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QuickFacts

Passaic County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey; Middlesex County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Passaic County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey
Middlesex County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
513,634
849,724
861,094
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
513,395
851,117
863,623
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
513,634
849,724
861,094
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
525,054
862,768
863,202
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
525,054
862,768
863,202
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
-2.2%
-1.4%
Z
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-2.2%
-1.5%
-0.2%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 524,118 863,728 863,162
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 501,226 783,969 809,858
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.2%
6.1%
5.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.4%
23.3%
21.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
15.9%
14.4%
16.3%
Female persons, percent
50.8%
51.3%
50.2%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
74.0%
48.5%
57.8%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
15.1%
41.4%
12.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.7%
0.9%
0.8%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.1%
6.6%
26.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.8%
2.5%
2.4%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
44.3%
24.6%
23.2%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
38.8%
29.5%
38.9%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 11,395 17,928 22,600
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 32.5% 29.0% 34.1%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 185,507 336,552 317,338
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 52.4% 44.7% 63.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $413,500 $466,500 $411,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $2,898 $3,148 $2,775
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,358 $1,466 $1,174
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,484 $1,404 $1,739
Building permits, 2022 1,186 3,470 2,474
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 177,209 312,942 301,967
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.89 2.66 2.76
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 91.4% 89.1% 89.4%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 50.2% 37.1% 46.3%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 93.4% 93.3% 95.3%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 89.5% 85.9% 92.1%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 85.2% 86.9% 89.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 30.1% 37.4% 45.1%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 5.4% 8.4% 6.0%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.2%
11.7%
7.7%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 66.5% 66.2% 66.4%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 60.8% 61.7% 60.0%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 816,949 1,883,319 1,790,517
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,127,286 8,098,958 6,618,597
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 615,780 8,310,644 4,487,136
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,086,803 9,070,865 14,855,971
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $16,032 $11,378 $17,964
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 27.2 33.8 33.0
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $84,465 $73,785 $105,206
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $38,932 $45,946 $47,196
Persons in poverty, percent
12.4%
15.6%
8.2%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 12,000 19,179 21,897
Total employment, 2021 134,066 266,154 395,031
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 7,831,307 20,331,478 29,193,608
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -7.1% -11.0% -4.7%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 47,732 75,558 67,844
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,865 16,516 18,457
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,345 10,308 11,407
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,770 3,059 3,619
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,393 4,106 6,860
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,559 10,415 9,835
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 499 588 S
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 9,533 14,009 15,981
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 2,817.6 6,850.4 2,791.4
Population per square mile, 2010 2,715.3 6,211.5 2,621.6
Land area in square miles, 2020 186.01 126.09 309.22
Land area in square miles, 2010 184.59 126.21 308.91
FIPS Code 34031 34013 34023
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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