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Decennial Census Records

Availability of 1890 Census

fire damage to 1890 census records
A newspaper photograph captured the scene after a
devastating fire and pointed out the need for safe
storage of national records.
Photo courtesy of the National Archives.

Most of the census' population schedules were badly damaged by a fire in the Commerce Department Building in January 1921. For more information about the fire, the National Archives published an article, "First in the Path of the Firemen: The Fate of the 1890 Population Census," in its Spring 1996 Prologue.

The extant schedules are numbered and noted following rolls 1-3 below.

Roll 1

Perry County, Alabama (Perryville Beat No.11 and Severe Beat No. 8) [fragments 1-455].

Roll 2

District of Columbia. Q, 13th, 14th, R, Q, Corcoran, 15th, S, R, and Riggs Streets, Johnson Avenue, and S Street [fragments 456-781].

Roll 3

Muscogee County (Columbus), Georgia; McDonough County (Mound Twp.), Illinois; Wright County (Rockford), Minnesota; Hudson County (Jersey City), New Jersey; Westchester County, (Eastchester); and Suffolk County (Brookhaven Twp.), New York; Gaston County (South Point Twp. and River Bend Twp.) and Cleveland County (Twp. No. 2), North Carolina; Hamilton County (Cincinnati) and Clinton County (Wayne Twp.), Ohio; Union County (Jefferson Twp.), South Dakota; Ellis County (J.P. No. 6, Mountain Peak, and Ovilla Precinct), Hood County (Precinct No. 5), Rusk County (No. 6 and J.P. No. 7), Trinity County (Trinity Town and Precinct No. 2) and Kaufman County (Kaufman) [fragments 782-1,233], Texas.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: December 05, 2022