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Census Bureau Reports the Number of Hispanic-Owned Businesses Increases by 40 Percent in Texas

80 Percent are Business Owners of Mexican Origin

     The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in Texas rose to 447,486, a 40.1 percent increase between 2002 and 2007, the U.S. Census Bureau announced today. Sales by these businesses increased nearly 47.2 percent to $62.1 billion over the same period. Texas ranked among the top three states in the number of Hispanic-owned businesses.

     Among Hispanic-owned businesses in Texas, 56.7 percent were in five of the state's 254 counties — Harris, Bexar, Hidalgo, El Paso and Dallas. (See Table 1. [Excel]) Harris County ranked third in the nation for the number of Hispanic-owned businesses and second for business owners of Mexican origin.

     Business owners of Mexican origin accounted for 79.7 percent of all Hispanic-owned businesses in Texas.

     These data come from the Survey of Business Owners: Hispanic-Owned Businesses: 2007 and show the number of businesses, sales and receipts, number of paid employees and annual payroll. Data are presented by county and city, industry and size of business, as well as detailed Hispanic origin.

     Three counties that border Dallas County saw large percent increases in the number of Hispanic-owned businesses between 2002 and 2007 — Denton (93.9 percent), Collin (81.3 percent) and Tarrant (67.7 percent).

     Among Texas cities, Arlington (51.8 percent), Fort Worth (49.8 percent) and Austin (49.4 percent) saw large percentage increases in the number of Hispanic-owned businesses. (See Table 2. [Excel])

     Texas metropolitan areas that saw large percent increases in the number of Hispanic-owned businesses include Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (54.1 percent), San Antonio (50.0 percent) and Houston-Sugarland-Bayton (38.1 percent).

     Other highlights:

  • There were 41,321 Hispanic-owned businesses with paid employees in Texas in 2007, an increase of 20.1 percent compared with 2002. These businesses employed 398,152 people, a 42.1 percent increase. Payrolls at these businesses increased 61.3 percent to $10.0 billion, and receipts rose 39.3 percent to $45.9 billion.
  • The number of Hispanic businesses without paid employees increased by 42.5 percent to 406,165. Receipts for these nonemployer businesses totaled $16.2 billion, a 75.1 percent increase.
  • In 2007, there were 8,161 Hispanic-owned businesses in Texas with receipts of more than $1 million.
  • Texas had 69 Hispanic-owned businesses employing more than 500 employees.
  • Construction, wholesale trade and retail trade accounted for 49.1 percent of Hispanic-owned business revenue in Texas.
  • Texas had 356,706 businesses that were owned by people of Mexican origin. These businesses employed 327,338 people and their receipts totaled $49.1 billion.

     The Survey of Business Owners defines Hispanic-owned businesses as businesses located in the United States in which Hispanics own 51 percent or more of the equity, interest or stock in the business.

Note: References such as “Mexican-owned,” “Puerto Rican-owned,” “Cuban-owned” and “other Hispanic- or Latino-owned” businesses refer only to businesses operating in the 50 states and the District of Columbia that self-identified 51 percent or more of their ownership in 2007 to be by individuals of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban or other Hispanic or Latino origin. The Survey of Business Owners (SBO) does not distinguish between U.S. residents and nonresidents. Companies owned by foreign governments or owned by other companies, foreign or domestic are included in the category “Publicly held and other firms not classifiable by gender, ethnicity, race, and veteran status.”

The Survey of Business Owners is conducted every five years as part of the economic census. The 2007 survey collected data from a sample of more than 2.3 million businesses. The collected data in a sample survey are subject to sampling variability, as well as nonsampling errors. Sources of nonsampling errors include errors of response, nonreporting and coverage. More details concerning the SBO survey design, methodology and data limitations can be found at <>.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Public Information Office | | Last Revised: September 09, 2014