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Special Census Program

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The Special Census Branch works with local and tribal governments to conduct censuses for their communities in the years between decennial censuses.

A Special Census is a basic enumeration of population, housing units, group quarters and transitory locations conducted by the Census Bureau at the request of a governmental unit.

This site provides tools to help local and tribal governments request and plan for a Special Census in their community. Get started by visiting our Frequently Asked Questions.

This page contains a wealth of information about Special Censuses - what they are, why they are conducted, who pays for them, how data is collected, and what the legal basis is for a Special Census.

If you are already experienced in how a Special Census works and want to conduct a Special Census of your governmental unit, please review the Cost Estimates section.

For local or tribal governments that would like to conduct a Special Census, please review How to Conduct Your Special Census section for information about responsibilities each governmental unit has when conducting a Special Census.

Once you have signed an agreement with the Census Bureau to conduct a Special Census in your community, you will receive access to the Customer Tools section. The Customer Tools section provides you with advertising, posters, fact sheets, public service announcement videos, and broadcast B-Roll that you can use to help recruit Enumerators and promote resident participation in your Special Census.

If you live in a community that is conducting a Special Census and are interested in working as an Enumerator, please visit the Employment section to find out more about Census jobs and how you can apply.

For more information about Special Censuses not found on this site, please call us at 301-763-1429, or e-mail us at

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Partnership and Data Services Branch | | Last Revised: October 22, 2014