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QuickFacts

Alabama; California; United States

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Alabama
California
United States
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
5,039,877
39,237,836
331,893,745
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
5,039,877
39,237,836
331,893,745
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
5,024,279
39,538,223
331,449,281
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
0.3%
-0.8%
0.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 5,024,279 39,538,223 331,449,281
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 4,779,736 37,253,956 308,745,538
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.8%
5.7%
5.7%
Persons under 18 years, percent
22.3%
22.4%
22.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
17.6%
15.2%
16.8%
Female persons, percent
51.4%
50.0%
50.5%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
68.9%
71.1%
75.8%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
26.8%
6.5%
13.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.7%
1.7%
1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
1.6%
15.9%
6.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.5%
0.3%
Two or More Races, percent
1.9%
4.2%
2.9%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
4.8%
40.2%
18.9%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
64.9%
35.2%
59.3%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 324,857 1,525,746 17,835,456
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 3.4% 26.6% 13.5%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 2,313,642 14,512,281 142,153,010
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 69.2% 55.3% 64.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $149,600 $538,500 $229,800
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,196 $2,422 $1,621
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $367 $618 $509
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $811 $1,586 $1,096
Building permits, 2021 22,100 119,436 1,736,982
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 1,888,504 13,103,114 122,354,219
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.53 2.94 2.60
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 86.8% 87.6% 86.2%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 5.3% 43.9% 21.5%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 87.9% 94.3% 91.9%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 79.9% 88.9% 85.2%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 86.9% 83.9% 88.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 26.2% 34.7% 32.9%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 11.5% 6.8% 8.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
11.7%
8.9%
10.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 57.2% 63.3% 63.0%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 52.5% 57.7% 58.4%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 10,527,667 133,716,870 938,237,077
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 31,238,872 311,312,156 2,527,903,275
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,990,180 99,160,737 895,225,411
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 63,740,433 594,861,377 4,949,601,481
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $13,067 $15,122 $15,224
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 25.2 29.8 26.9
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $52,035 $78,672 $64,994
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $28,934 $38,576 $35,384
Persons in poverty, percent
14.9%
11.5%
11.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 100,955 981,369 8,000,178
Total employment, 2020 1,777,495 15,710,859 134,163,349
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 81,317,411 1,132,425,660 7,564,809,878
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 1.1% 1.3% 0.9%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 345,095 3,458,667 27,104,006
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 68,829 742,139 5,744,643
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 42,941 435,455 3,480,438
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 12,169 150,552 1,134,549
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,043 237,419 1,014,958
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 56,066 449,317 4,371,152
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 5,534 34,619 351,237
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 56,032 655,275 4,968,606
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 99.2 253.7 93.8
Population per square mile, 2010 94.4 239.1 87.4
Land area in square miles, 2020 50,647.13 155,858.33 3,533,038.28
Land area in square miles, 2010 50,645.33 155,779.22 3,531,905.43
FIPS Code 01 06 1
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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