Working papers are intended to make results of Census Bureau research available to others and to encourage discussion on a variety of topics. They have not undergone a review and editorial process generally accorded to official Census Bureau publications.
View the list of working paper topics.
View the list of working papers by year.
A Preliminary Analysis of U.S. and State-Level Results From the 2020 Census
This paper considers the 2020 Census national and state-level resident population counts in historical and evaluative contexts.
Demographic Analysis 2010: The Foreign-Born Population in the ACS
In this working paper we present results from our research examining the coverage of the foreign-born population in the ACS.
A Review of Methods for Estimating Emigration
Summary of the methods to estimate emigration, review strengths and limitations of each method, and provide references for original documents.
Evaluating Current and Alternative Methods to Produce County Estimates
Examines the accuracy of the Administrative Records method, which is currently used to produce county-level population estimates.
Demographic Analysis of the Foreign-Born Migration Component
Focus on the 2000 to 2010 estimates of net foreign-born migration, which was a large component of the total net international migration estimates.
2008 CPS Immigration/Emigration Supplement Debriefing Report
The purpose of the Migration Supplement was to improve knowledge on the size and characteristics of the foreign-born population in the United States.
Estimating Net International Migration for 2010 Demographic Analysis
One component of the Demographic Analysis estimates is net international migration, which represents the movement of people who change their residence.
Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 1960 to 2010
This paper uses 1960-2000 Census and 2010 ACS data to describe changes in the size, origins, and geographic distribution of the foreign-born population.
Overview of the August 2008 CPS Migration Supplement
The purpose of this paper is to provide data users with additional information about the Migration Supplement that is not found in other published sources.
Historical Migration of the Young, Single, College Educated: 1965-2000
This current report expands upon the findings of the earlier one by incorporating additional migration data from the 1970, 1980, and 1990 censuses.
Development & Sensitivity Analysis of 2010 Demo. Analysis Estimates
This paper describes the development of the 2010 Demographic Analysis (DA) population estimates.
Coverage of Population in Census 2000 Based on Demographic Analysis
DA documents the long-term reduction in the net undercount rate and also reveals the persistent and disproportionate undercount of certain groups.
The Use of Vital Statistics in the 2010 Demographic Analysis Estimates
Focus on the use of vital statistics in Demographic Analysis including, the use of vital statistics data, the use of birth records, and how race is reported.
A Review of the CPS Migration Supplement Automated Questionnaire
The goal of this report is to help data users better understand the overall structure of the Migration Supplement automated questionnaire.
Use of Medicare Enrollment Data in the Demographic Analysis Estimates
Focus on Medicare enrollment as a source for estimating the population aged 65 and older on April 1, 2010.
Plans for Producing Estimates of Net International Migration
Over the past decade, the Census Bureau has undertaken a major initiative to improve its ability to measure net international migration.
Who in the United States Sends and Receives Remittances?
This paper describes the CPS Migration Supplement, a new source of migration-related data and discusses the quality of the monetary transfer data.
The ACS Hispanic Origin Question: 2000 to 2007
This paper evaluates the quality of origin data from the question on Hispanic origin in the ACS for the years 2000 to 2007.
Selected Characteristics of Baby Boomers 42 to 60 Years Old in 2006
This age and sex report contains information about baby boomers.
Estimating Persons per Household and Vacancy Rates
In 2007, the U.S. Census Bureau started a project to explore strategies for producing county level housing unit-based population estimates.
Evaluation of CPS Data Quality for the Question on Hispanic Origin
For several decades, the Census Bureau has attempted to operationally define and measure the population referred to as Spanish, Hispanic or Latino.
Population Distribution Inside and Outside Incorporated Places: 2000
More than 60 percent of all United States residents live inside incorporated places.
Marital Status in the 2004 American Community Survey
Highlights data on the marital status of the population from the 2004 American Community Survey.
Migration Patterns & Mover Characteristics: 2005 ACS Gulf Coast Area
The demographic composition of the New Orleans Metropolitan Area changed in the months following Hurricane Katrina.
Hispanics in the U.S., Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands: 2000
This report presents several demographic, social, and economic characteristics collected from Census 2000.
Historical Census Stats on the Foreign-Born Pop. of US: 1850-2000
This working paper presents selected decennial census data on the foreign-born population of the United States from 1850 to 2000.
Analysis of Multiple Origin Reporting to the Hispanic Origin Question
This paper examines the reporting of multiple origins in the Census 2000 question on Hispanic origin.
Changes in the Lives of U.S. Children: 1990-2000
Data from the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses is used to look at the current and changing state of children in the U.S.
Identification of Hispanic Ethnicity in Census 2000
This paper looks at the quality of Hispanic data from a variety of viewpoints and draws some overall conclusions and implications for future research.
Evaluation of April 1, 2000 School District Population Estimates
Evaluates the synthetic ratio method used to produce postcensal school district estimates of the total population and the school-age population.
Measuring the Foreign-Born Population in U.S. with CPS: 1994 to 2002
The paper reports the results of research and analysis undertaken by the U.S. Census Bureau for measuring the foreign-born population.
Variations in State Mortality From 1960 to 1990
This paper assesses trends in mortality levels as indicated by changes in state life expectancy at birth and at age 65 from 1960 to 1990.
Analysis of General Hispanic Responses in Census 2000
This paper explores whether the format of the Hispanic origin question influenced respondents to provide general instead of specific national-origin responses.
Evaluation of 2000 Subcounty Population Estimates
This report presents an evaluation of estimates of the total population for 40,630 subcounty areas.
People Might Move but Housing Units Don’t
This paper compares Census 2000 results with April 1, 2000 housing unit estimates using a variety of statistical measures.