The Geographic Change Notes provide an online resource for selected geographic changes to incorporated places, census designated places, county subdivisions, counties and equivalent areas, and American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian areas as recognized by the U.S. Census Bureau, within the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Island Areas (American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). Note that most of the census designated places (CDPs) newly defined for the 2010 Census and changes affecting the 2010 CDPs are not included in the change notes. Use the Geographic Relationship File - 2010 to 2000 Places to determine changes affecting 2010 CDPs.
For a list of updates processed through January 1, 2013, please select a state or territory from the menu below. More information about the Geographic Boundary Change Notes can be found in the sections beneath the menu.
Types of changes found on this website include:
Change records (except for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian areas) are listed in alphabetical sequence by entity name within each state. Each entity has a unique code combination. In addition to the state and entity codes, the record for each entity contains several related items of information for that entity and the change affecting it.
County and Equivalent Area
Each county is assigned a 3-digit code that is unique within state. These codes are assigned alphabetically starting with 001 (except in South Dakota, where code 001 is reserved for the former Armstrong County). For example, Autauga County, Alabama, is assigned a code of 001 in the Alabama file; Montgomery County, Maryland, is assigned a code of 031 in the Maryland file.
The independent cities of Baltimore, Maryland; St. Louis, Missouri; Carson City, Nevada; and the 39 independent cities in Virginia are independent of any county and, thus, constitute primary divisions of their states. As such, independent cities are treated as county equivalents. Codes for the independent cities are assigned alphabetically beginning at 500. Data shown for the independent city at the place and county subdivision level are identical to the data for its county equivalent.
County Subdivision Area
Each county subdivision is assigned a 5-digit Federal Information Processing Series (FIPS) code. For example, Alamo, in Montgomery County, Arkansas is assigned code 90013.
Incorporated Place, Consolidated City, and Census Designated Place (Entity Type = P)
Each place is assigned a 5-digit Federal Information Processing Series (FIPS) code. For example, Munford city, Tennessee is assigned code 51540.
In some states, places are independent (an independent place) of any surrounding county subdivision and each county-part is treated as a separate county subdivision. This is true for all incorporated places in the District of Columbia, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and Wisconsin and some incorporated places in 14 additional states. In these cases, the name and codes for the county subdivision match that for the incorporated place. For example, Chicago city, Illinois, is independent of any surrounding township and is shown as two county subdivisions named Chicago city with the same codes in Cook and DuPage counties.
Information provided for each entity includes: state FIPS code; area name; FIPS codes; name and code of each county in which the entity is located (applies only to place and county subdivisions); type of change that occurred, the legal effective date of change; the legal effective year of change; the legal effective month of change; the legal effective day of change; detailed description of the change; the source from which the information was obtained, and the date the change was submitted to the Census Bureau's geographic change note database. Note: Neither the effective date nor the submittal date can be used to always determine when a change was applied to the geographic database or to determine the yearly product first showing the change.
The files are first sequenced in numerical order based on the FIPS state codes; that is, the states and the District of Columbia occur first in numeric sequence, followed by Puerto Rico and the Outlying Areas. Within state, the files are sequenced alphabetically by entity name.
To download an ASCII file, click the link "Download a pipe-delimited text version of the Geographic Change Notes".
Description of Fields:
Field 1 (STATE):
Identifies the state or equivalent area FIPS code.
Field 2 (ENTITY NAME):
Identifies the name and description of the entity of change. If the entity is not a county or equivalent area, the county name and code is listed in the parenthesis.
Field 3 (ENTITY CODES):
Identifies the individual FIPS entity codes for the affected entity. For American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian areas, the census code is used.
Field 4 (TYPE OF CHANGE):
Summarizes the type of change affecting the entity.
Field 5 (EFFECTIVE DATE):
Identifies the legal or functional effective date of change for the entity. If the change is a correction, no effective date may be entered; the effective date can be assumed to be as of January 1 of the year of the submission date.
Field 6 (EFFECTIVE YEAR):
The effective date year parsed from the effective date field.
Field 7 (EFFECTIVE MONTH):
The effective date month parsed from the effective date field.
Field 8 (EFFECTIVE DAY):
The effective date day parsed from the effective date field.
Field 9 (DESCRIPTION OF CHANGE):
Provides a more detailed description of the type of change involved and the entities affected (when applicable).
Field 10 (SOURCE):
Identifies the source of the change. Geographic changes are obtained through various Census Bureau programs, such as the annual Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS), the Geographically Updated Population Certification Program (GUPCP), and the Participant Statistical Areas Program (PSAP). Changes also are made based on information provided directly to, or obtained by, staff in the Geographic Standards and Criteria Branch (GSCB) of the Geography Division.
Field 11 (DATE SUBMITTED):
Identifies the date the change was added to the Geographic Change Note file. This date always lags behind the date the change was actually applied to the Census Bureau’s geographic database.
Also available are the Geography Notes and Errata from the 2010 Census [PDF]. This document contains notes on changes to Boundary and Geographic Relationships, Names and Legal/Statistical Areas, FIPS Codes, FIPS Class Codes, and ANSI Codes to correct errors discovered after the 2010 Census.