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Puerto Rico Constitution Day: July 25, 2021

Release Number CB21-SFS.96
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From the Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook: Puerto Rico, Introduction, Background:

“Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Christopher COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917. Popularly elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self-government. In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status with the US, but the results of a 2012 vote left open the possibility of American statehood. Economic recession on the island has led to a net population loss since about 2005, as large numbers of residents moved to the US mainlandHurricane Maria struck the island on 20 September 2017 causing catastrophic damage, including destruction of the electrical grid that had been crippled by Hurricane Irma just two weeks before. It was the worst storm to hit the island in eight decades, and damage is estimated in the tens of billions of dollars. A referendum held in late 2020 showed a narrow preference for American statehood.”

Key Stats

From QuickFacts: QuickFacts provides tables, maps, and charts of frequently requested statistics from many Census Bureau censuses, surveys, and programs. Profiles are available for the nation, all 50 states plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, and all counties. Cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more are also included.

Note: The dashboard above is cropped at the top and bottom. Click on the image to see the full dashboard.


Source: 2019 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-Year Estimates.

Note: The image above comes from table B03001 at Nation level (not Puerto Rico). It is cropped at the top and bottom. Click on the image to see the full table showing all rows and source information.


Source: American Community Survey (ACS). The Puerto Rico Community Survey provides data every year and is part of the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, customized for Puerto Rico.


From International Programs > International Data Base (IDB):


From Foreign Trade › U.S. International Trade Data:

Note: After you create an account, you can search for imports and exports of commodities in a specified geographic area of interest, such as Puerto Rico. For more information, see the Quick Start Guide . USATrade Online does not provide direct links to the data.


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