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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: THURSDAY, MAY 24, 2018

Release Number CB18-78
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San Antonio Tops Chart Adding More Than 60 People a Day on Average

May 24, 2018 — Eight of the 15 cities or towns with the largest population gains were located in the South in 2017, with three of the top five in Texas, according to new population estimates released today by the U.S. Census Bureau.

“San Antonio, Texas, tops the list with the largest population gain with an increase of over 24,200 people – an average of 66 people per day between 2016 and 2017,” said Amel Toukabri, a demographer in the Population Division of the Census Bureau. “That’s a growth rate of 1.6 percent. This growth was enough to push San Antonio's population above the 1.5 million mark.”

Some of the other cities with the largest population gains were Phoenix, Ariz. (24,000); Dallas, Texas (18,900); Fort Worth, Texas (18,700); Los Angeles, Calif. (18,600); Seattle, Washington (17,500); and Charlotte, N.C. (15,600).

Regarding percentage change in population, 10 of the 15 fastest-growing large cities were located in the South, with seven in Texas. Between 2016 and 2017, Frisco, Texas (near Dallas), was the fastest-growing large city (population of 50,000 or more) at 8.2 percent, making its growth rate more than 11 times faster than the nation’s growth rate of 0.7 percent. See below for some of the other fastest-growing large cities.

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Fort Worth, Texas, Surpasses Indianapolis to Become the 15th Most Populous U.S. City

Fort Worth, Texas, surpassed Indianapolis, Ind., becoming the 15th largest city in the United States with a population of 874,168. Indianapolis has a population of 863,002. The 14 largest U.S.cities have not changed since 2016.

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Small Town America

While the main focus of this release has been on the 3.9 percent of cities with populations of 50,000 or more, the United States is a nation of small towns. Of the nation’s 325.7 million people, an estimated 205.0 million (62.9 percent) live within an incorporated place as of July 1, 2017. Of approximately 19,500 incorporated places, about 76 percent had fewer than 5,000 people and nearly 50 percent had fewer than 1,000 people.

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Regional Growth

The West had the highest share of its population living within an incorporated place (76.7 percent), followed by the Midwest (71.4 percent) as of July 1, 2017. The Northeast had the smallest population of its residents living in incorporated places (51.4 percent).

The South had the most city dwellers of any region at 67.9 million. However, this accounted for only 54.9 percent of the South’s 123.7 million total population. Since the 2010 Census, large cities in the South and West have led the nation in population growth, with an average increase of 10.0 percent (16,206) and 7.8 percent (12,256), respectively. By comparison, those in the Northeast and Midwest grew on average by 2.2 percent (9,104) and 3.0 percent (3,942), respectively.

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After a Decade, Housing Unit Growth Remains Below 2007 Levels in Nearly All States

The nation’s housing stock grew by more than 1 million last year, reaching over 137 million units. The growth rate of 0.8 percent from 2016 to 2017 was slower than the 1.4 percent a decade ago between 2006 and 2007.

Housing unit growth last year remained below 2007 levels in nearly all states except North Dakota (up 1.0 percent last year, compared to a 0.9 percent increase in 2007); the District of Columbia (up 1.1 percent, compared to a 0.9 percent increase in 2007); South Dakota (up 1.4 percent, compared to a 1.2 percent increase in 2007); Iowa (up 0.9 percent, compared to a 0.7 percent increase in 2007); and Nebraska (returned to the 2007 growth rate of 0.8 percent).

Between July 1, 2016, and July 1, 2017, Utah was the fastest-growing state in terms of housing units, with an increase of 2.1 percent. Idaho and Colorado were the second- and third-fastest growing states with increases of 1.7 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively. West Virginia and Rhode Island were tied as the slowest-growing states with increases of 0.2 percent.

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Housing Unit Growth Since Census Day (April 1, 2010)

The nation’s housing stock increased by 5.7 million units (4.3 percent) since April 1, 2010. North Dakota was the fastest-growing state in terms of housing units, with an increase of 18.0 percent during the same period. Rounding out the top five states in percent gain were Utah (10.7 percent), Texas (9.6 percent), Idaho (8.1 percent) and South Dakota (8.0 percent).

Fourteen states added more than 100,000 housing units between April 1, 2010, and July 1, 2017. In terms of the largest numeric increase, the top five were Texas (955,000), California (497,000), Florida (452,000), North Carolina (295,000) and New York (219,000).

Several maps are available with additional data for housing unit change by county: Difference in Housing Unit Change by County and Percentage Change in Housing Units by County.

The statistics released today cover all local functioning governmental units, including incorporated places (like cities and towns), minor civil divisions (such as townships), and consolidated cities (government units for which the functions of an incorporated place and its parent county have merged).

In June 2018, the Census Bureau will release 2017 population estimates by age, sex, race and Hispanic origin for the nation, states and counties. The data will be embargoed June 19 and publicly released June 21.

Find more highlights from this year's release and local-level statistics on census.gov. Tag @uscensusbureau in stories and email pio@census.gov to interview a subject expert.

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Table 1.
The 15 Cities With the Largest Numeric Increase Between July 1, 2016, and July 1, 2017 (Populations of 50,000 or more in 2016)

Rank

Area name

State

Numeric increase

2017 total population

1

San Antonio city

Texas

24,208

1,511,946

2

Phoenix city

Arizona

24,036

1,626,078

3

Dallas city

Texas

18,935

1,341,075

4

Fort Worth city

Texas

18,664

874,168

5

Los Angeles city

California

18,643

3,999,759

6

Seattle city

Washington

17,490

724,745

7

Charlotte city

North Carolina

15,551

859,035

8

Columbus city

Ohio

15,429

879,170

9

Frisco city

Texas

13,470

177,286

10

Atlanta city

Georgia

13,323

486,290

11

San Diego city

California

12,834

1,419,516

12

Austin city

Texas

12,515

950,715

13

Jacksonville city

Florida

11,169

892,062

14

Irvine city

California

11,068

277,453

15

Henderson city

Nevada

10,534

302,539

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Table 2.
The 15 Fastest-Growing Large Cities and Towns Between July 1, 2016, and July 1, 2017 (Populations of 50,000 or more in 2016)

Rank

Area name

State

Percent
increase

2017 total population

1

Frisco city

Texas

8.2

177,286

2

New Braunfels city

Texas

8.0

79,152

3

Pflugerville city

Texas

6.5

63,359

4

Ankeny city

Iowa

6.4

62,416

5

Buckeye city

Arizona

5.9

68,453

6

Georgetown city

Texas

5.4

70,685

7

Castle Rock town

Colorado

5.1

62,276

8

Franklin city

Tennessee

4.9

78,321

9

McKinney city

Texas

4.8

181,330

10

Meridian city

Idaho

4.7

99,926

11

Flower Mound town

Texas

4.3

76,681

12

Bend city

Oregon

4.3

94,520

13

Cedar Park city

Texas

4.2

75,704

14

Doral city

Florida

4.2

61,130

15

Fort Myers city

Florida

4.2

79,943

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Table 3.
The 15 Most Populous Cities as of July 1, 2017

Rank

Area Name

State

2017 total population

1

New York city

New York

8,622,698

2

Los Angeles city

California

3,999,759

3

Chicago city

Illinois

2,716,450

4

Houston city

Texas

2,312,717

5

Phoenix city

Arizona

1,626,078

6

Philadelphia city

Pennsylvania

1,580,863

7

San Antonio city

Texas

1,511,946

8

San Diego city

California

1,419,516

9

Dallas city

Texas

1,341,075

10

San Jose city

California

1,035,317

11

Austin city

Texas

950,715

12

Jacksonville city

Florida

892,062

13

San Francisco city

California

884,363

14

Columbus city

Ohio

879,170

15

Fort Worth city

Texas

874,168

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Table 4.
Population Change Between July 1, 2016, and July 1, 2017

Population Less Than 5,000 as of 2016

Region

Number of areas

Average numeric change

Average percent change

Northeast

1,439

-3

-0.2

Midwest

7,016

0

-0.1

South

4,987

5

0.2

West

1,340

13

0.9

Population of 5,000 to 9,999 as of 2016

Region

Number of areas

Average numeric change

Average percent change

Northeast

297

1

0.0

Midwest

541

29

0.4

South

583

66

0.9

West

248

111

1.5

Population of 10,000 to 49,999 as of 2016

Region

Number of areas

Average numeric change

Average percent change

Northeast

297

34

0.1

Midwest

782

55

0.3

South

773

256

1.1

West

439

278

1.2

Population of 50,000 or More as of 2016

Region

Number of areas

Average numeric change

Average percent change

Northeast

78

395

0.2

Midwest

158

486

0.4

South

235

1,746

1.2

West

287

1,482

1.0

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Contact


Amy Newcomb
Public Information Office
301-763-3030
pio@census.gov

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