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QuickFacts

Union County, New Jersey; Middlesex County, New Jersey; Mercer County, New Jersey; Hunterdon County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Union County, New Jersey
Middlesex County, New Jersey
Mercer County, New Jersey
Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
570,417
861,094
380,779
129,805
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
572,726
863,623
381,671
130,183
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
570,417
861,094
380,779
129,805
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
575,363
863,202
387,328
128,950
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
575,363
863,202
387,328
128,950
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
-0.5%
Z
-1.5%
1.0%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-0.9%
-0.2%
-1.7%
0.7%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 575,345 863,162 387,340 128,947
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 536,499 809,858 366,513 128,349
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.0%
5.3%
5.5%
4.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.2%
21.2%
21.4%
18.7%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
15.3%
16.3%
16.5%
21.1%
Female persons, percent
50.5%
50.2%
50.6%
50.6%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
66.3%
57.8%
61.3%
89.9%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
24.0%
12.9%
21.8%
2.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.0%
0.8%
0.7%
0.2%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.2%
26.1%
13.0%
5.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.3%
2.4%
2.8%
1.7%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
34.0%
23.2%
20.4%
8.0%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
37.6%
38.9%
45.2%
82.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 12,830 22,600 11,286 5,104
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 31.6% 34.1% 24.6% 10.4%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 211,919 317,338 150,710 51,963
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 57.7% 63.8% 62.8% 84.5%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $458,000 $411,900 $327,600 $478,600
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $3,053 $2,775 $2,519 $3,038
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,390 $1,174 $1,085 $1,299
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,570 $1,739 $1,454 $1,627
Building permits, 2022 3,147 2,474 643 483
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 199,996 301,967 139,549 49,676
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.83 2.76 2.62 2.54
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 90.1% 89.4% 86.9% 90.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 45.6% 46.3% 32.8% 13.0%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 93.9% 95.3% 94.1% 96.1%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 90.8% 92.1% 88.5% 93.2%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 86.8% 89.7% 89.7% 95.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 38.3% 45.1% 44.2% 55.5%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 5.7% 6.0% 7.1% 5.4%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
11.7%
7.7%
7.7%
4.6%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 68.8% 66.4% 63.8% 65.4%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 63.5% 60.0% 58.9% 61.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,158,054 1,790,517 912,819 256,520
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,951,007 6,618,597 3,364,811 1,005,379
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,264,500 4,487,136 511,670 101,063
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,666,629 14,855,971 7,573,863 2,478,717
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,624 $17,964 $20,554 $19,818
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 30.6 33.0 27.5 33.7
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $95,000 $105,206 $92,697 $133,534
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $49,666 $47,196 $50,053 $68,112
Persons in poverty, percent
9.6%
8.2%
10.6%
4.1%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 13,996 21,897 9,706 3,704
Total employment, 2021 187,879 395,031 187,231 42,410
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 14,061,185 29,193,608 15,180,911 3,060,575
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -8.4% -4.7% -7.4% -6.4%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 50,862 67,844 28,559 12,286
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 11,974 18,457 8,207 3,411
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,754 11,407 4,988 2,154
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,127 3,619 1,404 577
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,880 6,860 1,843 302
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,927 9,835 5,099 2,736
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S S 317 151
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,279 15,981 6,654 2,857
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 5,598.6 2,791.4 1,725.8 301.4
Population per square mile, 2010 5,216.1 2,621.6 1,632.2 300.0
Land area in square miles, 2020 102.77 309.22 224.44 427.84
Land area in square miles, 2010 102.86 308.91 224.56 427.82
FIPS Code 34039 34023 34021 34019
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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