U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

end of header

QuickFacts

Florida; Texas; California

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Florida
Texas
California
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
21,781,128
29,527,941
39,237,836
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
21,781,128
29,527,941
39,237,836
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
21,538,187
29,145,505
39,538,223
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
1.1%
1.3%
-0.8%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 21,538,187 29,145,505 39,538,223
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 18,801,310 25,145,561 37,253,956
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.1%
6.5%
5.7%
Persons under 18 years, percent
19.7%
25.3%
22.4%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
21.1%
13.1%
15.2%
Female persons, percent
50.8%
50.1%
50.0%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
76.9%
77.9%
71.1%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
17.0%
13.2%
6.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.5%
1.1%
1.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
3.0%
5.5%
15.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.2%
0.5%
Two or More Races, percent
2.4%
2.2%
4.2%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
26.8%
40.2%
40.2%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
52.7%
40.3%
35.2%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 1,416,472 1,435,527 1,525,746
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 20.8% 16.8% 26.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 10,054,457 11,869,072 14,512,281
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 66.2% 62.3% 55.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $232,000 $187,200 $538,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,539 $1,654 $2,422
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $513 $526 $618
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,218 $1,082 $1,586
Building permits, 2021 213,494 265,955 119,436
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 7,931,313 9,906,070 13,103,114
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.62 2.83 2.94
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 84.9% 84.8% 87.6%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 29.4% 35.1% 43.9%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 93.1% 92.7% 94.3%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 85.4% 85.1% 88.9%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 88.5% 84.4% 83.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 30.5% 30.7% 34.7%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 8.7% 7.9% 6.8%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
16.3%
20.8%
8.9%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 58.6% 64.4% 63.3%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 54.4% 58.2% 57.7%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 67,950,386 74,369,383 133,716,870
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 155,283,578 186,108,690 311,312,156
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 68,145,959 101,947,033 99,160,737
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 333,134,553 417,231,877 594,861,377
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,881 $14,748 $15,122
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 27.9 26.6 29.8
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $57,703 $63,826 $78,672
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $32,848 $32,177 $38,576
Persons in poverty, percent
12.4%
13.4%
11.5%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 591,046 618,272 981,369
Total employment, 2020 9,084,079 11,210,906 15,710,859
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 440,383,035 613,148,935 1,132,425,660
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 2.5% 1.0% 1.3%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 2,508,552 2,658,054 3,458,667
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 438,491 423,488 742,139
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 261,671 248,029 435,455
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 93,163 85,010 150,552
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 102,627 111,086 237,419
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 309,451 280,280 449,317
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 28,391 27,092 34,619
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 382,527 361,218 655,275
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 401.4 111.6 253.7
Population per square mile, 2010 350.6 96.3 239.1
Land area in square miles, 2020 53,652.17 261,267.85 155,858.33
Land area in square miles, 2010 53,624.76 261,231.71 155,779.22
FIPS Code 12 48 06
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

X
  Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes    Thumbs Down Image No
X
No, thanks
255 characters remaining
X
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?