Profile America: A public service of the U.S. Census Bureau... The national census next April will be the 23rd time this once a decade count has been conducted since 1790. Census number 6 in 1840 showed a maturing nation... Then, there were just over 17 million residents in the United States - New York was the largest city of nearly 313,000 and Albany, New York and Charleston, South Carolina were on the list of the ten biggest cities. In the decade to follow, the first wagon train would leave Missouri for California, the U.S. and Canada agreed on their long border, and Samuel Morse sent the first telegraph message. At the end of the decade, Elizabeth Blackwell received the first medical degree awarded to a woman. You can find these and more facts about America from the U.S. Census Bureau online at census.gov.
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