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QuickFacts

Columbia County, Oregon; Malheur County, Oregon; Harney County, Oregon

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Columbia County, Oregon
Malheur County, Oregon
Harney County, Oregon
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 52,354 30,571 7,393
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 52,354 30,571 7,393
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 49,353 31,316 7,422
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 6.1% -2.4% -0.4%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 49,351 31,313 7,422
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 X X X
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.3%
6.9%
5.5%
Persons under 18 years, percent
20.8%
25.9%
20.1%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
19.2%
16.8%
24.9%
Female persons, percent
49.9%
45.6%
49.1%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
92.4%
91.9%
90.6%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
0.8%
1.7%
1.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.5%
2.0%
4.4%
Asian alone, percent(a)
1.1%
1.5%
0.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.2%
Z
Two or More Races, percent
3.9%
2.6%
3.3%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
5.6%
34.6%
5.1%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
87.8%
60.1%
86.4%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 4,859 1,894 769
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 2.7% 9.5% 1.3%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 21,602 11,957 3,928
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 75.4% 58.3% 72.2%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $264,900 $135,900 $121,300
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,529 $1,121 $1,003
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $473 $387 $391
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $921 $688 $648
Building permits, 2020 209 25 14
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 19,671 10,062 3,244
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.59 2.65 2.19
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 83.3% 82.0% 80.0%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 3.5% 25.3% 4.7%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 90.3% 83.9% 88.3%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 84.8% 73.6% 78.2%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 91.3% 81.1% 91.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 18.5% 13.7% 18.4%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 12.4% 11.4% 13.3%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
6.4%
11.3%
9.3%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 57.9% 49.8% 54.8%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 52.7% 51.0% 52.6%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 42,862 50,776 11,517
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 62,169 133,056 29,794
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 458,268 D D
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) D 340,732 D
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 318,072 534,507 107,251
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $6,454 $17,450 $14,871
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 33.9 18.5 14.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $62,257 $43,313 $40,735
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $31,883 $18,974 $26,370
Persons in poverty, percent
8.6%
21.0%
14.2%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2019 966 710 201
Total employment, 2019 8,854 8,387 1,457
Total annual payroll, 2019 ($1,000) 332,983 300,092 54,300
Total employment, percent change, 2018-2019 0.8% 1.2% 0.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 2,869 1,382 543
All firms, 2012 3,032 2,088 848
Men-owned firms, 2012 1,286 1,103 336
Women-owned firms, 2012 1,065 583 307
Minority-owned firms, 2012 178 281 50
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 2,711 1,674 773
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 277 260 38
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 2,466 1,667 743
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 75.1 3.2 0.7
Land area in square miles, 2010 657.36 9,887.53 10,133.17
FIPS Code 41009 41045 41025
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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