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QuickFacts

Essex County, New Jersey; Middlesex County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Essex County, New Jersey
Middlesex County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
851,117
863,623
572,726
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
851,117
863,623
572,726
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
849,724
861,094
570,417
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
862,768
863,202
575,363
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
862,768
863,202
575,363
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
-1.4%
Z
-0.5%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-1.5%
-0.2%
-0.9%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 863,728 863,162 575,345
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 783,969 809,858 536,499
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.1%
5.3%
6.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.3%
21.2%
23.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.4%
16.3%
15.3%
Female persons, percent
51.3%
50.2%
50.5%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
48.5%
57.8%
66.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
41.4%
12.9%
24.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.9%
0.8%
1.0%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.6%
26.1%
6.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.5%
2.4%
2.3%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
24.6%
23.2%
34.0%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
29.5%
38.9%
37.6%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 17,928 22,600 12,830
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 29.0% 34.1% 31.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 336,552 317,338 211,919
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 44.7% 63.8% 57.7%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $466,500 $411,900 $458,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $3,148 $2,775 $3,053
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,466 $1,174 $1,390
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,404 $1,739 $1,570
Building permits, 2022 3,470 2,474 3,147
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 312,942 301,967 199,996
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.66 2.76 2.83
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 89.1% 89.4% 90.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 37.1% 46.3% 45.6%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 93.3% 95.3% 93.9%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 85.9% 92.1% 90.8%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 86.9% 89.7% 86.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 37.4% 45.1% 38.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 8.4% 6.0% 5.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
11.7%
7.7%
11.7%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 66.2% 66.4% 68.8%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 61.7% 60.0% 63.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,883,319 1,790,517 1,158,054
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,098,958 6,618,597 3,951,007
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,310,644 4,487,136 3,264,500
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 9,070,865 14,855,971 8,666,629
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $11,378 $17,964 $15,624
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 33.8 33.0 30.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $73,785 $105,206 $95,000
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $45,946 $47,196 $49,666
Persons in poverty, percent
15.6%
8.2%
9.6%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 19,179 21,897 13,996
Total employment, 2021 266,154 395,031 187,879
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 20,331,478 29,193,608 14,061,185
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -11.0% -4.7% -8.4%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 75,558 67,844 50,862
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 16,516 18,457 11,974
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,308 11,407 7,754
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,059 3,619 2,127
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,106 6,860 2,880
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,415 9,835 7,927
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 588 S S
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 14,009 15,981 10,279
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 6,850.4 2,791.4 5,598.6
Population per square mile, 2010 6,211.5 2,621.6 5,216.1
Land area in square miles, 2020 126.09 309.22 102.77
Land area in square miles, 2010 126.21 308.91 102.86
FIPS Code 34013 34023 34039
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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