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Release Date:
August 11, 2022

The statistics presented in this release are based on administrative data and therefore are not subject to sampling error. However, the statistics may be subject to non-sampling error. Non-sampling error occurs because accurate information cannot always be obtained. There are many potential contributors to non-sampling error such as misreporting, mistakes in recording and coding responses, misinterpretation of questions, and other errors of collection, response, coverage, or processing. Though non-sampling error is not measured directly, the Census Bureau employs quality control procedures throughout the process to minimize this type of error.

NA = Not Applicable

S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because concerns about the estimate's quality. Unpublished estimates derived from this table by subtraction are subject to this same limitation and should not be attributed to the U.S. Census Bureau.

D = Denotes an estimate withheld to avoid disclosing data of individual establishments; data are included in higher-level totals.

The Y-axis for the line charts may be truncated to prevent flattening of the lines or to present the complete range of data.

Source: Business Formation Statistics (Definitions)
Retail Trade: U.S. Total — Seasonally Adjusted Business Applications [Units]
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2019 41,229 43,344 43,469 44,746 42,169 44,065 42,296 43,844 43,275 44,749 42,852 46,571
2020 41,849 43,240 35,406 42,561 63,870 81,035 119,392 98,602 85,361 80,027 76,144 66,305
2021 101,231 85,409 84,377 96,445 93,823 80,652 76,865 73,440 74,143 72,145 71,219 71,212
2022 86,520 80,864 75,403 74,802 69,251 67,215 68,974 NA NA NA NA NA
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Business & Industry | sssd.econ.data@census.gov |  Last Revised: August 17, 2022