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Puerto Rico Constitution Day: July 25, 2019

Release Number CB19-SFS.84
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From the Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook: Puerto Rico

“Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Christopher COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917. Popularly elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self-government. In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status with the US, but the results of a 2012 vote left open the possibility of American statehood. Economic recession on the island has led to a net population loss since about 2005, as large numbers of residents moved to the US mainland. The trend has accelerated since 2010; in 2014, Puerto Rico experienced a net population loss to the mainland of 64,000, more than double the net loss of 26,000 in 2010. Hurricane Maria struck the island on 20 September 2017 causing catastrophic damage, including destruction of the electrical grid that had been crippled by Hurricane Irma just two weeks before. It was the worst storm to hit the island in eight decades, and damage is estimated in the tens of billions of dollars.”

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Key Stats:

From QuickFacts: QuickFacts provides tables, maps and charts of frequently requested statistics from many U.S. Census Bureau censuses, surveys and programs. Profiles are available for the nation, all 50 states plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, and all counties. Cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more are also included.

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Note: The dashboard above is cropped top and bottom. Click on the link or the image to see the full dashboard.

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More Stats:

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Source: 2017 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates.

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Note: The table above is cropped on the bottom. Click the image to see the full table. To see Table B03001 in the legacy American FactFinder data tool, click here.

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To see Table S0201PR in the legacy American FactFinder data tool, click here.

To see Table S0201 in the legacy American FactFinder data tool, click here.


From the International Data Base (1995 to 2025): the Demographic Overview shows population, fertility, mortality and migration stats.

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From the Newsroom > Stats for Stories:

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From Foreign Trade › U.S. International Trade Data:

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Note: After an account is created, select options for “State Export Data (Origin of Movement)” or “State Import Data (State of Destination)” by “HS” or “NAICS.” Select “State” (Puerto Rico) and “Measures,” “Commodity,” “Country” and/or “Time” for data. For more information, see Quick Start Guide.


Source: 2016 County Business Patterns.

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Source: American Community Survey. The Puerto Rico Community Survey provides data every year and is part of the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, customized for Puerto Rico.

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