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QuickFacts

Middlesex County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey; Salem County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Middlesex County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Salem County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
861,094
570,417
65,157
849,724
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
863,623
572,726
65,338
851,117
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
861,094
570,417
65,157
849,724
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
863,202
575,363
64,830
862,768
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
863,202
575,363
64,830
862,768
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
Z
-0.5%
0.8%
-1.4%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-0.2%
-0.9%
0.5%
-1.5%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 863,162 575,345 64,837 863,728
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 809,858 536,499 66,083 783,969
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.3%
6.0%
5.3%
6.1%
Persons under 18 years, percent
21.2%
23.2%
21.7%
23.3%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
16.3%
15.3%
19.4%
14.4%
Female persons, percent
50.2%
50.5%
50.7%
51.3%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
57.8%
66.3%
80.2%
48.5%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
12.9%
24.0%
15.2%
41.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.8%
1.0%
0.7%
0.9%
Asian alone, percent(a)
26.1%
6.2%
1.1%
6.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.4%
2.3%
2.7%
2.5%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
23.2%
34.0%
11.2%
24.6%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
38.9%
37.6%
71.7%
29.5%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 22,600 12,830 3,376 17,928
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 34.1% 31.6% 3.3% 29.0%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 317,338 211,919 27,736 336,552
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 63.8% 57.7% 70.6% 44.7%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $411,900 $458,000 $208,200 $466,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $2,775 $3,053 $1,983 $3,148
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,174 $1,390 $917 $1,466
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,739 $1,570 $1,165 $1,404
Building permits, 2022 2,474 3,147 96 3,470
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 301,967 199,996 24,744 312,942
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.76 2.83 2.56 2.66
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 89.4% 90.1% 90.9% 89.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 46.3% 45.6% 7.7% 37.1%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 95.3% 93.9% 92.8% 93.3%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 92.1% 90.8% 87.3% 85.9%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 89.7% 86.8% 90.2% 86.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 45.1% 38.3% 22.8% 37.4%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 6.0% 5.7% 12.1% 8.4%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
7.7%
11.7%
6.7%
11.7%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 66.4% 68.8% 60.5% 66.2%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 60.0% 63.5% 58.6% 61.7%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,790,517 1,158,054 83,812 1,883,319
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 6,618,597 3,951,007 300,510 8,098,958
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 4,487,136 3,264,500 116,642 8,310,644
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 14,855,971 8,666,629 574,958 9,070,865
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $17,964 $15,624 $9,134 $11,378
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 33.0 30.6 26.6 33.8
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $105,206 $95,000 $73,378 $73,785
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $47,196 $49,666 $37,904 $45,946
Persons in poverty, percent
8.2%
9.6%
10.7%
15.6%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 21,897 13,996 1,139 19,179
Total employment, 2021 395,031 187,879 16,855 266,154
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 29,193,608 14,061,185 1,012,402 20,331,478
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -4.7% -8.4% 2.5% -11.0%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 67,844 50,862 3,267 75,558
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 18,457 11,974 950 16,516
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 11,407 7,754 609 10,308
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,619 2,127 S 3,059
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 6,860 2,880 S 4,106
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 9,835 7,927 727 10,415
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S S S 588
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 15,981 10,279 719 14,009
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 2,791.4 5,598.6 195.4 6,850.4
Population per square mile, 2010 2,621.6 5,216.1 199.1 6,211.5
Land area in square miles, 2020 309.22 102.77 331.86 126.09
Land area in square miles, 2010 308.91 102.86 331.90 126.21
FIPS Code 34023 34039 34033 34013
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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