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QuickFacts

Columbus County, North Carolina; Gaston County, North Carolina; Polk County, North Carolina; Northampton County, North Carolina

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Columbus County, North Carolina
Gaston County, North Carolina
Polk County, North Carolina
Northampton County, North Carolina
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 55,508 224,529 20,724 19,483
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 55,508 224,529 20,724 19,483
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 58,124 206,098 20,516 22,106
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) -4.5% 8.9% 1.0% -11.9%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 58,098 206,086 20,510 22,099
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.2%
5.9%
3.8%
4.7%
Persons under 18 years, percent
20.7%
22.4%
15.7%
17.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
20.6%
16.3%
32.1%
27.0%
Female persons, percent
50.4%
51.7%
52.1%
51.0%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
63.1%
77.6%
92.8%
40.4%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
30.6%
17.9%
4.2%
57.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
3.8%
0.6%
0.6%
0.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
0.5%
1.6%
0.8%
0.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
Z
Z
Two or More Races, percent
1.9%
2.2%
1.5%
1.4%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
5.6%
7.6%
5.9%
2.6%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
59.1%
71.1%
87.7%
38.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2014-2018 3,713 13,233 1,557 1,345
Foreign born persons, percent, 2014-2018 3.3% 5.5% 3.6% 1.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 26,425 94,975 11,846 11,676
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2014-2018 71.9% 66.3% 73.4% 69.0%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2014-2018 $87,300 $136,500 $212,300 $83,100
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2014-2018 $1,055 $1,170 $1,259 $1,064
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2014-2018 $388 $379 $386 $418
Median gross rent, 2014-2018 $615 $808 $828 $701
Building permits, 2019 53 1,396 84 20
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2014-2018 22,306 81,494 9,047 8,628
Persons per household, 2014-2018 2.39 2.62 2.22 2.24
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2014-2018 88.2% 86.4% 89.3% 88.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2014-2018 6.5% 8.2% 5.6% 2.6%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2014-2018 74.4% 85.3% 86.4% 71.5%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2014-2018 61.5% 77.7% 76.3% 51.2%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 81.6% 84.7% 90.9% 79.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 13.1% 20.6% 31.7% 12.8%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2014-2018 14.2% 11.5% 10.5% 14.9%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
15.6%
12.4%
14.0%
12.5%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 46.6% 61.3% 52.1% 46.0%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 46.4% 55.8% 50.1% 43.6%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 52,247 297,365 14,416 4,602
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 246,501 1,177,432 104,400 26,442
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 900,932 5,021,369 78,166 246,437
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 295,184 2,037,658 D D
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 553,126 2,329,466 100,771 131,215
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $9,597 $11,197 $4,971 $6,124
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2014-2018 26.3 26.0 27.0 26.1
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $36,398 $49,384 $48,834 $35,499
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $22,081 $26,069 $30,344 $20,538
Persons in poverty, percent
25.3%
14.2%
11.8%
21.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2018 969 4,219 483 244
Total employment, 2018 11,489 67,160 3,910 4,370
Total annual payroll, 2018 ($1,000) 421,949 2,672,214 126,332 159,402
Total employment, percent change, 2017-2018 1.4% 4.7% -1.0% 3.5%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 3,506 14,291 1,994 915
All firms, 2012 4,395 15,375 2,163 1,090
Men-owned firms, 2012 2,596 8,619 1,255 628
Women-owned firms, 2012 1,294 5,202 701 412
Minority-owned firms, 2012 823 2,336 88 479
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 3,388 12,514 2,021 582
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 502 1,644 411 237
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 3,573 12,963 1,677 815
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 62.0 578.8 86.3 41.2
Land area in square miles, 2010 937.29 356.03 237.79 536.59
FIPS Code 37047 37071 37149 37131
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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