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QuickFacts

Mercer County, New Jersey; Passaic County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Mercer County, New Jersey
Passaic County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
381,671
513,395
572,726
348,842
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
381,671
513,395
572,726
348,842
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
380,779
513,634
570,417
347,047
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
387,328
525,054
575,363
345,353
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
387,328
525,054
575,363
345,353
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
-1.5%
-2.2%
-0.5%
1.0%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-1.7%
-2.2%
-0.9%
0.5%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 387,340 524,118 575,345 345,361
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 366,513 501,226 536,499 323,444
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.5%
6.2%
6.0%
4.8%
Persons under 18 years, percent
21.4%
23.4%
23.2%
20.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
16.5%
15.9%
15.3%
17.3%
Female persons, percent
50.6%
50.8%
50.5%
50.6%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
61.3%
74.0%
66.3%
65.6%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
21.8%
15.1%
24.0%
11.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.7%
1.7%
1.0%
0.4%
Asian alone, percent(a)
13.0%
6.1%
6.2%
20.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.8%
2.8%
2.3%
2.2%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
20.4%
44.3%
34.0%
16.4%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
45.2%
38.8%
37.6%
51.5%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 11,286 11,395 12,830 10,043
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 24.6% 32.5% 31.6% 26.9%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 150,710 185,507 211,919 133,445
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 62.8% 52.4% 57.7% 75.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $327,600 $413,500 $458,000 $489,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $2,519 $2,898 $3,053 $3,063
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,085 $1,358 $1,390 $1,323
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,454 $1,484 $1,570 $1,846
Building permits, 2022 643 1,186 3,147 907
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 139,549 177,209 199,996 127,566
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.62 2.89 2.83 2.67
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 86.9% 91.4% 90.1% 90.0%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 32.8% 50.2% 45.6% 33.7%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 94.1% 93.4% 93.9% 97.1%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 88.5% 89.5% 90.8% 95.1%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 89.7% 85.2% 86.8% 94.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 44.2% 30.1% 38.3% 57.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 7.1% 5.4% 5.7% 4.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
7.7%
12.2%
11.7%
5.3%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 63.8% 66.5% 68.8% 69.3%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 58.9% 60.8% 63.5% 63.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 912,819 816,949 1,158,054 941,735
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,364,811 3,127,286 3,951,007 2,963,162
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 511,670 615,780 3,264,500 705,004
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 7,573,863 8,086,803 8,666,629 6,750,809
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $20,554 $16,032 $15,624 $20,417
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 27.5 27.2 30.6 31.3
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $92,697 $84,465 $95,000 $131,948
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $50,053 $38,932 $49,666 $67,554
Persons in poverty, percent
10.6%
12.4%
9.6%
5.1%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 9,706 12,000 13,996 9,727
Total employment, 2021 187,231 134,066 187,879 179,324
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 15,180,911 7,831,307 14,061,185 17,314,893
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -7.4% -7.1% -8.4% -5.0%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 28,559 47,732 50,862 30,115
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 8,207 10,865 11,974 8,671
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,988 7,345 7,754 5,563
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,404 1,770 2,127 1,383
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,843 2,393 2,880 2,088
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 5,099 7,559 7,927 5,538
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 317 499 S 329
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 6,654 9,533 10,279 7,237
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 1,725.8 2,817.6 5,598.6 1,144.1
Population per square mile, 2010 1,632.2 2,715.3 5,216.1 1,071.7
Land area in square miles, 2020 224.44 186.01 102.77 301.87
Land area in square miles, 2010 224.56 184.59 102.86 301.81
FIPS Code 34021 34031 34039 34035
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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