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2012 NAICS: 51 - Information




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Guide to All Census Bureau Data Sources for This Industry


Source & Description   Frequency Latest Data Geography Industry
Quarterly Financial Report (QFR)Quarterly2Q 2019U.S.Selected 3 digits
Quarterly Services Survey (QSS)Quarterly2Q 2019U.S.Selected Services 2- thru 4-digits
Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)Quarterly2Q 2019States, counties, metro areasSelected 2- thru 4-digits
American Community Survey (ACS)Annual2017U.S, states, counties, places, metros, tractsSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Annual Capital Expenditures Survey (ACES)Annual2017U.S.Selected 2- thru 6-digits
Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey (BRDIS)AnnualU.S.Selected 2- thru 4-digits
County Business Patterns (BP)Annual2016U.S., states, counties, metros, ZIP Codes, and island areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits
E-Stats (E-Commerce Statistics) (E-STAT)Annual2016U.S.Selected 2- thru 5-digits
Information and Communication Technology Survey (ICT)Annual2013U.S.2-digits
Nonemployer Statistics (NES)Annual2017U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Service Annual Survey (SAS)Annual2017U.S.Selected Services 3- thru 6-digits
Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUSB)Annual2016U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Economic Census (ECN)Every 5 years2012U.S., states, counties, places, metros, ZIP Codes2- thru 6-digits
Economic Census of Island Areas (IA)Every 5 years2012American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands2-thru 5 digits
Survey of Business Owners (SBO)Every 5 years2012U.S., states, counties, cities, metro areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits

Links to Economic Data for Programs Published on AFF


Program Series Table Title Data Years Available
County Business PatternsGeographic Area Series Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns by Legal Form of Organization 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns for Puerto Rico and the Island Areas 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class for Puerto Rico and the Island Areas 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
ZIP Code Business Statistics ZIP Code Business Statistics: Zip Code Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Economic Census Comparative Statistics, 2007 and 2002 Comparative Statistics for the U.S. and States (2002 NAICS Basis) 2007
Geographic Area Series All sectors: Geographic Area Series: Economy-Wide Key Statistics: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Information: Geographic Area Series: Summary Statistics for the U.S., States, Metro Areas, Counties, and Places: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Comparative Statistics for the United States (2002 NAICS Basis): 2007
Information: Geographic Area Series: Enterprise Support Statistics for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Subject Series: Establishment and Firm Size Information: Subject Series - Estab & Firm Size: Receipts Size of Establishments for the U.S.: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Information: Subject Series - Estab & Firm Size: Employment Size of Establishments for the U.S.: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Information: Subject Series - Estab & Firm Size: Single Unit and Multiunit Firms for the U.S.: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Information: Subject Series - Estab & Firm Size: Receipts Size of Firms for the U.S.: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Information: Subject Series - Estab & Firm Size: Employment Size of Firms for the U.S.: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Information: Subject Series - Estab & Firm Size: Concentration by Largest Firms for the U.S.: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Information: Subject Series - Estab & Firm Size: Legal Form of Organization for the U.S.: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Subject Series: Miscellaneous Subjects Information: Subject Series - Misc Subjects: Summary Statistics for Enterprise Support Establishments by Industry Served for the U.S.: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Subject Series: Product Lines Information: Subject Series - Product Lines: Product Lines Statistics by Industry for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Economic Census of Island Areas Geographic Area Series Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Comparative Statistics by Kind of Business for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 and 2007 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Legal Form of Organization for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Sales/Receipts/Revenue/Shipments Size of Establishments for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Employment Size of Establishments for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Gender Status of Ownership for Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Citizenship Status of Ownership for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Ethnicity Status of Ownership for U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Sales by Kind of Business and Class of Customer for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: E-commerce Statistics for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Capital Expenditures and Depreciation Charges for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Share of Sales/Receipts/Revenue by Kind of Business Accounted for by the 4, 8, 20, and 50 Largest Establishments for Puerto Rico: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics for Selected Kind of Business by Mall or Shopping Center Location for Puerto Rico, Planning Regions, and Municipios: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Selected Expenses and Rental Payments by Kind of Business for Puerto Rico: 2012 2012 2007
Nonemployer Statistics Nonemployer Statistics Geographic Area Series: Nonemployer Statistics by Legal Form of Organization for the U.S. and States: 2016 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2007
Geographic Area Series: Nonemployer Statistics for the US, States, Metropolitan Areas, and Counties: 2016 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2007
Geographic Area Series: Nonemployer Statistics by Receipt Size Class for the U.S.: 2016 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Survey of Business Owners Survey of Business Owners Preliminary Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sector, Gender, Ethnicity, and Race for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012 2007
Preliminary Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sector, Veteran Status, and Gender for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Preliminary Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sector, Veteran Status, and Ethnicity for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Preliminary Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sector, Veteran Status, and Race for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Gender, and Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Ethnicity, and Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012 2007
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Race, and Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Veteran Status, and Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Industry, Gender, and Employment Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Industry, Ethnicity, and Employment Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012 2007
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Industry, Race, and Employment Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Industry, Veteran Status, and Employment Size of Firm for the U.S. and States: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Jointly Owned and Operated by Spouses by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Jointly Owned and Operated by Spouses by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Were Jointly Owned and Operated by Spouses by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Family-Owned by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Family-Owned by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Were Family-Owned by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Number of Owners by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Number of Owners by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Number of Owners by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Year the Business Was Originally Established or Self-Employment Activity Begun by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Year the Business Was Originally Established or Self-Employment Activity Begun by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Year the Business Was Originally Established or Self-Employment Activity Begun by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sources of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sources of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Sources of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Total Amount of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Total Amount of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Total Amount of Capital Used to Start or Acquire the Business by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Home-Based by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Were Home-Based by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Were Home-Based by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sources Used to Finance Expansion or Capital Improvements by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Sources Used to Finance Expansion or Capital Improvements by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Sources Used to Finance Expansion or Capital Improvements by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Total Sales of 10 Percent or More by Customer Categories by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Total Sales of 10 Percent or More by Customer Categories by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Total Sales of 10 Percent or More by Customer Categories by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Percent of Total Sales of Goods/Services Exported Outside the United States by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Percent of Total Sales of Goods/Services Exported Outside the United States by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Percent of Total Sales of Goods/Services Exported Outside the United States by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Outsourced or Transferred a Function/Service Outside the United States by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Outsourced or Transferred a Function/Service Outside the United States by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Outsourced or Transferred a Function/Service Outside the United States by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Language(s) Used for Customer Transactions by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Language(s) Used for Customer Transactions by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Language(s) Used for Customer Transactions by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Types of Workers by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Types of Workers by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Types of Workers by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Totally or Partly Paid Employee Benefits by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Totally or Partly Paid Employee Benefits by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Totally or Partly Paid Employee Benefits by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had a Website by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had a Website by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Had a Website by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had E-Commerce Sales by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had E-Commerce Sales by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Had E-Commerce Sales by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Business Activity by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Business Activity by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Business Activity by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Reasons That a Business Ceased Operations by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Reasons That a Business Ceased Operations by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees by Reasons That a Business Ceased Operations by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Operated as Franchises or Partially as Franchises by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Operated as Franchises or Partially as Franchises by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Operated as Franchises or Partially as Franchises by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had Operations Outside the United States by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Had Operations Outside the United States by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Had Operations Outside the United States by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Owned Intellectual Property by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms That Owned Intellectual Property by Receipts Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for All U.S. Firms With Paid Employees That Owned Intellectual Property by Employment Size of Firm, Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by How the Owner Initially Acquired the Business by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Year the Owner Acquired the Business by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Primary Function in the Business by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Average Number of Hours Per Week Spent Managing or Working in the Business by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Whether the Business Provided the Owner s Primary Source of Personal Income by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Whether the Owner Previously Owned a Business or Had Been Self-Employed by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Educational Background by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Age by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Owners of Respondent Firms by Whether the Owner Was Born a U.S. Citizen by Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and Veteran Status for the U.S.: 2012 2012
Statistics for Veteran Owners of Respondent Firms by Owner s Specific Veteran Characteristics and Gender for the U.S.: 2012 2012

NAICS search results



Definition


The Information sector comprises establishments engaged in the following processes: (a) producing and distributing information and cultural products, (b) providing the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications, and (c) processing data.

The main components of this sector are the publishing industries, including software publishing, and both traditional publishing and publishing exclusively on the Internet; the motion picture and sound recording industries; the broadcasting industries, including traditional broadcasting and those broadcasting exclusively over the Internet; the telecommunications industries; Web search portals, data processing industries, and the information services industries.

The expressions ''information age'' and ''global information economy'' are used with considerable frequency today. The general idea of an ''information economy'' includes both the notion of industries primarily producing, processing, and distributing information, as well as the idea that every industry is using available information and information technology to reorganize and make themselves more productive.

For the purposes of NAICS, it is the transformation of information into a commodity that is produced and distributed by a number of growing industries that is at issue. The Information sector groups three types of establishments: (1) those engaged in producing and distributing information and cultural products; (2) those that provide the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications; and (3) those that process data. Cultural products are those that directly express attitudes, opinions, ideas, values, and artistic creativity; provide entertainment; or offer information and analysis concerning the past and present. Included in this definition are popular, mass-produced products as well as cultural products that normally have a more limited audience, such as poetry books, literary magazines, or classical records.

The unique characteristics of information and cultural products, and of the processes involved in their production and distribution, distinguish the Information sector from the goods-producing and service-producing sectors. Some of these characteristics are:

1. Unlike traditional goods, an ''information or cultural product,'' such as a newspaper on-line or television program, does not necessarily have tangible qualities, nor is it necessarily associated with a particular form. A movie can be shown at a movie theater, on a television broadcast, through video-on-demand or rented at a local video store. A sound recording can be aired on radio, embedded in multimedia products, or sold at a record store.

2. Unlike traditional services, the delivery of these products does not require direct contact between the supplier and the consumer.

3. The value of these products to the consumer lies in their informational, educational, cultural, or entertainment content, not in the format in which they are distributed. Most of these products are protected from unlawful reproduction by copyright laws.

4. The intangible property aspect of information and cultural products makes the processes involved in their production and distribution very different from goods and services. Only those possessing the rights to these works are authorized to reproduce, alter, improve, and distribute them. Acquiring and using these rights often involves significant costs. In addition, technology is revolutionizing the distribution of these products. It is possible to distribute them in a physical form, via broadcast, or on-line.

5. Distributors of information and cultural products can easily add value to the products they distribute. For instance, broadcasters add advertising not contained in the original product. This capacity means that unlike traditional distributors, they derive revenue not from sale of the distributed product to the final consumer, but from those who pay for the privilege of adding information to the original product. Similarly, a directory and mailing list publisher can acquire the rights to thousands of previously published newspaper and periodical articles and add new value by providing search and software and organizing the information in a way that facilitates research and retrieval. These products often command a much higher price than the original information.

The distribution modes for information commodities may either eliminate the necessity for traditional manufacture, or reverse the conventional order of manufacture-distribute: A newspaper distributed on-line, for example, can be printed locally or by the final consumer. Similarly, it is anticipated that packaged software, which today is mainly bought through the traditional retail channels, will soon be available mainly on-line. The NAICS Information sector is designed to make such economic changes transparent as they occur, or to facilitate designing surveys that will monitor the new phenomena and provide data to analyze the changes.

Many of the industries in the NAICS Information sector are engaged in producing products protected by copyright law, or in distributing them (other than distribution by traditional wholesale and retail methods). Examples are traditional publishing industries, software and directory and mailing list publishing industries, and film and sound industries. Broadcasting and telecommunications industries and information providers and processors are also included in the Information sector, because their technologies are so closely linked to other industries in the Information sector.

Comparability


This 2012 NAICS code is comparable to the 2007, 2002 and 1997 NAICS codes.
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