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QuickFacts

Essex County, New Jersey; New Jersey; Mercer County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Essex County, New Jersey
New Jersey
Mercer County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
9,267,961
385,898
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2022, (V2022)
NA
9,261,699
NA
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
9,267,961
385,898
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
NA
9,289,031
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
863,728
9,289,031
387,340
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
NA
-0.3%
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-1.0%
-0.2%
-0.4%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 863,728 9,288,994 387,340
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 783,969 8,791,894 366,513
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.3%
5.6%
5.4%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.7%
21.8%
21.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.2%
16.9%
16.0%
Female persons, percent
51.5%
50.8%
50.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
48.6%
71.1%
62.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
41.6%
15.3%
21.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.9%
0.7%
0.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.3%
10.3%
12.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.5%
2.4%
2.6%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
24.3%
21.5%
19.4%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
29.8%
53.5%
46.7%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2017-2021 19,033 309,642 12,160
Foreign born persons, percent, 2017-2021 28.7% 22.9% 23.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 336,299 3,780,004 150,657
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2017-2021 44.5% 63.8% 63.0%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2017-2021 $414,000 $355,700 $295,400
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2017-2021 $2,969 $2,560 $2,385
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2017-2021 $1,378 $1,102 $1,022
Median gross rent, 2017-2021 $1,279 $1,436 $1,361
Building permits, 2021 3,417 37,094 544
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2017-2021 307,613 3,397,156 137,114
Persons per household, 2017-2021 2.70 2.66 2.68
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2017-2021 89.6% 89.7% 86.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2017-2021 37.4% 31.9% 31.2%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021 92.5% 93.9% 93.3%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2017-2021 84.0% 89.4% 86.6%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 86.7% 90.5% 89.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 36.7% 41.5% 43.6%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2017-2021 8.2% 6.6% 7.1%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.4%
8.4%
7.7%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 66.0% 65.8% 63.7%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 61.7% 60.8% 58.8%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,883,319 23,785,076 912,819
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,098,958 74,723,386 3,364,811
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,310,644 30,902,528 511,670
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 9,070,865 149,171,300 7,573,863
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $11,378 $16,783 $20,554
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2017-2021 34.2 31.5 27.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $67,826 $89,703 $85,687
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $42,028 $46,691 $45,879
Persons in poverty, percent
15.1%
10.2%
10.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 18,974 232,761 9,669
Total employment, 2020 299,108 3,819,722 202,228
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 19,170,086 241,029,083 15,030,875
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 0.1% 0.4% 1.2%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 75,412 762,163 28,098
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 16,516 188,322 8,207
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,308 123,258 4,988
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,059 35,466 1,404
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,106 42,061 1,843
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,415 133,485 5,099
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 588 8,138 317
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 14,009 166,931 6,654
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 6,850.4 1,263.0 1,725.8
Population per square mile, 2010 6,211.5 1,195.5 1,632.2
Land area in square miles, 2020 126.09 7,354.76 224.44
Land area in square miles, 2010 126.21 7,354.22 224.56
FIPS Code 34013 34 34021
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2022) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2022). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2021 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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