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Business Formation Statistics

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The Business Formation Statistics (BFS) are an experimental data product of the U.S. Census Bureau developed in research collaboration with economists affiliated with Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, University of Maryland, and University of Notre Dame. The BFS provide timely and high frequency information on new business applications and formations in the United States. More information on Census Bureau Experimental Data products can be found here.




Weekly Data

new! Business Applications, Not Seasonally Adjusted data will be provided weekly at the national, regional, and state levels for a limited time.


Business Applications data for the Week Ending September 12, 2020 was released on September 17, 2020 and is available in the csv files and data visualization below. For help with using the files, please visit the BFS Weekly Data Dictionary and the week date csv file.

  • Not Adjusted U.S. Business Applications:   CSV [40KB]  
  • Not Adjusted Regional Business Applications:   CSV [165KB]  
  • Not Adjusted State Business Applications:   CSV [1812KB]  


Quarterly Report

The Second Quarter 2020 Business Formation Statistics Report was released on July 15, 2020 at 10:00 a.m., and available as:

  • Latest Report:   PDF [276KB]  

Business Application Time Series:

  • 2004Q3 - present (Adjusted and Not Adjusted)    Excel [73kb]


Time Series/Trend Charts logo Time Series/Trend Charts: Use this link to access all Business Application series and Business Formation Series at both U.S. and State levels to create customizable time series. For detailed instructions on using this Time Series/Trend Charts application, please visit the Technical Documentation.



[PDF] or PDF denotes a file in Adobe’s Portable Document Format. To view the file, you will need the Adobe® Reader® Off Site available free from Adobe. [Excel] or the letters [xls] indicate a document is in the Microsoft® Excel® Spreadsheet Format (XLS). To view the file, you will need the Microsoft® Excel® Viewer Off Site available for free from Microsoft®.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Business Formation Statistics | 301-763-2000 |   Last Revised: September 11, 2020