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QuickFacts

Essex County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey; United States; New Jersey; Salem County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Essex County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
United States
New Jersey
Salem County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
345,647
332,031,554
9,267,961
65,046
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
333,287,557
9,261,699
NA
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
345,647
332,031,554
9,267,961
65,046
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
NA
NA
331,449,520
9,289,031
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
863,728
345,361
331,449,520
9,289,031
64,837
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
0.6%
-0.3%
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-1.0%
0.1%
0.2%
-0.2%
0.3%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 863,728 345,361 331,449,281 9,288,994 64,837
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 783,969 323,444 308,745,538 8,791,894 66,083
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.3%
4.8%
5.7%
5.6%
5.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.7%
21.3%
22.2%
21.8%
21.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.2%
16.7%
16.8%
16.9%
19.1%
Female persons, percent
51.5%
50.7%
50.5%
50.8%
50.7%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
48.6%
66.4%
75.8%
71.1%
80.4%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
41.6%
10.8%
13.6%
15.3%
15.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.9%
0.4%
1.3%
0.7%
0.6%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.3%
20.1%
6.1%
10.3%
1.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.5%
2.2%
2.9%
2.4%
2.6%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
24.3%
15.8%
18.9%
21.5%
10.5%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
29.8%
52.8%
59.3%
53.5%
72.3%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2017-2021 19,033 9,982 17,431,290 309,642 3,307
Foreign born persons, percent, 2017-2021 28.7% 26.5% 13.6% 22.9% 3.8%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 336,299 133,263 142,153,010 3,780,004 27,735
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2017-2021 44.5% 75.5% 64.6% 63.8% 70.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2017-2021 $414,000 $444,700 $244,900 $355,700 $187,400
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2017-2021 $2,969 $2,890 $1,697 $2,560 $1,899
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2017-2021 $1,378 $1,241 $538 $1,102 $847
Median gross rent, 2017-2021 $1,279 $1,722 $1,163 $1,436 $1,064
Building permits, 2021 3,417 1,261 1,736,982 37,094 88
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2017-2021 307,613 125,363 124,010,992 3,397,156 24,753
Persons per household, 2017-2021 2.70 2.71 2.60 2.66 2.55
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2017-2021 89.6% 89.8% 86.6% 89.7% 89.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2017-2021 37.4% 32.7% 21.7% 31.9% 8.0%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021 92.5% 96.6% 93.1% 93.9% 91.2%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2017-2021 84.0% 94.4% 87.0% 89.4% 86.0%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 86.7% 94.3% 88.9% 90.5% 90.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 36.7% 56.1% 33.7% 41.5% 23.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2017-2021 8.2% 4.5% 8.7% 6.6% 11.4%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.4%
6.2%
9.8%
8.4%
7.6%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 66.0% 69.2% 63.1% 65.8% 60.7%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 61.7% 63.6% 58.7% 60.8% 58.4%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,883,319 941,735 938,237,077 23,785,076 83,812
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,098,958 2,963,162 2,527,903,275 74,723,386 300,510
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,310,644 705,004 895,225,411 30,902,528 116,642
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 9,070,865 6,750,809 4,949,601,481 149,171,300 574,958
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $11,378 $20,417 $15,224 $16,783 $9,134
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2017-2021 34.2 31.7 26.8 31.5 26.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $67,826 $121,695 $69,021 $89,703 $67,898
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $42,028 $61,805 $37,638 $46,691 $34,812
Persons in poverty, percent
15.1%
5.5%
11.6%
10.2%
12.0%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 18,974 9,773 8,000,178 232,761 1,135
Total employment, 2020 299,108 188,791 134,163,349 3,819,722 16,450
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 19,170,086 16,648,069 7,564,809,878 241,029,083 950,492
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 0.1% -2.0% 0.9% 0.4% -2.8%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 75,412 29,016 27,104,006 762,163 2,965
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 16,516 8,671 5,744,643 188,322 950
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,308 5,563 3,480,438 123,258 609
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,059 1,383 1,134,549 35,466 S
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,106 2,088 1,014,958 42,061 S
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,415 5,538 4,371,152 133,485 727
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 588 329 351,237 8,138 S
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 14,009 7,237 4,968,606 166,931 719
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 6,850.4 1,144.1 93.8 1,263.0 195.4
Population per square mile, 2010 6,211.5 1,071.7 87.4 1,195.5 199.1
Land area in square miles, 2020 126.09 301.87 3,533,038.28 7,354.76 331.86
Land area in square miles, 2010 126.21 301.81 3,531,905.43 7,354.22 331.90
FIPS Code 34013 34035 1 34 34033
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2022) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2022). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2021 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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