E-shipments are online orders accepted for manufactured products from customers, including shipments to other domestic plants of the same company for further manufacture, assembly, or fabrication where price and terms of sale are negotiated over an Internet, Extranet, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) network, electronic mail, or other online system. Payment may or may not be made online.
E-commerce sales/revenues are defined as the sales of goods and services where the buyer places an order, or the price and terms of the sale are negotiated, over an Internet, mobile device (M-Commerce), extranet, EDI network, electronic mail, or other comparable online system. Payment may or may not be made online.
No. E-Stats covers manufacturing, merchant wholesale trade, retail trade, and selected service industries. These sectors and industries are the same as those covered by existing annual Census Bureau surveys. Sectors and industries not covered include agriculture, mining, construction, and utilities as well as non-merchant wholesalers and parts of the service sector.
Generally, e-commerce divisions of brick-and-mortar companies would be included in electronic shopping and mail-order houses as long as they do not fulfill e-commerce orders from their stores (companies would provide separate information to us for their brick-and-mortar stores vs. their e-commerce division). This is similar to how companies would split reporting between two distinct brick-and-mortar divisions (a company that owns grocery stores and department stores for example).
Merchant wholesalers take title to the goods they sell and include wholesale merchants, distributors, jobbers, drop shippers, and import/export merchants. These businesses typically maintain their own warehouse, where they receive and handle goods for their customers. Non-merchant wholesalers arrange for the purchase or sale of goods owned by others and do not take title to the goods they sell. Examples of non-merchant wholesalers include manufacturers’ sales branches and offices, agents, brokers, commission agents, and electronic marketplaces.
Only sales from eMarketplaces that take title to the goods they sell are included. Generally, most eMarketplaces arrange for the purchase or sale of goods owned by others and do not take title to the goods they sell. This type of eMarketplace is considered to be a non-merchant wholesaler and would be excluded from the estimates in this report.
NAICS 454 also includes Direct Selling Establishments and Vending Machine Operators. Direct Selling Establishments typically go to the customers’ location rather than the customer coming to them (e.g., door-to-door sales, home parties) and includes businesses such as heating oil dealers making residential deliveries and mobile food services.
Yes. E-commerce activity with foreign customers and affiliates is included, but it is not separable.
Our surveys are updated each year to add new businesses and to delete ones no longer in business. Once we receive notification that a firm has ceased operation we drop it from our survey. Results are included up until the point the firm ceased operation.
We plan to publish the E-Stats E-commerce Report annually in the Spring.