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Information for Respondents to the Economic Census


The Economic Census is the U.S. Government's official five-year measure of American business and the economy. It is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, and response is required by law. 

Response is entirely paperless and instructions to access the electronic instrument for the 2022 Economic Census will be mailed to selected businesses. The Economic Census began on October 24, 2022 (due December 6, 2022), with a request for classification information from selected small businesses.  On January 31, 2023 (due March 15, 2023), a request will be made to additional selected companies asking a range of operational and performance data for their companies. The Economic Census is sent to the nearly 4.2 million business, including large, medium, and small companies representing all U.S. and Island Area locations and industries. 

For questions or additional information, go to Contact Us.

Ready to Report or Need Assistance?

To report online:

  1. Sign-in or Register at https://portal.census.gov
  2. Add your authentication code.
  3. Report by clicking on “REPORT NOW.” You can return to your account over multiple sessions to complete.
  4. For assistance completing this survey, please sign-in to your Census Bureau account at https://portal.census.gov and send us a secure message or call the customer help line at 1-800-584-9066, Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time.
  5. Please visit How Do I Get Started? for additional information.
  6. Please visit How to use the online instrument and How-To Videos for information on signing into the Respondent Portal, and other information on using the online reporting instrument.
  7. For general reporting information, please visit How to report.
  8. For general Economic Census and Industry specific FAQs please visit:

Respondent Materials

To help you prepare for online reporting, click on the appropriate survey questions and instructions below.

(All files are in Adobe PDF format and are for informational purposes only)

Preview Survey Questions and Instructions

Primary Business or Activity Codes and Descriptions (Item 4/4A)

The Primary Business or Activity (PBA) codes can be used for the Item 4/4A response in the spreadsheet template downloaded from the online reporting instrument.

Product Codes and Descriptions (Item 22)

The product codes are based on the North American Product Classification System (NAPCS) and can be used for adding products in the Item 22 response in the spreadsheet template downloaded from the online reporting instrument.

Concordance of 2017 to 2022 NAPCS-Based Codes

The concordance (mapping) of 2017 to 2022 NAPCS-Based (North American Product Classification System) Collection Code Structure, which are used in Item 22, Detail of Sales, Shipments, Receipts, or Revenue, can be found here:

Economic Census Main Mailing Letters:

Letters will be available to the public in January 2023.


Title 13, United States Code, Sections 131, 182, 191, 224, and 225, authorizes this collection and requires businesses and other organizations included in the survey to answer the questions and submit a response.


Title 13, United States Code, Section 9, requires the Census Bureau to keep your information CONFIDENTIAL and can use your responses only to produce statistics.  

The Census Bureau is not permitted to publicly release your responses in a way that could identify your business, organization, or institution. Per the Federal Cybersecurity Enhancement Act of 2015, your data are protected from cybersecurity risks through screening of the systems that transmit your data.  

Survey Legitimacy

Below are a few common items you can use to verify the legitimacy of this survey:

  1. Ensure the Web address provided in the letter or email is a "census.gov" domain.
  2. Correspondence sent in the form of a letter will contain reporting instructions and a phone number for survey assistance. Any email correspondence related to this survey will come from a census.gov address.
  3. On the sign-in screen, a warning message should be present stating the respondent is accessing a U.S. Government computer.
  4. After clicking on the “Report Now” button in the Respondent Portal, the OMB Number and OMB Approval Expiration information will appear in the upper right on all screens of the electronic reporting instrument. The bottom of the screen should have a link for the “Burden Statement” which also contains the OMB eight-digit number.


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