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QuickFacts

United States; Middlesex County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

United States
Middlesex County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
331,893,745
860,807
854,917
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
331,893,745
860,807
854,917
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
331,449,281
863,162
863,728
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
0.1%
-0.3%
-1.0%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 331,449,281 863,162 863,728
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 308,745,538 809,858 783,969
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.7%
5.4%
6.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent
22.2%
21.6%
23.7%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
16.8%
15.9%
14.2%
Female persons, percent
50.5%
50.2%
51.5%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
75.8%
58.6%
48.6%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
13.6%
12.5%
41.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.3%
0.8%
0.9%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.1%
25.7%
6.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.9%
2.3%
2.5%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
18.9%
22.7%
24.3%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
59.3%
39.9%
29.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 17,835,456 24,204 18,326
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 13.5% 32.9% 27.7%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 142,153,010 317,113 336,299
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 64.4% 63.7% 44.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $229,800 $351,400 $395,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,621 $2,492 $2,875
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $509 $1,067 $1,344
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,096 $1,495 $1,211
Building permits, 2021 1,736,982 3,269 3,417
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 122,354,219 287,971 290,680
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.60 2.77 2.67
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 86.2% 89.3% 89.6%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 21.5% 44.9% 36.5%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 91.9% 93.5% 91.1%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 85.2% 88.1% 82.5%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 88.5% 89.9% 86.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 32.9% 44.4% 36.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 8.7% 5.9% 7.8%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
9.8%
8.1%
12.4%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 63.0% 65.1% 65.6%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 58.4% 58.8% 61.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 938,237,077 1,790,517 1,883,319
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 2,527,903,275 6,618,597 8,098,958
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 895,225,411 4,487,136 8,310,644
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 4,949,601,481 14,855,971 9,070,865
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,224 $17,964 $11,378
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 26.9 34.3 34.8
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $64,994 $91,731 $63,959
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $35,384 $40,933 $39,695
Persons in poverty, percent
11.6%
7.4%
14.3%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 8,000,178 21,651 18,974
Total employment, 2020 134,163,349 414,357 299,108
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 7,564,809,878 27,479,017 19,170,086
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 0.9% 0.5% 0.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 27,104,006 64,680 75,412
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 5,744,643 18,457 16,516
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,480,438 11,407 10,308
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,134,549 3,619 3,059
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,014,958 6,860 4,106
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,371,152 9,835 10,415
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 351,237 S 588
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,968,606 15,981 14,009
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 93.8 2,791.4 6,850.4
Population per square mile, 2010 87.4 2,621.6 6,211.5
Land area in square miles, 2020 3,533,038.28 309.22 126.09
Land area in square miles, 2010 3,531,905.43 308.91 126.21
FIPS Code 1 34023 34013
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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