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QuickFacts

Union County, New Jersey; Monmouth County, New Jersey; Hunterdon County, New Jersey; Mercer County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Union County, New Jersey
Monmouth County, New Jersey
Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Mercer County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
570,417
644,228
129,805
380,779
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
572,726
642,799
130,183
381,671
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
570,417
644,228
129,805
380,779
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
575,363
643,612
128,950
387,328
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
575,363
643,612
128,950
387,328
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
-0.5%
-0.1%
1.0%
-1.5%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-0.9%
0.1%
0.7%
-1.7%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 575,345 643,615 128,947 387,340
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 536,499 630,380 128,349 366,513
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.0%
4.9%
4.3%
5.5%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.2%
20.4%
18.7%
21.4%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
15.3%
19.4%
21.1%
16.5%
Female persons, percent
50.5%
50.9%
50.6%
50.6%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
66.3%
84.7%
89.9%
61.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
24.0%
7.3%
2.9%
21.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.0%
0.3%
0.2%
0.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.2%
5.8%
5.0%
13.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
Two or More Races, percent
2.3%
1.9%
1.7%
2.8%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
34.0%
11.7%
8.0%
20.4%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
37.6%
74.5%
82.8%
45.2%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 12,830 22,168 5,104 11,286
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 31.6% 13.2% 10.4% 24.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 211,919 270,238 51,963 150,710
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 57.7% 75.6% 84.5% 62.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $458,000 $519,300 $478,600 $327,600
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $3,053 $2,976 $3,038 $2,519
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,390 $1,272 $1,299 $1,085
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,570 $1,683 $1,627 $1,454
Building permits, 2022 3,147 2,394 483 643
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 199,996 248,117 49,676 139,549
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.83 2.57 2.54 2.62
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 90.1% 91.5% 90.9% 86.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 45.6% 17.4% 13.0% 32.8%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 93.9% 95.3% 96.1% 94.1%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 90.8% 92.5% 93.2% 88.5%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 86.8% 94.3% 95.8% 89.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 38.3% 49.9% 55.5% 44.2%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 5.7% 6.5% 5.4% 7.1%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
11.7%
6.0%
4.6%
7.7%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 68.8% 66.4% 65.4% 63.8%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 63.5% 60.8% 61.5% 58.9%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,158,054 1,798,734 256,520 912,819
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,951,007 6,222,476 1,005,379 3,364,811
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,264,500 824,577 101,063 511,670
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,666,629 12,274,645 2,478,717 7,573,863
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,624 $19,730 $19,818 $20,554
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 30.6 33.6 33.7 27.5
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $95,000 $118,527 $133,534 $92,697
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $49,666 $62,998 $68,112 $50,053
Persons in poverty, percent
9.6%
6.3%
4.1%
10.6%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 13,996 19,326 3,704 9,706
Total employment, 2021 187,879 230,900 42,410 187,231
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 14,061,185 14,427,799 3,060,575 15,180,911
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -8.4% -7.5% -6.4% -7.4%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 50,862 61,485 12,286 28,559
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 11,974 16,436 3,411 8,207
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,754 10,628 2,154 4,988
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,127 3,102 577 1,404
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,880 2,497 302 1,843
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,927 12,686 2,736 5,099
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 704 151 317
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,279 14,456 2,857 6,654
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 5,598.6 1,374.7 301.4 1,725.8
Population per square mile, 2010 5,216.1 1,344.7 300.0 1,632.2
Land area in square miles, 2020 102.77 468.18 427.84 224.44
Land area in square miles, 2010 102.86 468.79 427.82 224.56
FIPS Code 34039 34025 34019 34021
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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