This report presents statistics on health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC) and the American Community Survey (ACS).
This report was originally published on September 10, 2019. Table 6 was revised. In the previously published report, the rounded 2018 American Community Survey estimate for the total number of uninsured people in the United States was listed at 28,554,000. The revised report includes the correct rounded estimate of 28,566,000. The difference did not affect the uninsured rate.
• In 2018, 8.5 percent of people, or 27.5 million, did not have health insurance at any point during the year. The uninsured rate and number of uninsured increased from 2017 (7.9 percent or 25.6 million).
• The percentage of people with health insurance coverage for all or part of 2018 was 91.5 percent, lower than the rate in 2017 (92.1 percent). Between 2017 and 2018, the percentage of people with public coverage decreased 0.4 percentage points, and the percentage of people with private coverage did not statistically change.
• In 2018, private health insurance coverage continued to be more prevalent than public coverage, covering 67.3 percent of the population and 34.4 percent of the population, respectively. Of the subtypes of health insurance coverage, employer-based insurance remained the most common, covering 55.1 percent of the population for all or part of the calendar year.
• Between 2017 and 2018, the percentage of people covered by Medicaid decreased by 0.7 percentage points to 17.9 percent. The rate of Medicare coverage increased by 0.4 percentage points. The percentage of people with employment-based coverage, direct-purchase coverage, TRICARE, and VA or CHAMPVA health care did not statistically change between 2017 and 2018.
• The percentage of uninsured children under the age of 19 increased by 0.6 percentage points between 2017 and 2018, to 5.5 percent.
• Between 2017 and 2018, the percentage of people without health insurance coverage at the time of interview decreased in three states and increased in eight states.
CPS ASEC Redesign and Processing Changes
The U.S. Census Bureau has been engaged in implementing improvements to the CPS ASEC income, health insurance and demographic content.
Uninsured Rate by State: 2008 to 2018
View uninsured rates by state through an interactive map for 2008 to 2018 using ACS 1-year estimates.
Type of Health Insurance Coverage by State: 2013, 2017, and 2018
View types of health insurance coverage by state for 2013, 2017, and 2018 using ACS 1-year estimates.
Current Population Survey Tables for Health Insurance Coverage
The Current Population Survey is a joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau.
Others in Series
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2018
This report presents data on income, earnings, income inequality & poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2017 and earlier CPS ASEC.
Health Insurance in the United States: 2018 - Visualizations
These visualizations presents statistics on health insurance coverage in the United States.
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2018
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).