end of header

QuickFacts

Cumberland County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey; Middlesex County, New Jersey; New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Cumberland County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey
Middlesex County, New Jersey
New Jersey
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 149,527 328,934 798,975 825,062 8,882,190
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 149,527 328,934 798,975 825,062 8,882,190
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 156,627 323,479 783,891 810,038 8,791,978
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) -4.5% 1.7% 1.9% 1.9% 1.0%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 154,152 345,361 863,728 863,162 9,288,994
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 156,898 323,444 783,969 809,858 8,791,894
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.1%
5.0%
6.6%
5.7%
5.8%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.7%
21.5%
23.7%
21.7%
21.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
15.6%
16.2%
13.9%
15.5%
16.6%
Female persons, percent
49.1%
51.1%
51.9%
50.6%
51.1%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
71.7%
68.1%
48.9%
60.1%
71.9%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
21.9%
10.5%
41.9%
12.0%
15.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.6%
0.4%
0.8%
0.7%
0.6%
Asian alone, percent(a)
1.4%
18.8%
5.9%
24.9%
10.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
3.1%
2.1%
2.4%
2.3%
2.3%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
31.8%
15.2%
23.8%
22.1%
20.9%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
45.4%
54.8%
30.2%
41.7%
54.6%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 6,495 9,579 18,419 24,709 321,991
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 10.0% 25.1% 27.2% 32.8% 22.4%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 56,451 127,513 319,686 303,426 3,641,812
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 65.2% 75.8% 44.0% 63.5% 63.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $162,500 $430,700 $386,000 $344,100 $335,600
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,614 $2,784 $2,858 $2,482 $2,465
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $740 $1,174 $1,330 $1,046 $1,052
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $1,069 $1,594 $1,178 $1,469 $1,334
Building permits, 2020 179 1,913 2,705 2,757 36,146
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 50,729 118,193 285,908 285,005 3,231,874
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.74 2.75 2.71 2.79 2.69
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 87.1% 90.8% 89.6% 89.6% 89.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 27.8% 31.4% 35.9% 44.5% 31.3%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 85.6% 94.9% 89.1% 92.6% 91.4%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 78.0% 92.2% 80.5% 86.4% 85.8%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 79.4% 94.5% 86.1% 89.8% 89.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 15.6% 54.7% 35.5% 43.6% 39.7%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 10.2% 4.4% 7.8% 5.6% 6.5%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.1%
6.6%
12.0%
9.1%
9.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 55.5% 68.4% 65.7% 64.4% 65.5%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 55.5% 62.5% 61.6% 57.8% 60.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 173,701 739,850 1,378,698 1,387,200 19,673,558
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 872,101 2,475,712 6,274,291 5,084,450 60,375,232
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 2,811,963 4,974,693 5,942,038 15,784,943 108,854,971
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 2,049,003 5,609,291 9,204,586 11,869,778 133,665,728
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $12,986 $17,117 $11,685 $14,422 $15,079
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 23.6 32.5 34.9 34.4 32.2
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $54,149 $113,611 $61,510 $89,533 $82,545
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $25,694 $55,828 $38,722 $39,599 $42,745
Persons in poverty, percent
13.8%
5.4%
13.8%
8.5%
9.2%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2019 2,835 9,878 18,913 21,913 233,888
Total employment, 2019 47,003 192,626 298,755 412,429 3,805,357
Total annual payroll, 2019 ($1,000) 1,930,231 16,544,280 19,320,156 26,712,952 239,861,512
Total employment, percent change, 2018-2019 3.2% 0.8% 0.7% 2.7% 1.8%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 6,139 28,681 73,493 62,950 745,483
All firms, 2012 8,322 32,335 75,564 68,733 792,088
Men-owned firms, 2012 5,083 19,101 39,994 41,119 464,592
Women-owned firms, 2012 2,245 9,621 29,092 20,366 252,944
Minority-owned firms, 2012 2,388 8,766 35,331 28,634 237,242
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 5,504 22,289 37,784 37,891 533,808
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 807 2,504 4,543 4,092 57,996
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 7,018 28,249 68,453 61,658 707,975
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 324.4 1,071.7 6,211.5 2,621.6 1,195.5
Land area in square miles, 2010 483.70 301.81 126.21 308.91 7,354.22
FIPS Code 34011 34035 34013 34023 34
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

X
  Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes    Thumbs Down Image No
X
No, thanks
255 characters remaining
X
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?