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2012 NAICS: 23 - Construction




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Guide to All Census Bureau Data Sources for This Industry


Source & Description   Frequency Latest Data Geography Industry
Building Permits Survey (BPS-M)MonthlyJul 2019U.S., states, counties, places, metro areasSelected 2 digits
Construction Spending (CONSPEND)MonthlyJul 2019U.S.Selected 2 digits
New Residential Construction (NRESCON)MonthlyJul 2019U.S., regionsSelected 2 digits
New Residential Sales (NRESSALE)MonthlyJul 2019U.S., regionsSelected 2 digits
Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)Quarterly2Q 2019States, counties, metro areasSelected 2- thru 4-digits
American Community Survey (ACS)Annual2017U.S, states, counties, places, metros, tractsSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Annual Capital Expenditures Survey (ACES)Annual2017U.S.Selected 2- thru 6-digits
Building Permits Survey (BPS-A)Annual2018U.S., states, counties, places, metro areasSelected 2-digits
Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS)Annual2016U.S., statesSelected 2-digits
County Business Patterns (BP)Annual2016U.S., states, counties, metros, ZIP Codes, and island areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Information and Communication Technology Survey (ICT)Annual2013U.S.2-digits
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)Annual2017U.S.Selected 2-digits
Nonemployer Statistics (NES)Annual2017U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUSB)Annual2016U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Economic Census (ECN)Every 5 years2012U.S., states, counties, places, metros, ZIP Codes2- thru 6-digits
Economic Census of Island Areas (IA)Every 5 years2012American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands2-thru 5 digits
Survey of Business Owners (SBO)Every 5 years2012U.S., states, counties, cities, metro areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits

Links to Economic Data for Programs Published on AFF


Program Series Table Title Data Years Available
County Business PatternsGeographic Area Series Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns by Legal Form of Organization 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns for Puerto Rico and the Island Areas 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class for Puerto Rico and the Island Areas 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
ZIP Code Business Statistics ZIP Code Business Statistics: Zip Code Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Economic Census Comparative Statistics, 2007 and 2002 Comparative Statistics for the U.S. and States (2002 NAICS Basis) 2007
Geographic Area Series All sectors: Geographic Area Series: Economy-Wide Key Statistics: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Construction: Geographic Area Series: Detailed Statistics for the State: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Subject Series: General Summary Detailed Statistics for Establishments 2007 2002
Statistics by Employment Size of Establishment 2007 2002
Statistics by Value of Business Done Size of Establishment 2007 2002
Value of Construction Work by Location of Constr.(state to state) 2007 2002
Value of Construction Work by Type of Constr. for U.S. and States 2007 2002
Selected Statistics by Specialization in Types of Construction 2007
Value of Business Done by Kind-of-Business Activity for States 2007
Statistics by Kind of Business by Specialization Level 2007
Statistics by Legal Form of Organization 2007 2002
Summary Series: General Summary Construction: Summary Series: General Summary: Detailed Statistics by Subsectors and Industries for U.S., Regions, and States: 2012 2012
Construction: Summary Series: General Summary: Employment Size Class by Subsectors and Industries for U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Construction: Summary Series: General Summary: Value of Business Done Size Class by Subsectors and Industries for U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Construction: Summary Series: General Summary: Value of Construction Work for Location of Construction Work by Subsectors and Industries for U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Construction: Summary Series: General Summary: Legal Form of Organization by Subsectors and Industries: 2012 2012
Construction: Summary Series: General Summary: Specialization in Types of Construction by Subsectors and Industries: 2012 2012
Construction: Summary Series: General Summary: Specialization in Kind-of-Business Activity by Subsectors and Industries: 2012 2012
Construction: Summary Series: General Summary: Value of Business Done for Kind-of-Business by Subsectors and Industries for U.S., Regions, and States: 2012 2012
Construction: Summary Series: General Summary: Value of Construction Work for Type of Construction by Subsectors and Industries for U.S., Regions, and States: 2012 2012
Economic Census of Island Areas Geographic Area Series Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Comparative Statistics by Kind of Business for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 and 2007 2012
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Legal Form of Organization for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Sales/Receipts/Revenue/Shipments Size of Establishments for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Employment Size of Establishments for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Gender Status of Ownership for Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Citizenship Status of Ownership for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Ethnicity Status of Ownership for U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Sales by Kind of Business and Class of Customer for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Capital Expenditures and Depreciation Charges for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012
Industry series Island Areas: Industry Series: Comparative Statistics by Construction Industry for Puerto Rico: 2012 and 2007 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: General Statistics by Construction Industry for Puerto Rico and Metropolitan Areas: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: Selected Statistics by Construction Industry and Legal Form of Organization for Puerto Rico: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: Selected Statistics by Construction Industry and Employment Size of Establishments for Puerto Rico and Municipios: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: Value of Business Done by Construction Kind-of-Business Activity for Puerto Rico: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: Cost of Materials by Construction Industry for Puerto Rico and Municipios: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: Employment and Payroll Statistics by Construction Industry for Puerto Rico and Municipios: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: Number of Construction Workers and Hours Worked by Construction Industry for Puerto Rico and Municipios: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: Value of Business Done by Construction Industry for Puerto Rico and Municipios: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: Assets, Capital Expenditures, and Depreciation by Construction Industry for Puerto Rico and Municipios: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Industry Series: Types and Ownership of Construction Projects by Industry for Puerto Rico and Municipios: 2012 2012
Comparative Statistics by Industry 2007
General Statistics by Industry 2007
General Statistics by Industry and Legal Form of Organization 2007
General Statistics by Industry and Employment Size 2007
Value of Business Done by Kind-of-Business Activity 2007
Cost of Materials by Industry 2007
Employment and Payroll Statistics by Industry 2007
Number of Construction Workers and Hours Worked by Industry 2007
Value of Business Done by Industry 2007
Assets, Capital Expenditures, and Depreciation by Industry 2007
Nonemployer Statistics Nonemployer Statistics Geographic Area Series: Nonemployer Statistics by Legal Form of Organization for the U.S. and States: 2016 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2007
Geographic Area Series: Nonemployer Statistics for the US, States, Metropolitan Areas, and Counties: 2016 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2007
Geographic Area Series: Nonemployer Statistics by Receipt Size Class for the U.S.: 2016 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Survey of Business Owners Survey of Business Owners Preliminary Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sector, Gender, Ethnicity, and Race for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012 2007
Preliminary Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sector, Veteran Status, and Gender for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Preliminary Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sector, Veteran Status, and Ethnicity for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Preliminary Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sector, Veteran Status, and Race for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Gender, and Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Ethnicity, and Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012 2007
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Race, and Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Veteran Status, and Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Industry, Gender, and Employment Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Industry, Ethnicity, and Employment Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012 2007
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Industry, Race, and Employment Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Industry, Veteran Status, and Employment Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Jointly Owned and Operated by Spouses by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Jointly Owned and Operated by Spouses by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Were Jointly Owned and Operated by Spouses by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Family-Owned by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Family-Owned by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Were Family-Owned by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Number of Owners by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Number of Owners by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Number of Owners by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Year the Business Was Originally Established or Self-Employment Activity Begun by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Year the Business Was Originally Established or Self-Employment Activity Begun by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Year the Business Was Originally Established or Self-Employment Activity Begun by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sources of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sources of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Sources of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Total Amount of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Total Amount of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Total Amount of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Home-Based by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Home-Based by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Were Home-Based by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sources Used to Finance Expansion or Capital Improvements by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sources Used to Finance Expansion or Capital Improvements by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Sources Used to Finance Expansion or Capital Improvements by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Total Sales of 10 Percent or More by Customer Categories by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Total Sales of 10 Percent or More by Customer Categories by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Total Sales of 10 Percent or More by Customer Categories by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Percent of Total Sales of Goods/Services Exported Outside the United States by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Percent of Total Sales of Goods/Services Exported Outside the United States by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Percent of Total Sales of Goods/Services Exported Outside the United States by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Outsourced or Transferred a Function/Service Outside the United States by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Outsourced or Transferred a Function/Service Outside the United States by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Outsourced or Transferred a Function/Service Outside the United States by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Language(s) Used for Customer Transactions by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Language(s) Used for Customer Transactions by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Language(s) Used for Customer Transactions by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Types of Workers by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Types of Workers by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Types of Workers by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Totally or Partly Paid Employee Benefits by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Totally or Partly Paid Employee Benefits by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Totally or Partly Paid Employee Benefits by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had a Website by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had a Website by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Had a Website by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had E-Commerce Sales by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had E-Commerce Sales by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Had E-Commerce Sales by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Business Activity by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Business Activity by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Business Activity by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Reasons That a Business Ceased Operations by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Reasons That a Business Ceased Operations by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Reasons That a Business Ceased Operations by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Operated as Franchises or Partially as Franchises by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Operated as Franchises or Partially as Franchises by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Operated as Franchises or Partially as Franchises by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had Operations Outside the United States by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had Operations Outside the United States by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Had Operations Outside the United States by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Owned Intellectual Property by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Owned Intellectual Property by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Owned Intellectual Property by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by How the Owner Initially Acquired the Business by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Year the Owner Acquired the Business by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Primary Function in the Business by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Average Number of Hours Per Week Spent Managing or Working in the Business by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Whether the Business Provided the Owner s Primary Source of Personal Income by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Whether the Owner Previously Owned a Business or Had Been Self-Employed by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Educational Background by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Age by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Whether the Owner Was Born a U.S. Citizen by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Veteran Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Specific Veteran Characteristics and Gender for the U.S.: 2012 2012

NAICS search results



Definition


The Construction sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of buildings or engineering projects (e.g., highways and utility systems). Establishments primarily engaged in the preparation of sites for new construction and establishments primarily engaged in subdividing land for sale as building sites also are included in this sector.

Construction work done may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs. Activities of these establishments generally are managed at a fixed place of business, but they usually perform construction activities at multiple project sites. Production responsibilities for establishments in this sector are usually specified in (1) contracts with the owners of construction projects (prime contracts) or (2) contracts with other construction establishments (subcontracts).

Establishments primarily engaged in contracts that include responsibility for all aspects of individual construction projects are commonly known as general contractors, but also may be known as design-builders, construction managers, turnkey contractors, or (in cases where two or more establishments jointly secure a general contract) joint-venture contractors. Construction managers that provide oversight and scheduling only (i.e., agency) as well as construction managers that are responsible for the entire project (i.e., at risk) are included as general contractor type establishments. Establishments of the "general contractor type" frequently arrange construction of separate parts of their projects through subcontracts with other construction establishments.

Establishments primarily engaged in activities to produce a specific component (e.g., masonry, painting, and electrical work) of a construction project are commonly known as specialty trade contractors. Activities of specialty trade contractors are usually subcontracted from other construction establishments, but especially in remodeling and repair construction, the work may be done directly for the owner of the property.

Establishments primarily engaged in activities to construct buildings to be sold on sites that they own are known as for-sale builders, but also may be known as speculative builders or merchant builders. For-sale builders produce buildings in a manner similar to general contractors, but their production processes also include site acquisition and securing of financial backing. For-sale builders are most often associated with the construction of residential buildings. Like general contractors, they may subcontract all or part of the actual construction work on their buildings.

There are substantial differences in the types of equipment, work force skills, and other inputs required by establishments in this sector. To highlight these differences and variations in the underlying production functions, this sector is divided into three subsectors.

Subsector 236, Construction of Buildings, comprises establishments of the general contractor type and for-sale builders involved in the construction of buildings. Subsector 237, Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction, comprises establishments involved in the construction of engineering projects. Subsector 238, Specialty Trade Contractors, comprises establishments engaged in specialty trade activities generally needed in the construction of all types of buildings.

Force account construction is construction work performed by an enterprise primarily engaged in some business other than construction for its own account, using employees of the enterprise. This activity is not included in the construction sector unless the construction work performed is the primary activity of a separate establishment of the enterprise. The installation and the ongoing repair and maintenance of telecommunications and utility networks is excluded from construction when the establishments performing the work are not independent contractors. Although a growing proportion of this work is subcontracted to independent contractors in the Construction Sector, the operating units of telecommunications and utility companies performing this work are included with the telecommunications or utility activities.

Comparability


This 2012 NAICS code is comparable to the 2007 and 2002 NAICS codes. This 2002 NAICS code is comprised of: Part of 1997 NAICS code 21 (Mining), part of 1997 NAICS code 23 (Construction), and part of 1997 NAICS code 56 (Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services).
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