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QuickFacts

Essex County, New Jersey; Monmouth County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey; Hunterdon County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Essex County, New Jersey
Monmouth County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
645,354
572,114
129,924
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
645,354
572,114
129,924
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
863,728
643,615
575,345
128,947
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-1.0%
0.3%
-0.6%
0.8%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 863,728 643,615 575,345 128,947
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 783,969 630,380 536,499 128,349
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.3%
4.9%
6.1%
4.2%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.7%
20.8%
23.4%
18.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.2%
18.7%
14.9%
20.1%
Female persons, percent
51.5%
51.0%
50.7%
50.3%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
48.6%
84.7%
66.8%
89.9%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
41.6%
7.3%
23.8%
3.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.9%
0.3%
0.9%
0.2%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.3%
5.7%
6.0%
4.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.5%
1.9%
2.3%
1.6%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
24.3%
11.4%
33.6%
7.8%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
29.8%
74.9%
38.3%
83.1%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2017-2021 19,033 23,518 13,155 5,105
Foreign born persons, percent, 2017-2021 28.7% 13.1% 30.8% 10.2%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 336,299 269,917 211,074 51,915
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2017-2021 44.5% 75.2% 58.2% 83.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2017-2021 $414,000 $454,000 $393,900 $431,600
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2017-2021 $2,969 $2,777 $2,852 $2,895
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2017-2021 $1,378 $1,186 $1,302 $1,222
Median gross rent, 2017-2021 $1,279 $1,523 $1,407 $1,492
Building permits, 2021 3,417 2,350 3,207 688
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2017-2021 307,613 245,569 198,506 48,975
Persons per household, 2017-2021 2.70 2.59 2.84 2.54
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2017-2021 89.6% 91.0% 90.4% 90.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2017-2021 37.4% 17.3% 45.2% 12.8%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021 92.5% 94.9% 93.2% 95.7%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2017-2021 84.0% 91.7% 88.7% 92.9%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 86.7% 94.1% 87.3% 95.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 36.7% 48.5% 37.6% 54.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2017-2021 8.2% 6.5% 5.7% 5.4%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.4%
7.0%
13.2%
5.1%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 66.0% 66.5% 68.6% 64.9%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 61.7% 60.7% 63.5% 61.7%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,883,319 1,798,734 1,158,054 256,520
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,098,958 6,222,476 3,951,007 1,005,379
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,310,644 824,577 3,264,500 101,063
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 9,070,865 12,274,645 8,666,629 2,478,717
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $11,378 $19,730 $15,624 $19,818
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2017-2021 34.2 34.0 30.8 34.5
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $67,826 $110,356 $87,369 $123,373
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $42,028 $57,836 $45,178 $61,328
Persons in poverty, percent
14.3%
5.9%
9.2%
4.1%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 18,974 19,194 13,934 3,709
Total employment, 2020 299,108 249,614 205,090 45,314
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 19,170,086 13,456,166 14,248,849 2,970,315
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 0.1% 0.3% 0.2% -2.5%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 75,412 59,923 49,467 12,288
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 16,516 16,436 11,974 3,411
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,308 10,628 7,754 2,154
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,059 3,102 2,127 577
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,106 2,497 2,880 302
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,415 12,686 7,927 2,736
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 588 704 S 151
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 14,009 14,456 10,279 2,857
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 6,850.4 1,374.7 5,598.6 301.4
Population per square mile, 2010 6,211.5 1,344.7 5,216.1 300.0
Land area in square miles, 2020 126.09 468.18 102.77 427.84
Land area in square miles, 2010 126.21 468.79 102.86 427.82
FIPS Code 34013 34025 34039 34019
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2021 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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