Please note that new Connecticut county and township level geographies are not available within the map.

U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government


QuickFacts

Union County, New Jersey; Cape May County, New Jersey; United States; Passaic County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Union County, New Jersey
Cape May County, New Jersey
United States
Passaic County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
570,417
95,405
333,271,411
513,634
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
572,726
94,610
334,914,895
513,395
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
570,417
95,405
333,271,411
513,634
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
575,363
95,262
331,464,948
525,054
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
575,363
95,262
331,464,948
525,054
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
-0.5%
-0.7%
1.0%
-2.2%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-0.9%
0.2%
0.5%
-2.2%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 575,345 95,263 331,449,281 524,118
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 536,499 97,265 308,745,538 501,226
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.0%
4.2%
5.6%
6.2%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.2%
17.0%
21.7%
23.4%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
15.3%
29.5%
17.3%
15.9%
Female persons, percent
50.5%
51.3%
50.4%
50.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
66.3%
91.6%
75.5%
74.0%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
24.0%
4.8%
13.6%
15.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.0%
0.4%
1.3%
1.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.2%
1.0%
6.3%
6.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.3%
2.0%
3.0%
2.8%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
34.0%
8.6%
19.1%
44.3%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
37.6%
84.7%
58.9%
38.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 12,830 6,284 17,038,807 11,395
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 31.6% 4.7% 13.7% 32.5%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 211,919 99,422 143,786,655 185,507
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 57.7% 78.4% 64.8% 52.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $458,000 $372,300 $281,900 $413,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $3,053 $2,104 $1,828 $2,898
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,390 $895 $584 $1,358
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,570 $1,285 $1,268 $1,484
Building permits, 2022 3,147 838 1,665,088 1,186
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 199,996 43,277 125,736,353 177,209
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.83 2.16 2.57 2.89
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 90.1% 87.9% 86.9% 91.4%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 45.6% 9.1% 21.7% 50.2%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 93.9% 94.9% 94.0% 93.4%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 90.8% 89.8% 88.3% 89.5%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 86.8% 93.9% 89.1% 85.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 38.3% 35.9% 34.3% 30.1%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 5.7% 10.1% 8.9% 5.4%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
11.7%
7.6%
9.3%
12.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 68.8% 55.8% 63.0% 66.5%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 63.5% 51.8% 58.5% 60.8%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,158,054 757,023 938,237,077 816,949
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,951,007 467,660 2,527,903,275 3,127,286
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,264,500 23,129 895,225,411 615,780
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,666,629 1,935,515 4,949,601,481 8,086,803
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,624 $20,749 $15,224 $16,032
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 30.6 22.4 26.7 27.2
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $95,000 $83,870 $75,149 $84,465
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $49,666 $51,344 $41,261 $38,932
Persons in poverty, percent
9.6%
9.6%
11.5%
12.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 13,996 3,764 8,148,606 12,000
Total employment, 2021 187,879 26,195 128,346,299 134,066
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 14,061,185 1,349,802 8,278,573,947 7,831,307
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -8.4% -3.0% -4.3% -7.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 50,862 8,600 28,477,518 47,732
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 11,974 3,450 5,744,643 10,865
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,754 2,043 3,480,438 7,345
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,127 773 1,134,549 1,770
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,880 180 1,014,958 2,393
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,927 3,042 4,371,152 7,559
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 144 351,237 499
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,279 2,960 4,968,606 9,533
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 5,598.6 378.7 93.8 2,817.6
Population per square mile, 2010 5,216.1 386.9 87.4 2,715.3
Land area in square miles, 2020 102.77 251.52 3,533,038.28 186.01
Land area in square miles, 2010 102.86 251.43 3,531,905.43 184.59
FIPS Code 34039 34009 1 34031
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

Is this page helpful? Yes No
Thank you for your feedback. Comments or suggestions?
Comments or suggestions?
255 characters maximum 255 characters maximum reached