        999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PUIOCK1     2    452                     
     I & O CHECK ITEM 1 SCREEN FOR         
     DEPENDENT I AND O                     
V          1 .If {MISCK EQ 1 or 5) or      
V            .MISCK EQ 2-4, 6-8 and I-     
V            .MLR EQ 3-7) and entry of     
V            .1 in ABS} then goto          
V            .PUIO1INT                     
V          2 .If (MISCK EQ 1 or 5) or      
V            .{(MISCK EQ 2-4, 6-8 and      
V            .I-MLR EQ 3-7) and (entry     
V            .of 1 in WK or HRCK7-C is     
V            .blank, 1-3) goto             
V            .PUIO1INT                     
V          3 .If I-IO1NAM is D, R or       
V            .blank then goto PUIO1INT     
V          4 .All others goto PUIODP1      
                                           
D PUIOCK2     2    454                     
     I & O CHECK ITEM 2 SCREEN FOR         
     PREVIOUS MONTHS I AND O CASES         
V          1 .If I-IO1ICR EQ 1 then        
V            .goto PUIO1IND                
V          2 .If I-IO1OCR EQ 1 then        
V            .goto PUIO1OCC                
V          3 .All others goto PUIODP2      
                                           
D PUIOCK3     2    456                     
     I & O CHECK ITEM 3                    
V          1 .If I-IO1OCC equals D, R      
V            .or blank then goto           
V            .PUIO1OCC                     
V          2 .If I-IO1DT1 is D, R or       
V            .blank then goto PUIO1OCC     
V          3 .All others goto PUIODP3      
                                           
D PRIOELG     2    458                     
     INDUSTRY AND OCCUPATION               
     ELIGIBILITY FLAG                      
U PEMLR = 1-3,                             
  OR (PEMLR = 4 AND PELKLWO = 1            
  OR 2) OR (PEMLR = 5 AND                  
  PEJHWKO = 1 OR PENLFJH=1),               
  OR (PEMLR = 6 AND PENLFJH = 1),          
  OR PEMLR = 7 AND PEJHWKO = 1)            
V          0 .Not Eligible For Edit        
V          1 .Eligible For Edit            
                                           
D PRAGNA      2    460                     
     AGRICULTURE/NON-AGRICULTURE           
     INDUSTRY                              
U PRIOELG = 1                              
V          1 .Agricultural                 
V          2 .Non-Agricultural             
                                           
D PRCOW1      2    462                     
     CLASS OF WORKER RECODE - JOB 1        
U PRIOELG = 1                              
V          1 .Federal Govt                 
V          2 .State Govt                   
V          3 .Local Govt                   
V          4 .Private (Incl. Self-         
V            .Employed Incorp.)            
V          5 .Self-Employed, Unincorp.     
V          6 .Without Pay                  
                                           
D PRCOW2      2    464                     
     CLASS OF WORKER RRECODE - JOB 2       
U PRIOELG = 1                              
  AND PEMJOT = 1 AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8        
V          1 .Federal Govt                 
V          2 .State Govt                   
V          3 .Local Govt                   
V          4 .Private (Incl. Self-         
V            .Employed Incorp.)            
V          5 .Self-Employed, Unincorp.     
V          6 .Without Pay                  
                                           
D PRCOWPG     2    466                     
     COW - PRIVATE OR GOVERNMENT           
U PEIO1COW = 1 - 5                         
V          1 .Private                      
V          2 .Government                   
                                           
D PRDTCOW1    2    468                     
     DETAILED CLASS OF WORKER              
    RECODE - JOB 1                         
U PRIOELG = 1                              
V          1 .Agri., Wage & Salary,        
V            .Private                      
V          2 .Agri., Wage & Salary,        
V            .Government                   
V          3 .Agri., Self-Employed         
V          4 .Agri., Unpaid                
V          5 .Nonag, Ws, Private,          
V            .Private Hhlds                
V          6 .Nonag, Ws, Private,          
V            .Other Private                
V          7 .Nonag, Ws, Govt, Federal     
V          8 .Nonag, Ws, Govt, State       
V          9 .Nonag, Ws, Govt, Local       
V         10 .Nonag, Self-Employed         
V         11 .Nonag, Unpaid                
                                           
D PRDTCOW2    2    470                     
     DETAILED CLASS OF WORKER              
     RECODE - JOB 2                        
U PRIOELG = 1 AND                          
  PEMJOT = 1 AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8            
V          1 .Agri., Wage & Salary,        
V            .Private                      
V          2 .Agri., Wage & Salary,        
V            .Government                   
V          3 .Agri., Self-Employed         
V          4 .Agri., Unpaid                
V          5 .Nonag, Ws, Private,          
V            .Private Hhlds                
V          6 .Nonag, Ws, Private,          
V            .Other Private                
V          7 .Nonag, Ws, Govt, Federal     
V          8 .Nonag, Ws, Govt, State       
V          9 .Nonag, Ws, Govt, Local       
V         10 .Nonag, Self-Employed         
V         11 .Nonag, Unpaid                
                                           
D PRDTIND1    2    472                     
     DETAILED INDUSTRY RECODE - JOB 1      
U PRIOELG = 1                              
V          1 .Goods Producing-             
V            .Agricultural Services       
V          2 .Goods Producing-Other        
V            .Agricultural                 
V          3 .Mining                       
V          4 .Construction                 
V          5 .Mfg-Lumber & Wood Prods,     
V            .Ex Furniture                 
V          6 .Mfg-Furniture & Fixtures     
V          7 .Mfg-Stone, Clay,             
V            .Concrete, Glass Prods        
V          8 .Mfg-Primary Metals           
V          9 .Mfg-Fabricated Metals        
V         10 .Mfg-Not Specified Metal      
V            .Industries                   
V         11 .Mfg-Machinery, Ex            
V            .Electrical                   
V         12 .Mfg-Electrical               
V            .Machinery, Equip             
V            .Supplies                     
V         13 .Mfg-Motor Vehicles &         
V            .Equip                        
V         14 .Mfg-Aircraft & Parts         
V         15 .Mfg-Other Transportation     
V            .Equipment                    
V         16 .Mfg-Professional & Photo     
V            .Equip, Watches               
V         17 .Mfg-Toys, Amusement &        
V            .Sporting Goods               
V         18 .Mfg-Misc & Nec Mfg           
V            .Industries                   
V         19 .Mfg-Food & Kindred           
V            .Prods                        
V         20 .Mfg-Tobacco Prods            
V         21 .Mfg-Textile Mill Prods       
V         22 .Mfg-Apparel & Other          
V            .Finished Textile Pr          
V         23 .Mfg-Paper & Allied           
V            .Products                     
V         24 .Mfg-Printing,                
V            .Publishing & Allied Inds     
V         25 .Mfg-Chemicals & Allied       
V            .Prods                        
V         26 .Mfg-Petroleum & Coal         
V            .Prods                        
V         27 .Mfg-Rubber & Misc            
V            .Plastic Prods                
V         28 .Mfg-Leather & Leather        
V            .Prods                        
V         29 .Transportation               
V         30 .Communications               
V         31 .Utilities & Sanitary         
V            .Services                     
V         32 .Wholesale Trade              
V         33 .Eating And Drinking          
V            .Places                       
V         34 .Other Retail Trade           
V         35 .Banking And Other            
V            .Finance                      
V         36 .Insurance And Real           
V            .Estate                       
V         37 .Private Household            
V            .Services                     
V         38 .Business Services            
V         39 .Automobile And Repair        
V            .Services                     
V         40 .Personal Serv Exc            
V            .Private Households           
V         41 .Entertainment &              
V            .Recreation Services          
V         42 .Hospitals                    
V         43 .Health Services, Exc.        
V            .Hospitals                    
V         44 .Educational Services         
V         45 .Social Services              
V         46 .Other Professional           
V            .Services                     
V         47 .Forestry & Fisheries         
V         48 .Justice, Public Order &      
V            .Safety                       
V         49 .Admin Of Human Resource      
V            .Programs                     
V         50 .National Security &          
V            .Internal Affairs             
V         51 .Other Public                 
V            .Administration               
V         52 .Armed Forces                 
                                           
D PRDTIND2    2    474                     
     DETAILED INDUSTRY RECODE - JOB 2      
U PRIOELG = 1 AND                          
  PEMJOT = 1 AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8            
V          1 .Goods Producing-             
V            .Agricultural Services        
V          2 .Goods Producing-Other        
V            .Agricultural                 
V          3 .Mining                       
V          4 .Construction                 
V          5 .Mfg-Lumber & Wood Prods,     
V            .Ex Furniture                 
V          6 .Mfg-Furniture & Fixtures     
V          7 .Mfg-Stone, Clay,             
V            .Concrete, Glass Prods        
V          8 .Mfg-Primary Metals           
V          9 .Mfg-Fabricated Metals        
V         10 .Mfg-Not Specified Metal      
V            .Industries                   
V         11 .Mfg-Machinery, Ex            
V            .Electrical                   
V         12 .Mfg-Electrical               
V            .Machinery, Equip             
V            .Supplies                     
V         13 .Mfg-Motor Vehicles &         
V            .Equip                        
V         14 .Mfg-Aircraft & Parts         
V         15 .Mfg-Other Transportation     
V            .Equipment                    
V         16 .Mfg-Professional & Photo     
V            .Equip, Watches               
V         17 .Mfg-Toys, Amusement &        
V            .Sporting Goods               
V         18 .Mfg-Misc & Nec Mfg           
V            .Industries                   
V         19 .Mfg-Food & Kindred Prods     
V         20 .Mfg-Tobacco Prods            
V         21 .Mfg-Textile Mill Prods       
V         22 .Mfg-Apparel & Other          
V            .Finished Textile Pr          
V         23 .Mfg-Paper & Allied           
V            .Products                     
V         24 .Mfg-Printing, Publishing     
V            .& Allied Inds                
V         25 .Mfg-Chemicals & Allied       
V            .Prods                        
V         26 .Mfg-Petroleum & Coal         
V            .Prods                        
V         27 .Mfg-Rubber & Misc            
V            .Plastic Prods                
V         28 .Mfg-Leather & Leather        
V            .Prods                        
V         29 .Transportation               
V         30 .Communications               
V         31 .Utilities & Sanitary         
V            .Services                     
V         32 .Wholesale Trade              
V         33 .Eating And Drinking          
V            .Places                       
V         34 .Other Retail Trade           
V         35 .Banking And Other            
V            .Finance                      
V         36 .Insurance And Real           
V            .Estate                       
V         37 .Private Household            
V            .Services                     
V         38 .Business Services            
V         39 .Automobile And Repair        
V            .Services                     
V         40 .Personal Serv Exc            
V            .Private Households           
V         41 .Entertainment &              
V            .Recreation Services          
V         42 .Hospitals                    
V         43 .Health Services, Exc.        
V            .Hospitals                    
V         44 .Educational Services         
V         45 .Social Services              
V         46 .Other Professional           
V            .Services                     
V         47 .Forestry & Fisheries         
V         48 .Justice, Public Order &      
V            .Safety                       
V         49 .Admin Of Human Resource      
V            .Programs                     
V         50 .National Security &          
V            .Internal Affairs             
V         51 .Other Public                 
V            .Administration               
V         52 .Armed Forces                 
                                           
D PRDTOCC1    2    476                     
     DETAILED OCCUPATION RECODE -          
     JOB 1                                 
U PRIOELG = 1                              
V          1 .Officials &                  
V            .Administrators, Public       
V            .Admin.                       
V          2 .Other Executive, Admin.      
V            .& Managerial                 
V          3 .Management Related           
V            .Occupations                  
V          4 .Engineers                    
V          5 .Mathematical And             
V            .Computer Scientists          
V          6 .Natural Scientists           
V          7 .Health Diagnosing            
V            .Occupations                  
V          8 .Health Assessment And        
V            .Treatment Occupations        
V          9 .Teachers, College And        
V            .University                   
V         10 .Teachers, Except College     
V            .And University               
V         11 .Lawyers And Judges           
V         12 .Other Professional           
V            .Specialty Occupations        
V         13 .Health Technologists And     
V            .Technicians                  
V         14 .Engineering And Science      
V            .Technicians                  
V         15 .Technicians, Except          
V            .Health, Engineering, And     
V            .Science                      
V         16 .Supervisors And              
V            .Proprietors, Sales           
V            .Occupations                  
V         17 .Sales Reps, Finance And      
V            .Business Services            
V         18 .Sales Reps, Commodities,     
V            .Except Retail                
V         19 .Sales Workers, Retail &      
V            .Personal Services            
V         20 .Sales Related                
V            .Occupations                  
V         21 .Supervisors,                 
V            .Administrative Support       
V         22 .Computer Equiptment          
V            .Operators                    
V         23 .Secretaries,                 
V            .Stenographers, And           
V            .Typists                      
V         24 .Financial Records            
V            .Processing                   
V         25 .Mail And Message             
V            .Distribution                 
V         26 .Other Admin. Support,        
V            .Including Clerical           
V         27 .Private Household            
V            .Service Occupations          
V         28 .Protective Service           
V         29 .Food Service                 
V         30 .Health Service               
V         31 .Cleaning And Building        
V            .Service                      
V         32 .Personal Service             
V         33 .Mechanics And Repairers      
V         34 .Construction Trades          
V         35 .Other Precision              
V            .Production, Craft, And       
V            .Repair                       
V         36 .Machine Operators, And       
V            .Tenders, Except              
V            .Precision                    
V         37 .Fabricators, Assemblers,     
V            .Inspectors, Samplers         
V         38 .Motot Vehicle Operators      
V         39 .Other Transportation And     
V            .Material Moving              
V            .Occupations                  
V         40 .Construction Laborers        
V         41 .Freight, Stock, &            
V            .Materials Handlers           
V         42 .Other Handlers, Equipt.      
V            .Cleaners, Helpers,           
V            .Laborers                     
V         43 .Farm Operators And           
V            .Managers                     
V         44 .Farm Workers And Related     
V            .Occupations                  
V         45 .Forestry And Fishing         
V            .Occupations                  
V         46 .Armed Forces                 
                                           
D PRDTOCC2    2    478                     
     DETAILED OCCUPATION RECODE            
U PRIOELG = 1 AND                          
  PEMJOT = 1 AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8            
V          1 .Officials &                  
V            .Administrators, Public       
V            .Admin.                       
V          2 .Other Executive, Admin.      
V            .& Managerial                 
V          3 .Management Related           
V            .Occupations                  
V          4 .Engineers                    
V          5 .Mathematical And             
V            .Computer Scientists          
V          6 .Natural Scientists           
V          7 .Health Diagnosing            
V            .Occupations                  
V          8 .Health Assessment And        
V            .Treatment Occupations        
V          9 .Teachers, College And        
V            .University                   
V         10 .Teachers, Except College     
V            .And University               
V         11 .Lawyers And Judges           
V         12 .Other Professional           
V            .Specialitu Occupations       
V         13 .Health Technologists And     
V            .Technicians                  
V         14 .Engineering And Science      
V            .Technicians                  
V         15 .Technicians, Except          
V            .Health, Engineering, And     
V            .Science                      
V         16 .Supervisors And              
V            .Proprietors, Sales           
V            .Occupations                  
V         17 .Sales Reps, Finance And      
V            .Business Services            
V         18 .Sales Reps, Commodities,     
V            .Except Retail                
V         19 .Sales Workers, Retail &      
V            .Personal Services            
V         20 .Sales Related                
V            .Occupations                  
V         21 .Supervisors,                 
V            .Administrative Support       
V         22 .Computer Equiptment          
V            .Operators                    
V         23 .Secretaries,                 
V            .Stenographers, And           
V            .Typists                      
V         24 .Financial Records            
V            .Processing                   
V         25 .Mail And Message             
V            .Distribution                 
V         26 .Other Admin. Support,        
V            .Including Clerical           
V         27 .Private Household            
V            .Service Occupations          
V         28 .Protective Service           
V         29 .Food Service                 
V         30 .Health Service               
V         31 .Cleaning And Building        
V            .Service                      
V         32 .Personal Service             
V         33 .Mechanics And Repairers      
V         34 .Construction Trades          
V         35 .Other Precision              
V            .Production, Craft, And       
V            .Repair                       
V         36 .Machine Operators, And       
V            .Tenders, Except              
V            .Precision                    
V         37 .Fabricators, Assemblers,     
V            .Inspectors, Samplers         
V         38 .Motot Vehicle Operators      
V         39 .Other Transportation And     
V            .Material Moving              
V            .Occupations                  
V         40 .Construction Laborers        
V         41 .Freight, Stock, &            
V            .Materials Handlers           
V         42 .Other Handlers, Equipt.      
V            .Cleaners, Helpers,           
V            .Laborers                     
V         43 .Farm Operators And           
V            .Managers                     
V         44 .Farm Workers And Related     
V            .Occupations                  
V         45 .Forestry And Fishing         
V            .Occupations                  
V         46 .Armed Forces                 
                                           
D PREMP       2    480                     
     EMPLOYED PERSONS (NON-FARM &          
     NON-PRIVATE HHLD) RECODE              
U PEMLR = 1 OR 2                           
  AND PEIO1OCD ne 403-407, 473-484         
V          1 .Employed Persons (Exc.       
V            .Farm & Priv Hh)              
                                           
D PRMJIND1    2    482                     
      MAJOR INDUSTRY RECODE - JOB 1        
U PRDTIND1 = 1-51                          
V          1 .Agriculture                  
V          2 .Mining                       
V          3 .Construction                 
V          4 .Manufacturing - Durable      
V            .Goods                        
V          5 .Manufacturing - Non-         
V            .Durable Goods                
V          6 .Transportation               
V          7 .Communications               
V          8 .Utilities And Sanitary       
V            .Services                     
V          9 .Wholesale Trade              
V         10 .Retail Trade                 
V         11 .Finance, Insurance, And      
V            .Real Estate                  
V         12 .Private Households           
V         13 .Business, Auto And           
V            .Repair Services              
V         14 .Personal Services, Exc.      
V            .Private Hhlds                
V         15 .Entertainment And            
V            .Recreation Services          
V         16 .Hospitals                    
V         17 .Medical Services, Exc.       
V            .Hospitals                    
V         18 .Educational Services         
V         19 .Social Services              
V         20 .Other Professional           
V            .Services                     
V         21 .Forestry And Fisheries       
V         22 .Public Administration        
V         23 .Armed Forces                 
                                           
D PRMJIND2    2    484                     
     MAJOR INDUSTRY RECODE - JOB 2         
U PRDTIND2 = 1-51                          
V          1 .Agriculture                  
V          2 .Mining                       
V          3 .Construction                 
V          4 .Manufacturing - Durable      
V            .Goods                        
V          5 .Manufacturing - Non-         
V            .Durable Goods                
V          6 .Transportation               
V          7 .Communications               
V          8 .Utilities And Sanitary       
V            .Services                     
V          9 .Wholesale Trade              
V         10 .Retail Trade                 
V         11 .Finance, Insurance, And      
V            .Real Estate                  
V         12 .Private Households           
V         13 .Business, Auto And           
V            .Repair Services              
V         14 .Personal Services, Exc.      
V            .Private Hhlds                
V         15 .Entertainment And            
V            .Recreation Services          
V         16 .Hospitals                    
V         17 .Medical Services, Exc.       
V            .Hospitals                    
V         18 .Educational Services         
V         19 .Social Services              
V         20 .Other Professional           
V            .Services                     
V         21 .Forestry And Fisheries       
V         22 .Public Administration        
V         23 .Armed Forces                 
                                           
D PRMJOCC1    2    486                     
     MAJOR OCCUPATION RECODE - JOB 1       
U PRDTOCC1 = 1-46                          
V          1 .Executive,                   
V            .Administrative, &            
V            .Managerial Occupations       
V          2 .Professional Specialty       
V            .Occupations                  
V          3 .Technicians And Related      
V            .Support Occupations          
V          4 .Sales Occupations            
V          5 .Administrative Support       
V            .Occupations, Including       
V            .Clerical                     
V          6 .Private Household            
V            .Occupations                  
V          7 .Protective Service           
V            .Occupations                  
V          8 .Service Occupations,         
V            .Except Protective & Hhld     
V          9 .Precision Production,        
V            .Craft & Repair               
V            .Occupations                  
V         10 .Machine Operators,           
V            .Assemblers & Inspectors      
V         11 .Transportation And           
V            .Material Moving              
V            .Occupations                  
V         12 .Handlers, Equip              
V            .Cleaners, Helpers,           
V            .Laborers                     
V         13 .Farming, Forestry And        
V            .Fishing Occupations          
V         14 .Armed Forces                 
                                           
D PRMJOCC2    2    488                     
     MAJOR OCCUPATION RECODE - JOB 2       
U PRDTOCC2 = 1-46                          
V          1 .Executive,                   
V            .Administrative, &            
V            .Managerial Occupations       
V          2 .Professional Specialty       
V            .Occupations                  
V          3 .Technicians And Related      
V            .Support Occupations          
V          4 .Sales Occupations            
V          5 .Administrative Support       
V            .Occupations, Including       
V            .Clerical                     
V          6 .Private Household            
V            .Occupations                  
V          7 .Protective Service           
V            .Occupations                  
V          8 .Service Occupations,         
V            .Except Protective & Hhld     
V          9 .Precision Production,        
V            .Craft & Repair               
V            .Occupations                  
V         10 .Machine Operators,           
V            .Assemblers & Inspectors      
V         11 .Transportation And           
V            .Material Moving              
V            .Occupations                  
V         12 .Handlers, Equip              
V            .Cleaners, Helpers,           
V            .Laborers                     
V         13 .Farming, Forestry And        
V            .Fishing Occupations          
V         14 .Armed Forces                 
                                           
D PRMJOCGR    2    490                     
     MAJOR OCCUPATION CATEGORIES           
U PRMJOCC = 1-13                           
V          1 .Managerail &                 
V            .Professional, Technical,     
V            .Sales & Support              
V            .Occupations                  
V          2 .Service Occupations          
V          3 .Production, Craft,           
V            .Repair, Operators            
V          4 .Farming, Forestry &          
V            .Fishing Occupations          
                                           
D PRNAGPWS    2    492                     
     NON-AGRICULTURE, PRIVATE WAGE         
     AND SALARY WORKERS RECODE             
U PRCOW1 = 1                               
  AND PEIO1ICD ne 761 OR 010-030           
V          1 .Non-ag Priv Wage &           
V            .Salary (Ex Priv Hh)          
                                           
D PRNAGWS     2    494                     
     NON-AGRICULTURE WAGE AND SALARY       
     WORKERS RECODE                        
U PEMLR = 1-4  +  AND PRCOW = 1-4 AND      
  PEIO1ICD ne 010-030                      
V          1 .Non-ag Wage And Salary       
V            .Workers                      
                                           
D PRSJMJ      2    496                     
     SINGLE/MULTIPLE JOBHOLDER             
U PEMLR = 1 OR 2                           
V          1 .Single Jobholder             
V          2 .Multiple Jobholder           
                                           
D PRERELG     2    498                     
     EARNINGS ELIGIBILITY FLAG             
U PEMLR = 1-2                              
  AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8                       
V          0 .Not Eligible For Edit        
V          1 .Eligible For Edit            
                                           
D PEERNUOT    2    500                     
     DO YOU USUALLY RECEIVE                
     OVERTIME PAY, TIPS, OR                
     COMMISSIONS AT YOUR JOB?              
U PRERELG = 1                              
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEERNPER    2    502                     
     PERIODICITY                           
U PRERELG = 1                              
V          1 .Hourly                       
V          2 .Weekly                       
V          3 .Bi-Weekly                    
V          4 .Twice Monthly                
V          5 .Monthly                      
V          6 .Annually                     
V          7 .Other - Specify              
                                           
D PEERNRT     2    504                     
     (EVEN THOUGH YOU TOLD ME IT           
     IS EASIER TO REPORT YOUR              
     EARNINGS (PERIODICITY); ARE           
     YOU PAID AT AN HOURLY RATE            
     ON YOUR (MAIN/THIS) JOB?              
U PEERNPER = 2-7                           
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEERNHRY    2    506                     
     HOURLY/NONHOURLY STATUS               
U PRERELG = 1                              
V          1 .Hourly Worker                
V          2 .Nonhourly Worker             
                                           
D PUERNH1C    4    508                     
     WHAT IS YOUR HOURLY RATE OF           
     PAY ON THIS JOB, EXCLUDING            
     OVERTIME PAY, TIPS OR                 
     COMMISSION? DOLLAR AMOUNT -           
     2 IMPLIED DECIMALS                    
V          0 .Min Value                    
V       9999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEERNH2     4    512                     
     (EXCLUDING OVERTIME PAY, TIPS         
     AND COMMISSIONS)  WHAT IS YOUR        
     HOURLY RATE OF PAY ON YOUR            
     (MAIN/THIS) JOB? DOLLAR AMOUNT        
      - 2 IMPLIED DECIMALS                 
U PEERNRT = 1                              
V          0 .Min Value                    
V       9999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEERNH1O    4    516                     
     OUT VARIABLE FOR HOURLY RATE OF       
     PAY (2 IMPLIED DECIMALS)              
U PEERNPER = 1                             
V           0.Min Value                    
V       9999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PRERNHLY    4    520                     
     RECODE FOR HOURLY RATE 2 IMPLIED      
     DECIMALS                              
U PEERNPER = 1 OR PEERNRT = 1              
V          0 .Min Value                    
V       9999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PTHR        1    524                     
     HOURLY PAY - TOP CODE                 
V          0 .Not Topcoded                 
V          1 .Topcoded                     
                                           
D PEERNHRO    2    525                     
     USUAL HOURS                           
U PEERNH1O = ENTRY                         
V          0 .Min Value                    
V         99 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PRERNWA     8    527                     
     WEEKLY EARNINGS RECODE                
     2 IMPLIED DECIMALS                    
U PRERELG = 1                              
V          0 .Min Value                    
V       1923 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PTWK        1    535                     
     WEEKLY EARNINGS - TOP CODE            
V          0 .Not Topcoded                 
V          1 .Topcoded                     
                                           
D PEERNVR1    2    536                     
     I HAVE ESTIMATED YOUR                 
     USUAL WEEKLY EARNINGS                 
     (FOR YOUR MAIN JOB) AS (  )           
     BEFORE TAXES OR OTHER                 
     DEDUCTIONS.  DOES THAT SOUND          
     CORRECT?                              
U PEERNHRO = ENTRY                         
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEERNVR3    2    538                     
     I HAVE ESTIMATED YOUR                 
     TOTAL WEEKLY EARNINGS                 
     (FOR YOUR MAIN JOB) AS (  )           
     BEFORE TAXES OR OTHER                 
     DEDUCTIONS.  DOES THAT                
     SOUND CORRECT?                        
U PEERNVR1 = -2                            
  OR 2 (THIS IS AN APPROXIMATE             
  UNIVERSE AS THE VARIABLES WHICH          
  COMPRISE THE UNIVERSE ARE NOT            
  INCLUDED ON THIS FILE)                   
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEERN       8    540                     
     CALCULATED WEEKLY OVERTIME            
     AMOUNT 2 IMPLIED DECIMALS             
U PEERNUOT = 1 AND PEERNPER = 1            
V          0 .Min Value                    
V   99999999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PUERN2      8    548                     
      CALCULATED WEEKLY OVERTIME           
     AMOUNT 2 IMPLIED DECIMALS             
V          0 .Min Value                    
V   99999999 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PTOT        1    556                     
     WEEKLY OVERTIME AMOUNT -              
     TOP CODE                              
V          0 .Not Topcoded                 
V          1 .Topcoded                     
                                           
D PUERNVR4    2    557                     
     I HAVE RECORDED YOUR TOTAL            
     EARNINGS (FOR YOUR MAIN               
     JOB) AS (   ) BEFORE TAXES            
     OR OTHER DEDUCTIONS.                  
     IS THAT CORRECT?                      
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEERNWKP    2    559                     
     HOW MANY WEEKS A YEAR DO              
     YOU GET PAID FOR?                     
U PEERNPER = 6                             
V         01 .Min Value                    
V         52 .Max Value                    
                                           
D PEERNLAB    2    561                     
     ON THIS JOB, ARE YOU A                
     MEMBER OF A LABOR UNION OR OF         
     AN EMPLOYEE ASSOCIATION SIMILAR       
     TO A UNION?                           
U (PEIO1COW = 1-5                          
  AND PEMLR = 1-2 AND HRMIS = 4, 8)     
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PEERNCOV    2    563                     
     ON THIS JOB ARE YOU COVERED BY        
     A UNION OR EMPLOYEE ASSOCIATION       
     CONTRACT?                             
U (PEIO1COW = 1-5                          
  AND PEMLR = 1-2 AND HRMIS = 4, 8)        
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PENLFJH     2    565                     
     WHEN DID YOU LAST WORK AT A           
     JOB OR BUSINESS?                      
U HRMIS = 4 OR 8 AND PEMLR = 3-7           
V          1 .Within The Last              
V            .12 Months                    
V          2 .More Than 12 Months Ago      
V          3 .Never Worked                 
                                           
D PENLFRET    2    567                     
     ARE YOU RETIRED FROM A JOB            
     OR BUSINESS?                          
U PEAGE = 50+                              
  AND PEMLR = 3-7                          
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PENLFACT    2    569                     
     WHAT BEST DESCRIBES YOUR              
     SITUATION AT THIS TIME?  FOR          
     EXAMPLE, ARE YOU DISABLED, ILL,       
     IN SCHOOL, TAKING CARE OF             
     HOUSE OR FAMILY, OR SOMETHING         
     ELSE?                                 
U (PEAGE = 14-49) or (PENLFRET = 2)        
V          1 .Disabled                     
V          2 .Ill                          
V          3 .In School                    
V          4 .Taking Care Of House Or      
V            .Family                       
V          5 .In Retirement                
V          6 .Something Else/Other         
                                           
D PUNLFCK1    2    571                     
     NOT IN LABOR FORCE                    
     CHECK ITEM - 1                        
V          1 .If AGERNG Equals 1-4 or      
V            .9 Then Goto NlfACT           
V          2 .All Others Goto NlFRET       
                                           
D PUNLFCK2    2    573                     
     NOT IN LABOR FORCE CHECK ITEM - 2     
V          1 .If MISCL Equals 4 or 8       
V            .Then Goto NlFJH              
V          2 .All Others Goto LBFR-END     
                                           
D PESCHENR    2    575                     
     LAST WEEK, WERE YOU ENROLLED I        
     N A HIGH SCHOOL, COLLEGE, OR          
     UNIVERSITY?                           
U PRPERTYP = 2                             
  and PEAGE = 16-24                        
V          1 .Yes                          
V          2 .No                           
                                           
D PESCHFT     2    577                     
     ARE YOU ENROLLED IN SCHOOL AS A)      
     FULL-TIME OR PART-TIME STUDENT?       
U PESCHLVL = 1, 2                          
V          1 .Full-Time                    
V          2 .Part-Time                    
                                           
D PESCHLVL    2    579                     
     WOULD THAT BE HIGH SCHOOL,            
     COLLEGE, OR UNIVERSITY?               
U PESCHENR = 1                             
V          1 .High School                  
V          2 .College or University        
                                           
D PRNLFSCH    2    581                     
     NLF ACTIVITY - IN SCHOOL OR           
     NOT IN SCHOOL                         
U PENLFACT = -1                            
  OR 1-6 AND PEAGE = 16-24                 
V          1 .In School                    
V          2 .Not in School PERSON'S       
V            .WEIGHTS                      
                                           
D PWFMWGT    10    583                     
     FAMILY WEIGHT (4 IMPLIED              
     DECIMALS) ONLY USED FOR               
     TALLYING FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS.      
U PRPERTYP = 1-3                           
                                           
D PWLGWGT    10    593                     
     LONGITUDINAL WEIGHT (4 IMPLIED        
     DECIMALS) ONLY FOUND ON ADULT         
     RECORDS MATCHED FROM MONTH            
     TO MONTH.  (USED FOR GROSS            
     FLOWS ANALYSIS)                       
U PRPERTYP = 2                             
                                           
D PWORWGT    10    603                     
     OUTGOING ROTATION WEIGHT              
     (4 IMPLIED DECIMALS) USED FOR         
     TALLYING INFORMATION COLLECTED        
     ONLY IN OUTGOING ROTATIONS            
     (i.e., EARNINGS, 2nd JOB I & O,       
     DETAILED NILF)                        
U PRPERTYP = 2                             
                                           
D PWSSWGT    10    613                     
     FINAL WEIGHT (4 IMPLIED               
     DECIMAL PLACES) USED FOR              
     MOST TABULATIONS, CONTROLLED          
     TO INDEPENDENT ESTIMATES FOR          
     1) STATES; 2) ORIGIN, SEX,            
     AND AGE; AND 3) AGE, RACE,            
     AND SEX.                              
U PRPERTYP = 1-3                           
                                           
D PWVETWGT   10    623                     
     VETERANS WEIGHT 4 IMPLIED             
     DECIMALS) USED FOR TALLYING           
     VETERAN'S DATA ONLY,                  
     CONTROLLED TO ESTIMATES OF            
     VETERANS SUPPLIED BY VA.              
U PRPERTYP = 2                             
                                           
D FILLER      6    633                     
                                           
*******************************************
*         ALLOCATION FLAGS                *
*******************************************
                                           
D PRWERNAL    2    639                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG WEEKLY                
     EARNINGS RECODE (PRERNWA)             
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
U PRERELG = 1                              
V         00 .NO ALLOCATION               
V         01 .ONE OR MORE                 
V            .COMPONENTS OF THE           
V            .RECODE ARE ALLOCATED        
                                           
D PRHERNAL    2    641                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG HOURLY EARNINGS       
     RECODE (PRERNHLY)ALLOCATION FLAG      
U PRERNHRY = 1                             
V         00 .NO ALLOCATION               
V         01 .ONE OR MORE COMPONENT       
V            .OF THE RECODE ARE            
V            .ALLOCATED (See the           
V            .allocation flags             
V            .attachment for a             
V            .description of               
V            .allocation values)           
                                           
D HXTENURE    2    643                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D HXHOUSUT    2    645                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D HXTELHHD    2    647                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D HXTELAVL    2    649                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D HXPHONEO    2    651                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXINUSYR    2    653                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXRRP       2    655                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXPARENT    2    657                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXAGE       2    659                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXMARITL    2    661                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXSPOUSE    2    663                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXSEX       2    665                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXAFWHEN    2    667                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXAFNOW     2    669                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXEDUCA     2    671                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXRACE      2    673                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXNATVTY    2    675                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXMNTVTY    2    677                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXFNTVTY    2    679                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D FILLER      2    681                     
                                           
D PXORIGIN    2    683                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXMLR       2    685                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXRET1      2    687                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXABSRSN    2    689                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXABSPDO    2    691                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXMJOT      2    693                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXMJNUM     2    695                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRUSL1    2    697                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRUSL2    2    699                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRFTPT    2    701                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRUSLT    2    703                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRWANT    2    705                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRRSN1    2    707                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRRSN2    2    709                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRACT1    2    711                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRACT2    2    713                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRACTT    2    715                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRRSN3    2    717                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXHRAVL     2    719                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLAYAVL    2    721                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLAYLK     2    723                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLAYDUR    2    725                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLAYFTO    2    727                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLKM1      2    729                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLKAVL     2    731                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLKLL1O    2    733                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLKLL2O    2    735                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLKLWO     2    737                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLKDUR     2    739                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXLKFTO     2    741                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXDWWNTO    2    743                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXDWRSN     2    745                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXDWLKO     2    747                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXDWWK      2    749                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXDW4WK     2    751                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXDWLKWK    2    753                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXDWAVL     2    755                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXDWAVR     2    757                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXJHWKO     2    759                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXJHRSN     2    761                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXJHWANT    2    763                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXIO1COW    2    765                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXIO1ICD    2    767                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXIO1OCD    2    769                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXIO2COW    2    771                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXIO2ICD    2    773                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXIO2OCD    2    775                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNUOT    2    777                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNPER    2    779                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNH1O    2    781                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNHRO    2    783                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERN       2    785                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNVR1    2    787                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNVR3    2    789                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNWKP    2    791                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNRT     2    793                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNHRY    2    795                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNH2     2    797                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNLAB    2    799                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXERNCOV    2    801                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXNLFJH     2    803                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXNLFRET    2    805                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXNLFACT    2    807                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXSCHENR    2    809                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXSCHFT     2    811                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG                       
                                           
D PXSCHLVL    2    813                     
     ALLOCATION FLAG
      

Attachment 8 - February 1997 Contingent Work Supplement Record Layout

DATA        SIZE  BEGIN

D PES1VER     2    815  
     Check to see if person still has the
     same job today as last week.  Do you
     still work for (fill:  employer's
     name from basic CPS)?
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1        2    817  
     Some people are in temporary jobs
     that last only for a limited time or
     until the completion of a project.
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1SCRI    2    819  
     Could you have continued to work at
     your job if you had wished?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1SCR     2    821  
     Provided the economy does not change
     and your job performance is
     adequate, can you continue to work
     for your current employer as long as
     you wish?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1A       2    823  
     Are you working only until a
     specific project is completed?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1B       2    825  
     Were you hired to temporarily
     replace another worker?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1C       2    827  
     Were you hired for a fixed period of
     time?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1D       2    829  
     Was your job a year-round job or is
     it only AVAILABLE during certain
     times of the year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1FTIM    2    831  
     How much longer do you expect to
     work in your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -4 .Something else
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES1FNUM    2    833  
     Enter Number of
     Days/Weeks/Months/Years
V -1 thru 99 .

D PES1F1      2    835  
     How much longer do you expect to
     work in your current job?
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .As long as I want
V          2 .Until I retire
V          3 .Until I find a different job
V          4 .Until I finish school
V          5 .Until I go back to school
V          6 .Other

D PES1G       2    837  
     Do you think it will be more than a
     year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1H       2    839  
     Is that more than a year away?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1I       2    841  
     What is the main reason you expect
     to work at your current job for
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Job is temporary
V          2 .Business conditions
V          3 .Introduction of new technology/
V            .modernization
V          4 .Other economic (Specify)
V          5 .Job performance
V          6 .Obtaining another job
V          7 .Attending school
V          8 .Family responsibilities
V          9 .Retirement
V         10 .Health
V         11 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES1IDK     2    843  
     What is the main reason you do not
     expect to stay at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Job is temporary
V          2 .Business conditions
V          3 .Introduction of new
V            .technology/modernization
V          4 .Other economic (Specify)
V          5 .Job performance
V          6 .Obtaining another job
V          7 .Attending school
V          8 .Family responsibilities
V          9 .Retirement
V         10 .Health
V         11 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES1IIN     2    845  
     What is the main reason you left the
     job you held last week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Job is temporary
V          2 .Business conditions
V          3 .Introduction of new
V            .technology/modernization
V          4 .Other economic (Specify)
V          5 .Job performance
V          6 .Obtained another job
V          7 .Went back to school
V          8 .Family responsibilities
V          9 .Retirement
V         10 .Health
V         11 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES1J1      2    847  
     If it were not for this reason,
     could you keep working at your
     current job for more than one year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES1J2      2    849  
     If it were not for this reason,
     could you have kept working at the
     job you had last week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES2INS     2    851  
     Are you paid by a temporary help
     agency?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES2        2    853  
     Even though you told me your job is
     not temporary, are you paid by a
     temporary help agency?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES2AINS    2    855  
     Were you registered with more than
     one temporary help agency last week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES2A       2    857  
     Were you assigned to work at more
     than one place last week by your
     temporary help agency?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES3        2    859  
     Earlier you told me you worked for
     (fill:  employer's name from basic
     CPS).  Is this the place where your
     temporary help agency assigned you
     to work or is this a temporary help
     agency?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Place where temporary help
V            .agency assigned me to work
V          2 .Temporary help agency

D PES3A       2    861  
     Is the place where you were assigned
     to work last week a government
     agency, a private company, or a non-
     profit organization?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Government agency
V          2 .Private company
V          3 .Non-profit organization

**********************************************
*    User note:  During the preparation of   *
*    the electronic instrument for the       *
*    February 1997 collection, a change in   *
*    the universe of item PES3a was made     *
*    inadvertently.  In cases where PES1=2   *
*    and (PES1SCR=1 or PES1SCRI=1), the      *
*    respondent was skipped around items     *
*    PES3a even if they met the other        *
*    conditions for receiving the question.  *
*    This skip pattern was introduced to the *
*    survey instrument unintentionally.      *
*    In the February 1995 collection of the  *
*    survey, such respondents were asked     *
*    item PES3a.   Using the 1995 data, a    *
*    comparison of the answers of this group *
*    to all others who were asked item PES3a *
*    was made.  This comparison revealed     *
*    differences in the pattern of responses *
*    for the two groups.  This suggests that *
*    answers for those who mistakenly did    *
*    not receive question PES3a in February  *
*    1997 should not be inferred from the    *
*    responses of those who did.             *
**********************************************

D PES3ICD     3    863  
     Industry Code
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V    000-992 .Industry Code
V        999 .No response

D PRS3DICD    2    866  
     Detailed Industry Recode
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Goods producing-agricultural
V            .services
V          2 .Goods producing-other
V            .agricultural
V          3 .Mining
V          4 .Construction
V          5 .Mfg-lumber & wood prods, ex
V            .furniture
V          6 .Mfg-furniture & fixtures
V          7 .Mfg-stone, clay, concrete,
V            .glass prods
V          8 .Mfg-primary metals
V          9 .Mfg-fabricated metals
V         10 .Mfg-not specified metal
V            .industries
V         11 .Mfg-machinery, ex electrical
V         12 .Mfg-electrical machinery, equip
V            .supplies
V         13 .Mfg-motor vehicles & equip=
V         14 .Mfg-aircraft & parts
V         15 .Mfg-other transportation
V            .equipment
V         16 .Mfg-professional & photo equip,
V            .watches
V         17 .Mfg-toys, amusement & sporting
V            .goods
V         18 .Mfg-misc & nec mfg industries
V         19 .Mfg-food & kindred prods
V         20 .Mfg-tobacco prods
V         21 .Mfg-textile mill prods
V         22 .Mfg-apparel & other finished
V            .textile pr
V         23 .Mfg-paper & allied products
V         24 .Mfg-printing, publishing &
V            .allied inds
V         25 .Mfg-chemicals & allied prods
V         26 .Mfg-petroleum & coal prods
V         27 .Mfg-rubber & misc plastic prods
V         28 .Mfg-leather & leather prods
V         29 .Transportation
V         30 .Communications
V         31 .Utilities & snitary services
V         32 .Wholesale trade
V         33 .Eating and drinking places
V         34 .Other retail trade
V         35 .Banking and other finance
V         36 .Insurance and real estate=
V         37 .Private household services
V         38 .Business Services
V         39 .Automobile and repair services
V         40 .Personal serv exc private
V            .households
V         41 .Entertainment & recreation
V            .services
V         42 .Hospitals
V         43 .Health services, exc. hospitals
V         44 .Educational services
V         45 .Social services
V         46 .Other professional services
V         47 .Forestry & fisheries
V         48 .Justice, public order & safety
V         49 .Admin of  human resource
V            .programs
V         50 .National security & internal
V            .affairs
V         51 .Other public administration
V         99 .No response

D PES3TADS    2    868  
     Earlier you said that you expect to
     work at your current job for (fill:
     amount of time specified in S1ftim).
     Were you referring to how long you
     expect to work for the temporary
     help agency or the customer for whom
     you worked last week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Temporary help agency
V          2 .Customer
V          3 .Both

D PES3TADT    2    870  
     How long do you expect to work for
     the temporary help agency?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -4 .Something else
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES3TADN    2    872  
     Enter Number of
     Days/Weeks/Months/Years
V -1 thru 99 .

D PES3TAD1    2    874  
     How long do you expect to work for
     the temporary help agency?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .As long as I want
V          2 .Until I retire
V          3 .Until I find a different job
V          4 .Until I finish school
V          5 .Until I go back to school
V          6 .Other

D PES3TADA    2    876  
     Do you think it will be more than a
     year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES3TADB    2    878  
     Is that more than a year away?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES4        2    880  
     Were you an ON-CALL worker last
     week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES4A       2    882  
     Some ON-CALL workers have regularly
     scheduled hours, but IN ADDITION
     must work when called.
     Other ON-CALL workers work ONLY when
     called.  Which type of ON-CALL
     worker are you?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Work regular hours, but must be
V            .available
V          2 .Only work when called
V          3 .Other (Specify)

D PES5        2    884  
     Were you a DAY LABORER last week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES6        2    886  
     Did you work for a company that
     contracts out you or your services
     last week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES6A       2    888  
     Are you usually assigned to more
     than one customer?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES6B       2    890  
     Do you usually work at the
     customer's worksite?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No
V          3 .Don't have a usual worksite

D PES6IO      2    892  
     Is (fill:  employer's name from basic
     CPS) the company that contracts out
     your services or the customer for
     whom you do the work?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Company that contracts out
V          2 .Customer for whom do the work

D PES6IOA     2    894  
     Is your customer a government
     agency, a private company, or a non-
     profit organization?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Government agency
V          2 .Private company
V          3 .Non-profit organization

D PES6ICD     3    896  
     Industry Code
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V    000-992 .Industry Code
V        999 .No response

D PRS6DICD    2    899  
     Detailed Industry Recode
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Goods producing-agricultural
V            .services
V          2 .Goods producing-other
V            .agricultural
V          3 .Mining
V          4 .Construction
V          5 .Mfg-lumber & wood prods, ex
V            .furniture
V          6 .Mfg-furniture & fixtures
V          7 .Mfg-stone, clay, concrete,
V            .glass prods
V          8 .Mfg-primary metals
V          9 .Mfg-fabricated metals
V         10 .Mfg-not specified metal
V            .industries
V         11 .Mfg-machinery, ex electrical
V         12 .Mfg-electrical machinery, equip
V            .supplies
V         13 .Mfg-motor vehicles & equip
V         14 .Mfg-aircraft & parts
V         15 .Mfg-other transportation
V            .equipment
V         16 .Mfg-professional & photo equip,
V            .watches
V         17 .Mfg-toys, amusement & sporting
V            .goods
V         18 .Mfg-misc & nec mfg industries
V         19 .Mfg-food & kindred prods
V         20 .Mfg-tobacco prods
V         21 .Mfg-textile mill prods
V         22 .Mfg-apparel & other finished
V            .textile pr
V         23 .Mfg-paper & allied products
V         24 .Mfg-printing, publishing &
V            .allied inds
V         25 .Mfg-chemicals & allied prods
V         26 .Mfg-petroleum & coal prods
V         27 .Mfg-rubber & misc plastic prods
V         28 .Mfg-leather & leather prods
V         29 .Transportation
V         30 .Communications
V         31 .Utilities & sanitary services
V         32 .Wholesale trade
V         33 .Eating and drinking places
V         34 .Other retail trade
V         35 .Banking and other finance
V         36 .Insurance and real estate=
V         37 .Private household services
V         38 .Business services
V         39 .Automobile and repair services
V         40 .Personal serv exc private
V            .households
V         41 .Entertainment & recreation
V            .services
V         42 .Hospitals
V         43 .Halth services, exc. hospitals
V         44 .Educational services
V         45 .Social services
V         46 .Other professional services
V         47 .Forestry & fisheries
V         48 .Justice, public order & safety
V         49 .Admin of human resource
V            .programs
V         50 .National security & internal
V            .affairs
V         51 .Other public administration
V         99 .No response

D PES7CCDS    2    901  
     Earlier you said that you expect to
     work at your current job for (fill:
     amount of time specified in
     PES1FTIM).  Were you referring to
     how long you expect to work for the
     company that contract out your
     services or the customer for whom
     you worked last week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Contract company
V          2 .Customer
V          3 .Both

D PES7CCDT    2    903  
     How much longer do you expect to
     work for the company that contracts
     out your services?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -4 .Something else
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES7CCDN    2    905  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/Months/
     Years
V -1 thru 99 .

D PES7CCD1    2    907  
     How much longer do you expect to
     work for the company that contracts
     out your services?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .As long as I want
V          2 .Until I retire
V          3 .Until I find other employment
V          4 .Until I finish school
V          5 .Until I go back to school
V          6 .Other

D PES7CCDA    2    909  
     Do you think it will be more than a
     year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES7CCDB    2    911  
     Is that more than a year away?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES7        2    913  
     Last week, were you working as an
     independent contractor, an
     independent consultant, or a free-
     lance worker?  That is, someone who
     obtains customers on their own to
     provide a product or service.
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES8ICDS    2    915  
     Earlier you said that you expect to
     work at your current job for (fill:
     amount of time specified in S1FTIM).
     Were you referring to how long you
     expect to work as an independent
     contractor or for your current
     customer?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Independent contractor
V          2 .Customer
V          3 .Both

D PES8ICDT    2    917  
     How much longer do you expect to be
     an independent contractor?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -4 .Something else
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES8ICDN    2    919  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/Months/
     Years
V -9 thru 99 .

D PES8ICD1    2    921  
     How much longer do you expect to be
     an independent contractor?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .As long as I want
V          2 .Until I retire
V          3 .Until I find other employment
V          4 .Until I finish school
V          5 .Until I go back to school
V          6 .Other

D PES8ICDA    2    923  
     Do you think it will be more than a
     year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES8ICDB    2    925  
     Is that more than a year away?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES8IC      2    927  
     Are you self employed as an
     independent contractor, independent
     consultant, free-lance worker, or
     something else?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Independent
V            .contractor/independent
V            .consultant/free-lance worker
V          2 .Something else

D PES8SEDT    2    929  
     How much longer do you expect to be
     self employed?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -4 .Something else
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES8SEDN    2    931  
     Enter Number Days/Weeks/Months/Years
V -9 thru 99 .

D PES8SED1    2    933  
     How much longer do you expect to be
     self employed?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .As long as I want
V          2 .Until I retire
V          3 .Until I find other employment
V          4 .No longer self employed
V          5 .Other

D PES8SEDA    2    935  
     Do you think it will be more than a
     year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES8SEDB    2    937  
     Is that more than a year away?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES9A       2    939  
     Do you usually have any paid
     employees?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES9B       4    941  
     Excluding all owners, how many
     employees do you usually have?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    1 -1800 .

D PES10TIM    2    945  
     How long have you been (fill:  self-
     employed/an independent contractor)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES10NUM    2    947  
     Enter Number Days/Weeks/Months/Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V     1 - 99 .

D PES10NPR    2    949  
     Has it been more  than a year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES10WST    2    951  
     How long have you worked for the
     employer where you worked last week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES10WSN    2    953  
     Enter Number Days/Weeks/Months/Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V     1 - 99 .

D PES10WPR    2    955  
     Has it been more than a year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES11       2    957  
     Just before you became (fill:  self-
     employed/an independent contractor)
     did you have other employment?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES12       2    959  
     Right before you became (fill:  self-
     employed/an independent contractor)
     were you looking for another type of
     employment?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES12A      2    961  
     What was your major activity before
     you became (fill:  self-employed/an
     independent contractor)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Attending to personal or family
V            .obligations
V          2 .Going to school
V          3 .In retirement
V          4 .Other

D PES13       2    963  
     Before you started looking for work,
     were you employed?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES14       2    965  
     Did you lose that job, quit that
     job, or was it a temporary job that
     ended?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Lost job
V          2 .Quit job
V          3 .Temporary job that ended
V          4 .Other

D PES15TIM    2    967  
     How long did you work in this other
     job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES15NUM    2    969  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V     1 - 90 .

D PES16       2    971  
     At the job at which you worked
     before (fill:  self-employed/an
     independent contractor), were you
     employed by government, by a private
     company, or a non-profit
     organization?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Government
V          2 .Private for profit company
V          3 .Non-profit organization
V          4 .Self-employed

D PES17ICD    3    973  
     Industry Code
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V    000-992 .Industry Code
V        999 .No response

D PRS17IDD    2    976  
     Detailed Industry Recode
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Goods producing-agricultural
v            .services
V          2 .Goods producing-other
v            .agricultural
V          3 .Mining
V          4 .Construction
V          5 .Mfg-lumber & wood prods, ex
v            .furniture
V          6 .Mfg-furniture & fixtures
V          7 .Mfg-stone, clay, concrete,
v            .glass prods
V          8 .Mfg-primary metals
V          9 .Mfg-fabricatmetals
V         10 .Mfg-not specified metal
v            .industries
V         11 .Mfg-machinery, ex electrical
V         12 .Mfg-electrical machinery, equip
v            .supplies
V         13 .Mfg-motor vehicles & equip
V         14 .Mfg-aircraft & parts
V         15 .Mfg-other transportation
v            .equipment
V         16 .Mfg-professional & photo equip,
v            .watches
V         17 .Mfg-toys, amusement & sporting
v            .goods
V         18 .Mfg-misc & nec mfg industries
V         19 .Mfg-food & kindred prods
V         20 .Mfg-tobacco prods
V         21 .Mfg-textile mill prods
V         22 .Mfg-apparel & other finished
v            .textile pr
V         23 .Mfg-paper & allied products
V         24 .Mfg-printing, publishing &
v            .allied inds
V         25 .Mfg-chemicals & allied prods
V         26 .Mfg-petroleum & coal prods
V         27 .Mfg-rubber & misc plastic prods
V         28 .Mfg-leather & leather prods
V         29 .Transportation
V         30 .Communications
V         31 .Utilities & sanitary services
V         32 .Wholesale trade
V         33 .Eating and drinking places
V         34 .Other retail trade
V         35 .Banking and other finance
V         36 .Insurance and real estate
V         37 .Private household services
V         38 .Business services
V         39 .Automobile and repair services
V         40 .Personal serv exc private
v            .households
V         41 .Entertainment & recreation
v            .services
V         42 .Hospitals
V         43 .Health services, exc. hospitals
V         44 .Educational services
V         45 .Social services
V         46 .Other professional services
V         47 .Forestry & fisheries
V         48 .Justice, public order & safety
V         49 .Admin of human resource
v            .programs
V         50 .National security & internal
v            .affairs
V         51 .Other public administration
V         99 .No response

D PES25A      2    978  
     Would you prefer to have a job that
     is permanent rather than temporary?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No
V          3 .Depends (Specify)

D PES25AR     2    980  
     What is the MAIN reason you have a
     temporary job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employed laid off and hired
v            .back as temporary worker
V          2 .Only type or work could find
V          3 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          4 .Other economic (Specify)
V          5 .Flexibility of schedule
V          6 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          7 .Child care problems
V          8 .In school/training
V          9 .Money is better
V         10 .To obtain experience/training
V         11 .Only wanted to work for a short
v            .period of time
V         12 .For the money
V         13 .Health limitations
V         14 .Retired/SS earnings limit
V         15 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         16 . Other personal (Specify)

D PES25AP     2    982  
     Other than money, what is the main
     reason you are a temporary rather
     than a permanent worker?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer laid off and hired
v            .back as temporary worker
V          2 .Only type of work could find
V          3 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          4 .Other economic (Specify)
V          5 .Flexibility of schedule
V          6 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          7 .Child care problems
V          8 .In school/training
V          9 .Money is better
V         10 .To obtain experience/training
V         11 .Only wanted to work for a short
v            .period of time
V         13 .Health limitations
V         14 .Retired/SS earnings limit
V         15 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         16 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES25B      2    984  
     You indicated you did not know if
     you could stay in your job for as
     long as you wish.  Would you prefer
     to be in a job where you could
     almost certainly stay for as long as
     you wish?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No
V          3 .Depends

D PES26TP     2    986  
     Earlier you said you were paid by a
     temporary help agency.  Would you
     prefer a job with a different type
     of employer?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No
V          3 .Depends

D PES26TR     2    988  
     What is the MAIN reason you work for
     a temporary help agency?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer laid off and hired
v            .back as temporary worker
V          2 .Only type of work could find
V          3 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          4 .Other economic (Specify)
V          5 .Flexibility of schedule
V          6 .Child care problems
V          7 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          8 .In school/training
V          9 .Money is better
V         10 .To obtain experience/training
V         11 .Only wanted to work for a short
v            .period of time
V         12 .For the money
V         13 .Health limitations
V         14 .Retire/SS earnings limit
V         15 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         16 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES26TO     2    990  
     Other than the money, what is the
     main reason you are a temporary
     rather than a permanent worker?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer laid off and hired
v            .back as  temporary worker
V          2 .Only type of work could find
V          3 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          4 .Other economic (Specify)
V          5 .Flexibility of schedule
V          6 .Child care problems
V          7 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          8 .In school/training
V          9 .Money is better
V         10 .To obtain experience/training
V         11 .Only wanted to work for a short
v            .period of time
V         13 .Health limitations
V         14 .Retired/SS earnings limit
V         15 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         16 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES26OC     2    992  
     Earlier you said you were an on-call
     worker.  Would you prefer a job
     where you worked regularly scheduled
     hours?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No
V          3 .Depends

D PES26OR     2    994  
     What is the MAIN reason you are an
     on-call worker?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Only type of work could find
V          2 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          3 .Other economic (Specify)
V          4 .Flexibility of schedule
V          5 .Child care problems
V          6 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          7 .In school/training
V          8 .Money is better
V          9 .To obtain experience/training
V         10 .For the money
V         11 .Health limitations
V         12 .Retired/SS earnings limit
V         13 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         14 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES26OP     2    996  
     Other than the money, what is the
     main reason you are a temporary
     rather than permanent worker?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Only type of work could find
V          2 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          3 .Other economic (Specify)
V          4 .Flexibility of schedule
V          5 .Child care problems
V          6 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          7 .In school/training
V          8 .Money is better
V          9 .To obtain experience/training
V         11 .Health limitations
V         12 .Retired/SS earnings limit
V         13 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         14 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES26DL     2    998  
     Earlier you said you worked as a day
     laborer.  Would you prefer a job
     where you worked regularly scheduled
     hours?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No
V          3 .Depends

D PES26DR     2   1000  
     What is the MAIN reason you work as
     a day laborer?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Only type of work could find
V          2 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          3 .Other economic (Specify)
V          4 .Flexibility of schedule
V          5 .Child care problems
V          6 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          7 .In school/training
V          8 .Money is better
V          9 .To obtain experience/training
V         10 .For the money
V         11 .Health limitations
V         12 .Retired/SS earnings limit
V         13 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         14 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES26DP     2   1002  
     Other than money, what is the main
     reason you are a temporary rather
     than a permanent worker?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Only type of work could find
V          2 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          3 .Other economic (Specify)
V          4 .Flexibility of schedule
V          5 .Child care problems
V          6 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          7 .In school/training
V          8 .Money is better
V          9 .To obtain experience/training
V         11 .Health limitations
V         12 .Retired/SS earnings limit
V         13 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         14 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES26IC     2   1004  
     Would you prefer to work for someone
     else rather than being (fill:  self-
     employed/an independent contractor)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No
V          3 .Depends

D PES26IR     2   1006  
     What is the MAIN reason you are
     (fill:  self-employed/an independent
     contractor)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer laid off and hired
v            .back as temporary worker
V          2 .Only type of work could find
V          3 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          4 .Other economic (Specify)
V          5 .Flexibility of schedule
V          6 .Child care problems
V          7 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          8 .In school/training
V          9 .Money is better
V         10 .To obtain experience/training
V         11 .Enjoys being own
v            .boss/independence
V         12 .For the money
V         13 .Health limitations
V         14 .Retired/SS earnings limit
V         15 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         16 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES26IP     2   1008  
     Other than money, what is the main
     reason you are self-employed rather
     than working for someone else?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer laid off and hired
v            .back as temporary worker
V          2 .Only type of work could find
V          3 .Hope job leads to permanent
v            .employment
V          4 .Other economic (Specify)
V          5 .Flexibility of schedule
V          6 .Other family/personal
v            .obligations
V          7 .Child care problems
V          8 .In school/training
V          9 .Money is better
V         10 .To obtain experience training
V         11 .Enjoys being own
v            .boss/independence
V         13 .Health limitations
V         14 .Retired/SS earnings limit
V         15 .Nature of work/seasonal
V         16 .Other personal (Specify)

D PES28       2   1010  
     Did you EVER work as a temporary
     worker, contractor, consultant,
     free-lancer, or on-call worker for
     (fill:  employer's name from basic
     CPS)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES29       2   1012  
     Was this just before you began your
     current employment with (fill:
     employer's name from basic CPS)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES30TIM    2   1014  
     (Fill:  Including/Excluding) (fill:
     your time as a temporary worker,
     contractor, consultant, free lancer,
     or on-call worker,) How long have
     you worked for (fill employer's name
     from basic CPS)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES30NUM    3   1016  
     Enter Number Days/Weeks/Months/Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    0 - 999 .

D PES31TMT    2   1019  
     How long have you worked for (fill:
     employer's name from basic CPS)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES31TMN    3   1021  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    0 - 999 .

D PES31TIM    2   1024  
     How long have you worked (where you
     are currently working/(fill:
     employer's name from basic CPS)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES31NUM    3   1026  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    0 - 999 .

D PES32TIM    2   1029  
     How long have you been accepting
     assignments from a temporary help
     agency?  If there have been long
     periods when you have been turning
     down assignments for reasons such as
     attending school, only include the
     time since the last interruption.
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES32NUM    3   1031  
     ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS/WEEKS/Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    0 - 999 .

D PES33TIM    2   1034  
     How long have you worked (fill:  for
     employer's name from basic CPS/the
     place where you were assigned)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES33NUM    3   1036  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    0 - 999 .

D PES35TIM    2   1039  
     How long have you worked for the
     company that contracts out your
     services?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES35NUM    3   1041  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/ Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    0 - 999 .

D PES36TIM    2   1044  
     How long have you worked for the
     employer where you were working last
     week?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES36NUM    3   1046  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/ Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    0 - 999 .

D PES36CTM    2   1049  
     How long have you been an on-call
     worker?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES36CNM    3   1051  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V   0 -  999 .

D PES36DLT    2   1054  
     How long have you worked as a day
     laborer?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES36DLN    3   1056  
     Enter Number of Days/Weeks/Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    0 - 999 .

D PES36PRB    2   1059  
     Has it been more than a year?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES37       2   1061  
     Since you have been with (fill:
     employer's name) have you always
     worked form them as (fill:
     corresponding type of temporary
     worker)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES37IC     2   1063  
     Have you ever worked for one of your
     clients as something other than an
     independent contractor?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES37ICa    2   1065  
     Was this other employment just before
     you started working as an independent
     contractor?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES37A      2   1067  
     Was your other employment (fill:
     employer's name) just before you
     started working for them as (fill:
     corresponding type of temporary
     worker)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Just before started working
V          2 .Break in service

D PES37BTI    2   1069  
     How long were you working for (fill:
     employer's) name) before you became
     (fill:  corresponding type of
     temporary worker)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES37BNU    2   1071  
     Enter Number Days/Weeks/Months/Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V     0 - 99 .

D PES38       2   1073  
     Just before you started working for
     (fill:  employer's name, or your
     temporary help agency, contract
     company, etc.) were you working at a
     different job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES39       2   1075  
     Just before you started working for
     (fill:  employer's) name, temporary
     help agency, contract company, etc.)
     were you looking for work?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES40       2   1077  
     What was your major activity just
     before you started working for your
     current employer?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Attending to personal or family
v            .obligations
V          2 .Going to school
V          3 .In retirement
V          4 .Other (specify)

D PES42       2   1079  
     Before you started looking for work,
     were you employed in another job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES43       2   1081  
     Did you lose that job, quit that
     job, or was it a temporary job that
     ended?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Lost job
V          2 .Quit job
V          3 .Temporary job that ended
V          4 .Other

D PES44TIM    2   1083  
     How long did you work at that job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Years
V          2 .Months
V          3 .Weeks
V          4 .Days

D PES44NUM    3   1085  
     Enter Number Days/Weeks/Months/
     Years
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V    0 - 999 .

D PES44A      2   1088  
     At that job, were you employed by
     government, by a private company, or
     a non-profit organization?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Government
V          2 .Private for Profit Company
V          3 .Non-profit Organization
V          4 .Self employed

D PES44ICD    3   1090  
     Industry Code
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V    000-992 .Industry Code
V        999 .No response

D PRS44IDD    2   1093  
     Detailed Industry Recode
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Goods producing-agricultural
v            .services
V          2 .Goods producing-other
v            .agricultural
V          3 .Mining
V          4 .Cnstruction
V          5 .Mfg-lumber & wood prods, ex
v            .furniture
V          6 .Mfg-furniture & fixtures
V          7 .Mfg-stone, clay, concrete,
v            .glass prods
V          8 .Mfg-primary metals
V          9 .Mfg-fabricatmetals
V         10 .Mfg-not specified metal
v            .industries
V         11 .Mfg-machinery, ex electrical
V         12 .Mfg-electrical machinery, equip
v            .supplies
V         13 .Mfg-motor vehicles & equip
V         14 .Mfg-aircraft & parts
V         15 .Mfg-other transportation
v            .equipment
V         16 .Mfg-professional & photo equip,
v            .watches
V         17 .Mfg-toys, amusement & sporting
v            .goods
V         18 .Mfg-misc & nec mfg industries
V         19 .Mfg-food & kindred prods
V         20 .Mfg-tobacco prods
V         21 .Mfg-textile mill prods
V         22 .Mfg-apparel & other finished
v            .textile pr
V         23 .Mfg-paper & allied products
V         24 .Mfg-printing, publishing &
v            .allied inds
V         25 .Mfg-chemicals & allied prods
V         26 .Mfg-petroleum & coal prods
V         27 .Mfg-rubber & misc plastic prods
V         28 .Mfg-leather & leather prods
V         29 .Transportation
V         30 .Communications
V         31 .Utilities & sanitary services
V         32 .Wholesale trade
V         33 .Eating and drinking places
V         34 .Other retail trade
V         35 .Banking and other finance
V         36 .Insurance and real estate=
V         37 .Private household services
V         38 .Business services
V         39 .Automobile and repair services
V         40 .Personal serv exc private
v            .households
V         41 .Entertainment & recreation
v            .services
V         42 .Hospitals
V         43 .Health services, exc. hospitals
V         44 .Educational services
V         45 .Social services
V         46 .Oother professional services
V         47 .Forestry & fisheries
V         48 .Justice, public order & safety
V         49 .Admin of human resource
v            .programs
V         50 .National security & internal
v            .affairs
V         51 .Other public administration
V         99 .No response

D PES45A      2   1095  
     Since you started working for (fill:
     employer's name from basic CPS),
     have you looked for other
     employment?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES45SEA    2   1097  
     Since you became (fill:  self-
     employed/an independent contractor),
     have you looked for a job where you
     would be someone else's employee
     rather than self-employed/an
     independent contractor)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES45DL     2   1099  
     Since you started working as a day
     laborer, have you looked for other
     employment?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES45B      2   1101  
     Since the beginning of December,
     have you looked for other
     employment?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES45SEB    2   1103  
     Since the beginning of December,
     have you looked for a job where you
     would be someone else's employee?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES46       2   1105  
     Have you been looking for a new job
     or (fill:  an additional job/a second
     job)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .New job
V          2 .Additional job or second job

D PES46TMP    2   1107  
     Have you been looking for temporary,
     short-term employment, or more long-
     term employment?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Temporary/short term
V          2 .More long term
V          3 .Either

D PES46TA     2   1109  
     Have you been looking for a job
     where you would not be working
     through a temporary help agency?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES46CW     2   1111  
     Have you been looking for a job as
     something other than a contract
     worker?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES46OCD    2   1113  
     Have you been looking for a job in
     something other than (on call
     work/day labor)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES47A      2   1115  
     What are all of the things you have
     done to find other employment since
     (fill:  you started working at your
     current job/December)?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47B      2   1117  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47C      2   1119  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47D      2   1121  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47E      2   1123  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47F      2   1125  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47G      2   1127  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47H      2   1129  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47I      2   1131  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47J      2   1133  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47K      2   1135  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47L      2   1137  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES47M      2   1139  
     Anything else?  What are all the
     things you have done to find other
     employment since you started working
     at your current job?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Employer directly/interview
V          2 .Public employment agency
V          3 .Private employment agency
V          4 .Friends or relatives
V          5 .School/university employment
v            .center
V          6 .Sent out resumes/filled out
v            .applications
V          7 .Checked union/professional
v            .registers
V          8 .Placed or answered ads
V          9 .Other active
V         10 .Looked at ads
V         11 .Attended job training
v            .programs/courses
V         12 .Other passive
V         13 .Nothing

D PES48       2   1141  
     Were you looking for temporary,
     short-term employment, or more long-
     term employment?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V          1 .Temporary/Short term
V          2 .More long term
V          3 .Either/Anything I can find

D PES48DIS    2   1143  
     Are you interested in temporary,
     short term employment, or more long
     term employment?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Temporary/Short term
V          2 .More long term
V          3 .Either/Anything I can find

D PES49       2   1145  
     Do you have health insurance from
     any source?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES50       2   1147  
     Do you receive this health insurance
     through (fill:  employer's name, or
     your temporary help agency, contract
     company, etc.)
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES50A      2   1149  
     If (fill:  employer's name from basic
     CPS, or your temporary help agency,
     contract company, etc.) did not
     offer health insurance, could you
     have been covered by another family
     member's insurance?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES51       2   1151  
     Does (fill with:  employer's name, or
     temporary help agency, contract
     company, etc.) pay for all part or
     none of the insurance premium?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .All
V          2 .Part
V          3 .None

D PES52A      2   1153  
     How did you obtain your health
     insurance?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Receive health insurance
v            .through my (company/work)
V          2 .Spouse's health insurance
V          3 .Other family member's insurance
V          4 .Receive health insurance
v            .through your other job
V          5 .Receive health insurance
v            .through previous job
V          6 .Purchased insurance on your own
V          7 .Medicare
V          8 .Medicaid
V          9 .Labor union
V         10 .Association or club
V         11 .School or university
V         12 .Other-specify

D PES53       2   1155  
     Does (fill:  employer's name or your
     temporary help agency, contact
     company, etc.) offer health
     insurance to any of its (fill:
     temporary) employees?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES54       2   1157  
     Could you be in this plan if you
     wanted to?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES55       2   1159  
     Why aren't you in this plan?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Covered by another plan
V          2 .Traded health insurance for 
V            .higher pay
V          3 .Too expensive
V          4 .Don't need health insurance
V          5 .Have a pre-existing condition
V          6 .Haven't yet worked for this
v            .employer long enough to be
v            .covered
V          7 .Contract or temporary employees
v            .not allowed in plan
V          8 .Other-specify

D PES56       2   1161  
     Why not?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Don't work enough hours per
v            .week or weeks per year
V          2 .Contract or temporary employees
v            .not allowed in plan
V          3 .Haven't worked for this
v            .employer long enough to be
v            .covered
V          4 .Have a pre-existing condition
V          5 .Too expensive
V          6 .Other-specify

D PES57       2   1163  
     Does (fill:  employer's name, or your
     temporary help agency, contract company,
     etc.) offer a pension or retirement plan
     to any of its employees?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES58       2   1165  
     Do you have a tax deferred
     retirement account such as an IRA or
     Keogh plan?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES59       2   1167  
     Are you included in this plan?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PES60       2   1169  
     Why not?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Poor investment
V          2 .Too expensive/can't afford it
V          3 .No one in my type of job is
v            .allowed in plan
V          4 .Don't work enough hours per
v            .week or weeks per year
V          5 .Haven't worked for this
v            .employer long enough to be
v            .covered
V          6 .Too old
V          7 .Too young
V          8 .Chose not to participate
V          9 .Other-specify

D PES61       2   1171  
     Do you have a tax deferred account such
     as an IRA or KEOGH plan?
V         -9 .No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PESXPER     2   1173  
     An out variable for SXA--contains
     periodicity
V         -9 .No Response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V          1 .Hourly
V          2 .Weekly
V          3 .Bi-Weekly
V          4 .Twice Monthly
V          5 .Monthly
V          6 .Annually
V          7 .Other-specify

D PESXB       2   1175  
     Do you usually receive overtime pay,
     tips or commissions at your MAIN job?
V         -9 .No Response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PESXH1O     5   1177  
     Out variable for hourly pay rate (items
     SXC, Dollar Amount--two implied decimals
V         -9 .No Response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V     0-9999 .(topcoded such that hourly rate
V            .is less than or equal to
V            .$1923.00 divided by usual
V            .hours)

D PTSXH1O     2   1182  
     Topcode flag for PESXH10
V          0 .No topcode
V          1 .Topcoded value

D PESXC1      2   1184  
     How many hours do you usually work per
     week at this rate?
V         -9 .No Response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V      01-99 .

D PUSXOTP     2   1186  
     At your MAIN job, how much do you
     usually receive JUST in overtime pay,
     tips or commissions, before taxes or
     other deductions? (This variable
     contains the periodicity.)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Per hour
V          2 .Per day
V          3 .Per week
V          4 .Per month
V          5 .Per year
V          6 .Other

D PUSXD1A     2   1188  
     How many hours do you usually work per
     week at this rate?
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V      00-99 .

D PUSXD1B     2   1190  
     What is your best estimate of the number
     of hours per week you usually work at
     this rate?
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V      00-99 .

D PUSXF       2   1192  
     How many weeks a year do you get paid
     for?
V         -9.No response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V      01-52 .

D PESXI       2   1194  
     On this job, are you a member of a labor
     union or of an employee association
     similar to a union?
V         -9 .No Response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PESXJ       2   1196  
     On this job, are you covered by a union
     or employee association contract?
V         -9 .No Response (N/A)
V         -3 .Refused
V         -2 .Don't Know
V         -1 .Not in Universe
V          1 .Yes
V          2 .No

D PUSERN      7   1198  
     Calculated weekly amount of overtime
     Dollar amount--two implied decimals
V   0-192300 .(topcoded)

D PTSERNX     2   1205  
     Topcode flag for PUSERN
V          0 .No Topcode
V          1 .Topcoded Value

D PUSERN2     7   1207  
     Corrected calculated weekly amount of
     overtime Dollar amount--two implied
     decimals
V   0-192300 .(topcoded)

D PTSERN2X    2   1214  
     Topcode  flag for PUSERN2
V          0 .No Topcode
V          1 .Topcoded Value

D PRSCWKLY    6   1216  
     Recode for weekly earnings Dollar
     amount--two implied decimals This is
     allocated if missing, don't know refused
     or no response.
V   0-192300 .(topcoded)

D PRSXHR      4   1222  
     Recode for hourly rate Two implied
     decimals
V    0-9999 .

D PESXHRY     2   1226  
     Hourly/Nonhourly Status
V          1 .Hourly status
V          2 .Nonhourly status

D PRCONDF1    2   1228  
     Recode  representing contingent work
     definition #1.
V         0  .Employed persons who do
             .not meet criterion for 1
V         1  .Wage and salary workers who are
V            .not self-employed or
V            .independent contractors and are
V            .(1) in a temporary job or a job
V            .that could  not last as long as
V            .they wish, (2) expecting their
V            .job to last a year or less for
V            .non-personal reasons, or (3) in
V            .a job where their tenure is a
V            .year or less.

D PRCONDF2    2   1230  
     Recode  representing contingent work
     definition #2.
V          0 .Employed individuals who
V            .do not meet the criterion
V            .for 1
V          1 .All persons who met the
V            .criterion for PRCONDF1 (except
V            .tenure for temporary help
V            .agency and contract company
V            .workers is defined with respect
V            .to the place they have been
V            .assigned to work), plus self-
V            .employed persons (both
V            .incorporated  and
V            .unincorporated) and independent
V            .contractors who expect to be
V            .self employed or act as an
V            .independent contractor for a
V            .year or less and have been
V            .self-employed or an independent
V            .contractor for a year or less.

D PRCONDF3    2   1232  
     Recode  representing contingent work
     definition #3.
V          0 .Employed individuals who did
V            .not meet the criterion for 1
V          1 .Wage and salary workers whose 
V            .jobs, for non personal reasons, 
V            .are temporary or cannot last as 
V            .long as they wish, plus self-
V            .employed persons and 
V            .independent contractors who 
V            .expect to be self-employed or 
V            .act as an independent 
V            .contractor for a year or less 
V            .and have been self-employed or 
V            .an independent contractor for a 
V            .year or less.

D PRTMPAGC    2   1234  
     Recode identifying individuals paid by a
     temporary help agency.
V          0 .Not paid by temporary help 
V            .agency
V          1 .Persons paid by temporary help 
v            .agency

D PRIC        2   1236  
     Recode identifies individuals who are
     independent contractors, independent
     consultants or freelancers
V          0 .Not independent contractor,
V            .independent consultant or
V            .freelancer
V          1 .Wage and salary worker and self
V            .employed individual who works
V            .as an independent contractor,
V            .independent consultant, or
V            .freelancer

D PRCNTRCT    2   1238  
     Recode identifies individuals who work
     for a contract company
V          0 .Not working for a contract
V            .company
V          1 .Individual works for a contract
V            .company, usually only has one
V            .customer and usually works at
V            .the customer's worksite.

D PRCALL      2   1240  
     Recode identifies on call workers or day
     laborers
V          0 .Not on call or day laborer
V          1 .Individual is either an on call
V            .worker or a day laborer

D PUIO1COW    2   1242  
     Individual class of worker on first job.
V          1 .Government - Federal
V          2 .Government - State
V          3 .Government - Local
V          4 .Private, for profit
V          5 .Private, nonprofit
V          6 .Self-employed, incorporated
V          7 .Self-employed, unincorporated
V          8 .Without pay
V          9 .Unknown
V         10 .Government, level unknown
V         11 .Self-employed, incorp. status
V            .unknown

D PRSUPTYP    2   1244  
     Type of Supplement Interview
V          1 .Interview
V          2 .Noninterview

D PWSUPWGT   10   1246  
     Supplement Weight 4 implied decimals

D PRSUPERN    2   1256  
     Supplement earnings flag
V         -1 .Not in universe
V          1 .Eligible for earnings
      

Attachment 9 - February 1997 Contingent Work Supplement Questionnaire PDF

Attachment 10 - Industry Classification Codes for Detailed Industry (3-digit)

There are 236 categories for the employed, with 1 additional category for the experienced unemployed. These categories are aggregated into 51 detailed groups and 23 major groups.

(Numbers in parentheses are the 1987 SIC code equivalent; see Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1987. "Pt" means part, "n.e.c." means not elsewhere classified.)

These codes correspond to Items PEIO1ICD and PEIO2ICD located in the adults record layout. These codes are located in positions 436-438 and 446-448 in all months except March. In March, these codes correspond to Item A-IND, positions 103-105.

Dots indicate subcategories.

Industry Classification Codes
Code Industry
000-009 not used
010-030 AGRICULTURE
010 .Agricultural production, crops (01)
011 .Agricultural production, livestock (02)
012 .Veterinary services (074)
013-019 .not used
020 .Landscape and horticultural services (078)
021-029 .not used
030 .Agricultural services, n.e.c. (071, 072, 075, 076)
031-032 FORESTRY AND FISHERIES
031 .Forestry (08)
032 .Fishing, hunting, and trapping (09)
033-039 .not used
040-050 MINING
040 .Metal mining (10)
041 .Coal mining (12)
042 .Oil and gas extraction (13)
043-049 .not used
050 .Nonmetallic mining and quarrying, except fuel (14)
051-059 .not used
060 CONSTRUCTION (15, 16, 17)
061-099 .not used
100-392 MANUFACTURING
100-222 NONDURABLE GOODS
100-122 .Food and kindred products
100 .Meat products (201)
101 .Dairy products (202)
102 .Canned, frozen and preserved fruits and vegetables (203)
103-109 .not used
110 .Grain mill products (204)
111 .Bakery products (205)
112 .Sugar and confectionery products (206)
113-119 .not used
120 .Beverage industries (208)
121 .Miscellaneous food preparations and kindred products (207, 209)
122 .Not specified food industries
123-129 .not used
130 .Tobacco manufactures (21)
131 .not used
132-150 .Textile mill products
132 .Knitting mills (225)
133-139 .not used
140 .Dyeing and finishing textiles, except wool and knit goods (226)
141 .Carpets and rugs (227)
142 .Yarn, thread, and fabric mills (221-224, 228)
143-149 .not used
150 .Miscellaneous textile mill products (229)
151-152 .Apparel and other finished textile products
151 .Apparel and accessories, except knit (231-238)
152 .Miscellaneous fabricated textile products (239)
153-159 .not used
160-162 .Paper and allied products
160 .Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills (261-263)
161 .Miscellaneous paper and pulp products (267)
162 .Paperboard containers and boxes (265)
163-170 .not used
171-172 .Printing, publishing, and allied industries
171 .Newspaper publishing and printing (271)
172 .Printing, publishing, and allied industries, except newspapers (272-279)
173-179 .not used
180-192 .Chemicals and allied products
180 .Plastics, synthetics, and resins (282)
181 .Drugs (283)
182 .Soaps and cosmetics (284)
183-189 .not used
190 .Paints, varnishes, and related products (285)
191 .Agricultural chemicals (287)
192 .Industrial and miscellaneous chemicals (281,286, 289)
193-199 .not used
200-201 .Petroleum and coal products
200 .Petroleum refining (291)
201 .Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products (295, 299)
202-209 .not used
210-212 .Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
.
210 .Tires and inner tubes (301)
211 .Other rubber products, and plastics footwear and belting (302-306)
212 .Miscellaneous plastics products (308)
213-219 .not used
220-222 .Leather and leather products
220 .Leather tanning and finishing (311)
221 .Footwear, except rubber and plastic (313, 314)
222 .Leather products, except footwear (315-317, 319)
223-229 .not used
230-392 DURABLE GOODS
230-241 .Lumber and wood products, except furniture
230 .Logging (241)
231 .Sawmills, planing mills, and millwork (242, 243)
232 .Wood buildings and mobile homes (245)
233-240 .not used
241 .Miscellaneous wood products (244, 249)
242 .Furniture and fixtures (25)
243-249 .not used
250-262 .Stone, clay, glass, and concrete products
250 .Glass and glass products (321-323)
251 .Cement, concrete, gypsum, and plaster products (324, 327)
252 .Structural clay products (325)
253-260 .not used
261 .Pottery and related products (326)
262 .Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral and stone products (328, 329)
263-269 .not used
270-301 .Metal industries
270 .Blast furnaces, steelworks, rolling and finishing mills (331)
271 .Iron and steel foundries (332)
272 .Primary aluminum industries (3334, part 334, 3353-3355, 3363, 3365)
273-279 .not used
280 .Other primary metal industries (3331, 3339, part 334, 3351, 3356, 3357, 3364, 3366, 3369, 339)
281 .Cutlery, handtools, and general hardware (342)
282 .Fabricated structural metal products (344)
283-289 .not used
290 .Screw machine products (345)
291 .Metal forgings and stampings (346)
292 .Ordnance (348)
293-299 .not used
300 .Miscellaneous fabricated metal products (341, 343, 347, 349)
301 .Not specified metal industries
302-309 .not used
310-332 .Machinery and computing equipment
310 .Engines and turbines (351)
311 .Farm machinery and equipment (352)
312 .Construction and material handling machines (353)
313-319 .not used
320 .Metalworking machinery (354)
321 .Office and accounting machines (3578, 3579)
322 .Computers and related equipment (3571-3577)
323-330 .not used
331 .Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c. (355, 356, 358, 359)
332 .Not specified machinery
333-339 .not used
340-350 .Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
340 .Household appliances (363)
341 .Radio, TV, and communication equipment (365, 366)
342 .Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies, n.e.c. (361, 362, 364, 367, 369)
343-349 .not used
350 .Not specified electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
351-370 .Transportation equipment
351 .Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment (371)
352 .Aircraft and parts (372)
353-359 .not used
360 .Ship and boat building and repairing (373)
361 .Railroad locomotives and equipment (374)
362 .Guided missiles, space vehicles, and parts (376)
363-369 .not used
370 .Cycles and miscellaneous transportation equipment (375, 379)
371-381 .Professional and photographic equipment, and watches
371 .Scientific and controlling instruments (381, 382 except 3827)
372 .Medical, dental, and optical instruments and supplies (3827, 384, 385)
373-379 .not used
380 .Photographic equipment and supplies (386)
381 .Watches, clocks, and clockwork operated devices (387)
382-389 .not used
390 .Toys, amusement, and sporting goods (394)
391 .Miscellaneous manufacturing industries (39 except 394)
392 .Not specified manufacturing industries
393-399 .not used
400-472 TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATIONS, AND OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES
400-432 TRANSPORTATION
400 .Railroads (40)
401 .Bus service and urban transit (41, except 412)
402 .Taxicab service (412)
403-409 .not used
410 .Trucking service (421, 423)
411 .Warehousing and storage (422)
412 .U.S. Postal Service (43)
413-419 .not used
420 .Water transportation (44)
421 .Air transportation (45)
422 .Pipe lines, except natural gas (46)
423-431 .not used
432 .Services incidental to transportation (47)
433-439 .not used
440-442 COMMUNICATIONS
440 .Radio and television broadcasting and cable (483, 484)
441 .Telephone communications (481)
442 .Telegraph and miscellaneous communications services (482, 489)
443-449 .not used
450-472 UTILITIES AND SANITARY SERVICES
450 .Electric light and power (491)
451 .Gas and steam supply systems (492, 496)
452 .Electric and gas, and other combinations (493)
453-469 .not used
470 .Water supply and irrigation (494, 497)
471 .Sanitary services (495)
472 .Not specified utilities
473-499 .not used
500-571 WHOLESALE TRADE
500-532 .Durable Goods
500 .Motor vehicles and equipment (501)
501 .Furniture and home furnishings (502)
502 .Lumber and construction materials (503)
503-509 .not used
510 .Professional and commercial equipment and supplies (504)
511 .Metals and minerals, except petroleum (505)
512 .Electrical goods (506)
513-520 .not used
521 .Hardware, plumbing and heating supplies (507)
522-529 .not used
530 .Machinery, equipment, and supplies (508)
531 .Scrap and waste materials (5093)
532 .Miscellaneous wholesale, durable goods (509 except 5093)
533-539 .not used
540-571 .Nondurable Goods
540 .Paper and paper products (511)
541 .Drugs, chemicals and allied products (512, 516)
542 .Apparel, fabrics, and notions (513)
543-549 .not used
550 .Groceries and related products (514)
551 .Farm-product raw materials (515)
552 .Petroleum products (517)
553-559 .not used
560 .Alcoholic beverages (518)
561 .Farm supplies (5191)
562 .Miscellaneous wholesale, nondurable goods (5192-5199)
563-570 .not used
571 .Not specified wholesale trade
572-579 .not used
580-691 RETAIL TRADE
580 .Lumber and building material retailing (521, 523)
581 .Hardware stores (525)
582 .Retail nurseries and garden stores (526)
583-589 .not used
590 .Mobile home dealers (527)
591 .Department stores (531)
592 .Variety stores (533)
593-599 .not used
600 .Miscellaneous general merchandise stores (539)
601 .Grocery stores (541)
602 .Dairy products stores (545)
603-609 .not used
610 .Retail bakeries (546)
611 .Food stores, n.e.c. (542, 543, 544, 549)
612 .Motor vehicle dealers (551, 552)
613-619 .not used
620 .Auto and home supply stores (553)
621 .Gasoline service stations (554)
622 .Miscellaneous vehicle dealers (555, 556, 557, 559)
623 .Apparel and accessory stores, except shoe (56, except 566)
624-629 .not used
630 .Shoe stores (566)
631 .Furniture and home furnishings stores (571)
632 .Household appliance stores (572)
633 .Radio, TV, and computer stores (5731, 5734)
634-639 .not used
640 .Music stores (5735, 5736)
641 .Eating and drinking places (58)
642 .Drug stores (591)
643-649 .not used
650 .Liquor stores (592)
651 .Sporting goods, bicycles, and hobby stores (5941, 5945, 5946)
652 .Book and stationery stores (5942, 5943)
653-659 .not used
660 .Jewelry stores (5944)
661 .Gift, novelty, and souvenir shops (5947)
662 .Sewing, needlework and piece goods stores (5949)
663 .Catalog and mail order houses (5961)
664-669 .not used
670 .Vending machine operators (5962)
671 .Direct selling establishments (5963)
672 .Fuel dealers (598)
673-680 .not used
681 .Retail florists (5992)
682 .Miscellaneous retail stores (593, 5948, 5993-5995, 5999)
683-690 .not used
691 .Not specified retail trade
692-699 .not used
700-712 FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
700 .Banking (60 except 603 and 606)
701 .Savings institutions, including credit unions (603, 606)
702 .Credit agencies, n.e.c. (61)
703-709 .not used
710 .Security, commodity brokerage, and investment companies (62, 67)
711 .Insurance (63, 64)
712 .Real estate, including real estate-insurance offices (65)
713-720 .not used
721-760 BUSINESS AND REPAIR SERVICES
721 .Advertising (731)
722 .Services to dwellings and other buildings (734)
723-730 .not used
731 .Personnel supply services (736)
732 .Computer and data processing services (737)
733-739 .not used
740 .Detective and protective services (7381, 7382)
741 .Business services, n.e.c. (732, 733, 735, 7383-7389)
742 .Automotive rental and leasing, without drivers (751)
743-749 .not used
750 .Automotive parking and carwashes (752, 7542)
751 .Automotive repair and related services (753, 7549)
752 .Electrical repair shops (762, 7694)
753-759 .not used
760 .Miscellaneous repair services (763, 764, 7692, 7699)
761-791 PERSONAL SERVICES
761 .PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS (88)
762-791 .PERSONAL SERVICES, EXCEPT PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD
762 .Hotels and motels (701)
763-769 .not used
770 .Lodging places, except hotels and motels (702, 703, 704)
771 .Laundry, cleaning, and garment services (721 except part 7219)
772 .Beauty shops (723)
773-779 .not used
780 .Barber shops (724)
781 .Funeral service and crematories (726)
782 .Shoe repair shops (725)
783-789 .not used
790 .Dressmaking shops (part 7219)
791 .Miscellaneous personal services (722, 729)
792-799 .not used
800-810 ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION SERVICES
800 .Theaters and motion pictures (781-783, 792)
801 .Video tape rental (784)
802 .Bowling centers (793)
803-809 .not used
810 .Miscellaneous entertainment and recreation services (791, 794, 799)
811 .not used
812-893 PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED SERVICES
812-830 MEDICAL SERVICES, EXCEPT HOSPITALS
812 .Offices and clinics of physicians (801, 803)
813-819 .not used
820 .Offices and clinics of dentists (802)
821 .Offices and clinics of chiropractors (8041)
822 .Offices and clinics of optometrists (8042)
823-829 .not used
830 .Offices and clinics of health practitioners, n.e.c. (8043, 8049)
831 HOSPITALS (806)
832-840 MEDICAL SERVICES, EXCEPT HOSPITALS (Continued)
832 .Nursing and personal care facilities (805)
833-839 .not used
840 .Health services, n.e.c. (807, 808, 809)
841 OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES (also includes codes 872-893)
841 .Legal services (81)
842-860 EDUCATIONAL SERVICES
842 .Elementary and secondary schools (821)
843-849 .not used
850 .Colleges and universities (822)
851 .Vocational schools (824)
852 .Libraries (823)
853-859 .not used
860 .Educational services, n.e.c. (829)
861-871 SOCIAL SERVICES
861 .Job training and vocational rehabilitation services (833)
862 .Child day care services (part 835)
863 .Family child care homes (part 835)
864-869 .not used
870 .Residential care facilities, without nursing (836)
871 .Social services, n.e.c. (832, 839)
872-893 OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES (Also includes code 840)
872 .Museums, art galleries, and zoos (84)
873 .Labor unions (863)
874-879 .not used
880 .Religious organizations (866)
881 .Membership organizations, n.e.c. (861, 862, 864, 865, 869)
882 .Engineering, architectural, and surveying services (871)
883-889 .not used
890 .Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services (872)
891 .Research, development, and testing services (873)
892 .Management and public relations services (874)
893 .Miscellaneous professional and related services (899)
894-899 .not used
900-932 PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
900 .Executive and legislative offices (911-913)
901 .General government, n.e.c. (919)
902-909 .not used
910 .Justice, public order, and safety (92)
911-920 .not used
921 .Public finance, taxation, and monetary policy (93)
922 .Administration of human resources programs (94)
923-929 .not used
930 .Administration of environmental quality and housing programs (95)
931 .Administration of economic programs (96)
932 .National security and international affairs (97)
933-990 .not used
991 Assigned to persons whose labor force status is unemployed and whose last job was Armed Forces

Detailed Industry Recodes
(01-51)

These codes correspond to Items PRDTIND1 and PRDTIND2 in positions 472-475 of the adult record layout in all months except March. In March, these codes are located in positions 0157-0158.

Dots indicate subcategories.

Detailed Industry Recode Industry Code
Agriculture Service 01 012-030
Other Agriculture 02 010-011
Mining 03 040-050
Construction 04 060
Manufacturing (Durable Goods) 04 060
.Lumber and wood products, except furniture 05 230-241
.Furniture and fixtures 06 242
.Stone clay, glass, and concrete product 07 250-262
.Primary metals 08 270-280
.Fabricated metal 09 281-300
.Not specified metal industries 10 301
..Machinery, except electrical 11 310-332
..Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies 12 340-350
..Motor vehicles and equipment 13 351
.Aircraft and parts 14 352
..Other transportation equipment 15 360-370
..Professional and photographic equipment, and watches 16 371-382
..Toys, amusements, and sporting goods 17 390
..Miscellaneous and not specified manufacturing industries 18 391-392
Manufacturing (Nondurable Goods)
.Food and kindred products 19 100-122
.Tobacco manufactures 20 130
.Textile mill products 21 132-150
..Apparel and other finished textile products 22 151-152
.Paper and allied products 23 160-162
..Printing, publishing and allied industries 24 171-172
..Chemicals and allied products 25 180-192
..Petroleum and coal products 26 200-201
..Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products 27 210-212
..Leather and leather products 28 220-222
Transportation 29 400-432
Communications 30 440-442
Utilities and Sanitary Services 31 450-472
Wholesale Trade 32 500-571
Retail Trade 33 580-691
Banking and Other Finance 34 700-710
Insurance and Real Estate 35 711-712
Private Household Services 36 761
Business Services 37 721-750
Repair Services 38 751-760
Personal Services, Except Private Household 39 762-791
Entertainment and Recreation Services 40 800-810
Hospitals 41 831
Health Services, Except Hospitals 42 812-830
832-840
Educational Services 43 842-860
Social Services 44 861-871
Other Professional Services 45 841,872-893
Forestry and Fisheries 46 031,032
Justice, Public Order and Safety 47 910
Administration of Human Resource Programs 48 922
National Security and Internal Affairs 49 932
Other Public Administration 50 900,901,921,930,931
Armed Forces last job, currently unemployed 51 991

Major Industry Recodes
(01-23)

These codes correspond to Items PRMJIND1 and PRMJIND2 in positions 482-485 of the adult record layout in all months except March. In March, these codes are located in positions 0155-0156.

Dots indicate subcategories.

Major Industry Recode Industry Code
Agriculture 01 010-030
Mining 02 040-050
Construction 03 060
Manufacturing
.(Durable Goods) 04 230-392
.Nondurable Goods 05 100-222
Transportation, communications and other public utilities
.Transportation 06 400-442
.Communications and public utilities
..Communications 07 440-442
..Utilities and sanitary service 08 450-472
Wholesale Trade
.Wholesale Trade 09 500-571
.Retail Trade 10 580-691
Finance, insurance, and real estate 11 700-712
Services
.Private households 12 761
Miscellaneous services
.Business and Repair Services 13 721-760
..Personal services, except pro. hhlds. 14 762-791
..Entertainment and recreation services 15 800-810
.Professional and related Services
...Hospitals 16 831
...Medical services, except hospitals 17 812-830, 832-840
..Educational services 18 842-860
..Social services 19 861-871
..Other professional services 20 841, 872-893
.Forestry and fisheries 21 031-032
Public administration 22 900-932
Armed Forces 23 991

Attachment 11 - Occupational Classification Codes for Detailed Occupational Categories (3-digit)

There are 500 categories for the employed with 1 additional category for the experienced unemployed. These categories are aggregated into 46 detailed groups and 14 major groups.

The classification is developed from the 1980 Standard Occupational Classification. "n.e.c." is the abbreviation for not elsewhere classified.

These codes correspond to Items PEIO1COCD AND PEI02OCD located in the adults record layout. These codes are located in positions 439-441 and 449-451 in all months except March. In March, these codes correspond to Item A-OCC, positions 106-108.

Dots indicate subcategories.

Occupational Classification Codes
Code Occupation
000-199 MANAGERIAL AND PROFESSIONAL SPECIALTY OCCUPATIONS
000-037 .EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND MANAGERIAL OCCUPATIONS
000-003 ..not used
004 ..Chief executives and general administrators, public administration (112)
005 ..Administrators and officials, public administration (1132-1139)
006 ..Administrators, protective services (1131)
007 ..Financial managers (122)
008 ..Personnel and labor relations managers (123)
009 ..Purchasing managers (124)
010-012 ..not used
013 ..Managers, marketing, advertising, and public relations (125)
014 ..Administrators, education and related fields (128)
015 ..Managers, medicine and health (131)
016 ..not used
017 ..Managers, food serving and lodging establishments (1351)
018 ..Managers, properties and real estate (1353)
019 ..Funeral directors (part 1359)
020 ..not used
021 ..Managers, service organizations, n.e.c. (127, 1352, 1354, part 1359)
022 ..Managers and administrators, n.e.c. (121, 126, 132-1343, 136-139)
023-037 ..Management Related Occupations
023 ..Accountants and auditors (1412)
024 ..Underwriters (1414)
025 ..Other financial officers (1415, 1419)
026 ..Management analysts (142)
027 ..Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists (143)
028 ..Purchasing agents and buyers, farm products (1443)
029 ..Buyers, wholesale and retail trade except farm products (1442)
030-032 ..not used
033 ..Purchasing agents and buyers, n.e.c. (1449)
034 ..Business and promotion agents (145)
035 ..Construction inspectors (1472)
036 ..Inspectors and compliance officers, except construction (1473)
037 ..Management related occupations, n.e.c. (149)
038-042 ..not used
043-199 .PROFESSIONAL SPECIALTY OCCUPATIONS
043-063 .Engineers, Architects, and Surveyors
043 ..Architects (161)
044-059 ..Engineers
044 ..Aerospace (1622)
045 ..Metallurgical and materials (1623)
046 ..Mining (1624)
047 ..Petroleum (1625)
048 ..Chemical (1626)
049 ..Nuclear (1627)
050-052 ..not used
053 ..Civil (1628)
054 ..Agricultural (1632)
055 ..Electrical and electronic (1633, 1636)
056 ..Industrial (1634)
057 ..Mechanical (1635)
058 ..Marine and naval architects (1637)
059 ..Engineers, n.e.c. (1639)
060-062 ..not used
063 ..Surveyors and mapping scientists (164)
064-068 ..Mathematical and Computer Scientists
064 ..Computer systems analysts and scientists (171)
065 ..Operations and systems researchers and analysts (172)
066 ..Actuaries (1732)
067 ..Statisticians (1733)
068 ..Mathematical scientists, n.e.c. (1739)
069-083 ..Natural Scientists
069 ..Physicists and astronomers (1842, 1843)
070-072 ..not used
073 ..Chemists, except biochemists (1845)
074 ..Atmospheric and space scientists (1846)
075 ..Geologists and geodesists (1847)
076 ..Physical scientists, n.e.c. (1849)
077 ..Agricultural and food scientists (1853)
078 ..Biological and life scientists (1854)
079 ..Forestry and conservation scientists (1852)
080-082 ..not used
083 ..Medical scientists (1855)
084-089 ..Health Diagnosing Occupations
084 ..Physicians (261)
085 ..Dentists (262)
086 ..Veterinarians (27)
087 ..Optometrists (281)
088 ..Podiatrists (283)
089 ..Health diagnosing practitioners, n.e.c. (289)
090-094 ..not used
095-106 ..Health Assessment and Treating Occupations
095 ..Registered nurses (29)
096 ..Pharmacists (301)
097 ..Dietitians (302)
098-105 ..Therapists
098 ..Respiratory therapists (3031)
099 ..Occupational therapists (3032)
100-102 ..not used
103 ..Physical therapists (3033)
104 ..Speech therapists (3034)
105 ..Therapists, n.e.c. (3039)
106 ..Physicians' assistants (304)
107-112 ..not used
113-154 ..Teachers, Postsecondary
113 ..Earth, environmental, and marine science teachers (2212)
114 ..Biological science teachers (2213)
115 ..Chemistry teachers (2214)
116 ..Physics teachers (2215)
117 ..Natural science teachers, n.e.c. (2216)
118 ..Psychology teachers (2217)
119 ..Economics teachers (2218)
120-122 ..not used
123 ..History teachers (2222)
124 ..Political science teachers (2223)
125 ..Sociology teachers (2224)
126 ..Social science teachers, n.e.c. (2225)
127 ..Engineering teachers (2226)
128 ..Mathematical science teachers (2227)
129 ..Computer science teachers (2228)
130-132 ..not used
133 ..Medical science teachers (2231)
134 ..Health specialties teachers (2232)
135 ..Business, commerce, and marketing teachers (2233)
136 ..Agriculture and forestry teachers (2234)
137 ..Art, drama, and music teachers (2235)
138 ..Physical education teachers (2236)
139 ..Education teachers (2237)
140-142 ..not used
143 ..English teachers (2238)
144 ..Foreign language teachers (2242)
145 ..Law teachers (2243)
146 ..Social work teachers (2244)
147 ..Theology teachers (2245)
148 ..Trade and industrial teachers (2246)
149 ..Home economics teachers (2247)
150-152 ..not used
153 ..Teachers, postsecondary, n.e.c. (2249)
154 ..Postsecondary teachers, subject not specified
155-159 ..Teachers, Except Postsecondary
155 ..Teachers, prekindergarten and kindergarten (231)
156 ..Teachers, elementary school (232)
157 ..Teachers, secondary school (233)
158 ..Teachers, special education (235)
159 ..Teachers, n.e.c. (236, 239)
160-162 ..not used
163 ..Counselors, Educational and Vocational (24)
164-165 ..Librarians, Archivists, and Curators
164 ..Librarians (251)
165 ..Archivists and curators (252)
166-173 ..Social Scientists and Urban Planners
166 ..Economists (1912)
167 ..Psychologists (1915)
168 ..Sociologists (1916)
169 ..Social scientists, n.e.c. (1913, 1914, 1919)
170-172 ..not used
173 ..Urban planners (192)
174-177 ..Social, Recreation, and Religious Workers
174 ..Social workers (2032)
175 ..Recreation workers (2033)
176 ..Clergy (2042)
177 ..Religious workers, n.e.c. (2049)
178 ..Lawyers and Judges (211-212)
178-182 ..not used
183-199 ..Writers, Artists, Entertainers, and Athletes
183 ..Authors (321)
184 ..Technical writers (398)
185 ..Designers (322)
186 ..Musicians and composers (323)
187 ..Actors and directors (324)
188 ..Painters, sculptors, craft-artists, and artist printmakers (325)
189 ..Photographers (326)
190-192 ..not used
193 ..Dancers (327)
194 ..Artists, performers, and related workers, n.e.c. (328, 329)
195 ..Editors and reporters (331)
196 ..not used
197 ..Public relations specialists (332)
198 ..Announcers (333)
199 ..Athletes (34)
200-202 ..not used
203-389 TECHNICAL, SALES, AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS
203-235 .TECHNICIANS AND RELATED SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS
203-208 ..Health Technologists and Technicians
203 ..Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians (362)
204 ..Dental hygienists (363)
205 ..Health record technologists and technicians (364)
206 ..Radiologic technicians (365)
207 ..Licensed practical nurses (366)
208 ..Health technologists and technicians, n.e.c. (369)
209-212 ..not used
213-235 ..Technologists and Technicians, Except Health
213-218 ..Engineering and Related Technologists and Technicians
213 ..Electrical and electronic technicians (3711)
214 ..Industrial engineering technicians (3712)
215 ..Mechanical engineering technicians (3713)
216 ..Engineering technicians, n.e.c. (3719)
217 ..Drafting occupations (372)
218 ..Surveying and mapping technicians (373)
219-222 ..not used
223-225 ..Science Technicians
223 ..Biological technicians (382)
224 ..Chemical technicians (3831)
225 ..Science technicians, n.e.c. (3832, 3833, 384, 389)
226-235 ..Technicians, Except Health, Engineering, and Science
226 ..Airplane pilots and navigators (825)
227 ..Air traffic controllers (392)
228 ..Broadcast equipment operators (393)
229 ..Computer programmers (3971, 3972)
230-232 ..not used
233 ..Tool programmers, numerical control (3974)
234 ..Legal assistants (396)
235 ..Technicians, n.e.c. (399)
236-242 ..not used
243-285 .SALES OCCUPATIONS
243 ..Supervisors and Proprietors, Sales Occupations (40)
244-252 ..not used
253-257 ..Sales Representatives, Finance and Business Services
253 ..Insurance sales occupations (4122)
254 ..Real estate sales occupations (4123)
255> ..Securities and financial services sales occupations (4124)
256 ..Advertising and related sales occupations (4153)
257 ..Sales occupations, other business services (4152)
258-259 ..Sales Representatives, Commodities, Except Retail
258 ..Sales engineers (421)
259 ..Sales representatives, mining, manufacturing, and wholesale (423, 424)
260-262 ..not used
263-278 ..Sales Workers, Retail and Personal Services
263 ..Sales workers, motor vehicles and boats (4342, 4344)
264 ..Sales workers, apparel (4346)
265 ..Sales workers, shoes (4351)
266 ..Sales workers, furniture and home furnishings (4348)
267 ..Sales workers, radio, TV, hi-fi, and appliances (4343, 4352)
268 ..Sales workers, hardware and building supplies (4353)
269 ..Sales workers, parts (4367)
270-273 ..not used
274 ..Sales workers, other commodities (4345, 4347, 4354, 4356, 4359, 4362, 4369)
275 ..Sales counter clerks (4363)
276 ..Cashiers (4364)
277 ..Street and door-to-door sales workers (4366)
278 ..News vendors (4365)
279-282 ..not used
283-285 ..Sales Related Occupations
283 ..Demonstrators, promoters and models, sales (445)
284 ..Auctioneers (447)
285 ..Sales support occupations, n.e.c. (444, 446, 449)
286-302 ..not used
303-389 .ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS, INCLUDING CLERICAL
303-307 ..Supervisors, Administrative Support Occupations
303 ..Supervisors, general office (4511, 4513, 4514, 4516, 4519, 4529)
304 ..Supervisors, computer equipment operators (4512)
305 ..Supervisors, financial records processing (4521)
306 ..Chief communications operators (4523)
307 ..Supervisors, distribution, scheduling, and adjusting clerks (4522, 4524-4528)
308-309 ..Computer Equipment Operators
308 ..Computer operators (4612)
309 ..Peripheral equipment operators (4613)
310-312 ..not used
313-315 ..Secretaries, Stenographers, and Typists
313 ..Secretaries (4622)
314 ..Stenographers (4623)
315 ..Typists (4624)
316-323 ..Information Clerks
316 ..Interviewers (4642)
317 ..Hotel clerks (4643)
318 ..Transportation ticket and reservation agents (4644)
319 ..Receptionists (4645)
320-322 ..not used
323 ..Information clerks, n.e.c. (4649)
324 ..not used
325-336 ..Records Processing Occupations, Except Financial
325 ..Classified-ad clerks (4662)
326 ..Correspondence clerks (4663)
327 ..Order clerks (4664)
328 ..Personnel clerks, except payroll and timekeeping (4692)
329 ..Library clerks (4694)
330-334 ..not used
335 ..File clerks (4696)
336 ..Records clerks (4699)
337-344 ..Financial Records Processing Occupations
337 ..Bookkeepers, accounting, and auditing clerks (4712)
338 ..Payroll and timekeeping clerks (4713)
339 ..Billing clerks (4715)
340-342 ..not used
343 ..Cost and rate clerks (4716)
344 ..Billing, posting, and calculating machine operators (4718)
345-347 ..Duplicating, Mail and Other Office Machine Operators
345 ..Duplicating machine operators (4722)
346 ..Mail preparing and paper handling machine operators (4723)
347 ..Office machine operators, n.e.c. (4729)
348-353 ..Communications Equipment Operators/ul>
348 ..Telephone operators (4732)
350-352 ..not used
353 ..Communications equipment operators, n.e.c. (4733, 4739)
354-357 ..Mail and Message Distributing Occupations
354 ..Postal clerks, except mail carriers (4742)
355 ..Mail carriers, postal service (4743)
356 ..Mail clerks, except postal service (4744)
357 ..Messengers (4745)
358 ..not used
359-374 ..Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Clerks
359 ..Dispatchers (4751)
360-362 ..not used
363 ..Production coordinators (4752)
364 ..Traffic, shipping, and receiving clerks (4753)
365 ..Stock and inventory clerks (4754)
366 ..Meter readers (4755)
367 ..not used
368 ..Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers (4756, 4757)
369-372 ..not used
373 ..Expediters (4758)
374 ..Material recording, scheduling, and distributing clerks, n.e.c. (4759)
375-378 ..Adjusters and Investigators
375 ..Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators (4782)
376 ..Investigators and adjusters, except insurance (4783)
377 ..Eligibility clerks, social welfare (4784)
378 ..Bill and account collectors (4786)
379-389 ..Miscellaneous Administrative Support Occupations
379 ..General office clerks (463)
380-382 ..not used
383 ..Bank tellers (4791)
384 ..Proofreaders (4792)
385 ..Data-entry keyers (4793)
386 ..Statistical clerks (4794)
387 ..Teachers' aides (4795)
388 ..not used
389 ..Administrative support occupations, n.e.c. (4787, 4799)
390-402 ..not used
403-469 .SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
403-407 ..PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD OCCUPATIONS
403 ..Launderers and ironers (503)
404 ..Cooks, private household (504)
405 ..Housekeepers and butlers (505)
406 ..Child care workers, private household (506)
407 ..Private household cleaners and servants (502, 507, 509)
408-412 ..not used
413-427 .PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
413-415 ..Supervisors, Protective Service Occupations
413 ..Supervisors, firefighting and fire prevention occupations (5111)
414 ..Supervisors, police and detectives (5112)
415 ..Supervisors, guards (5113)
416-417 ..Firefighting and Fire Prevention Occupations
416 ..Fire inspection and fire prevention occupations (5122)
417 ..Firefighting occupations (5123)
418-424 ..Police and Detectives
418 ..Police and detectives, public service (5132)
419-422 ..not used
423 ..Sheriffs, bailiffs, and other law enforcement officers (5134)
424 ..Correctional institution officers (5133)
425-432 ..Guards
425 ..Crossing guards (5142)
426 ..Guards and police, except public service (5144)
427 ..Protective service occupations, n.e.c. (5149)
428-432 ..not used
433-469 .SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, EXCEPT PROTECTIVE AND HOUSEHOLD
433-444 ..Food Preparation and Service Occupations
433 ..Supervisors, food preparation and service occupations (5211)
434 ..Bartenders (5212)
435 ..Waiters and waitresses (5213)
436 ..Cooks (5214, 5215)
437 ..not used
438 ..Food counter, fountain and related occupations (5216)
439 ..Kitchen workers, food preparation (5217)
440-442 ..not used
443 ..Waiters'/waitresses' assistants (5218)
444 ..Miscellaneous food preparation occupations (5219)
445-447 ..Health Service Occupations
445 ..Dental assistants (5232)
446 ..Health aides, except nursing (5233)
447 ..Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants (5236)
448-455 ..Cleaning and Building Service Occupations, Except Household
448 ..Supervisors, cleaning and building service workers (5241)
449 ..Maids and housemen (5242, 5249)
450-452 ..not used
453 ..Janitors and cleaners (5244)
454 ..Elevator operators (5245)
455 ..Pest control occupations (5246)
456-469 ..Personal Service Occupations
456 ..Supervisors, personal service occupations (5251)
457 ..Barbers (5252)
458 ..Hairdressers and cosmetologists (5253)
459 ..Attendants, amusement and recreation facilities (5254)
460 ..not used
461 ..Guides (5255)
462 ..Ushers (5256)
463 ..Public transportation attendants (5257)
464 ..Baggage porters and bellhops (5262)
465 ..Welfare service aides (5263)
466 ..Family child care providers (part 5264)
467 ..Early childhood teacher's assistants (part 5264)
468 ..Child care workers, n.e.c. (part 5264)
469 ..Personal service occupations, n.e.c. (5258, 5269)
470-472 ..not used
473-499 .FARMING, FORESTRY, AND FISHING OCCUPATIONS
473-476 ..Farm Operators and Managers
473 ..Farmers, except horticultural (5512-5514)
474 ..Horticultural specialty farmers (5515)
475 ..Managers, farms, except horticultural (5522-5524)
476 ..Managers, horticultural specialty farms (5525)
477-489 ..Other Agricultural and Related Occupations
477-484 ..Farm Occupations, Except Managerial
477 ..Supervisors, farm workers (5611)
478 ..not used
479 ..Farm workers (5612-5617)
480-482 ..not used
483 ..Marine life cultivation workers (5618)
484 ..Nursery workers (5619)
485-489 ..Related Agricultural Occupations
485 ..Supervisors, related agricultural occupations (5621)
486 ..Groundskeepers and gardeners, except farm (5622)
487 ..Animal caretakers, except farm (5624)
488 ..Graders and sorters, agricultural products (5625)
489 ..Inspectors, agricultural products (5627)
490-493 ..not used
494-496 ..Forestry and Logging Occupations
494 ..Supervisors, forestry and logging workers (571)
495 ..Forestry workers, except logging (572)
496 ..Timber cutting and logging occupations (573, 579)
497-499 ..Fishers, Hunters, and Trappers
497 ..Captains and other officers, fishing vessels (part 8241)
498 ..Fishers (583)
499 ..Hunters and trappers (584)
500-502 ..not used
503-699 .PRECISION PRODUCTION, CRAFT, AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS
503-552 ..Mechanics and Repairers
503 ..Supervisors, mechanics and repairers (60)
504 ..not used
505-549 ..Mechanics and Repairers, Except Supervisors
505-517 ..Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics and Repairers
505 ..Automobile mechanics (part 6111)
506 ..Automobile mechanic apprentices (part 6111)
507 ..Bus, truck, and stationary engine mechanics (6112)
508 ..Aircraft engine mechanics (6113)
509 ..Small engine repairers (6114)
510-513 ..not used
514 ..Automobile body and related repairers (6115)
515 ..Aircraft mechanics, except engine (6116)
516 ..Heavy equipment mechanics (6117)
517 ..Farm equipment mechanics (6118)
518 ..Industrial machinery repairers (613)
519 ..Machinery maintenance occupations (614)
520-522 ..not used
523-533 ..Electrical and Electronic Equipment Repairers
523 ..Electronic repairers, communications and industrial equipment (6151, 6153, 6155)
524 ..not used
525 ..Data processing equipment repairers (6154)
526 ..Household appliance and power tool repairers (6156)
527 ..Telephone line installers and repairers (6157)
528 ..not used
529 ..Telephone installers and repairers (6158)
530-532 ..not used
533 ..Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment repairers (6152, 6159)
534 ..Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics (616)
535-549 ..Miscellaneous Mechanics and Repairers
535 ..Camera, watch, and musical instrument repairers (6171, 6172)
536 ..Locksmiths and safe repairers (6173)
537 ..not used
538 ..Office machine repairers (6174)
539 ..Mechanical controls and valve repairers (6175)
540-542 ..not used
543 ..Elevator installers and repairers (6176)
544 ..Millwrights (6178)
545-546 ..not used
547 ..Specified mechanics and repairers, n.e.c. (6177, 6179)
548 ..not used
549 ..Not specified mechanics and repairers
550-552 ..not used
553-599 ..Construction Trades
553-558 ..Supervisors, Construction Occupations
553 ..Supervisors, brickmasons, stonemasons, and tile setters (6312)
554 ..Supervisors, carpenters and related workers (6313)
555 ..Supervisors, electricians and power transmission installers (6314)
556 ..Supervisors, painters, paperhangers, and plasterers (6315)
557 ..Supervisors, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters (6316)
558 ..Supervisors, construction, n.e.c. (6311, 6318)
559-562 ..not used
563-599 ..Construction Trades, Except Supervisors
563 ..Brickmasons and stonemasons (part 6412, part 6413)
564 ..Brickmason and stonemason apprentices (part 6412, part 6413)
565 ..Tile setters, hard and soft (part 6414, part 6462)
566 ..Carpet installers (part 6462)
567 ..Carpenters (part 6422)
568 ..not used
569 ..Carpenter apprentices (part 6422)
570-572 ..not used
573 ..Drywall installers (6424)
574 ..not used
575 ..Electricians (part 6432)
576 ..Electrician apprentices (part 6432)
577 ..Electrical power installers and repairers (6433)
578 ..not used
579 ..Painters, construction and maintenance (6442)
582 ..not used
583 ..Paperhangers (6443)
584 ..Plasterers (6444)
585 ..Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters (part 645)
586 ..not used
587 ..Plumber, pipefitter, and steamfitter apprentices (part 645)
588 ..Concrete and terrazzo finishers (6463)
589 ..Glaziers (6464)
590-592 ..not used
593 ..Insulation workers (6465)
594 ..Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators (6466)
595 ..Roofers (6468)
596 ..Sheetmetal duct installers (6472)
597 ..Structural metal workers (6473)
598 ..Drillers, earth (6474)
599 ..Construction trades, n.e.c. (6467, 6475, 6476, 6479)
600-612 ..not used
613-617 ..Extractive Occupations
613 ..Supervisors, extractive occupations (632)
614 ..Drillers, oil well (652)
615 ..Explosives workers (653)
616 ..Mining machine operators (654)
617 ..Mining occupations, n.e.c. (656)
618-627 ..not used
628-699 ..Precision Production Occupations
628 ..Supervisors, production occupations (67, 71)
629-633 ..not used
634-655 ..Precision Metal Working Occupations
634 ..Tool and die makers (part 6811)
635 ..Tool and die maker apprentices (part 6811)
636 ..Precision assemblers, metal (6812)
637 ..Machinists (part 6813)
638 ..not used
639 ..Machinist apprentices (part 6813)
640-642 ..not used
643 ..Boilermakers (6814)
644 ..Precision grinders, filers, and tool sharpeners (6816)
645 ..Patternmakers and model makers, metal (6817)
646 ..Lay-out workers (6821)
647 ..Precious stones and metals workers (Jewelers) (6822, 6866)
648 ..not used
649 ..Engravers, metal (6823)
650-652 ..not used
653 ..Sheet metal workers (part 6824)
654 ..Sheet metal worker apprentices (part 6824)
655 ..Miscellaneous precision metal workers (6829)
656-659 ..Precision Woodworking Occupations
656 ..Patternmakers and model makers, wood (6831)
657 ..Cabinet makers and bench carpenters (6832)
658 ..Furniture and wood finishers (6835)
659 ..Miscellaneous precision woodworkers (6839)
660-665 ..not used
666-674 ..Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Machine Workers
666 ..Dressmakers (part 6852, part 7752)
667 ..Tailors (part 6852)
668 ..Upholsterers (6853)
669 ..Shoe repairers (6854)
670-673 ..not used
674 ..Miscellaneous precision apparel and fabric workers (6856, 6859, part 7752)
675-684 ..Precision Workers, Assorted Materials
675 ..Hand molders and shapers, except jewelers (6861)
676 ..Patternmakers, lay-out workers, and cutters (6862)
677 ..Optical goods workers (6864, part 7477, part 7677)
678 ..Dental laboratory and medical appliance technicians (6865)
679 ..Bookbinders (6844)
680-682 ..not used
683 ..Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers (6867)
684 ..Miscellaneous precision workers, n.e.c. (6869)
685 ..not used
686-688 ..Precision Food Production Occupations
686 ..Butchers and meat cutters (6871)
687 ..Bakers (6872)
688 ..Food batchmakers (6873, 6879)
689-693 ..Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers
689 ..Inspectors, testers, and graders (6881, 828)
690-692 ..not used
693 ..Adjusters and calibrators (6882)
694-699 ..Plant and System Operators
694 ..Water and sewage treatment plant operators (691)
695 ..Power plant operators (part 693)
696 ..Stationary engineers (part 693, 7668)
697-698 ..not used
699 ..Miscellaneous plant and system operators (692, 694, 695, 696)
700-702 ..not used
703-889 OPERATORS, FABRICATORS, AND LABORERS
703-799 .MACHINE OPERATORS, ASSEMBLERS, AND INSPECTORS
703-779 ..Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Precision
703-715 ..Metal Working and Plastic Working Machine Operators
703 ..Lathe and turning machine set-up operators (7312)
704 ..Lathe and turning machine operators (7512)
705 ..Milling and planing machine operators (7313, 7513)
706 ..Punching and stamping press machine operators (7314, 7317, 7514, 7517)
707 ..Rolling machine operators (7316, 7516)
708 ..Drilling and boring machine operators (7318, 7518)
709 ..Grinding, abrading, buffing, and polishing machine operators (7322, 7324, 7522)
710-712 ..not used
713 ..Forging machine operators (7319, 7519)
714 ..Numerical control machine operators (7326)
715 ..Miscellaneous metal, plastic, stone, and glass working machine operators (7329, 7529)
716 ..not used
717 ..Fabricating machine operators, n.e.c. (7339, 7539)
718 ..not used
719-725 ..Metal and Plastic Processing Machine Operators
719 ..Molding and casting machine operators (7315, 7342, 7515, 7542)
720-722 ..not used
723 ..Metal plating machine operators (7343, 7543)
724 ..Heat treating equipment operators (7344, 7544)
725 ..Miscellaneous metal and plastic processing machine operators (7349, 7549)
726-733 ..Woodworking Machine Operators
726 ..Wood lathe, routing, and planing machine operators (7431, 7432, 7631, 7632)
727 ..Sawing machine operators (7433, 7633)
728 ..Shaping and joining machine operators (7435, 7635)
729 ..Nailing and tacking machine operators (7636)
730-732 ..not used
733 ..Miscellaneous woodworking machine operators (7434, 7439, 7634, 7639)
734-737 ..Printing Machine Operators
734 ..Printing press operators (7443, 7643)
735 ..Photoengravers and lithographers (6842, 7444, 7644)
736 ..Typesetters and compositors (6841, 7642)
737 ..Miscellaneous printing machine operators (6849, 7449, 7649)
738-749 ..Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Machine Operators
738 ..Winding and twisting machine operators (7451, 7651)
739 ..Knitting, looping, taping, and weaving machine operators (7452, 7652)
740-742 ..not used
743 ..Textile cutting machine operators (7654)
744 ..Textile sewing machine operators (7655)
745 ..Shoe machine operators (7656)
746 ..not used
747 ..Pressing machine operators (7657)
748 ..Laundering and dry cleaning machine operators (6855, 7658)
749 ..Miscellaneous textile machine operators (7459, 7659)
750-752 ..not used
753-779 ..Machine Operators, Assorted Materials
753 ..Cementing and gluing machine operators (7661)
754 ..Packaging and filling machine operators (7462, 7662)
755 ..Extruding and forming machine operators (7463, 7663)
756 ..Mixing and blending machine operators (7664)
757 ..Separating, filtering, and clarifying machine operators (7476, 7666, 7676)
758 ..Compressing and compacting machine operators (7467, 7667)
759 ..Painting and paint spraying machine operators (7669)
760-762 ..not used
763 ..Roasting and baking machine operators, food (7472, 7672)
764 ..Washing, cleaning, and pickling machine operators (7673)
765 ..Folding machine operators (7474, 7674)
766 ..Furnace, kiln, and oven operators, except food (7675)
767 ..not used
768 ..Crushing and grinding machine operators (part 7477, part 7677)
769 ..Slicing and cutting machine operators (7478, 7678)
770-772 ..not used
773 ..Motion picture projectionists (part 7479)
774 ..Photographic process machine operators (6863, 6868, 7671)
775-776 ..not used
777 ..Miscellaneous machine operators, n.e.c. (part 7479, 7665, 7679)
778 ..not used
779 ..Machine operators, not specified
780-782 ..not used
783-795 ..Fabricators, Assemblers, and Hand Working Occupations
783 ..Welders and cutters (7332, 7532, 7714)
784 ..Solderers and brazers (7333, 7533, 7717)
785 ..Assemblers (772, 774)
786 ..Hand cutting and trimming occupations (7753)
787 ..Hand molding, casting, and forming occupations (7754, 7755)
788 ..not used
789 ..Hand painting, coating, and decorating occupations (7756)
790-792 ..not used
793 ..Hand engraving and printing occupations (7757)
794 ..not used
795 ..Miscellaneous hand working occupations (7758, 7759)
796-799 ..Production Inspectors, Testers, Samplers, and Weighers
796 ..Production inspectors, checkers, and examiners (782, 787)
797 ..Production testers (783)
798 ..Production samplers and weighers (784)
799 ..Graders and sorters, except agricultural (785)
800-802 ..not used
803-859 .TRANSPORTATION AND MATERIAL MOVING OCCUPATIONS
803-814 ..Motor Vehicle Operators
803 ..Supervisors, motor vehicle operators (8111)
804 ..Truck drivers (8212-8214)
805 ..not used
806 ..Driver-sales workers (8218)
807 ..not used
808 ..Bus drivers (8215)
809 ..Taxicab drivers and chauffeurs (8216)
810-812 ..not used
813 ..Parking lot attendants (874)
814 ..Motor transportation occupations, n.e.c. (8219)
815-822 ..not used
823-834 ..Transportation Occupations, Except Motor Vehicles
823-826 ..Rail Transportation Occupations
823 ..Railroad conductors and yardmasters (8113)
824 ..Locomotive operating occupations (8232)
825 ..Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators (8233)
826 ..Rail vehicle operators, n.e.c. (8239)
827 ..not used
828-834 ..Water Transportation Occupations
828 ..Ship captains and mates, except fishing boats (part 8241, 8242)
829 ..Sailors and deckhands (8243)
830-832 ..not used
833 ..Marine engineers (8244)
834 ..Bridge, lock, and lighthouse tenders (8245)
835-842 ..not used
843-859 ..Material Moving Equipment Operators
843 ..Supervisors, material moving equipment operators (812)
844 ..Operating engineers (8312)
845 ..Longshore equipment operators (8313)
846-847 ..not used
848 ..Hoist and winch operators (8314)
849 ..Crane and tower operators (8315)
850-852 ..not used
853 ..Excavating and loading machine operators (8316)
854 ..not used
855 ..Grader, dozer, and scraper operators (8317)
856 ..Industrial truck and tractor equipment operators (8318)
857-858 ..not used
859 ..Miscellaneous material moving equipment operators (8319)
860-863 ..not used
864-889 .HANDLERS, EQUIPMENT CLEANERS, HELPERS, AND LABORERS
864 ..Supervisors, handlers, equipment cleaners, and laborers, n.e.c. (85)
865 ..Helpers, mechanics, and repairers (863)
866-868 ..Helpers, Construction, and Extractive Occupations
866 ..Helpers, construction trades (8641-8645, 8648)
867 ..Helpers, surveyor (8646)
868 ..Helpers, extractive occupations (865)
869 ..Construction laborers (871)
870-873 ..not used
874 ..Production helpers (861, 862)
875-883 ..Freight, Stock, and Material Handlers
875 ..Garbage collectors (8722)
876 ..Stevedores (8723)
877 ..Stock handlers and baggers (8724)
878 ..Machine feeders and offbearers (8725)
879-882 ..not used
883 ..Freight, stock, and material handlers, n.e.c. (8726)
884 ..not used
885 ..Garage and service station related occupations (873)
886 ..not used
887 ..Vehicle washers and equipment cleaners (875)
888 ..Hand packers and packagers (8761)
889 ..Laborers, except construction (8769)
890-904 ..not used
905 ..Assigned to persons whose current labor force status is unemployed and whose last job was Armed Forces.

Detailed Occupation Recodes
(01-46)

These codes correspond to the Items PRDTOCC1 AND PRDTOCC2 located in positions 476-479 of the adults record layout in all months except March. In March, these codes are located in positions 0161-0162.

Detailed Occupation Recodes
Detailed Occupation Recode Occupation Code
Administrators and Officials, Public Administration 01 004-006
Other Executive, Administrators, and Managers 02 007-022
Management Related Occupations 03 023-037
Engineers 04 044-059
Mathematical and Computer Scientists 05 064-068
Natural Scientists 06 069-083
Health Diagnosing Occupations 07 084-089
Health Assessment and Treating Occupations 08 095-106
Teachers, College and University 09 113-154
Teachers, Except College and University 10 155-159
Lawyers and Judges 11 178-179
Other Professional Specialty Occupations 12 043, 063,
  163-177,
  183-199
Health Technologists and Technicians 13 203-208
Engineering and Science Technicians 14 213-225
Technicians, Except Health Engineering, and Science 15 226-235
Supervisors and Proprietors, Sales Occupations 16 243
Sales Representatives, Finance, and Business Service 17 253-257
Sales Representatives, Commodities, Except Retail 18 258-259
Sales Workers, Retail and Personal Services 19 263-278
Sales Related Occupations 20 283-285
Supervisors - Administrative Support 21 303-307
Computer Equipment Operators 22 308-309
Secretaries, Stenographers, and Typists 23 313-315
Financial Records, Processing Occupations 24 337-344
Mail and Message Distributing 25 354-357
Other Administrative Support Occupations, Including Clerical 26 316-336,
  345-353
  359-389
Private Household Service Occupations 27 403-407
Protective Service Occupations 28 413-427
Food Service Occupations 29 433-444
Health Service Occupations 30 445-447
Cleaning and Building Service Occupations 31 448-455
Personal Service Occupations 32 456-469
Mechanics and Repairers 33 503-549
Construction Trades 34 503-549
Other Precision Production Occupations 35 613-699
Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Precision 36 703-779
Fabricators, Assemblers, Inspectors, and Samplers 37 783-799
Motor Vehicle Operators 38 803-814
Other Transportation Occupations and Meterial Moving 39 823-859
Construction Laborer 40 869
Freight, Stock and Material Handlers 41 875-883
Other Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, and Laborers 42 864-868
  874, 885-889
Farm Operators and Managers 43 473-476
Farm Workers and Related Occupations 44 477-489
Forestry and Fishing Occupations 45 494-499
Armed Forces last job, currently unemployed 46 905

Major Occupation Group Recodes
(01-14)

These codes correspond to the Items PRMJOCC1 and PRMJOCC2 located in positions 486-489 of the adults record layout in all months except March. In March, these codes are located in positions 0159-0160.

Dots indicate subcategories.

Major Occupation Group Recodes
Occupation Group Recode Occupation Code
.Managerial and professional specialty occupations    
Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations 01 004-037
.Professional specialty occupations 02 043-199
Technical, sales, and administrative support occupations    
.Technicians and related support occupations 03 203-235
.Sales occupations 04 243-285
.Administrative support occupations, including clerical 05 303-389
Service Occupations    
.Private household occupations 06 403-407
.Protective service occupations 07 413-427
.Service occupations, except protective and household 08 433-469
Precision production, craft, and repair occupations 09 503-699
Operators, fabricators, and laborers    
.Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 10 703-799
.Transportation and material moving equipment occupations 11 803-859
.Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers 12 864-889
Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 13 473-499
Armed Forces last job, currently unemployed 14 905

Attachment 12 - Specific Metropolitan Identifiers

Examples of the proper coding of specific metropolitan areas List 1: CMSA Codes (GECMSA) List 2: PMSA's within CMSA's List 3: FIPS MSA/PMSA CODES (GEMSA) List 4: Central City Codes (GEINDVCC)

The specific metropolitan identifiers on this file are based on the Office of Management and Budget's June 30, 1993 definitions. MSA's and PMSA's can be identified by using the FIPS MSA/PMSA code (List 3). Identification of individual central cities is based on a combination of codes (List 2). Individual central cities are identified by the appropriate central city code and the FIPS MSA/PMSA code. Some examples of the proper coding of specific metropolitan areas are given below.

Examples of Proper Coding of Specific Metropolitan Areas
AREA INDIVIDUAL CENTRAL
CITY CODE (GEINDVCC)
FIPSMSA/PMSA CODE (GEMSA) FIPSCMSA CODE (GECMSA)
  List 4 List 2 or 3 List 1 or 2
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA N/C 1920 and 2800 31
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA N/C 2800 N/C
Fort Worth, TX Central City 1 2800 N/C
Phoenix, AZ MSA N/C 6200 N/C
Mesa, AZ Central City 2 6200 N/C
Burlington, VT MSA N/C 1305 N/C

N/C = No Code Required

NOTE:

Many of the smaller metropolitan areas in sample do not contain central city/balance breakdowns and hence, are coded "not identifiable" in the household metropolitan statistical area residence status code (GEMSAST). It is recommended that this code in conjunction with the modified household metropolitan statistical area residence status code (GEMETSTA) be used for tallying metropolitan residence status for national and other grouped data. The GE in each variable name refers to Household Geographic.


LIST 1: CMSA CODES (GECMSA)
FIPS CODE (GECMSA) CMSA-TITLE
07 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI (Kenosha, WI and Kankakee, IL PMSA's not in sample)
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI
70 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA (Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA PMSA not in sample)
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA (Bremerton, WA PMSA not in sample)
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV

See List 2 or 3 for identification information on all PMSA's in sample.


LIST 2: PMSA's WITHIN CMSA's
FIPS CMSA CODE (GECMSA) FIPS PMSA CODE (GEMSA) TITLE
07   Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT CMSA
  1120 Boston, MA-NH*
  1200 Brockton, MA
  2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA
  4160 Lawrence, MA-NH*
  4560 Lowell, MA-NH*
  4760 Manchester, NH
  5350 Nashua, NH
  5400 New Bedford, MA
  6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME (Maine portion notidentified)
  9240 Worcester, MA-CT (Connecticut portion suppressed)
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI CMSA (The Kankakee, IL and Kenosha, WI PMSA's are not in sample)
  1600 Chicago, IL (Dekalb County not in sample)
  2960 Gary-Hammond, IN
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSA
  1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN (Dearborn County, IN not identified; Ohio County, IN not in sample)
  3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH CMSA
  0080 Akron, OH
  1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA
  1920 Dallas, TX
  2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO CMSA
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO
2080 Denver, CO
3060 Greeley, CO
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI CMSA
0440 Ann Arbor, MI
2160 Detroit, MI
2640 Flint, MI
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA
1145 Brazoria, TX
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX
3360 Houston, TX (Chambers County not in sample)
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA CMSA
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA
5945 Orange County, CA
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA
8735 Ventura, CA
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL
5000 Miami, FL
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI CMSA
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI
6600 Racine, WI
70 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA CMSA
0875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ
1160 Bridgeport, CT
1930 Danbury, CT
2281 Dutchess County, NY
3640 Jersey City, NJ
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT
5600 New York, NY (White Plains Central City recoded as balance of PMSA)
5640 Newark, NJ
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA (Pennsylvania portion not identified)
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT
8480 Trenton, NJ
8880 Waterbury, CT
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD CMSA
0560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD (Maryland portion suppressed)
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA CMSA
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA
7080 Salem, OR
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA CMSA
6920 Sacramento, CA
9270 Yolo, CA
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA (Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA PMSA not in sample)
5775 Oakland, CA
7360 San Francisco, CA
7400 San Jose, CA
7500 Santa Rosa, CA
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA CMSA (Bremerton, WA PMSA not in sample)
5910 Olympia, WA
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
8200 Tacoma, WA
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV CMSA
0720 Baltimore, MD
3180 Hagerstown, MD
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV (West Virginia portion not identified)

* The New Hampshire portions of these PMSA's are not individually identified; but, they are collectively identified as being in the Boston CMSA.


LIST 3: FIPS MSA/PMSA CODES (GEMSA)
FIPS MSA/PMSA CODE (GEMSA) MSA/PMSA TITLE
0080 Akron, OH PMSA
0160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA (Schohaire County not in sample)
0200 Albuquerque, NM MSA
0240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA
0380 Anchorage, AK MSA
0440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA
0450 Anniston, AL MSA
0460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA
0480 Asheville, NC MSA (Madison County not in sample)
0520 Atlanta, GA MSA
0560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA
0600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA
0640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA
0680 Bakersfield, CA MSA
0720 Baltimore, MD PMSA
0760 Baton Rouge, LA MSA
0840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA
0860 Bellingham, WA MSA
0870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA
0875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA
0960 Binghamton, NY MSA
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA
1080 Boise City, ID MSA
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA (New Hampshire portion not identified)
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA
1305 Burlington, VT MSA
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA
1480 Charleston, WV MSA
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA (Dekalb County not in sample)
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA (Dearborn County, IN not identified; Ohio County, IN not in sample)
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA (Kentucky portion not in sample)
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA
1760 Columbia, SC MSA
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA (Alabama portion not in sample)
1840 Columbus, OH MSA
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA
2030 Decatur, AL MSA
2040 Decatur, IL MSA
2080 Denver, CO PMSA
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA
2190 Dover, DE MSA
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA (Wisconsin portion not identified)
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA
2320 El Paso, TX MSA
2360 Erie, PA MSA
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA (Kentucky portion not identified)
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA (Minnesota portion not identified)
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA
2640 Flint, MI PMSA
2650 Florence, AL MSA
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA (Oklahoma portion not in sample)
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA (Adams, Huntington, and Wells Counties not in sample)
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA
2840 Fresno, CA MSA
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA
2960 Gary, IN PMSA
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA
3150 Greenville, NC MSA
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA
3280 Hartford, CT MSA
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA (Caldwell County not in sample)
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA
3350 Houma, LA MSA
3360 Houston, TX PMSA (Chambers County not in sample)
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA (Kentucky and Ohio portions not identified)
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA (Limestone County not in sample)
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA (Madison County not in sample)
3520 Jackson, MI MSA
3560 Jackson, MS MSA
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA (Virginia portion not identified)
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA (Van Buren County not in sample)
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA (Acadia Parish not in sample)
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA
4080 Laredo, TX MSA
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA (Nye County, NV and Mohave County, AZ not in sample)
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA (New Hampshire portion not identified)
4280 Lexington, KY MSA (Madison County not in sample)
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA (Scott County, IN not in sample)
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA (New Hampshire portion not identified)
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA
4680 Macon, GA MSA (Twiggs County not in sample)
4720 Madison, WI MSA
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA (Arkansas and Mississippi portions not identified)
4940 Merced, CA MSA
5000 Miami, FL PMSA
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA (St. Croix County, WI not identified; Pierce County, WI not in sample)
5160 Mobile, AL MSA
5170 Modesto, CA MSA
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA
5200 Monroe, LA MSA
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA
5345 Naples, FL MSA
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA
5360 Nashville, TN MSA
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA (Rhode Island portion suppressed)
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA
5600 New York, NY PMSA (White Plains Central City recoded to balance of PMSA)
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA (Pennsylvania portion not identified)
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA (Mathews County, VA not in sample; North Carolina portion not identified)
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA
5790 Ocala, FL MSA
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA (Ector County not in sample)
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA (Iowa portion not identified)
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA
5960 Orlando, FL MSA
6015 Panama City, FL MSA
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA
6400 Portland, ME MSA
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA (Maine portion not identified)
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA (Newport County, RI portion suppressed)
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA
6600 Racine, WI PMSA
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA
6680 Reading, PA MSA
6720 Reno, NV MSA
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA
6840 Rochester, NY MSA
6880 Rockford, IL MSA
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA (Crawford County, MO [part] not in sample)
7080 Salem, OR PMSA
7120 Salinas, CA MSA
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA
7320 San Diego, CA MSA
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA (Central City portion only identified)
7800 South Bend, IN MSA
7840 Spokane, WA MSA
7880 Springfield, IL MSA
7920 Springfield, MO MSA (Webster County not in sample)
8000 Springfield, MA MSA
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA (Cayuga County not in sample)
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA
8400 Toledo, OH MSA
8440 Topeka, KS MSA (Central City portion only identified)
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA
8800 Waco, TX MSA
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA (West Virginia portion not identified)
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA (Ohio portion not identified)
9040 Wichita, KS MSA
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA (Maryland portion suppressed)
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA (Brunswick County not in sample)
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA (Connecticut portion suppressed)
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA
9280 York, PA MSA
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA

Dot indicates subcategories.

LIST 4: CENTRAL CITY CODES (GEINDVCC)
GEMSA CITY GEINDVCC
0160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA
.Albany 1
.Other 0
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA
.Boston 1
.Others 0
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA
.Charlotte 1
.Others 0
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA
.Chicago 1
.Others 0
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA
.Cleveland 1
.Other 0
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA
.Dallas 1
.Other 0
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA
.Dayton 1
.Other 0
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA
.Detroit 1
.Others 0
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA
.Fort Worth 1
.Arlington 2
3120 Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC MSA
.Greensboro 1
.Winston-Salem 2
.Others 0
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA
.Little Rock 1
.Others 0
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA
.Los Angeles 1
.Long Beach 2
.Others 0
5120 Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN MSA
.Minneapolis 1
.St Paul 2
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA
.Norfolk 1
.Virginia Beach 2
.Newport News 3
.Hampton 4
.Others 0
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA
.Oakland 1
.Others 0
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA
.Oklahoma City 1
.Others
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA
.Santa Ana 1
.Anaheim 2
.Irvine 3
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA
.Phoenix 1
.Mesa 2
.Tempe 3
.Scottsdale 4
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA
.Providence 1
.Others 0
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA
.Raleigh 1
.Others 0
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA
.Riverside 1
.San Bernardino 2
.Others 0
7320 San Diego, CA MSA
.San Diego 1
.Others 0
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA
.San Jose 1
.Sunnyvale 2
.Others 0
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA
.Seattle 1
.Others 0
8000 Springfield, MA MSA
.Springfield 1
.Others 0
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA
.Tampa 1
.Others 0
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA
.Vallejo 1
.Others 0

LIST 5: COUNTY CODE LIST (GECO)
FIPS COUNTY CODE  AREA
ALABAMA
015 CALHOUN
073 JEFFERSON
089 MADISON
125 TUSCALOOSA
ALASKA
020 ANCHORAGE
ARIZONA
013 MARICOPA
019 PIMA
021 PINAL
025 YAVAPAI
027 YUMA
CALIFORNIA
001 ALAMEDA
007 BUTTE
013 CONTRA COSTA
017 EL DORADO
029 KERN
037 LOS ANGELES
041 MARIN
047 MERCED
053 MONTERAY
059 ORANGE
061 PLACER
067 SACRAMENTO
073 SAN DIEGO
075 SAN FRANCISCO
077 SAN JOAQUIN
079 SAN LUIS OBISPO
081 SAN MATEO
083 SANTA BARBARA
085 SANTA CLARA
097 SONOMA
099 STANISLAUS
107 TULARE
111 VENTURA
113 YOLO
COLORADO
005 ARAPAHOE
013 BOULDER
031 DENVER
041 EL PASO
059 JEFFERSON
069 LARIMER
101 PUEBLO
123 WELD
DELAWARE
001 KENT
003 NEW CASTLE
005 SUSSEX
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
FLORIDA
001 ALACHUA
005 BAY
009 BREVARD
011 BROWARD
015 CHARLOTTE
019 CLAY
021 COLLIER
025 DADE
053 HERNANDO
057 HILLSBOROUGH
069 LAKE
071 LEE
081 MANATEE
083 MARION
091 OKALOOSA
095 ORANGE
097 OSCEOLA
099 PALM BEACH
101 PASCO
103 PINELLAS
105 POLK
115 SARASOTA
117 SEMINOLE
GEORGIA
063 CLAYTON
067 COBB
089 DEKALB
121 FULTON
135 GWINNETT
HAWAII
003 HONOLULU
ILLINOIS
099 LASALLE
115 MACON
INDIANA
057 HAMILTON
089 LAKE
091 LAPORTE
127 PORTER
141 ST. JOSEPH
IOWA
013 BLACK HAWK
113 LINN
163 SCOTT
KANSAS
177 SHAWNEE
KENTUCKY
117 KENTON
LOUISIANA
019 CALCASIEU
033 EAST BATON ROUGE
051 JEFFERSON
073 OUACHITA
MAINE
011 KENNEBEC
MARYLAND
005 BALTIMORE
013 CARROLL
021 FREDERICK
025 HARFORD
027 HOWARD
031 MONTGOMERY
033 PRINCE GEORGE'S
043 WASHINGTON
MICHIGAN
021 BERRIEN
049 GENESEE
075 JACKSON
099 MACOMB
115 MONROE
161 WASHTENAW
MINNESOTA
003 ANOKA
037 DAKOTA
053 HENNEPIN
123 RAMSEY
137 ST. LOUIS
163 WASHINGTON
MISSOURI
003 CLAY
037 JACKSON
099 JEFFERSON
189 ST. LOUIS
NEBRASKA
109 LANCASTER
NEVADA
003 CLARK
031 WASHOE
NEW JERSEY
003 BERGEN
005 BURLINGTON
007 CAMDEN
011 CUMBERLAND
013 ESSEX
017 HUDSON
019 HUNTERDON
021 MERCER
023 MIDDLESEX
025 MONMOUTH
027 MORRIS
029 OCEAN
031 PASSAIC
035 SOMERSET
039 UNION
NEW MEXICO
013 DONA ANA
NEW YORK
005 BRONX
013 CHAUTAUQUA
027 DUTCHESS
047 KINGS
055 MONROE
059 NASSAU
061 NEW YORK
071 ORANGE
075 OSWEGO
081 QUEENS
085 RICHMOND
089 ST. LAWRENCE
103 SUFFOLK
111 ULSTER
119 WESTCHESTER
NORTH CAROLINA
051 CUMBERLAND
067 FORSYTHE
119 MECKLENBURG
129 NEW HANOVER
147 PITT
155 ROBESON
183 WAKE
NORTH DAKOTA
017 CASS
OHIO
025 CLERMONT
029 COLUMBIANA
035 CUYAHOGA
061 HAMILTON
085 LAKE
093 LORAIN
103 MEDINA
OKLAHOMA
143 TULSA
OREGON
029 JACKSON
039 LANE
PENNSYLVANIA
003 ALLEGHENY
007 BEAVER
011 BERKS
017 BUCKS
019 BUTLER
029 CHESTER
045 DELAWARE
049 ERIE
051 FAYETTE
071 LANCASTER
091 MONTGOMERY
101 PHILADELPHIA
125 WASHINGTON
129 WESTMORELAND
133 YORK
SOUTH CAROLINA
051 HORRY
063 LEXINGTON
079 RICHLAND
091 YORK
SOUTH DAKOTA
099 MINNEHAHA
TENNESSEE
125 MONTGOMERY
TEXAS
039 BRAZORIA
061 CAMERON
141 EL PASO
157 FORT BEND
167 GALVESTON
215 HIDALGO
303 LUBBOCK
329 MIDLAND
439 TARRANT
479 WEBB
UTAH
049 UTAH
VIRGINIA
041 CHESTERFIELD
059 FAIRFAX
087 HENRICO
153 PRINCE WILLIAM
510 ALEXANDRIA CITY
700 NEWPORT NEWS CITY
710 NORFOLK CITY
810 VIRGINIA BEACH CITY
WASHINGTON
011 CLARK
053 PIERCE
063 SPOKANE
067 THURSTON
073 WHATCOM
WISCONSIN
009 BROWN
025 DANE
101 RACINE

Attachment 13 - Topcoding of Usual Hourly Earnings

This variable will be topcoded based on an individual's usual hours worked variable, if the individual's edited usual weekly earnings variable is $999. The topcode is computed such that the product of usual hours times usual hourly does not exceed an annualized wage of $100,000 ($1,923.07 per week). Below is a list of the appropriate topcodes.

Topcodes 1-33Topcodes 34-66Topcodes 67-99

Hours Topcode
1 None
2 None
3 None
4 None
5 None
6 None
7 None
8 None
9 None
10 None
11 None
12 None
13 None
14 None
15 None
16 None
17 None
18 None
19 None
20 $96.15
21 $91.57
22 $87.41
23 $83.61
24 $80.12
25 $76.92
26 $73.96
27 $71.22
28 $68.68
29 $66.31
30 $64.10
31 $62.03
32 $60.09
33 $58.27
Hours Topcode
34 $56.56
35 $54.94
36 $53.41
37 $51.97
38 $50.60
39 $49.30
40 $48.07
41 $46.90
42 $45.78
43 $44.72
44 $43.70
45 $42.73
46 $41.80
47 $40.91
48 $40.06
49 $39.24
50 $38.46
51 $37.70
52 $36.98
53 $36.28
54 $35.61
55 $34.96
56 $34.34
57 $33.73
58 $33.15
59 $32.59
60 $32.05
61 $31.52
62 $31.01
63 $30.52
64 $30.04
65 $29.58
66 $29.13
Hours Topcode
67 $28.70
68 $28.28
69 $27.87
70 $27.47
71 $27.08
72 $26.70
73 $26.34
74 $25.98
75 $25.64
76 $25.30
77 $24.97
78 $24.65
79 $24.34
80 $24.03
81 $23.74
82 $23.45
83 $23.16
84 $22.89
85 $22.62
86 $22.36
87 $22.10
88 $21.85
89 $21.60
90 $21.36
91 $21.13
92 $20.90
93 $20.67
94 $20.45
95 $20.24
96 $20.03
97 $19.82
98 $19.62
99 $19.42

Attachment 14 - Tallies of Unweighted Counts PDF

Attachment 15 - Countries and Areas of the World

Broad areas of the World List A. Alphabetical List of Countries and Areas of the World List B. Numeric List of Countries and Areas of the World

If the specific country reported was not on the interviewer's list, or if the respondent did not know the specific country, the following codes for broad areas of the world were available for coding:

Broad Areas of the World
Code Name
148 Europe
245 Asia
252 Middle East
304 North America
318 Central America
353 Caribbean
389 South America
468 North Africa
462 Other Africa
527 Pacific Islands
555 Elsewhere (includes country not known)

List A -- Alphabetical List of Countries and Areas of the World

The countries (or areas) shown below were coded separately, if reported.

Countries are listed in alphabetical order. Afghanistan to Dominican Republic Dominica to Iraq Ireland/Eire to Philippines Poland to Yugoslavia

Code Name
200 Afghanistan
60 American Samoa
375 Argentina
185 Armenia
501 Australia
102 Austria
130 Azores
333 Bahamas
202 Bangladesh
334 Barbados
103 Belgium
310 Belize
300 Bermuda
376 Bolivia
377 Brazil
205 Burma
206 Cambodia
301 Canada
378 Chile
207 China
379 Colombia
311 Costa Rica
337 Cuba
155 Czech Republic
105 Czechoslovakia
106 Denmark
339 Dominican Republic
Code Name
338 Dominica
380 Ecuador
415 Egypt
312 El Salvador
139 England
417 Ethiopia
507 Figi
108 Finland
109 France
110 Germany
421 Ghana
138 Great Britain
116 Greece
340 Grenada
66 Guam
313 Guatemala
383 Guyana
342 Haiti
126 Holland
314 Honduras
209 Hong Kong
117 Hungary
210 India
211 Indonesia
212 Iran
213 Iraq
Code Name
119 Ireland/Eire
214 Israel
120 Italy
343 Jamaica
215 Japan
216 Jordan
427 Kenya
217/218 Korea/South Korea
221 Laos
183 Latvia
222 Lebanon
184 Lithuania
224 Malaysia
315 Mexico
436 Morocco
126 Netherlands
514 New Zealand
316 Nicaragua
440 Nigeria
142 Northern Ireland
127 Norway
229 Pakistan
253 Palestine
317 Panama
385 Peru
231 Philippines
Code Name
128 Poland
129 Portugal
72 Puerto Rico
132 Romania
192 Russia
233 Saudi Arabia
140 Scotland
234 Singapore
156 Slovakia/Slovak Republic
449 South Africa
134 Spain
136 Sweden
137 Switzerland
237 Syria
238 Taiwan
239 Thailand
351 Trinidad & Tobago
240 Turkey
57 United States
78 U.S. Virgin Islands
180 USSR
195 Ukraine
387 Uruguay
388 Venezuela
242 Vietnam
147 Yugoslavia

List B. Numeric List of Countries and Areas of the World

The following list of countries/areas is in numeric order by code.

Numbers 57 to 140 Numbers 142 to 229 Numbers 231 to 340 Numbers 342 to 555

Code Name
57 United States
60 American Samoa
66 Guam
72 Puerto Rico
78 U.S. Virgin Islands
102 Austria
103 Belgium
105 Czechoslovakia
106 Denmark
108 Finland
109 France
110 Germany
116 Greece
117 Hungary
119 Ireland/Eire
120 Italy
126 Holland
126 Netherlands
127 Norway
128 Poland
129 Portugal
130 Azores
132 Romania
134 Spain
136 Sweden
137 Switzerland
138 Great Britain
139 England
140 Scotland
Code Name
142 Northern Ireland
147 Yugoslavia
148 Europe
155 Czech Republic
156 Slovakia/Slovak Republic
180 USSR
183 Latvia
184 Lithuania
185 Armenia
192 Russia
195 Ukraine
200 Afghanistan
202 Bangladesh
205 Burma
206 Cambodia
207 China
209 Hong Kong
210 India
211 Indonesia
212 Iran
213 Iraq
214 Israel
215 Japan
216 Jordan
217/218 Korea/South Korea
221 Laos
222 Lebanon
224 Malaysia
229 Pakistan
Code Name
231 Philippines
233 Saudi Arabia
234 Singapore
237 Syria
238 Taiwan
239 Thailand
240 Turkey
242 Vietnam
245 Asia
252 Middle East
253 Palestine
300 Bermuda
301 Canada
304 North America
310 Belize
311 Costa Rica
312 El Salvador
313 Guatemala
314 Honduras
315 Mexico
316 Nicaragua
317 Panama
318 Central America
333 Bahamas
334 Barbados
337 Cuba
338 Dominica
339 Dominican Republic
340 Grenada
Code Name
342 Haiti
343 Jamaica
351 Trinidad & Tobago
353 Caribbean
375 Argentina
376 Bolivia
377 Brazil
378 Chile
379 Colombia
380 Ecuador
383 Guyana
385 Peru
387 Uruguay
388 Venezuela
389 South America
415 Egypt
417 Ethiopia
421 Ghana
427 Kenya
436 Morocco
440 Nigeria
449 South Africa
462 Other Africa
468 North Africa
501 Australia
507 Figi
514 New Zealand
527 Pacific Islands
555 Elsewhere

Attachment 16 - Allocation Flags

For every edited item, there is a corresponding allocation flag with the prefix "PX". The last six characters of the names are the same. For example, PXMLR is the allocation flag for PEMLR. All allocation flags have the following list of possible values.

Flags Value
00 VALUE - NO CHANGE
01 BLANK - NO CHANGE
02 DON'T KNOW - NO CHANGE
03 REFUSED - NO CHANGE
10 VALUE TO VALUE
11 BLANK TO VALUE
12 DON'T KNOW TO VALUE
13 REFUSED TO VALUE
20 VALUE TO LONGITUDINAL VALUE
21 BLANK TO LONGITUDINAL VALUE
22 DON'T KNOW TO LONGITUDINAL VALUE
23 REFUSED TO LONGITUDINAL VALUE
30 VALUE TO ALLOCATED VALUE LONG.
31 BLANK TO ALLOCATED VALUE LONG.
32 DON'T KNOW TO ALLOCATED VALUE LONG.
33 REFUSED TO ALLOCATED VALUE LONG.
40 VALUE TO ALLOCATED VALUE
41 BLANK TO ALLOCATED VALUE
42 DON'T KNOW TO ALLOCATED VALUE
43 REFUSED TO ALLOCATED VALUE
50 VALUE TO BLANK
52 DON'T KNOW TO BLANK
53 REFUSED TO BLANK

Attachment 17 - Source and Accurary of the February 1997 Contingent Work Supplement Data

SOURCE OF DATA

The data for this microdata file come from the February 1997 Current Population Survey (CPS). This month's survey uses two sets of questions, the basic CPS and the supplement. The Bureau of the Census conducts the basic CPS every month and asks supplementary questions during certain months.

Basic CPS. The basic CPS collects primarily labor force data about the civilian noninstitutional population. Interviewers ask questions concerning labor force participation about each member 15 years old and over in every sample household.

February 1997 supplement. In addition to the basic CPS questions, interviewers asked supplementary questions on contingent work.

Sample design. The present CPS sample was selected from the 1990 Decennial Census files with coverage in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The sample is continually updated to account for new residential construction. The United States was divided into 2,007 geographic areas. In most states, a geographic area consisted of a county or several contiguous counties. In some areas of New England and Hawaii, minor civil divisions are used instead of counties. A total of 754 geographic areas were selected for sample. About 50,000 occupied households are eligible for interview every month. Interviewers are unable to obtain interviews at about 3,200 of these units. This occurs when the occupants are not found at home after repeated calls or are unavailable for some other reason.

Since the introduction of the CPS, the Bureau of the Census has redesigned the CPS sample several times. These redesigns have improved the quality and accuracy of the data and have satisfied changing data needs. The most recent changes were completely implemented in July 1995.

Estimation procedure. This survey's estimation procedure adjusts weighted sample results to agree with independent estimates of the civilian noninstitutional population of the United States by age, sex, race, Hispanic/non-Hispanic origin, and state of residence. The adjusted estimate is called the post-stratification ratio estimate. The independent estimates are calculated based on information from four primary sources:

  • The 1990 Decennial Census of Population and Housing.
  • An adjustment for undercoverage in the 1990 census.
  • Statistics on births, deaths, immigration, and emigration.
  • Statistics on the size of the Armed Forces.

The independent population estimates include some, but not all, undocumented immigrants.

ACCURACY OF THE ESTIMATES

Since the CPS estimates come from a sample, they may differ from figures from a complete census using the same questionnaires, instructions, and enumerators. A sample survey estimate has two possible types of error: sampling and nonsampling. The accuracy of an estimate depends on both types of error, but the full extent of the nonsampling error is unknown. Consequently, one should be particularly careful when interpreting results based on a relatively small number of cases or on small differences between estimates. The standard errors for CPS estimates primarily indicate the magnitude of sampling error. They also partially measure the effect of some nonsampling errors in responses and enumeration, but do not measure systematic biases in the data. (Bias is the average over all possible samples of the differences between the sample estimates and the desired value.)

Nonsampling variability. There are several sources of nonsampling errors including the following:

  • Inability to get information about all sample cases.
  • Definitional difficulties.
  • Differences in the interpretation of questions.
  • Respondents' inability or unwillingness to provide correct information.
  • Respondents' inability to recall information.
  • Errors made in data collection such as recording and coding data.
  • Errors made in processing the data.
  • Errors made in estimating values for missing data.
  • Failure to represent all units with the sample (undercoverage).

For the February 1997 basic CPS, the nonresponse rate was 7.3% and for the contingent work supplement the nonresponse rate was an additional 7.2% for a total supplement nonresponse rate of 14.0%.

CPS undercoverage results from missed housing units and missed persons within sample households. Overall CPS undercoverage is estimated to be about 8 percent. CPS undercoverage varies with age, sex, and race. Generally, undercoverage is larger for males than for females and larger for Blacks and other races combined than for Whites. As described previously, ratio estimation to independent age-sex-race-Hispanic population controls partially corrects for the bias due to undercoverage. However, biases exist in the estimates to the extent that missed persons in missed households or missed persons in interviewed households have different characteristics from those of interviewed persons in the same age-sex-race-origin-state group.

A common measure of survey coverage is the coverage ratio, the estimated population before post-stratification divided by the independent population control. Table A shows CPS coverage ratios for age-sex-race groups for a typical month. The CPS coverage ratios can exhibit some variability from month to month. Other Census Bureau household surveys experience similar coverage.

Table A. CPS Coverage Ratios
Non-Black Black All Persons
Age M F M F M F Total
0-14 0.929 0.964 0.850 0.838 0.916 0.943 0.929
15 0.933 0.895 0.763 0.824 0.905 0.883 0.895
16-19 0.881 0.891 0.711 0.802 0.855 0.877 0.866
20-29 0.847 0.897 0.660 0.811 0.823 0.884 0.854
30-39 0.904 0.931 0.680 0.845 0.877 0.920 0.899
40-49 0.928 0.966 0.816 0.911 0.917 0.959 0.938
50-59 0.953 0.974 0.896 0.927 0.948 0.969 0.959
60-64 0.961 0.941 0.954 0.953 0.960 0.942 0.950
65-69 0.919 0.972 0.982 0.984 0.924 0.973 0.951
70+ 0.993 1.004 0.996 0.979 0.993 1.002 0.998
15+ 0.914 0.945 0.767 0.874 0.898 0.927 0.918
0+ 0.918 0.949 0.793 0.864 0.902 0.931 0.921

For additional information on nonsampling error including the possible impact on CPS data when known, refer to Statistical Policy Working Paper 3, An Error Profile: Employment as Measured by the Current Population Survey, Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1978 and Technical Paper 40, The Current Population Survey: Design and Methodology, Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce.

Comparability of data. Data obtained from the CPS and other sources are not entirely comparable. This results from differences in interviewer training and experience and in differing survey processes. This is an example of nonsampling variability not reflected in the standard errors. Use caution when comparing results from different sources.

A number of changes were made in data collection and estimation procedures beginning with the January 1994 CPS. The major change was the use of a new questionnaire. The questionnaire was redesigned to measure the official labor force concepts more precisely, to expand the amount of data available, to implement several definitional changes, and to adapt to a computer-assisted interviewing environment. The March supplemental income questions were also modified for adaptation to computer-assisted interviewing, although there were no changes in definitions and concepts. Due to these and other changes, one should use caution when comparing estimates from data collected in 1994 and later years with estimates from earlier years.

Caution should also be used when comparing data from this microdata file, which reflects 1990 census-based population controls, with microdata files from March 1993 and earlier years, which reflect 1980 census-based population controls. This change in population controls had relatively little impact on summary measures such as means, medians, and percentage distributions. It did have a significant impact on levels. For example, use of 1990 based population controls results in about a 1-percent increase in the civilian noninstitutional population and in the number of families and households. Thus, estimates of levels for data collected in 1994 and later years will differ from those for earlier years by more than what could be attributed to actual changes in the population. These differences could be disproportionately greater for certain subpopulation groups than for the total population.

Since no independent population control totals for persons of Hispanic origin were used before 1985, compare Hispanic estimates over time cautiously.

Based on the results of each decennial census, the Bureau of the Census gradually introduces a new sample design for the CPS. During this phase-in period, CPS data are collected from sample designs based on different censuses. While most CPS estimates have been unaffected by this mixed sample, geographic estimates are subject to greater error and variability. Users should exercise caution when comparing estimates across years for metropolitan/nonmetropolitan categories.

Note when using small estimates. Because of the large standard errors involved, summary measures probably do not reveal useful information when computed on a base smaller than 75,000.

Take care in the interpretation of small differences. Even a small amount of nonsampling error can cause a borderline difference to appear significant or not, thus distorting a seemingly valid hypothesis test.

Sampling variability. Sampling variability is variation that occurred by chance because a sample was surveyed rather than the entire population. Standard errors as calculated below are primarily measures of sampling variability, but they may include some nonsampling error.

Standard errors and their use. A number of approximations are required to derive, at a moderate cost, standard errors applicable to estimates from this microdata file. Instead of providing an individual standard error for each estimate, two parameters, a and b, are provided to calculate standard errors for each type of characteristic. These parameters are in Table B.

The sample estimate and its standard error enable one to construct a confidence interval. A confidence interval is a range that would include the average result of all possible samples with a known probability. For example, if all possible samples were surveyed under essentially the same general conditions and the same sample design, and if an estimate and its standard error were calculated from each sample, then approximately 90-percent of the intervals from 1.645 standard errors below the estimate to 1.645 standard errors above the stimate would include the average result of all possible samples.

A particular confidence interval may or may not contain the average estimate derived from all possible samples. However, one can say with specified confidence that the interval includes the average estimate calculated from all possible samples.

Standard errors may be used to perform hypothesis testing. This is a procedure for distinguishing between population parameters using sample estimates. The most common type of hypothesis is that the population parameters are different. An example of this would be comparing the percentage of Whites with a college education to the percentage of Blacks with a college education.

Tests may be performed at various levels of significance. A significance level is the probability of concluding that the characteristics are different when, in fact, they are the same. For example, to conclude that two parameters are different at the 0.10 level of significance, the absolute value of the estimated difference between characteristics must be greater than or equal to 1.645 times the standard error of the difference.

The Census Bureau uses 90-percent confidence intervals and 0.10 levels of significance to determine statistical validity. Consult standard statistical texts for alternative criteria.

For information on calculating standard errors for labor force data from the CPS which involve quarterly or yearly averages, changes in consecutive quarterly or yearly averages, consecutive month-to-month changes in estimates, and consecutive year-to-year changes in monthly estimates see Explanatory Notes and Estimates of Error: Household Data in the corresponding Employment and Earnings published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Standard errors of estimated numbers. The approximate standard error, sx, of an estimated number from this microdata file can be obtained using this formula:

s_x=√(〖ax〗^2+bx) 

(1)

Here x is the size of the estimate and a and b are the parameters in Table B associated with the particular type of characteristic. When calculating standard errors from cross-tabulations involving different characteristics, use the set of parameters for the characteristic which will give the largest standard error.

Illustration

Suppose there were 6,000,000 unemployed men in the civilian labor force. Use the appropriate parameters from Table B and formula (1) to get

Number, x 6,000,000
a parameter -0.000018
b parameter 2,957
Standard error 131,000
90% conf. int. 5,785,000 to 6,215,000

The standard error is calculated as

s_x= √(-0.000018×〖6,000,000〗^2+ 2,957×6,000,000)=131,000

The 90-percent confidence interval is calculated as 6,000,000 + 1.645x131,000. A conclusion that the average estimate derived from all possible samples lies within a range computed in this way would be correct for roughly 90- percent of all possible samples.

Standard errors of estimated percentages. The reliability of an estimated percentage, computed using sample data from both numerator and denominator, depends on both the size of the percentage and its base. Estimated percentages are relatively more reliable than the corresponding estimates of the numerators of the percentages, particularly if the percentages are 50 percent or more. When the numerator and denominator of the percentage are in different categories, use the parameter from Table B indicated by the numerator.

The approximate standard error, sx.p, of an estimated percentage can be obtained by use of the formula

s_(x_1 p)=√((b⁄x)p(100-p) )  

(2)

Here x is the total number of persons, families, households, or unrelated individuals in the base of the percentage, p is the percentage (0 < p < 100), and b is the parameter in Table B associated with the characteristic in the numerator of the percentage.

Illustration

Suppose that of approximately 2,739,000 contingent workers, 26.0 percent were 25 to 34 years of age. Use the appropriate parameter from Table B and formula (2) to get

Percentage, p 26.0
Base, x 2,739,000
b parameter 2,985
Standard error 1.4
90% conf. int. 23.7 to 28.3

The standard error is calculated as

s_(x_1 p)=√(2,985/2,739,000× 26.0 ×(100-26.0))=1.4

The 90-percent confidence interval of the percentage of 25 to 34 year old contingent workers is calculated as 26.0 + 1.645x1.4.

Standard error of a difference. The standard error of the difference between two sample estimates is approximately equal to

s_(x-y)=√(s_x^2+s_y^2 ) 

(3)

where sx and sy are the standard errors of the estimates, x and y. The estimates can be numbers, percentages, ratios, etc. This will represent the actual standard error quite accurately for the difference between estimates of the same characteristic in two different areas, or for the difference between separate and uncorrelated characteristics in the same area. However, if there is a high positive (negative) correlation between the two characteristics, the formula will overestimate (underestimate) the true standard error.

Illustration

Suppose that of 6,285,000 employed men between 20-24 years of age, 1,516,000 or 24.1 percent were part-time workers, and of the 5,824,000 employed women between 20-24 years of age, 2,169,000 or 37.2 percent were part-time workers. Use the appropriate parameters from Table B and formulas (2) and (3) to get

  x y difference
Percentage, p 24.1 37.2 13.1
Number, x 6,285,000 5,824,000 -
b parameter 2,764 2,530 -
Standard error 0.9 1.0 1.3
90% conf. int. 22.6 to 25.6 35.6 to 38.8 11.0 TO 15.2

The standard error of the difference is calculated as

s_(x-y)=√(〖0.9〗^2+〖1.0〗^2 )=1.3

The 90-percent confidence interval around the difference is calculated as 13.1 + 1.645x1.3. Since this interval does not include zero, we can conclude with 90- percent confidence that the percentage of part-time women workers between 20-24 years of age is greater than the percentage of part-time men workers between 20-24 years of age.

Table B. Parameters for Computation of Standard Errors for Labor Force Characteristics - February 1997
Characteristic a b
Labor Force and Not in Labor Force Data other than Arguicultral Employment and Unemployment

.Total 1

-0.000018 2,985

..Men 1

-0.000033 2,764

..Women

-0.000030 2,530

..Both Sexes, 16 to 19 years

-0.000172 2,545

.White1

-0.000020 2,985

..Men

-0.000037 2,767

..Women

-0.000034 2,527

..Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

-0.000204 2,550

.Black

-0.000125 3,139

..Men

-0.000302 2,931

..Women

-0.000183 2,637

..Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

-0.001295 2,949

..Hispanic origin

-0.000206 3,896
Not In Labor Force (use only for Total, Total Men, and White) +0.000006 829
Agricultural Employment

.Total or White

+0.000782 3,049

..Men

+0.000858 2,825

..Women or

..Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

-0.000025 2,582

.Black

-0.000135 3,155

.Hispanic origin

..Total or Women

+0.011857 2,895

..Men or

..Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

+0.015736 1,703
Unemployment

.Total or White

-0.000018 2,957

.Black

-0.000212 3,150

.Hispanic origin

-0.000102 3,576

1For not in labor force characteristics, use the Not In Labor Force parameters.

For foreign-born characteristics for Total and White, the a and b parameters should be multiplied by 1.3. No adjustment is necessary for foreign-born characteristics for Blacks and Hispanics.

Attachment 18 - User Notes

This section will contain information relevant to the Current Population Survey, February 1997: Contingent Work Supplement file that becomes available after the file is released. The cover letter to the updated information should be filed behind this page.

User notes will be sent to all users who purchased their file or technical documentation from the Census Bureau.

NOTE

Questions about accompanying documentation should be directed to Administrative and Customer Services Division, Microdata Access Branch, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Phone: (301) 457-1214.

Questions about the tape should be directed to Administrative and Customer Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Phone: (301) 763-INFO(4636).

Questions about the subject matter should be directed to Francia McDaniel, Demographic Surveys Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Phone: (301) 457-3806.

Additional questions about the Contingent Work Supplement should be directed to Tom Nardone, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20210. Phone: (202) 606-6378.

Questions should be directed to Marketing Services Office at (301) 763-INFO (4636).


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Administration and Customer Services Division | (301) 763-4400 |  Last Revised: July 09, 2013