To provide estimates of revenue and other measures for most traditional
service industries. The United States Code, Title 13, authorizes this survey
and provides for mandatory responses.
Companies that primarily provide services to individuals, businesses, and
governments (NAICS 51, 5231, 52392, 52393, 532, 54, 56,62, 71, 81). This survey also covers the Transportation and Warehousing sector (NAICS 484, 492, and 493). Industry coverage and detail have been expanded since 1982,
and include most personal, business, automotive, amusement and recreation,
social, health, and other professional services. In 1991, use of expanded
1987 SIC classifications began. Covered industries accounted for
about 20% of the Nation's 1994 Gross Domestic Product. The new North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is being used for the first
time with the 1999 survey to collect data for the Service Annual Survey
(SAS). The scope of the Service Annual Survey has been broadened
to encompass the old Annual Survey of Communication Services and the old
Transportation Annual Survey. With the implementation of NAICS, approximately 150 additional service industries are being covered.
Collected data include tax and organizational status; operating revenue
for both taxable and tax-exempt firms and organizations; sources of revenue
and expenses by type for selected industries; operating expenses for tax-exempt
firms; and selected industry-specific items. In addition, starting
with the 1999 survey, e-commerce data will be collected for all industries,
and export and inventory data will be collected for selected industries.
Annually since 1982; reported data are for activities which take place
during the calendar year. Prior to 1982, the survey was conducted monthly.
Data collection begins in January following the survey year and continues
for about 14 weeks. A new sample is introduced about every 5 years, most
recently for the 1999 survey.
A mail-out/mail-back survey of approximately 45,000 selected service businesses
with paid employees; supplemented by administrative records data or imputed
values to account for nonemployer and certain other businesses. To be eligible
for the list sample, service businesses must be in the Business Register
which contains all Employer Identification Numbers (EINs)
for listed businesses and all locations of multi-establishment companies.
EINs may represent one or more establishments and firms may have one or
In the initial sampling, companies are stratified by major and minor
kind of business, and by estimated receipts or revenue. All companies with
total receipts above applicable size cutoffs are included in the survey
and report for all their service industry locations. In a second stage,
EINs of unselected companies are stratified by major kind of business and
receipts or revenue. Within each stratum a simple random sample of EINs
The initial sample is updated quarterly to reflect "births" and "deaths";
adding new employer businesses identified in the Business and Professional
Classification Survey and deleting firms and EINs that are no longer active.
During interim periods, service nonemployer and other businesses are represented
by administrative records data or imputed values.
Service Annual Survey reports are normally published no later than 12 months
after the end of the survey year. Summary data are provided at the industry
group and industry level for the survey year and past years. Industry specific
data are provided for selected industries. In addition, there are data
for selected kinds of business by federal income-tax status (taxable and
The Bureau of Economic Analysis uses these data in its preparation of national
income and product accounts, and its benchmark and annual input-output
tables. The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses the data as input to its producer
price indexes and in developing productivity measurements. The Health Care
Financing Administration uses the data to estimate expenditures for the
National Health Accounts. The Coalition of Service Industries uses data
for general research and planning.
Trade and professional organizations use the estimates to analyze industry
trends and benchmark their own statistical programs, develop forecasts,
and evaluate regulatory requirements. The media use estimates for news
reports and background information. Private businesses use the estimates
to measure market share; analyze business potential; and plan investment
Provides the only source of annual receipts estimates for the service industries.