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QuickFacts

Colorado; Vermont; Montana; United States

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Colorado
Vermont
Montana
United States
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 5,758,736 623,989 1,068,778 328,239,523
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 5,758,736 623,989 1,068,778 328,239,523
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 5,029,319 625,737 989,407 308,758,105
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 14.5% -0.3% 8.0% 6.3%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 5,029,196 625,741 989,415 308,745,538
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.8%
4.7%
5.7%
6.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
21.9%
18.3%
21.4%
22.3%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.6%
20.0%
19.3%
16.5%
Female persons, percent
49.6%
50.6%
49.7%
50.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
86.9%
94.2%
88.9%
76.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
4.6%
1.4%
0.6%
13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.6%
0.4%
6.7%
1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
3.5%
1.9%
0.9%
5.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
Z
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
3.1%
2.0%
2.8%
2.8%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
21.8%
2.0%
4.1%
18.5%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
67.7%
92.6%
85.9%
60.1%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2014-2018 375,746 38,625 85,480 18,611,432
Foreign born persons, percent, 2014-2018 9.8% 4.6% 2.2% 13.5%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 2,464,164 339,439 519,935 139,684,244
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2014-2018 64.9% 70.7% 67.7% 63.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2014-2018 $313,600 $223,700 $219,600 $204,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2014-2018 $1,681 $1,594 $1,386 $1,558
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2014-2018 $458 $667 $421 $490
Median gross rent, 2014-2018 $1,196 $972 $783 $1,023
Building permits, 2019 38,633 1,801 4,776 1,386,048
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2014-2018 2,113,387 259,589 423,240 119,730,128
Persons per household, 2014-2018 2.56 2.31 2.39 2.63
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2014-2018 81.7% 86.7% 84.2% 85.5%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2014-2018 17.0% 5.7% 4.1% 21.5%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2014-2018 92.8% 88.9% 87.3% 88.8%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2014-2018 85.7% 80.2% 78.1% 80.4%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 91.4% 92.6% 93.2% 87.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 40.1% 37.3% 31.2% 31.5%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2014-2018 7.3% 10.5% 9.2% 8.6%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
8.6%
4.9%
10.0%
10.0%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 67.6% 65.7% 63.1% 62.9%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 62.6% 63.0% 59.4% 58.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 13,617,654 1,564,272 2,420,455 708,138,598
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 29,488,161 4,457,996 6,469,475 2,040,441,203
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 50,447,098 9,315,494 11,535,236 5,696,729,632
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 77,034,971 6,450,076 12,645,824 5,208,023,478
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 67,815,200 9,933,751 15,623,573 4,219,821,871
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $13,073 $15,868 $15,544 $13,443
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2014-2018 25.5 22.9 18.0 26.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $68,811 $60,076 $52,559 $60,293
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $36,415 $33,238 $29,765 $32,621
Persons in poverty, percent
9.6%
11.0%
13.0%
11.8%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2018 172,548 21,019 38,720 7,912,405
Total employment, 2018 2,423,817 261,282 371,239 130,881,471
Total annual payroll, 2018 ($1,000) 133,693,599 11,436,767 15,192,070 7,097,310,272
Total employment, percent change, 2017-2018 2.2% 0.9% -1.4% 1.8%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 535,299 62,027 93,753 26,485,532
All firms, 2012 547,352 75,827 112,419 27,626,360
Men-owned firms, 2012 284,554 41,270 55,913 14,844,597
Women-owned firms, 2012 194,508 23,417 35,449 9,878,397
Minority-owned firms, 2012 85,849 2,354 5,578 7,952,386
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 442,365 70,491 102,746 18,987,918
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 51,722 8,237 11,486 2,521,682
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 469,524 63,317 93,393 24,070,685
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 48.5 67.9 6.8 87.4
Land area in square miles, 2010 103,641.89 9,216.66 145,545.80 3,531,905.43
FIPS Code 08 50 30 1
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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