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QuickFacts

Texas; Puerto Rico

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Texas
Puerto Rico
Median household income (in 2017 dollars), 2013-2017 $57,051 $19,775
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2018, (V2018) 28,701,845 3,195,153
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2018) 25,146,114 3,726,157
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2018, (V2018) 14.1% -14.3%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 25,145,561 3,725,789
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
7.1%
4.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
25.8%
18.6%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
12.6%
20.7%
Female persons, percent
50.3%
52.5%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
78.8%
68.9%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
12.8%
9.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.0%
0.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
5.2%
0.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.0%
Two or More Races, percent
2.0%
6.1%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
39.6%
99.0%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
41.5%
0.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2013-2017 1,482,871 83,641
Foreign born persons, percent, 2013-2017 16.9% 2.7%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2018, (V2018) 11,100,779 X
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2013-2017 62.0% 68.5%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2013-2017 $151,500 $115,300
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2013-2017 $1,484 $888
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2013-2017 $481 $152
Median gross rent, 2013-2017 $952 $464
Building permits, 2018 192,878 X
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2013-2017 9,430,419 1,222,606
Persons per household, 2013-2017 2.84 2.81
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2013-2017 83.8% 92.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2013-2017 35.3% 94.4%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2013-2017 87.6% 61.5%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2013-2017 76.8% 52.8%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2013-2017 82.8% 74.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2013-2017 28.7% 24.9%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2013-2017 8.0% 15.2%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
20.0%
7.9%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2013-2017 64.2% 44.5%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2013-2017 57.7% 39.8%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 54,480,811 4,256,139
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 145,035,130 6,098,340
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 702,603,073 76,575,043
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 691,242,607 20,184,374
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 356,116,376 24,957,584
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $13,666 $6,806
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2013-2017 26.1 29.2
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2017 dollars), 2013-2017 $57,051 $19,775
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2017 dollars), 2013-2017 $28,985 $12,081
Persons in poverty, percent
14.9%
43.1%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2016 579,1681 43,3251
Total employment, 2016 10,429,9241 672,3991
Total annual payroll, 2016 ($1,000) 526,782,6431 17,256,2821
Total employment, percent change, 2015-2016 1.9%1 -0.8%1
Total nonemployer establishments, 2017 2,399,267 X
All firms, 2012 2,356,748 X
Men-owned firms, 2012 1,251,696 X
Women-owned firms, 2012 866,678 X
Minority-owned firms, 2012 1,070,392 X
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 1,224,845 X
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 213,590 X
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 2,057,218 X
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 96.3 1,088.2
Land area in square miles, 2010 261,231.71 3,423.80
FIPS Code 48 72
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2018) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2018). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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