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QuickFacts

New York; California

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

New York
California
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 19,453,561 39,512,223
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 19,453,561 39,512,223
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 19,378,144 37,254,519
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 0.4% 6.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 19,378,102 37,253,956
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.8%
6.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
20.7%
22.5%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
16.9%
14.8%
Female persons, percent
51.4%
50.3%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
69.6%
71.9%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
17.6%
6.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.0%
1.6%
Asian alone, percent(a)
9.0%
15.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.5%
Two or More Races, percent
2.7%
4.0%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
19.3%
39.4%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
55.3%
36.5%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2014-2018 730,557 1,618,861
Foreign born persons, percent, 2014-2018 22.6% 26.9%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 8,404,381 14,366,336
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2014-2018 53.9% 54.6%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2014-2018 $302,200 $475,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2014-2018 $2,114 $2,282
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2014-2018 $755 $569
Median gross rent, 2014-2018 $1,240 $1,429
Building permits, 2019 45,219 110,197
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2014-2018 7,316,537 12,965,435
Persons per household, 2014-2018 2.60 2.96
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2014-2018 89.5% 86.7%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2014-2018 30.5% 44.1%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2014-2018 88.2% 91.7%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2014-2018 80.9% 84.7%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 86.5% 82.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 35.9% 33.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2014-2018 7.6% 6.8%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
6.1%
8.9%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 63.0% 63.1%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 58.5% 57.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 49,285,508 90,830,372
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 155,666,053 248,953,592
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 148,879,931 512,303,164
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 341,734,970 666,652,186
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 251,167,736 481,800,461
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $12,834 $12,665
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2014-2018 33.3 29.3
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $65,323 $71,228
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $37,470 $35,021
Persons in poverty, percent
13.0%
11.8%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2018 547,194 954,632
Total employment, 2018 8,410,206 15,223,664
Total annual payroll, 2018 ($1,000) 572,408,254 1,020,958,926
Total employment, percent change, 2017-2018 1.8% 2.2%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 1,804,188 3,453,769
All firms, 2012 2,008,988 3,548,449
Men-owned firms, 2012 1,139,910 1,852,580
Women-owned firms, 2012 725,709 1,320,085
Minority-owned firms, 2012 709,021 1,619,857
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 1,248,304 1,819,107
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 137,532 252,377
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 1,811,544 3,176,341
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 411.2 239.1
Land area in square miles, 2010 47,126.40 155,779.22
FIPS Code 36 06
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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