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Buncombe County, North Carolina

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.


Buncombe County, North Carolina
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 269,452
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 238,318
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
Persons under 18 years, percent
Persons 65 years and over, percent
Female persons, percent
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
Asian alone, percent(a)
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
Two or More Races, percent
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 17,043
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 6.0%
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 131,995
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 63.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $250,600
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,421
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $399
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,019
Building permits, 2021 2,793
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 105,177
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.40
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 87.2%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 8.1%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 88.3%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 82.0%
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 91.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 41.4%
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 9.0%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 61.1%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 56.6%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,177,330
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,677,950
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 210,188
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 4,594,412
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $17,849
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 20.3
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $55,032
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $33,835
Persons in poverty, percent
Total employer establishments, 2020 9,111
Total employment, 2020 124,708
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 5,176,247
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 1.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 29,795
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,095
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,691
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,536
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 474
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 5,757
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 347
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 5,799
Population per square mile, 2020 410.4
Population per square mile, 2010 362.9
Land area in square miles, 2020 656.50
Land area in square miles, 2010 656.67
FIPS Code 37021
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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