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2012 NAICS: 51 - Information




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Guide to All Census Bureau Data Sources for This Industry


Source & Description   Frequency Latest Data Geography Industry
Quarterly Financial Report (QFR)Quarterly4Q 2013U.S.Selected 3 digits
Quarterly Services Survey (QSS)Quarterly4Q 2013U.S.Selected Services 2- thru 4-digits
Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)Quarterly4Q 2013States, counties, metro areasSelected 2- thru 4-digits
American Community Survey (ACS)Annual2012U.S, states, counties, places, metros, tractsSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Annual Capital Expenditures Survey (ACES)Annual2012U.S.Selected 2- thru 6-digits
Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey (BRDIS)AnnualU.S.Selected 2- thru 4-digits
County Business Patterns (CBP)Annual2011U.S., states, counties, metros, ZIP Codes, and island areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits
E-Stats (E-Commerce Statistics) (E-STAT)Annual2011U.S.Selected 2- thru 5-digits
Information and Communication Technology Survey (ICT)Annual2011U.S.2-digits
Nonemployer Statistics (NES)Annual2011U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Service Annual Survey (SAS)Annual2012U.S.Selected Services 3- thru 6-digits
Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUSB)Annual2011U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Economic Census (ECN)Every 5 years2012U.S., states, counties, places, metros, ZIP Codes2- thru 6-digits
Economic Census of Island Areas (IA)Every 5 years2007American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands2-thru 5 digits
Survey of Business Owners (SBO)Every 5 years2007U.S., states, counties, cities, metro areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits

Links to Economic Data for Programs Published on AFF


Program Series Table Title Data Years Available
County Business PatternsGeographic Area Series County Business Patterns 2011 2010 2009 2008
County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2011 2010 2009 2008
County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class for PR and the Island Areas 2011 2010 2009 2008
County Business Patterns by Legal Form of Organization 2011 2010 2009 2008
County Business Patterns for PR and the Island Areas 2011 2010 2009 2008
ZIP Code Business Statistics ZIP Code Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2011 2010 2009 2008
Economic CensusAdvance Report Advance Comparative Statistics for the US2012 2007
Advance Summary Statistics for the US2012 2007
Comparative Statistics, 2007 and 2002 Comparative Statistics for the U.S. and States (2002 NAICS Basis) 2007
Geographic Area Series Comparative Statistics for the United States (2002 NAICS Basis): 2007
Economy-Wide Key Statistics for Employers and Nonemployers2012 2007 2002
Summary Statistics for ... States, Metro Areas, Counties, Places 2007 2002
Subject Series: Establishment and Firm Size Concentration of Largest Firms for the U.S. 2007 2002
Employment Size of Establishments for the U.S. 2007 2002
Employment Size of Firms for the U.S. 2007 2002
Legal Form of Organization for the U.S. 2007 2002
Revenue Size of Establishments for the U.S. 2007 2002
Revenue Size of Firms for the U.S. 2007 2002
Single Units and Multiunit Firms for the U.S. 2007 2002
Subject Series: Miscellaneous Subjects Enterprise Support Estabs by Industry Served for the US 2007 2002
Subject Series: Product Lines Product Lines by Kind of Business for the U.S. and States 2007 2002
Economic Census of Island AreasGeographic Area Series Comparative Statistics by Kind of Business 2007
E-Commerce Statistics 2007
General Statistics by Kind of Business 2007
General Statistics by Kind of Business and Citizenship Status of Ownership 2007
General Statistics by Kind of Business and Employment Size 2007
General Statistics by Kind of Business and Ethnicity Status of Ownership 2007
General Statistics by Kind of Business and Gender Status of Ownership 2007
General Statistics by Kind of Business and Legal Form of Organization 2007
General Statistics by Kind of Business and Sales/Receipts/Revenue/Shipments Size 2007
General Statistics for Selected Kinds of Business by Mall or Shopping Center Location 2007
Selected Expenses and Rental Payments by Kind of Business 2007
Share of Sales/Receipts/Revenue by Kind of Business Accounted for by the 4, 8, 20, and 50 Largest Establishments 2007
Nonemployer StatisticsNonemployer Statistics Nonemployer Statistics for the US, States, Counties, Metro Areas 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007
Nonemployers by Legal Form of Organization for the US and States 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007
Survey of Business OwnersSurvey of Business Owners Firms by Ethnicity, Employment Size of Firm for U.S. and States 2007
Firms by Ethnicity, Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S. and States 2007
Firms by Gender, Ethnicity, Race for US, States, Counties, Pl, MA 2007

NAICS search results



Definition


The Information sector comprises establishments engaged in the following processes: (a) producing and distributing information and cultural products, (b) providing the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications, and (c) processing data.

The main components of this sector are the publishing industries, including software publishing, and both traditional publishing and publishing exclusively on the Internet; the motion picture and sound recording industries; the broadcasting industries, including traditional broadcasting and those broadcasting exclusively over the Internet; the telecommunications industries; Web search portals, data processing industries, and the information services industries.

The expressions ''information age'' and ''global information economy'' are used with considerable frequency today. The general idea of an ''information economy'' includes both the notion of industries primarily producing, processing, and distributing information, as well as the idea that every industry is using available information and information technology to reorganize and make themselves more productive.

For the purposes of NAICS, it is the transformation of information into a commodity that is produced and distributed by a number of growing industries that is at issue. The Information sector groups three types of establishments: (1) those engaged in producing and distributing information and cultural products; (2) those that provide the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications; and (3) those that process data. Cultural products are those that directly express attitudes, opinions, ideas, values, and artistic creativity; provide entertainment; or offer information and analysis concerning the past and present. Included in this definition are popular, mass-produced products as well as cultural products that normally have a more limited audience, such as poetry books, literary magazines, or classical records.

The unique characteristics of information and cultural products, and of the processes involved in their production and distribution, distinguish the Information sector from the goods-producing and service-producing sectors. Some of these characteristics are:

1. Unlike traditional goods, an ''information or cultural product,'' such as a newspaper on-line or television program, does not necessarily have tangible qualities, nor is it necessarily associated with a particular form. A movie can be shown at a movie theater, on a television broadcast, through video-on-demand or rented at a local video store. A sound recording can be aired on radio, embedded in multimedia products, or sold at a record store.

2. Unlike traditional services, the delivery of these products does not require direct contact between the supplier and the consumer.

3. The value of these products to the consumer lies in their informational, educational, cultural, or entertainment content, not in the format in which they are distributed. Most of these products are protected from unlawful reproduction by copyright laws.

4. The intangible property aspect of information and cultural products makes the processes involved in their production and distribution very different from goods and services. Only those possessing the rights to these works are authorized to reproduce, alter, improve, and distribute them. Acquiring and using these rights often involves significant costs. In addition, technology is revolutionizing the distribution of these products. It is possible to distribute them in a physical form, via broadcast, or on-line.

5. Distributors of information and cultural products can easily add value to the products they distribute. For instance, broadcasters add advertising not contained in the original product. This capacity means that unlike traditional distributors, they derive revenue not from sale of the distributed product to the final consumer, but from those who pay for the privilege of adding information to the original product. Similarly, a directory and mailing list publisher can acquire the rights to thousands of previously published newspaper and periodical articles and add new value by providing search and software and organizing the information in a way that facilitates research and retrieval. These products often command a much higher price than the original information.

The distribution modes for information commodities may either eliminate the necessity for traditional manufacture, or reverse the conventional order of manufacture-distribute: A newspaper distributed on-line, for example, can be printed locally or by the final consumer. Similarly, it is anticipated that packaged software, which today is mainly bought through the traditional retail channels, will soon be available mainly on-line. The NAICS Information sector is designed to make such economic changes transparent as they occur, or to facilitate designing surveys that will monitor the new phenomena and provide data to analyze the changes.

Many of the industries in the NAICS Information sector are engaged in producing products protected by copyright law, or in distributing them (other than distribution by traditional wholesale and retail methods). Examples are traditional publishing industries, software and directory and mailing list publishing industries, and film and sound industries. Broadcasting and telecommunications industries and information providers and processors are also included in the Information sector, because their technologies are so closely linked to other industries in the Information sector.

Comparability


This 2012 NAICS code is comparable to the 2007, 2002 and 1997 NAICS codes.