From hispanicheritagemonth.gov: “This Web portal is a collaborative project of the Library of Congress and the National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.
“About National Hispanic Heritage Month
“Each year, Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month from September 15 to October 15, by celebrating the histories, cultures and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America.
“The observation started in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week under President Lyndon Johnson and was expanded by President Ronald Reagan in 1988 to cover a 30-day period starting on September 15 and ending on October 15. It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988, on the approval of Public Law 100-402.
“The day of September 15 is significant because it is the anniversary of independence for Latin American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on September 16 and September18, respectively. Also, Columbus Day or Día de la Raza, which is October 12, falls within this 30 day period.”
From The American Presidency Project: Proclamation 10446—National Hispanic Heritage Month, 2022: “Hispanic heritage holds an indelible place in the heart and soul of our Nation, and National Hispanic Heritage Month reminds us that the American identity is a fabric of diverse traditions and stories woven together. Since the beginning, our country has drawn strength and insights from Hispanic writers, scientists, soldiers, doctors, entrepreneurs, academics, and leaders in labor and government. Our culture has been enriched by the rhythms, art, literature, and creativity of Hispanic peoples. And our deepest values have been informed by the love of family and faith that is at the core of so many Hispanic communities. All of these contributions help us realize the promise of America for all Americans.”
Source: 2022 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year estimates
Note: The table above is modified to minimize the last three rows. Click on the image for the full table with all rows visible.
From Business and Economy > International Trade Data:
Note: After you create an account, select options for “State Export Data (Origin of Movement)” or “State Import Data (State of Destination)” by “Harmonized System” (HS) or “NAICS.” Select “State,” “Measures,” “Commodity,” “Country” (select “Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, or Venezuela”) or “Time” for data. More information can be found in the Quick Start Guide. USA Trade Online does not provide direct links to the data.
From U.S. Trade in Goods by Country (1985-2023):
Note: To access U.S. trade figures with a country in Central America, South America, Puerto Rico or the U.S. Virgin Islands not listed above, enter the 4-digit code from this list of country codes into the following URL <www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/c0000.html>, replacing 0000 with the country code.
Source: International Database (IDB) and other sources per country.
Note: Demographic Overview showing total population, growth rate, density, fertility, life expectancy, mortality, etc.: 2023. There are six reports to select. Select more columns under Custom Report Columns. The “Filter by Year” section ranges from 1950 to 2100.
Source: 2020 Annual Business Survey (ABS) Program
Source: 2019 Nonemployer Statistics by Demographics (NES-D)
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