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Why can't I find 1890 census records?

Most of the 1890 census' population schedules were badly damaged by a fire in the Commerce Department Building in January 1921. Visit the Availability of 1890 Census Records Web page for more information.

1890 fire
A photo of the damage caused to censu records following the January 1921 fire.
Photo courtesy of the National Archives

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: December 05, 2022