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Public Health

April 24, 2014

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Profile America — Thursday, April 24th. Early America certainly was a simpler society than that which we have today, but some of today's familiar institutions were part of the national experience over 200 years ago. On this date in 1795, the city of Baltimore set up a permanent, elected board of health, successor to the nation's first such appointed agency. The first board was created by Maryland's governor to cope with yellow fever epidemics beginning in 1792. At one point, the city of Baltimore quarantined or turned away travelers fleeing hard-hit Philadelphia. Board of health or no, Baltimore was affected in 1794 and hundreds died as a result. Local governments across the country employ nearly 225,000 full-time and 53,000 part-time workers in health services, exclusive of hospital staffs. Profile America is in its17th year as a public service of the U.S. Census Bureau.

Sources: Kane's Famous First Facts, 4172
http://www2.census.gov/govs/apes/11locus.txt
http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/mdmanual/16dhmh/html/dhmhf.html
http://bobarnebeck.com/history.html
http://books.google.com/books?id=K6BlU1wPV7oC&pg=PA531&lpg=PA531&dq=bALTIMORE+YELLOW+FEVER+1794&source=bl&ots=TfymCm8H4p&sig=titZDMi4M5_izfuv4wUnpCqkjMk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PShCUeXDE5al4AP-yoA4&ved=0CFcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=bALTIMORE%20YELLOW%20FEVER%201794&f=false


Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Public Information Office | Last Revised: March 24, 2014