Introducing a new way to navigate by topics. Access the latest news, data, publications and more around topics of interest.
Our population statistics cover age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, migration, ancestry, language use, veterans, as well as population estimates and projections.
This section provides information on a range of educational topics, from educational attainment and school enrollment to school districts, costs and financing.
We measure the state of the nations workforce, including employment and unemployment levels, weeks and hours worked, occupations, and commuting.
Our statistics highlight trends in household and family composition, describe characteristics of the residents of housing units, and show how they are related.
Health statistics on insurance coverage, disability, fertility and other health issues are increasingly important in measuring the nation's overall well-being.
We measure the housing and construction industry, track homeownership rates, and produce statistics on the physical and financial characteristics of our homes.
The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S.
The U.S. Census Bureau provides data for the Federal, state and local governments as well as voting, redistricting, apportionment and congressional affairs.
Search an alphabetical index of keywords and phrases to access Census Bureau statistics, publications, products, services, data, and data tools.
Geography provides the framework for Census Bureau survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Geography is central to the work of the Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Find resources on how to use geographic data and products with statistical data, educational blog postings, and presentations.
The Geographic Support System Initiative will integrate improved address coverage, spatial feature updates, and enhanced quality assessment and measurement.
Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Find geographic data and products such as Shapefiles, KMLs, TIGERweb, boundary files, geographic relationship files, and reference and thematic maps.
Metropolitan and micropolitan areas are geographic entities used by Federal statistical agencies in collecting, tabulating, and publishing Federal statistics.
Find information about specific partnership programs and learn more about our partnerships with other organizations.
Definitions of geographic terms, why geographic areas are defined, and how the Census Bureau defines geographic areas.
We conduct research on geographic topics such as how to define geographic areas and how geography changes over time.
Visit our library of Census Bureau multimedia files. Collection formats include audio, video, mobile apps, images, and publications.
Collection of audio features and sound bites.
The Census Bureau packages data and information into easy-to-understand visuals.
Browse Census Bureau images.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Access data through products and tools including data visualizations, mobile apps, interactive web apps and other software.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Learn more about our data from this collection of e-tutorials, presentations, webinars and other training materials. Sign up for training sessions.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Learn how we serve the public as the most reliable source of data about the nation's people and economy.
How we provide the best mix of timeliness, relevancy, quality, and cost for the data we collect.
Our researchers explore innovative ways to conduct surveys, increase respondent participation, reduce costs, and improve accuracy.
Our surveys provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about the nation, critical for government programs, policies, and decisionmaking.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the Census Bureau.
Information about the current field vacancies available at the U.S. Census Bureau Regional Offices.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Listen to audio files on fun facts, historical figures, and celebrations of the month.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
Purpose: The purpose of this standard is to ensure that statistically sound practices are used to generate estimates from models for information products.
Scope: The Census Bureau’s statistical quality standards apply to all information products released by the Census Bureau and the activities that generate those products, including products released to the public, sponsors, joint partners, or other customers. All Census Bureau employees and Special Sworn Status individuals must comply with these standards; this includes contractors and other individuals who receive Census Bureau funding to develop and release Census Bureau information products.
In particular, this standard applies to the production of estimates from models for Census Bureau information products. This standard applies to models (e.g., regression, economic, and log-linear) used to produce estimates, such as:
In addition to the global exclusions listed in the Preface, this standard does not apply to:
Key Terms: Autocorrelation function, autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA), cross-validation, goodness-of-fit, heteroscedastic, homoscedastic, model, model validation, Monte Carlo simulation, multicollinearity, projection, regression, revisions history, residual, sanitized data, seasonal adjustment, sensitivity analysis, sliding spans, small area estimation, and spectral graphs.
Requirement D2-1: Throughout all processes associated with estimation, unauthorized release of protected information or administratively restricted information must be prevented by following federal laws (e.g., Title 13, Title 15, and Title 26), Census Bureau policies (e.g., Data Stewardship Policies), and additional provisions governing the use of the data (e.g., as may be specified in a memorandum of understanding or data-use agreement). (See Statistical Quality Standard S1, Protecting Confidentiality.)
Requirement D2-2: A plan must be developed that addresses:
Note: Statistical Quality Standard A1, Planning a Data Program, addresses overall planning requirements, including estimates of schedule and costs.
Requirement D2-3: Models must be developed and implemented using statistically sound practices.
Examples of statistically sound model development practices include:
Examples of statistically sound practices for demographic estimates and projections include:
Examples of statistically sound practices for seasonal adjustments include:
Sub-Requirement D2-3.1: Model results must be evaluated and validated, and the results of the evaluation and validation must be documented.
Examples of evaluation and validation activities include:
Note: Evaluation and validation is required when the model is developed. Models used in a continuing production setting must be re-evaluated periodically as appropriate.
Sub-Requirement D2-3.2: Specifications for the modeling and estimation systems must be developed and implemented.
Examples of issues that specifications might address include:
Sub-Requirement D2-3.3:; Estimation systems must be verified and tested to ensure that all components function as intended.
Examples of verification and testing activities include:
Sub-Requirement D2-3.4: Methods and systems must be developed and implemented to verify the modeled estimates and evaluate their quality.
Examples of verification and evaluation activities include:
Note: Statistical Quality Standard D3, Producing Measures and Indicators of Nonsampling Error, provides requirements for measuring and evaluating nonsampling error.
Sub-Requirement D2-3.4.1: The seasonal adjustment process and results must be reviewed annually by the program manager (or the appropriate mathematical statistician) to identify needed changes in the X-12-ARIMA specification files. Using the required secure data transmission protocols, the program manager (or the appropriate mathematical statistician) must provide the following to the Time Series Methods Staff (TSMS) of the Office of Statistical Methods and Research for Economic Programs (OSMREP):
Sub-Requirement D2-3.4.2: For indicator releases, any routine revisions to the annual review process, such as benchmarking and updating of seasonality factors, must be consolidated and released simultaneously. See Statistical Policy Directive No. 3. Deviations from this requirement must be approved as specified in the directive.
Requirement D2-4: Documentation needed to replicate and evaluate the modeling activities must be produced. The documentation must be retained, consistent with applicable policies and data use agreements, and must be made available to Census Bureau employees who need it to carry out their work. (See Statistical Quality Standard S2, Managing Data and Documents.)
Examples of documentation include: