The Census Bureau reports poverty data from several major household surveys and programs. The Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS) is the source of official national poverty estimates. The American Community Survey (ACS) provides single and multi-year estimates for smaller areas. The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) provides longitudinal estimates. The Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program provides model-based poverty estimates for counties and school districts. See Description of Income and Poverty Data Sources to determine which survey or program meets your specific needs.
Poverty: 2000 and 2012 American Community Survey (ACSBR/12-01)
Poverty and Shared Households by State: 2011 (ACSBR/11-05)
Poverty: 2010 and 2011 American Community Survey (ACSBR/11-01)
Areas With Concentrated Poverty: 2006-2010 (ACSBR/10-17) [PDF - 764k]
Child Poverty Brief 2009 and 2010: Rates by Race & Hispanic Origin by State (ACSBR/10-05) [PDF - 1.3M]
Tables of NAS-based Experimental Poverty Estimates: 2011